This up-to-date introductory treatment employs the language of category theory to explore the theory of structures. Its unique approach stresses concrete categories, and each categorical notion features several examples that clearly illustrate specific and general cases. A systematic view of factorization structures, this volume contains seven chapters. The first five focus on basic theory, and the final two explore more recent research results in the realm of concrete categories, cartesian closed categories, and quasitopoi. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, it requires an elementary knowledge of set theory and can be used as a reference as well as a text. Updated by the authors in 2004, it offers a unifying perspective on earlier work and summarizes recent developments.
Handy compilation of 100 practice problems, hints, and solutions indispensable for students preparing for the William Lowell Putnam and other mathematical competitions. Preface to the First Edition. Sources. 1988 edition.
This standard text treats hundreds of figures and schools instrumental in the development of mathematics, from the Phoenicians to such 19th-century giants as Grassman, Galois, and Riemann.
Well-written research monograph, recommended for students and professionals interested in model theory and definability theory. "Easy to use and a pleasure to read." — Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 1974 edition.
These six classic papers on stochastic process were selected to meet the needs of professionals and advanced undergraduates and graduate students in physics, applied mathematics, and engineering. Contents include: "Stochastic Problems in Physics and Astronomy" by S. Chandrasekhar from Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 15, No. 1 "On the Theory of Brownian Motion" by G. E. Uhlenbeck and L. S. Ornstein from Physical Review, Vol. 36, No. 3 "On the Theory of the Brownian Motion II" by Ming Chen Wang and G. E. Uhlenbeck from Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 17, Nos. 2 and 3 "Mathematical Analysis of Random Noise" by S. O. Rice from Bell System Technical Journal, Vols. 23 and 24 "Random Walk and the Theory of Brownian Motion" by Mark Kac from American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 54, No. 7 "The Brownian Movement and Stochastic Equations" by J. L. Doob from Annals of Mathematics, Vol. 43, No. 2
Well-rounded, thorough treatment introduces basic concepts of mathematical physics involved in the study of linear systems, with emphasis on eigenvalues, eigenfunctions, and Green's functions. Topics include discrete and continuous systems and approximation methods. 1960 edition.
Rich selection of 100 practice problems — with hints and solutions — for students preparing for the William Lowell Putnam and other undergraduate-level mathematical competitions. Features real numbers, differential equations, integrals, polynomials, sets, other topics. Hours of stimulating challenge for math buffs at varying degrees of proficiency. References.
"This accessible approach to set theory for upper-level undergraduates poses rigorous but simple arguments. Each definition is accompanied by commentary that motivates and explains new concepts. A historical introduction is followed by discussions of classes and sets, functions, natural and cardinal numbers, the arithmetic of ordinal numbers, and related topics. 1971 edition with new material by the author"--
Accessible text covers deformation and stress, derivation of equations of finite elasticity, and formulation of infinitesimal elasticity with application to two- and three-dimensional static problems and elastic waves. 1980 edition.
Clearly presented discussions of fields, vector spaces, homogeneous linear equations, extension fields, polynomials, algebraic elements, as well as sections on solvable groups, permutation groups, solution of equations by radicals, and other concepts. 1966 edition.
An introductory course in theoretical physics is the sole prerequisite for this general but simple introduction to the fields of plasma and fusion research. 1962 edition.
Definitive work draws on game theory, calculus of variations, and control theory to solve an array of problems: military, pursuit and evasion, athletic contests, many more. Detailed examples, formal calculations. 1965 edition.
Graduate-level text provides introduction to optimal control theory for stochastic systems, emphasizing application of basic concepts to real problems.
Nobel Laureate's lucid treatment of kinetic theory of gases, elementary particles, nuclear atom, wave-corpuscles, atomic structure and spectral lines, much more. Over 40 appendices, bibliography.
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Contents include an elementary but thorough overview of mathematical logic of 1st order; formal number theory; surveys of the work by Church, Turing, and others, including Gödel's completeness theorem, Gentzen's theorem, more.
Expert treatment introduces semi-Riemannian geometry and its principal physical application, Einstein's theory of general relativity, using the Cartan exterior calculus as a principal tool. Prerequisites include linear algebra and advanced calculus. 2012 edition.
This helpful "bridge" book offers students the foundations they need to understand advanced mathematics. The two-part treatment provides basic tools and covers sets, relations, functions, mathematical proofs and reasoning, more. 1975 edition.
This text employs vector methods to explore the classical theory of curves and surfaces. Topics include basic theory of tensor algebra, tensor calculus, calculus of differential forms, and elements of Riemannian geometry. 1959 edition.
No calculus needed, but this is not an elementary book. Introduces vectors, algebraic notation and basic ideas, vector algebra and scalars. Includes 386 exercises.