New functions are introduced in number theory, and for each one a general description, examples, connections, and references are given.
This book chronicles the Society's activities over fifty years, as membership grew, as publications became more numerous and diverse, as the number of meetings and conferences increased, and as services to the mathematical community expanded. To download free chapters of this book, click here.
The mathematical works of Fritz John whose deep and original ideas have had a great influence on the development of various fields in mathema tical analysis are made available with these volumes. His works are certainly well known to the experts, but knowledge of his contributions may not have spread as widely as it should have. For example, the concept of functions of bounded mean oscillations plays a central role in harmonic analysis today, but it is perhaps less known that this class of functions was introduced by John as early as 1961, motivated by his work in elasticity theory. With the publication of this collection, a wider circle of mathematicians will become familiar with, and appreciate, the fertile ideas of Fritz John. The organization of these two volumes was undertaken in consultation with the author. It was decided not to present the papers in chronological order, but rather to subdivide them into ten sections representing different mathematical topics to which John has contributed. Commentaries made by experts in the fields are appended to each section. Since the division into sec tions could, of course, not be made sharply, there are several overlaps. For instance, the comments of Louis Nirenberg refer to Elasticity Theory VI, Geometric Inequalities VIII, and Functions of Bounded Mean Oscillations IX. To help the reader, cross-references and remarks by the author will be found at the end of each section.
This book contains the refereed proceedings of the DIMACS Workshop on Human Language, held in March 1992 at Princeton University. The workshop drew together many of the world's most prominent linguists, computer scientists, and learning theorists to focus on language computations. A language computation is a computation that underlies the comprehension, production, or acquisition of human language. These computations lie at the very heart of human language. This volume aims to advance understanding of language computation, with a focus on computations related to the sounds and words of a language. The book investigates sensory-motor representation of speech sounds (phonetics), phonological stress, problems in language acquisition, and the relation between the sound and the meaning of words (morphology). The articles are directed toward researchers with an interest in human language and in computation. Although no article requires expertise in linguistics or computer science, some background in these areas is helpful, and the book provides relevant references.
This book presents the proceedings of the international workshop, "Advances in Mathematical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations" held at the Institut Mittag-Leffler, Stockholm, Sweden, July 9-13, 2012, dedicated to the memory of the outstanding Russian mathematician Olga A. Ladyzhenskaya. The volume contains papers that engage a wide set of modern topics in the theory of linear and nonlinear partial differential equations and applications, including variational and free boundary problems, mathematical problems of hydrodynamics, and magneto-geostrophic equations.
After three decades since the first nearly complete edition of John von Neumann's papers, this book is a valuable selection of those papers and excerpts of his books that are most characteristic of his activity, and reveal that of his continuous influence.The results receiving the 1994 Nobel Prizes in economy deeply rooted in Neumann's game theory are only minor traces of his exceptionally broad spectrum of creativity and stimulation.The book is organized by the specific subjects-quantum mechanics, ergodic theory, operator algebra, hydrodynamics, economics, computers, science and society. In addition, one paper which was written in German will be translated and published in English for the first time.The sections are introduced by short explanatory notes with an emphasis on recent developments based on von Neumann's contributions. An overall picture is provided by Ulam's, one of his most intimate partners in thinking, 1958 memorial lecture. Facsimilae and translations of some of his personal letters and a newly completed bibliography based on von Neumann's own careful compilation are added.
In many respects, biology is the new frontier for applied mathematicians. This book demonstrates the important role mathematics plays in the study of some biological problems. It introduces mathematicians to the biological sciences and provides enough mathematics for bioscientists to appreciate the utility of the modelling approach. The book presents a number of diverse topics, such as neurophysiology, cell biology, immunology, and human genetics. It examines how research is done,what mathematics is used, what the outstanding questions are, and how to enter the field. Also given is a brief historical survey of each topic, putting current research into perspective. The book is suitable for mathematicians and biologists interested in mathematical methods in biology.
This volume contains the proceedings of the Maurice Auslander Distinguished Lectures and International Conference, held April 25-30, 2012, in Falmouth, MA. The representation theory of finite dimensional algebras and related topics, especially cluster combinatorics, is a very active topic of research. This volume contains papers covering both the history and the latest developments in this topic. In particular, Otto Kerner gives a review of basic theorems and latest results about wild hereditary algebras, Yuri Berest develops the theory of derived representation schemes, and Markus Schmidmeier presents new applications of arc diagrams.
Even though contemporary biology and mathematics are inextricably linked, high school biology and mathematics courses have traditionally been taught in isolation. But this is beginning to change. This volume presents papers related to the integration of biology and mathematics in high school classes. The first part of the book provides the rationale for integrating mathematics and biology in high school courses as well as opportunities for doing so. The second part explores the development and integration of curricular materials and includes responses from teachers. Papers in the third part of the book explore the interconnections between biology and mathematics in light of new technologies in biology. The last paper in the book discusses what works and what doesn't and presents positive responses from students to the integration of mathematics and biology in their classes.
This book is a collection of survey articles on several topics related to the general notion of integrability. It stems from a workshop on ''Mathematical Methods of Regular Dynamics'' dedicated to Sophie Kowalevski. Leading experts introduce corresponding areas in depth. The book provides a broad overview of research, from the pioneering work of the nineteenth century to the developments of the 1970s through the present. The book begins with two historical papers by R. L. Cooke onKowalevski's life and work. Following are 15 research surveys on integrability issues in differential and algebraic geometry, classical complex analysis, discrete mathematics, spinning tops, Painleve equations, global analysis on manifolds, special functions, etc. It concludes with Kowalevski's famouspaper published in Acta Mathematica in 1889, ''Sur le probleme de la rotation d'un corps solide autour d'un point fixe''. The book is suitable for graduate students in pure and applied mathematics, the general mathematical audience studying integrability, and research mathematicians interested in differential and algebraic geometry, analysis, and special functions.
The Kenneth May Lectures have never before been published in book form Important contributions to the history of mathematics by well-known historians of science Should appeal to a wide audience due to its subject area and accessibility
This volume contains the proceedings of the International Workshop on Perspectives on High-dimensional Data Analysis II, held May 30-June 1, 2012, at the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. This book collates applications and methodological developments in high-dimensional statistics dealing with interesting and challenging problems concerning the analysis of complex, high-dimensional data with a focus on model selection and data reduction. The chapters contained in this book deal with submodel selection and parameter estimation for an array of interesting models. The book also presents some surprising results on high-dimensional data analysis, especially when signals cannot be effectively separated from the noise, it provides a critical assessment of penalty estimation when the model may not be sparse, and it suggests alternative estimation strategies. Readers can apply the suggested methodologies to a host of applications and also can extend these methodologies in a variety of directions. This volume conveys some of the surprises, puzzles and success stories in big data analysis and related fields. This book is co-published with the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques.
This volume provides the definitive treatment of fortune's formula or the Kelly capital growth criterion as it is often called. The strategy is to maximize long run wealth of the investor by maximizing the period by period expected utility of wealth with a logarithmic utility function. Mathematical theorems show that only the log utility function maximizes asymptotic long run wealth and minimizes the expected time to arbitrary large goals. In general, the strategy is risky in the short term but as the number of bets increase, the Kelly bettor's wealth tends to be much larger than those with essentially different strategies. So most of the time, the Kelly bettor will have much more wealth than these other bettors but the Kelly strategy can lead to considerable losses a small percent of the time. There are ways to reduce this risk at the cost of lower expected final wealth using fractional Kelly strategies that blend the Kelly suggested wager with cash. The various classic reprinted papers and the new ones written specifically for this volume cover various aspects of the theory and practice of dynamic investing. Good and bad properties are discussed, as are fixed-mix and volatility induced growth strategies. The relationships with utility theory and the use of these ideas by great investors are featured.
Computational Problems in Abstract Algebra provides information pertinent to the application of computers to abstract algebra. This book discusses combinatorial problems dealing with things like generation of permutations, projective planes, orthogonal latin squares, graphs, difference sets, block designs, and Hadamard matrices. Comprised of 35 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the methods utilized in and results obtained by programs for the investigation of groups. This text then examines the method for establishing the order of a finite group defined by a set of relations satisfied by its generators. Other chapters describe the modification of the Todd–Coxeter coset enumeration process. This book discusses as well the difficulties that arise with multiplication and inverting programs, and of some ways to avoid or overcome them. The final chapter deals with the computational problems related to invariant factors in linear algebra. Mathematicians as well as students of algebra will find this book useful.
There exists a history of great expectations and large investments involving artificial intelligence (AI). There are also notable shortfalls and memorable disappointments. One major controversy regarding AI is just how mathematical a field it is or should be. This text includes contributions that examine the connections between AI and mathematics, demonstrating the potential for mathematical applications and exposing some of the more mathematical areas within AI. The goal is to stimulate interest in people who can contribute to the field or use its results. Included in the work by M. Newborn on the famous Deep BLue chess match. He discusses highly mathematical techniques involving graph theory, combinatorics and probability and statistics. G. Shafer offers his development of probability through probability trees with some of the results appearing here for the first time. M. Golumbic treats temporal reasoning with ties to the famous Frame Problem. His contribution involves logic, combinatorics and graph theory and leads to two chapters with logical themes. H. Kirchner explains how ordering techniques in automated reasoning systems make deduction more efficient. Constraint logic programming is discussed by C. Lassez, who shows its intimate ties to linear programming with crucial theorems going back to Fourier. V. Nalwa's work provides a brief tour of computer vision, tying it to mathematics - from combinatorics, probability and geometry to partial differential equations. All authors are gifted expositors and are current contributors to the field. The wide scope of the volume includes research problems, research tools and good motivational material for teaching.
The papers in this collection were written primarily by members of the St. Petersburg seminar in mathematical physics. The seminar, now run by O. A. Ladyzhenskaya, was initiated in 1947 by V. I. Smirnov, to whose memory this volume is dedicated. The papers in the collection are devoted mainly to wave propagation processes, scattering theory, integrability of nonlinear equations, and related problems of spectral theory of differential and integral operators. The book is of interest to mathematicians working in mathematical physics and differential equations, as well as to physicists studying various wave propagation processes.
This volume features the proceedings from the Summer Seminar of the Canadian Mathematical Society held at Universite Laval. The purpose of the seminar was to gather both mathematicians and engineers interested in the theory or application of plates and shells, or more generally, in the modelisation of thin structures. From this, it was hoped that a better understanding of the problem would emerge for both groups of professionals. New aspects from the mathematical point of view and new applications posing new challenges are reported. This volume offers a snapshot of the state of the art of this rapidly evolving topic.