In this brilliant and widely acclaimed book, winner of the 1975 National Book Award, Robert Nozick challenges the most commonly held political and social positions of our age—liberal, socialist, and conservative.
Presents a detailed assessment of Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia and analyses its contribution to political philosophy.
Using the liberal political aspiration of neutrality as a unifying theme, this book aims to go beyond the usual discussion of Nozick and his well known views on anarchy, state, and utopia. It attempts to discuss his views on later related issues, and how they connect to the earlier ones.
Anarchy, State, and Utopia: An Advanced Guide presents acomprehensive and accessible introduction to the ideas expressed inRobert Nozick’s highly influential 1974 work on free-marketlibertarianism—considered one of the most important andinfluential works of political philosophy published in the latterhalf of the 20th-century. Makes accessible all the major ideas and arguments presented inNozick’s complex masterpiece Explains, as well as critiques, Robert Nozick’s theory offree market libertarianism Enables a new generation of readers to draw their ownconclusions about the wealth of timely ideas on individualism andlibertarian philosophy Indicates where Nozick’s theory has explanatory power,where it is implausible, and where there are loose ends withfurther work to be done
Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State and Utopia is one of the works which dominates contemporary debate in political philosophy. Drawing on traditional assumptions associated with individualism and libertarianism, Nozick mounts a powerful argument for a minimal `nightwatchman' state and challenges the views of many contemporary philosophers, most notably John Rawls. Jonathan Wolff's new book is the first full-length study of Nozick's work and of the debates to which it has given rise. He situates Nozick's work in the context of current debates and examines the traditions which have influenced his thought. He then critically reconstructs the key arguments of Anarchy, State and Utopia, focusing on Nozick's Doctrine of Rights, his Derivation of the Minimal State, and his Entitlement Theory of Justice. The book concludes by assessing Nozick's place in contemporary political philosophy.
Winner of the 1975 National Book Award, this brilliant and widely acclaimed book is a powerful philosophical challenge to the most widely held political and social positions of our age--liberal, socialist, and conservative.
Drei Kinder streiten darüber, wem von ihnen eine Flöte gehören sollte. Das erste Kind hat Musikunterricht gehabt und kann als einziges Flöte spielen. Das zweite ist arm und besitzt keinerlei anderes Spielzeug. Das dritte Kind hat die Flöte mit viel Ausdauer selbst angefertigt. Mit diesem Gleichnis eröffnet Amartya Sen, einer der wichtigsten Denker unserer Zeit, sein Buch über die Idee der Gerechtigkeit. Es ist John Rawls gewidmet und grenzt sich doch von der wirkungsmächtigsten Gerechtigkeitstheorie des 20. Jahrhunderts ab. Wer eine weitere abstrakte Diskussion der institutionellen Grundlagen einer gerechten Gesellschaft erwartet, der wird enttäuscht sein. Wer sich hingegen darüber wundert, was diese Theorien eigentlich zur Bekämpfung real existierender Ungerechtigkeiten beitragen, der wird großen Gewinn daraus ziehen. Sen nämlich stellt die Plausibilität solcher Anstrengungen der reinen Vernunft in Frage. Seine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit ist weniger an der Ausformulierung einer ethisch perfekten Gesellschaft interessiert als an Argumenten, deren Maßstab die konkrete Überwindung von Ungerechtigkeit ist. Sen eröffnet Perspektiven, die dem westlichen Denken meist fehlen. Seine Kenntnis der hinduistischen, buddhistischen und islamischen Kultur ist wundervoll eingewoben in das Buch und prägt den ganzen Charakter seines Philosophierens. Die Vernunft sucht die Wahrheit, wo immer sie sich finden lässt - und wie der Autor dieses außergewöhnlichen Werkes entdeckt sie auf ihrer weiten Reise viele gangbare Wege zu einer gerechteren Welt.
In seinem viel diskutierten Buch bläst Thomas Nagel zum Generalangriff auf die etablierte naturwissenschaftliche Weltsicht. Diese hat sich die Reduktion des menschlichen Geistes auf physikalische Gesetze auf die Fahnen geschrieben, ohne allerdings mit einer Theorie, die Bewusstsein, Denken und Werte erklärt, aufwarten zu können. Dass eine solche Weltsicht zwangsläufig unvollständig, ja mit ziemlicher Sicherheit falsch ist, ist die zentrale These des Buches, die Nagel mit subtilen philosophischen Argumenten zu begründen sucht. Dabei entwickelt er auch erste Ansätze für eine völlig neue Perspektive auf Geist und Kosmos.
A 2002 introductory volume to Robert Nozick in a new series, Contemporary Philosophy in Focus.
This collection of essays is dedicated to the memory of the late Harvard philosopher Robert Nozick, who died in 2002. The publication of Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia in 1974 revived serious interest in natural rights liberalism, which, beginning in the latter half of the eighteenth century, had been eclipsed by a succession of antithetical political theories including utilitarianism, progressivism, and various egalitarian and collectivist ideologies. Some of our contributors critique Nozick's political philosophy. Other contributors examine earlier figures in the liberal tradition, most notably John Locke, whose Second Treatise of Government, published in the late seventeenth century, profoundly influenced the American founders. The remaining authors analyze natural rights liberalism's central doctrines.
The main argument is that the salient contrast, in Nozick's theory, between the natural rights theory combined with the entitlement theory, on the one hand, and the utopian theory, on the other hand, is not given by the fact that one method starts from certain moral assumptions, while the other from certain epistemological constraints. The argument for this affirmation is that the general principles that are agreed upon, in both cases, are quite similar (in our studied case, full background rights to liberty and property). Nevertheless, the difference is given by the fact that the first approach is based on an invisible hand process explanation, while the utopian approach is based on a contractarian explanation. On short, while the invisible hand process uses an unchangeable moral given from which all the implications should be derived, the contractarian method used by utopia is subject to local bargaining.
Although best known for the hugely influential Anarchy, State and Utopia, Robert Nozick (1938-2002) eschewed the label 'political philosopher' because the vast majority of his writings and attention have focused on other areas. Indeed the breadth of Nozick's work is perhaps greater than that of any other contemporary philosopher. This book is the first to give full and proper discussion of Nozick's philosophy as a whole, including his influential work on the theory of knowledge, his notion of 'tracking the truth', his metaphysical writings on personal identity and free will, his evolutionary account of rationality, his varying treatments of Newcomb's paradox and his ideas on the meaning of life. Illuminating and informative, the book will be welcomed as an authoritative guide to Nozick's philosophical thinking.
Volume 11 of the Conservative and Libertarian Thinkers series focuses on Robert Nozick and his work on libertarianism.
Eine grundlegende und umfassende Einführung in die modernen Strömungen der politischen Philosophie: Utilitarismus, Liberalismus, Libertarismus, Marxismus, Kommunitarismus und Feminismus.

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