Rich in detail but vigorous, authoritative and unsentimental, A History of Modern Wales is a comprehensive and unromanticised examination of Wales as it was and is. It stresses both the long-term continuities in Welsh history, and also the significant regional differences within the principality.
Later large-scale protests saw the collusion of Pembrokeshire peasants with the French invaders of 1797, uprisings in Merthyr in the 1830's, and the famous 'Rebecca Riots' of the 1840's, all of which were to seriously challenge the British state. This book therefore offers an examination of both the underlying causes of unrest and disorder, and an explanation of how the authorities coped with these challenges to the power of the church and state. --
A highly topical analysis of European Nationalism from the French Revolution through to the aftermath of the First World War, when the nationalist issues and problems that dominate the political landscape of our own time were already fully established. Covering an enormous range of peoples -- from the Icelanders to the Gypsies, from Brittany to Wallachia -- the book presents a wealth of historical geopolitical information unavailable elsewhere. Essential as a reference work, it also provides a unique opportunity to survey systematically a crucial but fragmented subject in its full European context. For historians, political scientists, departments of European studies, and general readers.
Culture, Politics and National Identity in Wales 1832-86 offers the first comprehensive account of politics in the principality between the first and third reform acts. Based on a wealth of previously unused sources in both English and Welsh, and grounded firmly in recent scholarship on electioneering elsewhere in Britain, Cragoe challenges the existing narrative of political history in the principality. There was more to politics in Victorian Wales, he suggests, than the current focus on nonconformity and radical liberalism after 1860 allows. The book's focus on elections and election culture creates a natural context within which a wider spectrum of political opinion can be sampled. Cragoe examines the differing ideologies of the major political parties - Tory, Liberal and Radical - and then explores how these ideas were carried into the electoral arena through party organisation, campaigning, and propaganda. Later chapters examine some of the ways in which individuals were prevented from recording their true political opinions and the relationship between the unenfranchised and the political process. Throughout, politics is presented as a highly participatory process, one in which ideals and principles played a key role for both candidates and voters alike. It was into this world that the typically 'Welsh' style of radical politics, imbued with the values of militant dissent and armed with new conception of national identity, was born in the 1860s. Weaving that singular political phenomenon back into its contemporary setting and recognising the extent to which its ideas have monopolised modern accounts of Welsh political history, is the purpose of this stimulating and, at times, controversial book.
Oscar Wilde famously spoke of 'the critic as artist' whilst Terry Eagleton once celebrated 'the critic as clown'. This exciting new volume brings together a range of writings that seek to radically re-imagine the often pale figure of the literary critic. In doing so we here glimpse a host of unfamiliar figures from the critic as pedestrian to the critic as suicide through the critic as revivalist and even the critic as bodger. The result is a book that seeks to locate the truly critical critic -- or, to be paradoxical, the critic as critic; the critic who is a critic of criticism as conventionally understood. This is the final volume of the immensely successful 'Critical Inventions' series.
The Routledge Companion to Britain in the Nineteenth Century, 1815–1914 is an accessible and indispensable compendium of essential information on the Victorian and Edwardian eras. Using chronologies, maps, glossaries, an extensive bibliography, a wealth of statistical information and nearly two hundred biographies of key figures, this clear and concise book provides a comprehensive guide to modern British history from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the outbreak of the First World War. As well as the key areas of political, economic and social development of the era, this book also covers the increasingly emergent themes of sexuality, leisure, gender and the environment, exploring in detail the following aspects of the nineteenth century: parliamentary and political reform chartism, radicalism and popular protest the Irish Question the rise of Imperialism the regulation of sexuality and vice the development of organised sport and leisure the rise of consumer society. This book is an ideal reference resource for students and teachers alike.
Based on historical research and debates about Wales and Welshness, this volume offers an authoritative and accessible account of the period from Neanderthal times to the opening of the Senedd, the home of the National Assembly for Wales, in 2006. Within a remarkably brief and stimulating compass, Geraint H. Jenkins explores the emergence of Wales as a nation, its changing identities and values, and the transformations its people experienced and survived throughout the centuries. In the face of seemingly overwhelming odds, the Welsh never reconciled themselves to political, social and cultural subordination, and developed ingenious ways of maintaining a distinctive sense of their otherness. The book ends with the coming of political devolution and the emergence of a greater measure of cultural pluralism. Professor Jenkins's lavishly illustrated volume provides enthralling material for scholars, students, general readers, and travellers to Wales.
Why did the youthful optimism and openness of the sixties give way to Ronald Reagan and the spirit of conservative reaction--a spirit that remains ascendant today? Drawing on a wide array of sources--including tabloid journalism, popular fiction, movies, and television shows--Philip Jenkins argues that a remarkable confluence of panics, scares, and a few genuine threats created a climate of fear that led to the conservative reaction. He identifies 1975 to 1986 as the watershed years. During this time, he says, there was a sharp increase in perceived threats to our security at home and abroad. At home, America seemed to be threatened by monstrous criminals--serial killers, child abusers, Satanic cults, and predatory drug dealers, to name just a few. On the international scene, we were confronted by the Soviet Union and its evil empire, by OPEC with its stranglehold on global oil, by the Ayatollahs who made hostages of our diplomats in Iran. Increasingly, these dangers began to be described in terms of moral evil. Rejecting the radicalism of the '60s, which many saw as the source of the crisis, Americans adopted a more pessimistic interpretation of human behavior, which harked back to much older themes in American culture. This simpler but darker vision ultimately brought us Ronald Reagan and the ascendancy of the political Right, which more than two decades later shows no sign of loosening its grip. Writing in his usual crisp and witty prose, Jenkins offers a truly original and persuasive account of a period that continues to fascinate the American public. It is bound to captivate anyone who lived through this period, as well as all those who want to understand the forces that transformed--and continue to define--the American political landscape.
The First World War was one of the prime motors of social change in modern British history. Culture and technology at all levels were transformed. The growing impact of the state, the introduction of modern democracy and change in political allegiance affected most aspects of the lives of UK citizens. Whilst most of the current centenary interest focuses on military aspects of the conflict, this volume considers how these fundamental changes varied from locality to locality within Britain’s Home Front. Taken together, did they drastically alter the long-established importance of regional variations within British society in the early twentieth century? Was there a common national response to these unprecedented events, or did strong regional identities cause significant variations? The series of case studies presented in this volume – ranging geographically and by topic – detail how communities coped with the war’s outbreak, its upheavals, its unprecedented mass mobilization on all fronts, and its unforeseen longevity.
Be it the local fleapit or the more opulent town center "super-cinemas," movie venues are often remembered as vividly as the films themselves. This commentary examines the social implications of cinemas in the 1930s and 1940s in Wales, investigating such aspects as what motivated the populace to wait in lengthy queues, the types of films they viewed, the overall movie-going experience, and how the Welsh responded to this primarily American form of entertainment.
This work traces the development of modern Wales, from the Roman Subjugation in AD 48, the Tudor period, noting the effects of the Civil Wars, religious revivals of the 18th century, the coming of the Industrial Revolution and achievements of radical liberalism in the 19th century.
Stretching from the Ice Ages to the present day, this masterful account traces the political, social and cultural history of the land that has come to be called Wales. Spanning prehistoric hill forts and Roman ruins to the Reformation, the Industrial Revolution and the series of strikes by Welsh miners in the late twentieth century, this is the definitive history of an enduring people: a unique and compelling exploration of the origins of the Welsh nation, its development and its role in the modern world. This new edition brings this remarkable history into the new era of the Welsh Assembly.
This is the first full-length study of Swansea's urban development from the late eighteenth to the mid nineteenth century. It tells the little known story of how Swansea gained an unrivalled position of influence as an urban centre, which led it briefly to claim to be the "metropolis of Wales," and how it then lost this status in the face of rapid urban development elsewhere in Wales. The history of Swansea’s early nineteenth-century coming-of-age is traced through its participant individuals and institutions. From wealthy industrialist employers to gentlemen scientists and from banking establishments to assembly rooms and libraries, Swansea’s growing reputation as a prosperous, flourishing and "intelligent" town is explored. With its combined functions as a metal smelting town, bathing resort, port and cultural centre its urban character was arguably unique, but in its experience of urbanization it shared much in common with towns and cities the length and breadth of Britain. The question of how to maintain health, order and safety in an environment undergoing demographic and industrial growth while, at the same time, providing the facilities and institutions befitting a place of growing importance was the key preoccupation of leading townsmen in Swansea and elsewhere in the 1780-1855 period. These all important decades in Swansea’s urban history, long obscured from view by the legacy of copper smoke and post-industrial dereliction, provide an important new perspective on the history of modern Wales in which, traditionally, Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil and even Bristol have been better know as towns of influence in Welsh urban life.
Grade level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, e, i, s, t.
This study provides a wholly new perspective on Welsh politics in the troubled decades leading up to the Civil War. This is the first study for over half a century to examine politics in Wales during this period, and draws upon a wealth of new material in local and national archives. The book examines the structures of early seventeenth century Welsh politics through episodes such as parliamentary elections and the impact of the Thirty Years' War in the Principality. It also offers a reappraisal of the controversial religious and financial innovations of Charles I in Wales and an innovative discussion of Welsh allegiance in the early stages of the Civil Wars. This study presents a new interpretation of provincial politics in early modern Britain and explores Wales's unique position within the seventeenth-century state.
In Britain, Wales has gained a reputation as a nation wedded to pacifism, but this view ignores the long history of Welsh involvement in armed conflict. The essays assembled in Wales and War examine the reactions of Welsh people to a series of conflicts from the Napoleonic Wars to the conflict in the Falklands. The impact of Britain’s imperial economy on Welsh support for and participation in war, as well as the role played by geography, are among the range of illuminating topics considered in this collection. Featuring work from a new generation of historians, Wales and War is an innovative addition to our understanding of British history.