The 92nd Infantry (“Buffalo”) Division was the last segregated (all-black) U.S. Army division and the only black division to fight in World War II in Europe. The few media references to the division have reflected generally unfavorable contemporary evaluations by white commanders. The present work reflects an analysis of numerous records and interviews that refute the negative impressions and demonstrate that these 13,500 soldiers gained their share of victories under hardships no others were expected to meet.
Herbert Zincke was stationed at Clark Field in the Philippines when Japanese aircraft struck there only ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. His unit had retreated to the island of Mindanao when all American and Filipino soldiers in the Philippines were ordered by their commanders to surrender. Zincke was shipped to Camp No. 2 on Tokyo Bay, where he was a slave laborer until the end of the war. Soon after their arrival at the Kawasaki labor camp, Zincke and his fellow prisoners began to call their barracks, which were owned by the Mitsui Corporation, the Mitsui Madhouse for the brutal treatment meted out by the Japanese guards. During three years at the camp, Zincke faced three life-threatening scenarios. He might survive the malnutrition, disease, and guard brutality, only to be executed with the other POWs if American forces landed in Japan. Ironically, he also faced a threat from American bombers, which endangered Camp No. 2 because it was located in the midst of a heavy industrial area. (Bombs did eventually destroy it.) This work tells the story of Zincke's survival and is drawn from the secret diary he managed to keep out of his Japanese captors' hands. Zincke recollects a terrifying blow from the Japanese camp commander's samurai sword, the diet of rice and thin soup that resulted in drastic weight loss and an inability to do the required factory work, the POW British doctor who attended the prisoners and was frequently beaten because of his constant efforts to keep the sick men from going to work, and many of the other terrible conditions and experiences he endured during three years of imprisonment.
Numbering 4,000 select officers and men, Combat Team 370 was part of n Europe during World War II the 92nd Infantry Division, the only all-Negro division to fight in Europe during World War II. In Black Warriors: The Buffalo Soldiers of World War II, author Ivan J. Houston recounts his experiences, when, as a nineteen-year-old California college student, he entered the US Army and served with the 3rd Battalion, 370th Infantry Regiment, 92nd Division of the US Fifth Army from 1943 to 1945. Drawn from minute-by-minute records of the unit’s activities compiled by Houston during his deployment in Italy, this account describes both the historic encounters and the achievements of his fellow black soldiers during this breakthrough period in American military history. It tells of how the Buffalo Soldiers fought alongside other American troops, including Japanese Americans and soldiers from Great Britain, Brazil, South Africa, and India. With photos and maps included, Black Warriors: The Buffalo Soldiers of World War II provides a compelling, firsthand account of the segregated Buffalo Soldiers’ experiences while they fought not only the power of the Nazi war machine but also racism and the widely held belief they were not up to the task. Their achievements prove otherwise.
This is a true account of the events that occurred in Tullio Bruno Bertini's life between 1939 and 1946. Tullio was born in Boston in 1930. He arrived in Italy with his mother and father on August 1, 1939 after completing the third grade. As a nine year old boy Tullio was in a different culture and found himself trapped in Italy. Even though he was forced to live under Fascist nazi rule, he managed to attend an Italian school, become involved in village life and even learn a new language. In September 1944, he and his family were liberated by the 92nd Infantry Division of the U.S. Fifth Army which was comprised entirely of black soldiers.
Ausgezeichnet mit dem National Book Award. Kansas im Jahre 1857: Hier, im Mittleren Westen der USA, lebt der junge Sklave Henry Shackleford. Hier tobt auch der Krieg zwischen überzeugten Sklavenhaltern und bibeltreuen Abolitionisten besonders wüst. John Brown ist einer derjenigen, die beseelt davon sind, Gottes Willen durchzusetzen und die Schwarzen in die Freiheit zu führen. Als er zufällig in einer Kneipe auf Henrys grausamen Master trifft – einen weithin bekannten und berüchtigten Sklavenhalter –, kommt es zu einer gewalttätigen Auseinandersetzung, in deren Folge beide fliehen müssen: sowohl John Brown als auch der junge Henry, der irrtümlicherweise für ein Mädchen gehalten wird und schnell begreift, dass dies seine Vorteile hat ...
Simone C. Drake spent the first several decades of her life learning how to love and protect herself, a black woman, from the systems designed to facilitate her harm and marginalization. But when she gave birth to the first of her three sons, she quickly learned that black boys would need protection from these very same systems—systems dead set on the static, homogenous representations of black masculinity perpetuated in the media and our cultural discourse. In When We Imagine Grace, Drake borrows from Toni Morrison’s Beloved to bring imagination to the center of black masculinity studies—allowing individual black men to exempt themselves and their fates from a hateful, ignorant society and open themselves up as active agents at the center of their own stories. Against a backdrop of crisis, Drake brings forth the narratives of black men who have imagined grace for themselves. We meet African American cowboy, Nat Love, and Drake’s own grandfather, who served in the first black military unit to fight in World War II. Synthesizing black feminist and black masculinity studies, Drake analyzes black fathers and daughters, the valorization of black criminals, the black entrepreneurial pursuits of Marcus Garvey, Berry Gordy, and Jay-Z, and the denigration and celebration of gay black men: Cornelius Eady, Antoine Dodson, and Kehinde Wiley. With a powerful command of its subjects and a passionate dedication to hope, When We Imagine Grace gives us a new way of seeing and knowing black masculinity—sophisticated in concept and bracingly vivid in telling.
The author draws on her father's account of the war and her extensive interviews with other veterans of the 92nd Division to describe the experiences of a naive southern white officer and his segregated unit on an intimate level. During the war, the protocol that required the assignment of southern white officers to command black units, both in Europe and in the Pacific theater, was often problematic, but Johnston seemed more successful than most, earning the trust and respect of his men at the same time that he learned to trust and respect them. Gene Johnston and the African American soldiers were transformed by the war and upon their return helped transform the nation. The 92nd Division of the Fifth Army was the only African American infantry division to see combat in Europe during 1944 and 1945, suffering more than 3,200 casualties. Members of this unit, known as Buffalo Soldiers, endured racial violence on the home front and experienced racism abroad. Engaged in combat for nine months, they were under the command of southern white infantry officers like their captain, Eugene E. Johnston.
Nach seinem weltweiten Bestseller „Die Einsamkeit der Primzahlen“ überrascht der Shooting Star der neuen italienischen Literaturszene mit der Wahl des Sujets für seinen zweiten Roman: Es geht ums Erwachsenwerden, um die Jugend und deren unwiderrufliches Ende vor einem ganz besonderen Hintergrund - dem Krieg. Paolo Giordano beschreibt, wie Gefühle entstehen. Es ist eine choral erzählte Geschichte: Eine Truppe junger Soldaten, und auch eine Soldatin, brechen nach Afghanistan auf. Sie chatten und telefonieren mit ihren Freundinnen und Freunden zu Hause, sehnen sich nach dem Vertrauten und sind doch auf der Suche nach neuen Thrills. Wie wird man Soldat? Warum bricht ein Krieg aus? Was ist eine Familie? Sie stellen viele Fragen und sie treffen Entscheidungen, die sie ihr Leben lang nicht mehr loslassen werden. Und dann kommt der Moment, in dem sie aus ihren Sicherheitszonen herausmüssen: Sie begleiten afghanische Lastwagenfahrer durch ein von den Taliban kontrolliertes Tal. Von da an verändert sich alles. Sie sind erwachsen geworden. Ein existenzielles Buch, voll emotionaler Kraft.
Norman Lewis führt Tagebuch über seine Zeit als Nachrichtenoffizier in Neapel, von Herbst 1943, der Landung der alliierten Truppen bei Salerno, bis zu seiner Abberufung im Herbst 1944. Er verzeichnet Gewalt, Unfähigkeit, Not, Witz, Erfindungsgeist und Verstellungskunst der Bewohner dieser fernen, "orientalischen" Stadt am Ende des großen Krieges. Seine Chronik ist eine Initiation ins Neapolitanische. Das Buch urteilt nicht, sondern beobachtet und registriert mit größer Anteilnahme und doch mit Distanz.
Die kurze Episode der "Wehrmacht" hat zu einer ungeheuren militärischen Kraftentfaltung des Deutschen Reiches geführt, zu überwältigenden Siegen und katastrophalen Niederlagen, zugleich zur Mitverantwortung für eine verbrecherische Kriegführung, wie sie in der deutschen Geschichte ohne Beispiel ist. Der Band bietet zunächst einen Überblick über die Wehrmacht im Dritten Reich, ihre Führungsprinzipien, Gliederung, Ausrüstung, Ausbildung und Fronterfahrung. Im zweiten Teil wird erkennbar, wie sich die militarisierte "Volksgemeinschaft" der Deutschen im Zweiten Weltkrieg unter dem Druck der totalen Mobilmachung veränderte. Der dritte Teil analysiert die militärische Kriegführung vom "Blitzkrieg" bis zum Untergang von Reich und Wehrmacht. Der Ausblick auf den Umgang mit diesem schwierigen Erbe in der Bundesrepublik zeigt, wie tief der Bruch in der deutschen Militärgeschichte gewesen ist.
Fighting in the Jim Crow Army is filled with first-hand accounts of everyday life in 1940s America. The soldiers of the 92nd and 93rd Infantry Divisions speak of segregation in the military and racial attitudes in army facilities stateside and abroad. The individual battles of black soldiers reveal a compelling tale of discrimination, triumph, resistance, and camaraderie. What emerges from the multitude of voices is a complex and powerful story of individuals who served their country and subsequently made demands to be recognized as full-fledged citizens. Morehouse, whose father served in the 93rd Infantry Division, has built a rich historical account around personal interviews and correspondence with soldiers, National Archive documents, and military archive materials. Augmented with historical and recent photographs, Fighting in the Jim Crow Army combines individual recollections with official histories to form a vivid picture of life in the segregated Army. In the historiography of World War II very little has emerged from the perspective of the black foot soldier. Morehouse allows the participants to tell the tale of the watershed event of their participation in World War II as well as the ongoing black freedom struggle.
Based on the historical incident of an unspeakable massacre at the site of Sant'Anna Di Stazzema, a small village in Tuscany, and on the experiences of the famed Buffalo soldiers from the 92nd Division in Italy during World War II, Miracle at Sant'Anna is a singular evocation of war, cruelty, passion, and heroism. It is the story of four American Negro soldiers, a band of partisans, and an Italian boy who encounter a miracle - though perhaps the true miracle lies in themselves. Traversing class, race, and geography, Miracle at Sant'Anna is above all a hymn to the brotherhood of man and the power to do good that lives in each of us
Provides information on the black soldiers who served in the Union Army regiments and how they contributed to the final victory in the Civil War and the eventual emancipation of the slaves.
It was the sweet-smelling, flowering magnolia tree dominating the grounds near a rural railroad stop that transformed the South Jersey settlement of Greenland into the tiny borough of Magnolia. But while it may have been named for a tree, it was community spirit that inspired Magnolia’s official slogan, One Square Mile of Friendliness. Magnolia celebrates that spirit through an impressive collection of rare photographs. These include Dr. Leslie Lyon, who accepted chickens as payment for house calls during the Depression, the state police substation that protected the region from organized crime during Prohibition, and the home of Aunt Nell, who was always there to lend a hand to those in need. Also included are images of the borough’s early citizens; schools; churches; police, fire, and ambulance squads; businesses; and community activities.
Zu Beginn des Krieges gegen die Sowjetunion konnte die Wehrmacht rund 600 000 Mann verbündeter Truppen einsetzen, später kamen zahlreiche ausländische Freiwillige und »Hilfswillige« hinzu. Auf dem Höhepunkt des Zweiten Weltkrieges war an der Ostfront schließlich jeder dritte Uniformträger auf deutscher Seite ein Ausländer. Hitlers Parole vom »Kampf gegen den Bolschewismus« fand überall in Europa Widerhall - bei überzeugten Faschisten ebenso wie bei Angehörigen osteuropäischer Völker, die ihre Unabhängigkeit von der UdSSR anstrebten. Viele von ihnen kämpften nicht nur an der Front, sondern ließen sich auch in die Verbrechen der Wehrmacht und der Waffen-SS verstricken. Von ihren Heimatländern wegen Verrats abgeurteilt und vergessen, wurde ihr Einsatz von den Historikern im Kalten Krieg meist übersehen oder verschwiegen, von Rechtsradikalen dagegen glorifiziert. Rolf-Dieter Müller vermittelt auf der Basis neuerer Forschungen erstmals einen systematischen Überblick über die verschiedenen Motive, die Hitlers Verbündete und ausländische Freiwillige an der Ostfront kämpfen ließen. Zahlreiche Fotos, Karten und Dokumente ergänzen diese anschaulich geschriebene Darstellung.
Værket er udgivet af Militärgeschichtliches Forschungsamt (MGFA). Værket skal udkomme i 10 bind og omfatte det tredie rige og den tyske deltagelse i 2. Verdenskrig fra begyndelsen og indtil sammenbruddet i 1945.

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