A must-read for anyone preparing for trial before the U.S. Tax Court, this new guide from the American Bar Association Section of Taxation takes the reader step-by-step through the Federal Rules of Evidence (FRE) as applied by the Tax Court. This compilation results in an easy-to-read collection of cases to support or guide a practitioner facing an evidentiary problem before the Tax Court. The condensed and well-organized sections allow one to easily spot a particular issue or the Evidentiary Rule at hand and to find the supporting cases, and the case discussions have sufficient detail to allow the reader to know whether to go and read the full case. The brief summary of requirements of the major rules presented along with dozens of practice pointers assist the practitioner in charting the proof necessary to succeed.
This public domain book is an open and compatible implementation of the Uniform System of Citation.
Music Law for the General Practitioner provides lawyers with comprehensive information on the business and legal topics that are likely to be encountered when representing a musical talent, producer, or consumer.
This is a practical book with clear descriptions of the most commonly used nonmarket methods. The first chapters of the book provide the context and theoretical foundation of nonmarket valuation along with a discussion of data collection procedures. The middle chapters describe the major stated- and revealed-preference valuation methods. For each method, the steps involved in implementation are laid out and carefully explained with supporting references from the published literature. The final chapters of the book examine the relevance of experimentation to economic valuation, the transfer of existing nonmarket values to new settings, and assessments of the reliability and validity of nonmarket values. The book is relevant to individuals in many professions at all career levels. Professionals in government agencies, attorneys involved with natural resource damage assessments, graduate students, and others will appreciate the thorough descriptions of how to design, implement, and analyze a nonmarket valuation study.
Abstract Algebra: Theory and Applications is an open-source textbook that is designed to teach the principles and theory of abstract algebra to college juniors and seniors in a rigorous manner. Its strengths include a wide range of exercises, both computational and theoretical, plus many non-trivial applications. The first half of the book presents group theory, through the Sylow theorems, with enough material for a semester-long course. The second-half is suitable for a second semester and presents rings, integral domains, Boolean algebras, vector spaces, and fields, concluding with Galois Theory.
"An Introduction to the American Legal System" is ideal for undergraduate students in legal studies, political science, criminal justice, pre-law, and sociology programs, paralegal programs, as well as for anyone with an interest in the historical and contemporary approaches to law in America.
This practical resource helps lawyers of all experience levels gain a firm footing in the rapidly evolving rules of claim construction with expert analysis of emerging methodologies for interpreting patents, a complete guide to the evidence, or modes of proof, accepted by the courts in applying claim construction principles and specific guidance on how the courts are likely to interpret certain phrases, terms, or forms of claims in Markman hearings. By Robert C. Kahrl. Patent Claim Construction is the first comprehensive treatise on claim construction in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. This practical resource helps lawyers of all experience levels gain a firm footing in the rapidly evolving rules of claim construction. This knowledge thereby allows for the systematic and efficient identification of the rules most advantageous to the client's position. Patent Claim Construction offers expert analysis of emerging methodologies, reflected in current case law for interpreting patents as a matter of the law and detailed descriptions of the cases applying the rule, as well as commentary describing the trend toward or away from favoring that particular rule. Additionally, the author includes a complete guide to the evidence, or modes of proof, accepted by the courts in applying claim construction principles and specific guidance on how the courts are likely to interpret certain phrases, terms, or forms of claims.
Based on a comprehensive study review by leading urban planning researchers, this investigative document demonstrates how urban development is both a key contributor to climate change and an essential factor in combating it—by reducing vehicle greenhouse gas emissions.
This book describes the ever-escalating dangers to which Jewish refugees and recent immigrants were subjected in France and Italy as the Holocaust marched forward. Susan Zuccotti uncovers a gruelling yet complex history of suffering and resilience through historical documents and personal testimonies from members of nine central and eastern European Jewish families, displaced to France in the opening years of the Second World War. The chronicle of their lives reveals clearly that these Jewish families experienced persecution of far greater intensity than citizen Jews or longtime resident immigrants. The odyssey of the nine families took them from hostile Vichy France to the Alpine village of Saint-Martin-Vesubie and on to Italy, where German soldiers rather than hoped-for Allied troops awaited. Those who crossed over to Italy were either deported to Auschwitz or forced to scatter in desperate flight. Zuccotti brings to light the agonies of the refugees' unstable lives, the evolution of French policies toward Jews, the reasons behind the flight from the relative idyll of Saint-Martin-Vesubie, and the choices that confronted those who arrived in Italy. Powerful archival evidence frames this history, while firsthand reports underscore the human cost of the nightmarish years of persecution.
In the last 20 years, the need for a financial expert to act as a witness and consultant to litigating attorneys has grown even more than litigation itself. Twenty years ago, few certified public accountants or economists offered litigation-related services; now, a large number devote much of their practice to this area. To be litigation service practitioners and accountants need to learn or enhance their litigation skills, including the fine points of their roles in trial preparation and testimony presentation, testimony presentation, deposition, direct examination, cross examination, understanding Sarbanes-Oxley rulings, and fraud investigations.
Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.