Rich in detail but vigorous, authoritative and unsentimental, A History of Modern Wales is a comprehensive and unromanticised examination of Wales as it was and is. It stresses both the long-term continuities in Welsh history, and also the significant regional differences within the principality.
Later large-scale protests saw the collusion of Pembrokeshire peasants with the French invaders of 1797, uprisings in Merthyr in the 1830's, and the famous 'Rebecca Riots' of the 1840's, all of which were to seriously challenge the British state. This book therefore offers an examination of both the underlying causes of unrest and disorder, and an explanation of how the authorities coped with these challenges to the power of the church and state. --
A highly topical analysis of European Nationalism from the French Revolution through to the aftermath of the First World War, when the nationalist issues and problems that dominate the political landscape of our own time were already fully established. Covering an enormous range of peoples -- from the Icelanders to the Gypsies, from Brittany to Wallachia -- the book presents a wealth of historical geopolitical information unavailable elsewhere. Essential as a reference work, it also provides a unique opportunity to survey systematically a crucial but fragmented subject in its full European context. For historians, political scientists, departments of European studies, and general readers.
The Routledge Companion to Britain in the Nineteenth Century, 1815–1914 is an accessible and indispensable compendium of essential information on the Victorian and Edwardian eras. Using chronologies, maps, glossaries, an extensive bibliography, a wealth of statistical information and nearly two hundred biographies of key figures, this clear and concise book provides a comprehensive guide to modern British history from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the outbreak of the First World War. As well as the key areas of political, economic and social development of the era, this book also covers the increasingly emergent themes of sexuality, leisure, gender and the environment, exploring in detail the following aspects of the nineteenth century: parliamentary and political reform chartism, radicalism and popular protest the Irish Question the rise of Imperialism the regulation of sexuality and vice the development of organised sport and leisure the rise of consumer society. This book is an ideal reference resource for students and teachers alike.
Since the mid-1990s, the black experience in Britain has begun to be (re)negotiated intensely, with a strong focus on history. Narrative Projections of a Black British History considers narratives that construct, or engage with, aspects of a black British history. Part I poses the question of what sort of narratives have emerged from, and in turn determine, key events (such as the iconic 'Windrush' moment) and developments and provides basic insights into theoretical frameworks. It also offers a large number of comparative readings, considering both 'factual' and 'fictional' forms of representation such as history books, documentary films, life writing, novels, and drama, and identifies main strands, 'official' narratives and countercurrents. Part II embarks on close readings and analyses of a selection of narratives that can be classed as reactions to the 'established' historical culture. Overall, the book draws attention to collective currents and individual positions, affirmative and critical approaches: Together, they form a representative image of a specific moment in the ongoing debate about a black British history.
Why did the youthful optimism and openness of the sixties give way to Ronald Reagan and the spirit of conservative reaction--a spirit that remains ascendant today? Drawing on a wide array of sources--including tabloid journalism, popular fiction, movies, and television shows--Philip Jenkins argues that a remarkable confluence of panics, scares, and a few genuine threats created a climate of fear that led to the conservative reaction. He identifies 1975 to 1986 as the watershed years. During this time, he says, there was a sharp increase in perceived threats to our security at home and abroad. At home, America seemed to be threatened by monstrous criminals--serial killers, child abusers, Satanic cults, and predatory drug dealers, to name just a few. On the international scene, we were confronted by the Soviet Union and its evil empire, by OPEC with its stranglehold on global oil, by the Ayatollahs who made hostages of our diplomats in Iran. Increasingly, these dangers began to be described in terms of moral evil. Rejecting the radicalism of the '60s, which many saw as the source of the crisis, Americans adopted a more pessimistic interpretation of human behavior, which harked back to much older themes in American culture. This simpler but darker vision ultimately brought us Ronald Reagan and the ascendancy of the political Right, which more than two decades later shows no sign of loosening its grip. Writing in his usual crisp and witty prose, Jenkins offers a truly original and persuasive account of a period that continues to fascinate the American public. It is bound to captivate anyone who lived through this period, as well as all those who want to understand the forces that transformed--and continue to define--the American political landscape.
The First World War was one of the prime motors of social change in modern British history. Culture and technology at all levels were transformed. The growing impact of the state, the introduction of modern democracy and change in political allegiance affected most aspects of the lives of UK citizens. Whilst most of the current centenary interest focuses on military aspects of the conflict, this volume considers how these fundamental changes varied from locality to locality within Britain’s Home Front. Taken together, did they drastically alter the long-established importance of regional variations within British society in the early twentieth century? Was there a common national response to these unprecedented events, or did strong regional identities cause significant variations? The series of case studies presented in this volume – ranging geographically and by topic – detail how communities coped with the war’s outbreak, its upheavals, its unprecedented mass mobilization on all fronts, and its unforeseen longevity.
Be it the local fleapit or the more opulent town center "super-cinemas," movie venues are often remembered as vividly as the films themselves. This commentary examines the social implications of cinemas in the 1930s and 1940s in Wales, investigating such aspects as what motivated the populace to wait in lengthy queues, the types of films they viewed, the overall movie-going experience, and how the Welsh responded to this primarily American form of entertainment.
This work traces the development of modern Wales, from the Roman Subjugation in AD 48, the Tudor period, noting the effects of the Civil Wars, religious revivals of the 18th century, the coming of the Industrial Revolution and achievements of radical liberalism in the 19th century.
This is the first full-length study of Swansea's urban development from the late eighteenth to the mid nineteenth century. It tells the little known story of how Swansea gained an unrivalled position of influence as an urban centre, which led it briefly to claim to be the "metropolis of Wales," and how it then lost this status in the face of rapid urban development elsewhere in Wales. The history of Swansea’s early nineteenth-century coming-of-age is traced through its participant individuals and institutions. From wealthy industrialist employers to gentlemen scientists and from banking establishments to assembly rooms and libraries, Swansea’s growing reputation as a prosperous, flourishing and "intelligent" town is explored. With its combined functions as a metal smelting town, bathing resort, port and cultural centre its urban character was arguably unique, but in its experience of urbanization it shared much in common with towns and cities the length and breadth of Britain. The question of how to maintain health, order and safety in an environment undergoing demographic and industrial growth while, at the same time, providing the facilities and institutions befitting a place of growing importance was the key preoccupation of leading townsmen in Swansea and elsewhere in the 1780-1855 period. These all important decades in Swansea’s urban history, long obscured from view by the legacy of copper smoke and post-industrial dereliction, provide an important new perspective on the history of modern Wales in which, traditionally, Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil and even Bristol have been better know as towns of influence in Welsh urban life.
This study provides a wholly new perspective on Welsh politics in the troubled decades leading up to the Civil War. This is the first study for over half a century to examine politics in Wales during this period, and draws upon a wealth of new material in local and national archives. The book examines the structures of early seventeenth century Welsh politics through episodes such as parliamentary elections and the impact of the Thirty Years' War in the Principality. It also offers a reappraisal of the controversial religious and financial innovations of Charles I in Wales and an innovative discussion of Welsh allegiance in the early stages of the Civil Wars. This study presents a new interpretation of provincial politics in early modern Britain and explores Wales's unique position within the seventeenth-century state.
Grade level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, e, i, s, t.
This collection of research explores the relationship between the Conservative party and British society since 1880 by focusing on the key themes of ideology, national identity, gender and policy. The focus of the text is not so much on the Conservative party as an institution, as on the party's wider significance in British political culture. It seeks to explain the Conservatives extraordinary electoral success in this period and asserts that this success was both problematic and historically contingent. Part one of this study addresses the question of conservative ideology; part two analyzes the role of national identity in Conservative discourse and policy; part three assesses how Conservatives negotiated the gendered nature of popular politics both before and after the arrival of the equal franchise, and part four examines how Conservative understanding of the relationship between state and society were translated into specific aspects of social and economic policy.
A comprehensive guide to all things associated with the family and local history of the British Isles. Fully revised and updated, this new edition contains over 2,000 entries in the form of feature articles and an A-Z dictionary. It is invaluable for students, researchers, and historians, and ideal for anyone interested in uncovering their past.