This textbook provides a clear, concise, and comprehensive introduction to methodological issues encountered by the various social science disciplines. It emphasizes applications, with detailed examples, so that readers can put these methods to work in their research. Within a unified framework, John Gerring and Dino Christenson integrate a variety of methods - descriptive and causal, observational and experimental, qualitative and quantitative. The text covers a wide range of topics including research design, data-gathering techniques, statistics, theoretical frameworks, and social science writing. It is designed both for those attempting to make sense of social science, as well as those aiming to conduct original research. The text is accompanied by online practice questions, exercises, examples, and additional resources, including related readings and websites. An essential resource for undergraduate and postgraduate programs in communications, criminal justice, economics, business, finance, management, education, environmental policy, international development, law, political science, public health, public policy, social work, sociology, and urban planning.
Research Methods in Human Rights introduces the reader to key methodological approaches to Human Rights research in a clear and accessible way. Drawing on the expertise of a panel of contributors, the text clearly explains the key theories and methods commonly used in Human Rights research and provides guidance on when each approach is appropriate. It addresses such approaches to Human Rights research as qualitative methods, quantitative analysis, critical ethnography and comparative approaches, supported by a wide range of geographic case studies and with reference to a wide range of subject areas. The book suggests further reading and directs the reader to excellent examples from research outputs of each method in practice. This book is essential reading for students with backgrounds in law as well as political and social sciences who wish to understand more about the methods and ethics of conducting Human Rights research.
Networks are omnipresent in our natural and social world, and they are at the heart of politics. Relationships of many types drive political institutions, processes, and decision-making. Therefore, it is imperative for the study of politics to include network approaches. Already, these approaches have advanced our understanding of critical questions, such as: Why do people vote? How can people build problem-solving coalitions? How can governments and organizations foster innovations? How can countries build ties that promote peace? What are the most fruitful strategies for disrupting arms or terrorist networks? This volume is designed as a foundational statement and resource. The contributions offer instruction on network theory and methods at both beginner and advanced levels, as well as an assessment of the state-of-the-discipline on a variety of applied network topics in politics. Through this dynamic collection of essays, The Oxford Handbook of Political Networks elucidates how the field is transforming and what that means for the future of political science.
The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods, Second Edition provides students and researchers with the most comprehensive resource covering core methods, research designs, and data collection, management, and analysis issues. This thoroughly revised edition continues to place critical emphasis on finding the tools that best fit the research question given the constraints of deadlines, budget, and available staff. Each chapter offers key guidance on how to make intelligent and conscious tradeoffs so that one can refine and hone the research question as new knowledge is gained, unanticipated obstacles are encountered, or contextual shifts take place - all key elements in the iterative nature of applied research. Each chapter has been enhanced pedagogically to include more step-by-step procedures, specific, rich yet practical examples from various settings to illustrate the method, parameters to define when the method is most appropriate and when it is not appropriate, and greater use of visual aids (graphs, models, tip boxes) to provide teaching and learning tools. - twenty core chapters written by research experts that cover major methods and data analysis issues across the social and behavioral sciences, education, and management; - emphasis on applying research techniques, particularly in "real-world" settings in which there are various data, money, time, and political constraints; - new chapters on mixed methods, qualitative comparative analysis, concept mapping, and internet data collection; - a newly developed section that serves as a guide for students who are navigating through the book and attempting to translate the chapters into action; - a new Instructor's Resources CD, with relevant journal articles, test questions, and exercises to aid the instructor in developing appropriate course materials.
The Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods shows how to make intelligent and conscious decisions so that researchers can refine and hone their research questions as new knowledge is gained, unanticipated obstacles are encountered, or contextual shifts take place - all key elements in the iterative nature of applied research. With examples and illustrations from the authors' own experiences, this book gives readers a practical guide to conducting applied research.
Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.
`The book has no competitor; it summarises the development of the method, follows through all stages of research from accessing subjects through design to analysing diary information as data, and considers how the method can best be exploited and used. No other book comes remotely near doing this. I for one shall be using it gratefully as the single best text for diary research' - Professor Anthony P Macmillan Coxon, Honorary Professorial Fellow, University of Edinburgh In this accessible and lucid introductory text, Andy Alaszewski considers the analysis of diaries as a distinctive research technique in its own right. Nothing has previously covered this area in single-volume format, but the timely emergence of Using Diaries for Social Research recognizes the increased interest in and relevance of diary methodology within social research teaching. Effectively combining theory, history and methodology, Alaszewski begins by discussing how diary keeping has developed; outlining the key features of the medium and examining the ways in which diaries have been and can be used for social research. He describes how suitable diaries and diarists can be identified by the researcher and, once found, how these diaries can be structured to generate research material. Finally, the researcher is taken through the analysis stage; examining statistical techniques, content-analysis and structure-analysis as effective methods of investigating diary texts. This introductory student guide is an essential text for anyone involved in the area of social or historical research and for those working in the narrative tradition.
Used to train generations of social scientists, this thoroughly updated classic text covers the latest research techniques and designs. Applauded for its comprehensive coverage, the breadth and depth of content is unparalleled. Through a multi-methodology approach, the text guides readers toward the design and conduct of social research from the ground up. Explained with applied examples useful to the social, behavioral, educational, and organizational sciences, the methods described are intended to be relevant to contemporary researchers. The underlying logic and mechanics of experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental research strategies are discussed in detail. Introductory chapters covering topics such as validity and reliability furnish readers with a firm understanding of foundational concepts. Chapters dedicated to sampling, interviewing, questionnaire design, stimulus scaling, observational methods, content analysis, implicit measures, dyadic and group methods, and meta-analysis provide coverage of these essential methodologies. The book is noted for its: -Emphasis on understanding the principles that govern the use of a method to facilitate the researcher’s choice of the best technique for a given situation. - Use of the laboratory experiment as a touchstone to describe and evaluate field experiments, correlational designs, quasi experiments, evaluation studies, and survey designs. -Coverage of the ethics of social research including the power a researcher wields and tips on how to use it responsibly. The new edition features: -A new co-author, Andrew Lac, instrumental in fine tuning the book’s accessible approach and highlighting the most recent developments at the intersection of design and statistics. -More learning tools including more explanation of the basic concepts, more research examples, tables, and figures, and the addition of bold faced terms, chapter conclusions, discussion questions, and a glossary. -Extensive revision of chapter (3) on measurement reliability theory that examines test theory, latent factors, factor analysis, and item response theory. -Expanded coverage of cutting-edge methodologies including mediation and moderation, reliability and validity, missing data, and more physiological approaches such as neuroimaging and fMRIs. -A new web based resource package that features Power Points and discussion and exam questions for each chapter and for students chapter outlines and summaries, key terms, and suggested readings. Intended as a text for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses in research methods (design) in psychology, communication, sociology, education, public health, and marketing, an introductory undergraduate course on research methods is recommended.
Brings together international scholars across the social and behavioural sciences and education to address those ethical issues that arise in the theory and practice of research within the technologically advancing and culturally complex world in which we live.
The authors—noted scholars and researchers—provide an up-to-date guide to qualitative study design, data collection, analysis, and reporting. Step by step, the authors explain a range of methodologies and methods for conducting qualitative research focusing on how they are applied when conducting an actual study. The book includes methods of data collection, specific approaches to qualitative research, and current issues in the field. Specifically, chapters cover the methods, designs, and analyses related to the methodologies of history, case study, program evaluation, ethnography, autoethnography, narrative, life histories, emancipatory discourses, feminist perspectives, African American inquiry, indigenous studies, and practitioner qualitative research.
Lecturers - request an e-inspection copy of this text or contact your local SAGE representative to discuss your course needs. In the new edition of his bestselling book, Uwe Flick introduces all of the main theoretical approaches to qualitative research, and provides unmatched coverage of the full range of methods now available to qualitative researchers. Organised around the process of doing qualitative research, the book guides you through ethics, research design, data collection, and data analysis. In this fifth edition, you will find: a new chapter outlining methodological approaches to qualitative research new introductory sections at the beginning of each of the book’s seven parts, which prepare the ground and define key terms lots of new practical examples which show you how to carry out all aspects of a qualitative research project new exercises that give you the opportunity to test your understanding of what you’ve read a brand new companion website full of resources for lecturers and students including suggested answers to the exercises in the book, full text journal articles and links to additional resources: http://uk.sagepub.com/flick5e Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.
In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ
M. Rainer Lepsius hat wie kaum ein anderer die deutsche Soziologie intellektuell und institutionell geprägt. Die in seinen prägnanten Aufsätzen entwickelten Kategorien und Analysen beeinflussten nicht nur dauerhaft den soziologischen und sozialhistorischen Diskurs, sondern zeichnen sein Werk auch als ein originäres aus, hinter dem eine besondere soziologische Perspektive deutlich wird. Ausgehend von Überlegungen, die die Originalität des Werkes von M.R. Lepsius im Kontext der Arbeiten Max Webers wie auch der bundesrepublikanischen Soziologie herausarbeiten, gliedert sich dieser Band entlang seiner Forschungsinteressen. Unter den vier seinem Werk entnommenen Kapitelüberschriften „Die kulturellen Dimensionen sozialer Ungleichheit“, „Demokratie in Deutschland“ - und Europa -, „Interessen, Ideen und Institutionen“ sowie „Zur Lage der Soziologie“ werden seine Begriffsprägungen, Forschungsorientierungen und -beiträge von zahlreichen Kollegen aufgenommen, reflektiert und weitergeführt.
Wozu sollte man R lernen? Da gibt es viele Gründe: Weil man damit natürlich ganz andere Möglichkeiten hat als mit einer Tabellenkalkulation wie Excel, aber auch mehr Spielraum als mit gängiger Statistiksoftware wie SPSS und SAS. Anders als bei diesen Programmen hat man nämlich direkten Zugriff auf dieselbe, vollwertige Programmiersprache, mit der die fertigen Analyse- und Visualisierungsmethoden realisiert sind – so lassen sich nahtlos eigene Algorithmen integrieren und komplexe Arbeitsabläufe realisieren. Und nicht zuletzt, weil R offen gegenüber beliebigen Datenquellen ist, von der einfachen Textdatei über binäre Fremdformate bis hin zu den ganz großen relationalen Datenbanken. Zudem ist R Open Source und erobert momentan von der universitären Welt aus die professionelle Statistik. R kann viel. Und Sie können viel mit R machen – wenn Sie wissen, wie es geht. Willkommen in der R-Welt: Installieren Sie R und stöbern Sie in Ihrem gut bestückten Werkzeugkasten: Sie haben eine Konsole und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche, unzählige vordefinierte Analyse- und Visualisierungsoperationen – und Pakete, Pakete, Pakete. Für quasi jeden statistischen Anwendungsbereich können Sie sich aus dem reichen Schatz der R-Community bedienen. Sprechen Sie R! Sie müssen Syntax und Grammatik von R nicht lernen – wie im Auslandsurlaub kommen Sie auch hier gut mit ein paar aufgeschnappten Brocken aus. Aber es lohnt sich: Wenn Sie wissen, was es mit R-Objekten auf sich hat, wie Sie eigene Funktionen schreiben und Ihre eigenen Pakete schnüren, sind Sie bei der Analyse Ihrer Daten noch flexibler und effektiver. Datenanalyse und Statistik in der Praxis: Anhand unzähliger Beispiele aus Medizin, Wirtschaft, Sport und Bioinformatik lernen Sie, wie Sie Daten aufbereiten, mithilfe der Grafikfunktionen des lattice-Pakets darstellen, statistische Tests durchführen und Modelle anpassen. Danach werden Ihnen Ihre Daten nichts mehr verheimlichen.
It is particularly gratifying to prepare a second edition of a book, because there is the necessary impli cation that the first edition was well received. Moreover, now an opportunity is provided to correct the problems or limitations that existed in the first edition as well as to address recent developments in the field. Thus, we are grateful to our friends, colleagues, and students, as well as to the reviewers who have expressed their approval of the first edition and who have given us valuable input on how the revision could best be structured. Perhaps the first thing that the reader will notice about the second edition is that it is more extensive than the first. The volume currently has 41 chapters, in contrast to the 31 chapters that comprised the earlier version. Chapters 3, 9, 29, and 30 of the first edition either have been dropped or were combined, whereas 14 new chapters have been added. In effect, we are gratified in being able to reflect the continued growth of behavior therapy in the 1980s. Behavior therapists have addressed an ever-increasing number of disorders and behavioral dysfunctions in an increasing range of populations. The most notable advances are taking place in such areas as cognitive approaches, geriatrics, and behavioral medicine, and also in the treatment of childhood disorders.
This practical and contemporary book takes the methods and theories of social psychology into the real-life settings of today's society, including health, law, environment, business and the media. Drawing from the academic and practical experience of applied social psychologists who are experts in their fields, it conveys the excitement and potential of social psychology in our society by showing users firsthand how a social psychologist conducts a survey for a client, evaluates a social program, improves the communication skills of medical students, consults for the courts, designs a marketing campaign and a program to reduce pollution, and resolves conflicts in an organization. For social psychologists.
The New Walford highlights the best resources to use when undertaking a search for accurate and relevant information, saving you precious time and effort. For those looking for a selective and evaluative reference resource that really delivers on its promise, look no further. In addition to print sources, The New Walford naturally covers an extensive range of e-reference sources such as digital databanks, digital reference services, electronic journal collections, meta-search engines, networked information services, open archives, resource discovery services and websites of premier organizations in both the public and private sectors. But rather than supplying a list of all available known resources as a web search engine might, The New Walford subject specialists have carefully selected and evaluated available resources to provide a definitive list of the most appropriate and useful.With an emphasis on quality and sustainability the subject specialists have been careful to assess the differing ways that information is framed and communicated in different subject areas. As a result the resource evaluations in each subject area are prefaced by an introductory overview of the structure of the relevant literature. This ensures that The New Walford is clear, easy-to-use and intuitive.Editorial Board:Chair: Ray LesterPeter Clinch; Helen Edwards; Heather Dawson; Susan TarrantSubject Specialists:Wendy Buckle; Patricia Budgen; Peter Chapman; Sheila Corrall; Jonathan Cowley; Heather Dawson; Gillian Dwyer; Tracey Ellis; Gwyneth Price; Lynne Seddon; Angela UptonCompiled by leading subject specialists from internationally renowned organizations, Volume 2 covers 15 broad subject groupings:• Social Sciences (generic)• Psychology• Sociology• Social Work & Social Welfare• Politics• Government• Law• Finance, Accountancy & Taxation• Industries & Utilities• Business & Management• Education & Learning• Sport• Media & Communications• Information & Library Sciences• Tools for Information Professionals.
Malcolm Gladwell, Bestsellerautor und Star des amerikanischen Buchmarkts, hat die wahren Ursachen des Erfolgs untersucht und darüber ein lehrreiches, faszinierendes Buch geschrieben. Es steckt voller Geschichten und Beispiele, die zeigen, dass auch außergewöhnlicher Erfolg selten etwas mit individuellen Eigenschaften zu tun hat, sondern mit Gegebenheiten, die es dem einen leicht und dem anderen unmöglich machen, erfolgreich zu sein. Die Frage ist nicht, wie jemand ist, sondern woher er kommt: Welche Bedingungen haben diesen Menschen hervorgebracht? Auf seiner anregenden intellektuellen Erkundung der Welt der Überflieger erklärt Gladwell unter anderem das Geheimnis der Softwaremilliardäre, wie man ein herausragender Fußballer wird, warum Asiaten so gut in Mathe sind und was die Beatles zur größten Band aller Zeiten machte.

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