In 2008, as few in the world are unaware, China was host to the world via the Beijing Olympics. The world watched the metamorphosis of Beijing from insecure capital to confident metropolis but, aware of it or not, the world was also watching the symbolic assertion, via the Games, of a rising superpower. The Pacific Rim will be the stage on which China initially displays its new hegemonic intentions, aspirations and ambitions. Thus in Post-Beijing 2008, the political, economic and cultural impact of Beijing 2008 on the geopolitical future of the Pacific Rim will be discussed. This perspective, analysed by some of the most distinguished academic commentators from some of the world's leading universities who are closely associated with the Pacific Rim (East and West), is original in focus and the analysis is pregnant with political possibilities. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
The growth of the events industry brings with it concerns of sustainable management, the sharing of available resources, and ensuring that people and places are not over-exploited. While the environmental and economic dimensions of sustainability have attracted a reasonable attention in the study of events, the social and cultural aspects of sustainability have been largely neglected. This book brings together emerging critical perspectives, innovative conceptual frameworks and contemporary case studies. Events cannot be isolated from the actions of humans and this is reflected in the emphasis on people and society throughout. The next wave of sustainable discourse requires a critical synthesis of information and this book is the first to address the need for more critical approaches and a broader way of thinking about events and sustainability. Divided into five thematic parts, the contributions delve into understanding the mainstream stances towards sustainability, the role events play in indigenous cultures and in diasporic communities, and the extent to which events influence the public discourse and civic identity. Sustainability is also examined from a strategic perspective in the events sector, and consideration is given to issues such as corporate social responsibility, greenwashing, and the power of mulit-stakeholder alliances in promoting sustainability goals. Written by leading academics, this timely and important volume will be valuable reading for all students, researchers and academics interested in Events and the global issue of Sustainability.
The fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement presents a comprehensive history of the games from the first recorded history of the games in 776 B.C. to the present day. This is done through a chronology, forewords by Dan Jansen and Mike Krzyzewski, an introductory essay, appendixes, a bibliography, photos, and over 900 cross-referenced dictionary entries covering the history, philosophy, and politics of the Olympics and, of course, the medal winners. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the Olympics.
The collection starts from the premise that Olympism and the Olympic Games make sense only when they are placed within the broader national, colonial and post colonial contexts and argues that sport not only influences politics and vice-versa, but that the two are inseparable. Sport is not only political; it is politics. It is also culture and art. This collaboration is a first in global publishing, a mine of information for scholars, students and analysts. It demonstrates that Olympism and the Olympic movement in the modern context has been, and continues to be, socially relevant and politically important. Studies focus on national encounters with Olympism and the Olympic movement, with equal attention paid to document the growing nexus between sports and the media; sports reportage; as well as women and sports. Olympism asserts that the Olympic movement was, and is, of central importance to twentieth and twenty-first century societies. Finally, the collection demonstrates that the essence of Olympism and the Olympic movement is important only in so far as it affects societies surrounding it. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Ferner Osten, Note: 1,7, FernUniversität Hagen (KSW Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Demokratie und Governance, 22 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Auswirkung der Spiele auf die Stadt sind klar und deutlich sichtbar, die Auswirkungen der Veranstaltung auf das politische System der V.R. China sind es hingegen noch nicht. Bereits seit der Vergabe der Olympischen Spiele 2008 an Peking wird über die politische Dimension der Olympiade diskutiert. Wie werden sich die Spiele auf die Menschenrechte, die Religionsfreiheit oder das Wahlrecht auswirken? Wird vielleicht sogar ein Demokratiesierungsprozess angestossen? Werden die Olympischen Spiele als Katalysator für die Stärkung der politischen Rechte und bürgerlichen Freiheiten wirken? Diese Diskussion verläuft in ihrer Form nicht immer auf wissenschaftlichem Niveau. Häufig werden Einzelbeispiele wie z. B. Menschenrechtsverletzungen als Beleg für eine generelle Verschlechterung der politischen Rechte und Bürgerfreiheiten herangeführt. Auf Grundlage dieser Argumentation ist eine Einschätzung der Entwicklung und Tendenz des politischen Systems der V.R. China nur schwer zu treffen. Um ein klareres Bild über die Auswirkungen der Olympischen Spiele auf das politische System der V.R. China zu erhalten, soll der Zeitraum seit der Vergabe der Spiele an Peking (2001) bis 2006 vergleichend untersucht werden.
Ages 6 to 9 years. This book celebrates the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games with fun and thought-provoking activities. Students learn about China, as well as Olympic history, traditions, and the sports that will be played in 2008. The activities meet standards and benchmarks for art, geography, history, language arts, and mathematics.
Why is hosting the Olympic Games so important to China? What is the significance of a quintessential symbol of Western civilization taking place in the heart of the Far East? Will the Olympics change China, or will China change the Olympics? Susan Brownell sets the historical and cultural contexts for the 2008 Beijing Olympics Games by placing it within the context of China's hundred-year engagement with the Olympic movement to illuminate what the Games mean to China and what the Beijing Olympic Games will mean for China's relationship with the outside world. Brownell's deeply informed analysis ranges from nineteenth-century orientalism to Cold War politics and post-Cold War _China bashing._ Drawing on her more than two decades of engagement in Chinese sports, the author presents evocative stories and first-person accounts to paint a human picture of the passion that many Chinese people feel for the Olympic Games. It will also be essential reading for journalists and sports enthusiasts who want to understand the fascinating story behind the Beijing Olympics.
The Beijing 2008 Olympic ceremonies were spectacular performances and technological accomplishments by the People’s Republic of China. However, the audience in Beijing was only the most overt element of a global audience receiving the message of the Games. For this global audience, the Beijing performances were a harbinger of wider regional and international ambitions; a message of intent that pointed to a larger Chinese plan to a degree not seen since the Ming dynasty. New Chinese ambitions embrace both soft power and hard power. The actor in this political drama of international scope is the Chinese state and its political ambitions on the world stage. The Beijing Olympics can be seen as its opening act, and the audience as global. Rather than the kind of "morality" play that is typically used in China to educate the people in politics, this new production – a production on many levels – was one aimed at audiences all around the world, and one that was a calculated expression of realpolitik. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
The struggle between Russia and Great Britain over Central Asia in the nineteenth century was the original "great game." But in the past quarter century, a new "great game" has emerged, pitting America against a newly aggressive Russia and a resource-hungry China, all struggling for influence over the same region, now one of the most volatile areas in the world: the long border region stretching from Iran through Pakistan to Kashmir. In Great Games, Local Rules, Alexander Cooley, one of America's most respected international relations scholars, explores the dynamics of the new competition for control of the region since 9/11. All three great powers have crafted strategies to increase their power in the area, which includes Afghanistan and the former Soviet republics of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan. Each nation is pursuing important goals: basing rights for the US, access to natural resources for the Chinese, and increased political influence for the Russians. However, overlooked in all of the talk about this new great game is fact that the Central Asian governments have proven themselves critical agents in their own right, establishing local rules for external power involvement that serve to fend off foreign interest. As a result, despite a decade of intense interest from the United States, Russia, and China, Central Asia remains a collection of segmented states, and the external competition has merely reinforced the sovereign authority of the individual Central Asian governments. A careful and surprising analysis of how small states interact with great powers in a vital region, Great Games, Local Rules greatly advances our understanding of how global politics actually works in the contemporary era.
"A major contribution to the study of global events in times of global media. Owning the Olympics tests the possibilities and limits of the concept of 'media events' by analyzing the mega-event of the information age: the Beijing Olympics. . . . A good read from cover to cover." —Guobin Yang, Associate Professor, Asian/Middle Eastern Cultures & Sociology, Barnard College, Columbia University From the moment they were announced, the Beijing Games were a major media event and the focus of intense scrutiny and speculation. In contrast to earlier such events, however, the Beijing Games are also unfolding in a newly volatile global media environment that is no longer monopolized by broadcast media. The dramatic expansion of media outlets and the growth of mobile communications technology have changed the nature of media events, making it significantly more difficult to regulate them or control their meaning. This volatility is reflected in the multiple, well-publicized controversies characterizing the run-up to Beijing 2008. According to many Western commentators, the People's Republic of China seized the Olympics as an opportunity to reinvent itself as the "New China"---a global leader in economics, technology, and environmental issues, with an improving human-rights record. But China's maneuverings have also been hotly contested by diverse global voices, including prominent human-rights advocates, all seeking to displace the official story of the Games. Bringing together a distinguished group of scholars from Chinese studies, human rights, media studies, law, and other fields, Owning the Olympics reveals how multiple entities---including the Chinese Communist Party itself---seek to influence and control the narratives through which the Beijing Games will be understood. digitalculturebooks is an imprint of the University of Michigan Press and the Scholarly Publishing Office of the University of Michigan Library dedicated to publishing innovative and accessible work exploring new media and their impact on society, culture, and scholarly communication. Visit the website at www.digitalculture.org.
This book explores the social and cultural impact of the Olympic Games, examining gender and sport, the inequalities between nations and people and at what the Games offer and how they are changing, in relation to spectacles, spectatorship and culture, including the links between art and sport.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Kultur, Technik und Völker, Note: 2,5, , Veranstaltung: Seminar: China auf dem Weg zur Weltmacht, 40 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: “Beijing chenggong le!” (Beijing hat gewonnen!) Die Freude hunderttausender Chinesen, die sich in Peking am 13. Juli 2001 erwartungsvoll versammelt hatten, kannte keine Grenzen, als offiziell durch das International Olympic Committee (IOC) bekannt gegeben wurde, dass Beijing zur Ausrichtung der Sommerspiele 2008 ausgewählt worden war . Während anlässlich der fehlgeschlagenen Bewerbung für die Olympischen Spiele 2000 dem Thema „Umwelt“ seitens Beijings keinerlei Beachtung gewidmet wurde, enthielt bereits die Bewerbung für das Jahr 2008 umfassende Pläne zur umweltfreundlichen Ausrichtung der Stadt. Mit dem Konzept „Green Olympic“ wurden die umfangreichen umweltpolitischen Herausforderungen zu einem ehrgeizigen Projekt, dessen Erfolg maßgeblich die Wahrnehmung des ganzen Landes in der Welt bestimmen wird. Im Rahmen der wissenschaftlichen wie journalistischen Berichterstattungen kristallisieren sich zunehmend zwei konträre Positionen und Deutungen heraus. – Während einerseits die Erfolge zur umweltpolitischen Umgestaltung Beijings insbesondere seitens offizieller chinesischer Stellen hervorgehoben werden, konstatieren kritische Studien, dass die Fortschritte regional auf die Stadt Beijing beschränkt seien und sich zudem lediglich auf die Zeit der Spiele konzentrieren. Gegenstand dieser Ausarbeitung ist daher die Frage nach dem „Environmental Challenge“, dem sich Beijing nach der Vergabe der olympischen Spiele zu stellen hatte und immer noch zu stellen hat. Die konkreten Maßnahmen der Stadt zur massiven Verbesserung der Umweltsituation werden hieran anknüpfend dargestellt. In einem abschließenden, wenngleich zentralen Kapitel wird die Frage analysiert, inwiefern die vollzogenen Maßnahmen dauerhaften Charakter haben oder lediglich auf die Zeit der Olympischen Spiele begrenzt sind. Zudem gilt es zu klären, ob die Aktionen auf die Olympiastadt Beijing konzentriert bleiben oder vielmehr Auswirkungen auf die gesamte chinesische Nation haben werden – Symbolcharakter der „Environmental Challenge“.
One of the more problematic sport spectacles in American history took place at the 1904 World?s Fair in St. Louis, which included the third modern Olympic Games. Associated with the Games was a curious event known as Anthropology Days organized by William J. McGee and James Sullivan, at that time the leading figures in American anthropology and sports, respectively. McGee recruited Natives who were participating in the fair?s ethnic displays to compete in sports events, with the ?scientific? goal of measuring the physical prowess of ?savages? as compared with ?civilized men.? This interdisciplinary collection of essays assesses the ideas about race, imperialism, and Western civilization manifested in the 1904 World?s Fair and Olympic Games and shows how they are still relevant. A turning point in both the history of the Olympics and the development of modern anthropology, these games expressed the conflict between the Old World emphasis on culture and New World emphasis on utilitarianism. Marked by Franz Boas?s paper at the Scientific Congress, the events in St. Louis witnessed the beginning of the shift in anthropological research from nineteenth-century evolutionary racial models to the cultural relativist paradigm that is now a cornerstone of modern American anthropology. Racist pseudoscience nonetheless reappears to this day in the realm of sports.
This book focuses on the processes of documenting the Beijing Olympics – ranging from the visual (television and film) to radio and the written word – and the meanings generated by such representations. What were the ‘key’ stories and how were they chosen? What was dramatised? Who were the heroes? Which ‘clashes’ were highlighted and how? What sorts of stories did the notion of ‘human interest’ generate? Did politics take a backseat or was the topic highlighted repeatedly? Thus, the focus was not on the success or failure of this event, but on the ways in which the Olympics Games, as international and historic events, are memorialised by observers. The key question that this book addresses is: How far would the Olympic coverage fall into the patterns of representation that have come to dominate Olympic reporting and what would China, as a discursive subject, bring to these patterns? This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.