The passage of Measure 58 in Oregon in 1998 was a milestone in adoption reform. E. Wayne Carp here reveals the efforts of the radical adoptee rights organization Bastard Nation to pass this milestone initiative.
There is a profound crisis in the United States' foster care system, Jill Duerr Berrick writes in this expertly researched, passionately written book. No state has passed the federally mandated Child and Family Service Review; two-thirds of the state systems have faced class-action lawsuits demanding change; and most tellingly, well over half of all children who enter foster care never go home. The field of child welfare has lost its way and is neglecting its fundamental responsibility to the most vulnerable children and families in America.The family stories Berrick weaves throughout the chapters provide a vivid backdrop for her statistics. Amanda, raised in foster care, began having children of her own while still a teen and lost them to the system when she became addicted to drugs. Tracy, brought up by her schizophrenic single mother, gave birth to the first of eight children at age fourteen and saw them all shuffled through foster care as she dealt drugs and went to prison. Both they and the other individuals that Berrick features spent years without adequate support from social workers or the government before finally achieving a healthier life; many people never do. But despite the clear crisis in child welfare, most calls for reform have focused on unproven prevention methods, not on improving the situation for those already caught in the system. Berrick argues that real child welfare reform will only occur when the centerpiece of child welfare - reunification, permanency, and foster care - is reaffirmed.Take Me Home reminds us that children need long-term caregivers who can help them develop and thrive. When troubled parents can't change enough to permit reunification, alternative permanency options must be pursued. And no reform will matter for the hundreds of thousands of children entering foster care each year in America unless their experience of out-of-home care is considerably better than the one many now experience. Take Me Home offers prescriptions for policy change and strategies for parents, social workers, and judges struggling with permanency decisions. Readers will come away reinvigorated in their thinking about how to get children to the homes they need.
Adopted Women and Biological Fathers offers a critical and deconstructive challenge to the dominant notions of adoptive identity. The author explores adoptive women’s experiences of meeting their biological fathers and reflects on personal narratives to give an authoritative overview of both the field of adoption and the specific history of adoption reunion. This book takes as its focus the narratives of 14 adopted women, as well as the partly fictionalised story of the author and examines their experiences of birth father reunion in an attempt to dissect the ways in which we understand adoptive female subjectivity through a psychosocial lens. Opening a space for thinking about the role of the discursively neglected biological father, this book exposes the enigmatic dimensions of this figure and how telling the relational story of 'reconciliation' might be used to complicate wider categories of subjective completeness, belonging, and truth. This book attempts to subvert the culturally normative unifying system of the mother-child bond, and prompts the reader to think about what the biological father might represent and how his role in relation to adoptive female subjects may be understood. This book will be essential reading for those in critical psychology, gender studies, narrative work, sociology and psychosocial studies, as well as appealing to anyone interested in adoption issues and female subjectivity.
Nominated for the 2007 Book Prize by the Council on Anthropology and Reproduction (AAA) Reproductive disruptions, such as infertility, pregnancy loss, adoption, and childhood disability, are among the most distressing experiences in people's lives. Based on research by leading medical anthropologists from around the world, this book examines such issues as local practices detrimental to safe pregnancy and birth; conflicting reproductive goals between women and men; miscommunications between pregnant women and their genetic counselors; cultural anxieties over gamete donation and adoption; the contested meanings of abortion; cultural critiques of hormone replacement therapy; and the globalization of new pharmaceutical and assisted reproductive technologies. This breadth - with its explicit move from the "local" to the "global," from the realm of everyday reproductive practice to international programs and policies - illuminates most effectively the workings of power, the tensions between women's and men's reproductive agency, and various cultural and structural inequalities in reproductive health.
Through the use of a wide variety of methodological and theoretical perspectives, the family scholars in this volume provide considerable insight into the ways in which families are changing, adapting, and evolving. With research studies from around the world it is intended to provide a more global understanding of family change.
In the first study of comparative direct-democracy, Laurent Bernhard explores the nature of direct-democratic campaigning in Switzerland. The author examines four policy areas: immigration, healthcare, welfare and economic liberalism focussing on interviews with campaign managers to provide a comprehensive analysis of direct-democratic campaigning.
This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area
Jean Paton (1908–2002) fought tirelessly to reform American adoption and to overcome prejudice against adult adoptees and women who give birth out of wedlock. Paton wrote widely and passionately about the adoption experience, corresponded with policymakers as well as individual adoptees, promoted the psychological well-being of adoptees, and facilitated reunions between adoptees and their birth parents. E. Wayne Carp's masterful biography brings to light the accomplishments of this neglected civil-rights pioneer, who paved the way for the explosive emergence of the adoption reform movement in the 1970s. Her unflagging efforts over five decades helped reverse harmful policies, practices, and laws concerning adoption and closed records, struggles that continue to this day.
The Initiative is a device that allows voters to propose and ratify constitutional amendments, city charter amendments, statutes, and ordinances. The Initiative is a citizen solution to the problem of unrepresentative legislative bodies that are more responsive to special interests than to the voters. Although the use of the Initiative has been subjected to strong criticism--deservingly so in California--the device generally has not been overused and has been effective when employed.
Today we enjoy more privacy than ever before, yet the encroachment of the media, computer data gathering, and electronic surveillance in our lives undermines our sense that we have privacy at all. Although privacy is essential to our capacity to love and create and think, it can be used for the wrong reasons. The same condition that sustains intimacy, creativity, and freedom can also be invoked as an abusive kind of secrecy. In Private Matters, Janna Malamud Smith explores this paradox through various prisms: the bedroom, the psychiatrist’s couch, the biography, the presidency, the media, women and their bodies, and post–9/11 policy. More pertinent than ever before, this modern history of privacy offers important insights into the role of this increasingly elusive and fragile virtue.
Der Gesellschaftsvertrag gilt als das Hauptwerk des Philosophen Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Es erschien erstmals 1762 in Amsterdam und wurde daraufhin in Frankreich, den Niederlanden, in Genf und Bern sofort verboten. Das Buch ist ein Schlüsselwerk der Aufklärungsphilosophie und ein großer Wegbereiter moderner Demokratie und Demokratietheorie.
Auf erste Erfahrungen von familiärer Geborgenheit, liebevoller Zuneigung und kindlichen Glücks folgt eine Geschichte namenloser Not und abgrundtiefer Verlassenheit, gesehen und empfunden aus der Perspektive eines Kindes. Jennifer ist gerade sieben Jahre alt, als mit dem Tod ihrer geliebten Mutter eine Welt für sie zusammenbricht. Die erneute Heirat des Vaters verschlimmert die Situation nur.
Der Band gibt einen Einblick in die Kultur der Vereinigten Staaten zwischen 1933 und 1945. Die im Rahmen von Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal propagierte Idee einer "Erneuerung Amerikas" prägte in diesen Jahren nicht nur die politische Rhetorik, sondern fand sich auch in Literatur, Theater, Fotografie, bildender Kunst und Architektur. Im engeren Sinne umfasst die Kultur des New Deal regierungseigene Programme zur Förderung von Schriftstellern, Theaterschaffenden und bildenden Künstlern; im weiteren Sinne zählen dazu der zeitgenössische Dokumentarismus und Folklorismus, regionale Planungsprogramme und Hollywood-Produktionen. Wie unterschiedlich die Ausprägungen dieser Kultur im Einzelfall sein konnten, zeigt ein Vergleich zwischen John Steinbecks Bestseller The Grapes of Wrath und James Agees und Walker Evans' Fotodokumentation Let Us Now Praise Famous Men. Während sich die nationalgeschichtliche Bedeutung der New-Deal-Kultur anhand nachfolgender Diskussionen um den New-Deal-Liberalismus ablesen lässt, zeigen sich ihre globalen Implikationen in Roosevelts Modell der "Vier Freiheiten", das aus den Erfahrungen der Wirtschaftskrise erwuchs und zur Bildung der späteren Vereinten Nationen beitrug.
Als glUckliche Bestimmung gilt es mir heute, da das Schicksal mir zum Geburtsort gerade Braunau am Inn zuwies. Liegt doch dieses StAdtchen an der Grenze jener zwei deutschen Staaten, deren Wiedervereinigung mindestens uns JUngeren als eine mit allen Mitteln durchzufUhrende Lebensaufgabe erscheint! DeutschOsterreich mu wieder zurUck zum groen deutschen Mutterlande, und zwar nicht aus GrUnden irgendwelcher wirtschaftlichen ErwAgungen heraus. Nein, nein: Auch wenn diese Vereinigung, wirtschaftlich gedacht, gleichgUltig, ja selbst wenn sie schAdlich wAre, sie mUte dennoch stattfinden. Gleiches Blut gehOrt in ein gemeinsames Reich. Das deutsche Volk besitzt solange kein moralisches Recht zu kolonialpolitischer TAtigkeit, solange es nicht einmal seine eigenen SOhne in einem gemeinsamen Staat zu fassen vermag. Erst wenn des Reiches Grenze auch den letzten Deutschen umschliet, ohne mehr die Sicherheit seiner ErnAhrung bieten zu kOnnen, ersteht aus der Not des eigenen Volkes das moralische Recht zur Erwerbung fremden Grund und Bodens. Der Pflug ist dann das Schwert, und aus den TrAnen des Krieges erwAchst fUr die Nach welt das tAgliche Brot. So scheint mir dieses kleine GrenzstAdtchen das Symbol einer groen Aufgabe zu sein.

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