For many people, taking some form of medication is part of everyday life, whether for mild or severe illness, acute or chronic disease, to target infection or to relieve pain. However for most it remains a mystery as to what happens once the drug has been taken into the body: how do the drugs actually work? Furthermore, by what processes are new drugs discovered and brought to market?An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, sixthedition, provides an accessible and comprehensive account of this fascinating multidisciplinary field. Assuming little prior knowledge, the text is ideal for those studying the subject for the first time. Inaddition to covering the key principles of drug design and drug action, the text also discusses important current topics in medicinal chemistry. The subject is brought to life throughout by engaging case studies highlighting particular classes of drugs, and the stories behind their discovery and development.
The Art of Drug Synthesis illustrates how chemistry, biology, pharmacokinetics, and a host of other disciplines come together to produce successful medicines. The authors have compiled a collection of 21 representative categories of drugs, from which they have selected as examples many of the best-selling drugs on the market today. An introduction to each drug is provided, as well as background to the biology, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and drug metabolism, followed by a detailed account of the drug synthesis. Edited by prominent scientists working in drug discovery for Pfizer Meets the needs of a growing community of researchers in pharmaceutical R&D Provides a useful guide for practicing pharmaceutical scientists as well as a text for medicinal chemistry students An excellent follow-up to the very successful first book by these editors, Contemporary Drug Synthesis, but with all new therapeutic categories and drugs discussed.
An integrated and insightful look at successful drug synthesis in today's drug discovery market The pharmaceutical industry is unquestionably vibrant today, with drug synthesis making a vital contribution. Whether in the early developmental stages of identifying and optimizing a lead, or the latter stages of process development and cost-effective scale-up, the ability to design elegant and economical synthetic routes is often a major factor in the eventual viability and commercial success of a drug. Contemporary Drug Synthesis examines how leading researchers and manufacturers have integrated chemistry, biology, pharmacokinetics, and a host of other disciplines in the creation and development of leading drugs. Authored by four of the pharmaceutical industry's most respected scientists, this timely volume: Focuses on the processes that resulted in high-profile drugs including Lipitor, Celebrex, Viagra, Gleevec, Nexium, Claritin, and over a dozen others Provides an in-depth introduction to each drug, followed by a detailed account of its synthesis Organizes the drugs into fourteen therapeutic areas for clarity and ease of use Process chemists provide an essential bridge between chemistry and the marketplace, creating scientifically practical drug processes while never losing sight of the commercial viability of those processes. Contemporary Drug Synthesis meets the needs of a growing community of researchers in pharmaceutical research and development, and is both a useful guide for practicing pharmaceutical scientists and an excellent text for medicinal and organic chemistry students.
The classic reference on the synthesis of medicinal agents -- now completely updated The seventh volume in the definitive series that provides a quick yet thorough overview of the synthetic routes used to access specific classesof therapeutic agents, this volume covers approximately 220 new non-proprietary drug entities introduced since the publication of Volume 6. Many of these compounds represent novel structural types firstidentified by sophisticated new cell-based assays. Specifically, a significant number of new antineoplastic and antiviral agents are covered. As in the previous volumes, materials are organized by chemical class and syntheses originate with available starting materials. Organized to make the information accessible, this resource covers disease state, rationale for method of drug therapy, and the biological activities of each compound and preparation. The Organic Chemistry of Drug Synthesis, Volume 7 is a hands-on reference for medicinal and organic chemists, and a great resource for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in organic and medicinal chemistry.
Medicinal Chemistry: An Introduction, Second Edition provides a comprehensive, balanced introduction to this evolving and multidisciplinary area of research. Building on the success of the First Edition, this edition has been completely revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field. Written in an accessible style, Medicinal Chemistry: An Introduction, Second Edition carefully explains fundamental principles, assuming little in the way of prior knowledge. The book focuses on the chemical principles used for drug discovery and design covering physiology and biology where relevant. It opens with a broad overview of the subject with subsequent chapters examining topics in greater depth. From the reviews of the First Edition: "It contains a wealth of information in a compact form" ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE, INTERNATIONAL EDITION "Medicinal Chemistry is certainly a text I would chose to teach from for undergraduates. It fills a unique niche in the market place." PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATIONAL REVIEWS
Synthesis of Medicinal Agents from Plants highlights the importance of synthesizing medicinal agents from plants and outlines methods for performing it effectively. Beginning with an introduction to the significance of medicinal plants, the book goes on to provide a historical overview of drug synthesis before exploring how this can be used to successfully replicate and adapt the active agents from natural sources. Chapters then explore the medicinal properties of a number of important plants, before concluding with a discussion of the future of drugs from medicinal plants. Illustrated with real-world examples, it is a practical resource for researchers in this field. In an age of rapid environmental destruction, hundreds of medicinal plants are at risk of extinction from overexploitation and deforestation, limiting the natural resources available for active agent extraction, thereby threatening the discovery of future cures for diseases. Simultaneously, with the increasing population and advances in medical sciences, the demand for drugs is continuously increasing and cannot be met with just plants. The ability to synthetically replicate the active compounds from these plants is essential in creating an ecologically-aware, sustainable future for drug design Includes detailed coverage of therapeutic compound synthesis Uses multiple real-world examples to support content Lays out a sustainable template for the future of developing active agents from natural products
This book covers all aspects of the medicinal chemistry of the latest drugs, and the cutting-edge science associated with them. Following the editors’ 3 successful drug synthesis books, this provides expert analysis of the pros and cons of different synthetic routes and demystifies the process of modern drug discovery for practitioners and researchers. Summarizes for each drug: respective disease area, important properties and SAR (structure-activity relationship), and chemical synthesis routes / options Includes case studies in each chapter Illustrates how chemistry, biology, pharmacokinetics, and a host of disciplines come together to produce successful medicines Explains the advantages of process synthesis versus the synthetic route for drug discovery
The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Third Edition, represents a unique approach to medicinal chemistry based on physical organic chemical principles and reaction mechanisms that rationalize drug action, which allows reader to extrapolate those core principles and mechanisms to many related classes of drug molecules. This new edition includes updates to all chapters, including new examples and references. It reflects significant changes in the process of drug design over the last decade and preserves the successful approach of the previous editions while including significant changes in format and coverage. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry studying medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutical chemistry; research chemists and biochemists working in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Updates to all chapters, including new examples and references Chapter 1 (Introduction): Completely rewritten and expanded as an overview of topics discussed in detail throughout the book Chapter 2 (Lead Discovery and Lead Modification): Sections on sources of compounds for screening including library collections, virtual screening, and computational methods, as well as hit-to-lead and scaffold hopping; expanded sections on sources of lead compounds, fragment-based lead discovery, and molecular graphics; and deemphasized solid-phase synthesis and combinatorial chemistry Chapter 3 (Receptors): Drug-receptor interactions, cation-π and halogen bonding; atropisomers; case history of the insomnia drug suvorexant Chapter 4 (Enzymes): Expanded sections on enzyme catalysis in drug discovery and enzyme synthesis Chapter 5 (Enzyme Inhibition and Inactivation): New case histories: for competitive inhibition, the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib and Abelson kinase inhibitor, imatinib for transition state analogue inhibition, the purine nucleoside phosphorylase inhibitors, forodesine and DADMe-ImmH, as well as the mechanism of the multisubstrate analog inhibitor isoniazid for slow, tight-binding inhibition, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, saxagliptin Chapter 7 (Drug Resistance and Drug Synergism): This new chapter includes topics taken from two chapters in the previous edition, with many new examples Chapter 8 (Drug Metabolism): Discussions of toxicophores and reactive metabolites Chapter 9 (Prodrugs and Drug Delivery Systems): Discussion of antibody–drug conjugates
Following Contemporary Drug Synthesis and The Art of Drug Synthesis (Wiley, 2004 and 2007), two well-received works, is this new book that demystifies the process of modern drug discovery for practitioners and students. An enhanced introduction covers areas such as background, pharmacology, SAR, PK/PD, efficacy, and safety. Focusing on the advantages of process synthesis versus the discovery synthetic route, Modern Drug Synthesis features authoritative coverage by distinguished editors and authors (some chapter authors are the actual inventor of the drug) of twenty different drug molecules.
Organic chemistry concerns the properties and synthesis of carbon-based molecules. Carbon atoms can concatenate into long chains and cyclic compounds, bonding with a variety of other elements, so the possible structures are almost limitless. Graham Patrick explores the world of organic chemistry and its wide applications.
Based on his profound knowledge of past and present paradigms in the development of medicines, the author takes the reader from the very beginnings of pharmacology to the multibillion-dollar business it represents today. Recounting the often spectacular successes and failures of innovative drugs as well as the people who discovered them, he brings abstract science to life in anecdotal form. The book is beautifully illustrated, containing historical photographs of drugs and their discoverers, and abounds with references to the primary literature, listing seminal publications alongside more modern reviews for readers seeking further details. For anyone with a more than superficial interest in the science of drugs: instructive and enjoyable for a broad audience of students, instructors and professionals in pharmacy, the pharmaceutical chemistry and related fields.
Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.
'Introduction to Drug Synthesis' explores the central role played by organic synthesis in the process of drug design and development - from the generation of novel drug structures to the improved efficiency of large scale synthesis.
Molecules and Medicine provides, for the first time ever, a completely integrated look at chemistry, biology, drug discovery, and medicine. It delves into the discovery, application, and mode of action of more than one hundred of the most significant molecules in use in modern medicine. Opening sections of the book provide a unique, clear, and concise introduction, which enables readers to understand chemical formulas.
Helps you choose the right computational tools and techniques to meet your drug design goals Computational Drug Design covers all of the major computational drug design techniques in use today, focusing on the process that pharmaceutical chemists employ to design a new drug molecule. The discussions of which computational tools to use and when and how to use them are all based on typical pharmaceutical industry drug design processes. Following an introduction, the book is divided into three parts: Part One, The Drug Design Process, sets forth a variety of design processes suitable for a number of different drug development scenarios and drug targets. The author demonstrates how computational techniques are typically used during the design process, helping readers choose the best computational tools to meet their goals. Part Two, Computational Tools and Techniques, offers a series of chapters, each one dedicated to a single computational technique. Readers discover the strengths and weaknesses of each technique. Moreover, the book tabulates comparative accuracy studies, giving readers an unbiased comparison of all the available techniques. Part Three, Related Topics, addresses new, emerging, and complementary technologies, including bioinformatics, simulations at the cellular and organ level, synthesis route prediction, proteomics, and prodrug approaches. The book's accompanying CD-ROM, a special feature, offers graphics of the molecular structures and dynamic reactions discussed in the book as well as demos from computational drug design software companies. Computational Drug Design is ideal for both students and professionals in drug design, helping them choose and take full advantage of the best computational tools available. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.
Design of Hybrid Molecules for Drug Development reviews the principles, advantages, and limitations involved with designing these groundbreaking compounds. Beginning with an introduction to hybrid molecule design and background as to their need, the book goes on to explore a range of important hybrids, with hybrids containing natural products, molecules containing NO- and H2S-donors, dual-acting compounds acting as receptor ligands and enzyme inhibitors, and the design of photoresponsive drugs all discussed. Drawing on practical case studies, the hybridization of molecules for development as treatments for a number of key diseases is then outlined, including the design of hybrids for Alzheimer's, cancer, and malaria. With its cutting-edge reviews of breaking developments in this exciting field, the book offers a novel approach for all those working in the design, development, and administration of drugs for a range of debilitating disorders. Highlights an approach unimpaired by the limitations of the classical search for lead structures - one of the core problems in modern drug development processes, making the content of high relevance for both academic and non-academic drug development processes Pulls together research and design techniques in a novel way to give researchers the best possible platform from which to review the approaches and techniques applied Compares the advantages and disadvantages of these compounds Includes the very latest developments, such as photoactivatable and photo-responsive drugs
Synthesis of Essential Drugs describes methods of synthesis, activity and implementation of diversity of all drug types and classes. With over 2300 references, mainly patent, for the methods of synthesis for over 700 drugs, along with the most widespread synonyms for these drugs, this book fills the gap that exists in the literature of drug synthesis. It provides the kind of information that will be of interest to those who work, or plan to begin work, in the areas of biologically active compounds and the synthesis of medicinal drugs. This book presents the synthesis of various groups of drugs in an order similar to that traditionally presented in a pharmacology curriculum. This was done with a very specific goal in mind – to harmonize the chemical aspects with the pharmacology curriculum in a manner useful to chemists. Practically every chapter begins with an accepted brief definition and description of a particular group of drugs, proposes their classification, and briefly explains the present model of their action. This is followed by a detailed discussion of methods for their synthesis. Of the thousands of drugs existing on the pharmaceutical market, the book mainly covers generic drugs that are included in the WHO’s Essential List of Drugs. For practically all of the 700+ drugs described in the book, references (around 2350) to the methods of their synthesis are given along with the most widespread synonyms. Synthesis of Essential Drugs is an excellent handbook for chemists, biochemists, medicinal chemists, pharmacists, pharmacologists, scientists, professionals, students, university libraries, researchers, medical doctors and students, and professionals working in medicinal chemistry. * Provides a brief description of methods of synthesis, activity and implementation of all drug types * Includes synonyms * Includes over 2300 references
NEW TO THIS EDITION Updated throughout with the latest descoveries Five new chapters covering * the molecular structure of receptors and the mechanisms of signal transduction *combinatorial synthesis * the role of computers in drug design * adrenergics * drug discovery and drug development
One strategy to expedite the discovery of new drugs, a process that is somewhat slow and serendipitous, is the identification and use of privileged scaffolds. This book covers the history of the discovery and use of privileged scaffolds and addresses the various classes of these important molecular fragments. The first of the benzodiazepines, a class of drugs that is powerful for treating anxiety, may not have been discovered had it not been for a chance experiment on the contents of a discarded flask found during a lab clean-up. Some years later, scientists discovered that benzodiazepine derivatives were also effective in treating other diseases. This class of molecules was the first to be described as privileged in the sense that it is especially effective at altering the course of disease. Other privileged molecular structures have since been discovered, and since these compounds are so effective at interacting with numerous classes of proteins, they may be an effective starting point to look for new drugs against the supposedly "undruggable" proteins. Following introductory chapters presenting an overview, a historical perspective and the theoretical background and findings, main chapters describe the structure of privileged structures in turn and discuss major drug classes associated with them and their syntheses. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the subject through chapters contributed by expert authors from both academia and industry and will be an excellent reference source for medicinal chemists of a range of disciplines and experiences.
The molecular modeling perspective in drug design. (N. Calude Cohen). Molecular graphics and modeling: tools of the trade. (Roderick E. Hubbard). Molecular modeling of small molecules. (Tamara Gund). Computer assisted new lead design. (Akiko Itai, Miho Yamada Mizutani, Yoshihiko Nishibata, and Nubuo Tomioka). Experimental techniques and data banks. (John P. Priestle and C. Gregory Paris). Computer-assisted drug discovery. (Peter Gund, Gerald Maggiora, and James P. Snyder). Modeling drug-receptor interactions. (Konrad F. Koehler, Shashidhar N. Rao, and James P. Snyder). Glossary of terminology. (J. P. Tollenaere).