Cases and Materials on the Carriage of Goods by Sea, fourth edition, offers tailored coverage of the most commonly taught topics on Carriage of Goods by Sea courses. Combining a collection of legislative materials, commentaries, scholarly articles, standard forms and up-to-date English case law, it covers the major areas of chartering and bills of lading as well as matters such as exclusion and limitation of liability. Significant innovations for this edition include: Materials on the Rotterdam and Hamburg Rules, and expanded discussion of the Hague Visby Rules and Charterparties Discussion of some of the most important decisions by the senior courts Pedagogical features such as end of chapter further reading Emphasis on how shipping law operates and is applied in the real world A clear, student-friendly text design with a strong emphasis on research and problem solving This up-to-date collection of materials relating to the carriage of goods by sea will be of value to students of law, researchers and legal practitioners.
Principles of the Carriage of Goods by Sea offers students studying this topic as part of their LLM or LLB course an accessible, comprehensive overview of the subject from a leading expert in the field. Written specifically with students in mind, concentrating on principles, and tailored to common law coverage, this title presents all the essential topics and is supported by the following useful pedagogy: Line Diagrams: illustrating the relationships between parties so that this may be understood at a glance; also where appropriate, time lines Case Studies: looking at topical matters such as piracy, and problematic areas of law such as reachable on arrival clauses and the carriage of bulk oil by sea Sample Problem Questions: problem questions and suggestions to help students to prepare for assessment Annotated appendices: concise appendix of the most important legislation and international conventions, with useful annotation from the author that explains these and puts them in context
This book centres on the sea carrier's liability for loss of or damage to goods under convention based regimes. The Hague, Hauge-Visby and Hamburg Rules have become the main reason for lack of uniformity in the field of the carriage of goods by sea today with their different texts and legislative styles. Preface; The book deals with the carrier's liability for breach of contract of sea carriage of goods under the convention-based regimes: the Hague Rules, the Hague-Visby Rules and the Hamburg Rules. Dr. Karan has undertaken an ambitious and brave task in joining an ongoing debate on whether the maritime transport industry needs all the 3 conventions on the same subject: the legal regime relating to carriage of goods. The book is divided into four broad Parts and a Conclusion. Part I deals with the preliminaries by setting out the basis for the carriers' liability under Roman Law, Common Law, Civil Law and Convention regimes. Part II is devoted to conditions applicable to the contract of carriage under the same regimes following the pattern set out Part I. Part III deals with exclusions and exemptions of the carriers' liability. carrier. The book concludes with exhaustive concluding remarks. The book starts on the premises that the unification, clarification and simplification of domestic legislation regulating carriage of goods by sea have always been the aim of shippers who wish to ascertain and minimize their contractual liability and insurance risks in such contracts. The book argues that it is for those reasons that the three international conventions (Hague Rules, Hague-Visby and the Hamburg Rules) were enacted. However, with differing textual approaches and legislative styles these conventions have themselves become the main obstacle to uniformity in international sea carriage today, with different countries applying different regimes. The book then examines and explains the necessity for, and the needed, amendments to the Conventions in comparison with the other carriage conventions (by Air, Road, Rail and Multi-modal Transport). subject is not only unique but also puts the Rules in perspective and makes it easy for, especially practitioners, to better appreciate. Furthermore it also leaves it easier for undergraduates, post-graduates, and advanced researchers and scholars who might wish to pursue further research to do so. Secondly, the book identifies, evaluates, and compares the carrier's liabilities under the three conventions and determines the conditions of such liabilities and exemptions. In particular the author does not shy away from asking and answering questions as to whether the conventions lead to certainty in the international sea carriage regime and, if so, whether they have kept up to date with economic, political and technological developments in the field. The main arguments that the book highlights is the Anglo-American or Common Law approach versus the Continental or Civil law approach which has dodged this area of the law and made difficult attempts to unify the Conventions. This argument has been made in the past but not as strongly as in this instance. between the Hague and Hamburg liability regimes except for what the book refers to as the archaic nautical fault and fire exemptions, and that the latter, which contain all the Visiby amendments and the SDR Protocols, were more clearly drafted with the needs of modern trade in mind and have brought the regime into line with other modern transport Conventions. Having examined all the strengths and weaknesses of the three conventions, the author comes down on the side of the Hamburg Rules, as the preferred and more international and forward-looking convention on carriage by sea. In committing himself to one side, the author has not avoided the central debate on the subject, if anything he has aided it. Having so nailed its flag to the mast, the book also cautions that the Hamburg Rules themselves, to a certain extent, need some clarification and amendments to be more acceptable and accommodating. require the carrier to prove that the exempted occurrence causing the loss and to the exercise of care expected from a prudent carrier to avoid the occurrence and its consequences, which amend the burden of proving the fault of the carrier, his servants or agents in favor of the cargo interest, and change the limitation measures and unit of accounts. Other strengths of the book are the wide search and literature coverage: apart from the traditional inclusion of Annexes of the three Conventions including the latest ratification status; application of the rules or domestic statutes, and monetary limits to the carriers' liability in various countries; there is extensive provision of abbreviations used and extensive citing of authoritative sources; and wide provisions of exhaustive bibliography of conventions, reports, statutes, authors and cases. Another bonus is the inclusion of materials on the author's native country: Turkish maritime law. on a modified Germanic and Civil Law Codes; there is also mention of current reforms in that country in a bid to join the European Community. Other strengths of the book are the comparative approach to Continental Civil (Belgium, France, Germany and Greece) and Common Law (UK, Australia), including the Anglo-American (US and Canada) tradition as well as the Scandinavian and Far Eastern (e.g. China) jurisdictions. In producing this book the author has made efficient use of his: legal and academic training; association with the International Chamber of Commerce; experiences with the International Maritime Organisation; and skills as one of the advisors of his government's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on maritime and aviation matters. The author is to be congratulated on the admirable grasp he displays of the wealth of materials at his disposal. Although not necessarily original, the concept is intriguing, the approach is balanced and persuasive, and the study as a whole provides valuable contribution to an understanding of the problems facing the truncated maritime law convention regime at the present day. makes a forceful and persuasive case which gains additional strength when advanced during a period of widespread concerns. The book will be a valuable addition to knowledge and scholarship in maritime law generally and the convention-based regimes of sea carriage in particular. It will no doubt benefit practitioners, lawyers, shippers, policy makers, lawmakers, as well as law and business studies' students and the more advanced scholars and researchers.
This new title provides a comprehensive overview and insight into the legal aspects of sea carriage and its surrounding issues. The book will enable students, both new to the subject, as well as those seeking to advance their knowledge, to better understand the often technical and complicated nature of the law in this area.Includes relevant case excerpts, statutory materials, exam and coursework related questions and diagrams to aid understanding of the subject.Material covered includes: a general introduction; bills of lading; charterparties; international and domestic regulations; rights and obligations of the parties under a contract of carriage; limitations of liability; and remedies.
Designed to provide a comprehensive and critical survey of the law relating to the carriage of goods by sea, the fifth edition of this leading textbook includes all the recent changes in case law and legislation.
The Shipping Law Handbook brings together all essential source material for anyone involved in shipping disputes. This book provides a comprehensive collection of international conventions, statutes and statutory instruments, arbitration rules and the most commonly encountered bills of lading, charterparties, insuranceclauses, guarantees and other contracts. The Handbook is a highly practical and essential work for shipping lawyers, arbitrators, P&I Clubs and their correspondents, ship owners, ship managers, agents and brokers. Anyone involved in shipping will wish to keep this reference conveniently to hand.
This work discusses the rapidly developing European transport policy on sustainable freight and the connected efforts initiated by the European Commission (EC) on greening transport by the means of contract law. Greening transport has been a central goal for the EU for decades. The main problem has been, and still is, that far too much carriage of goods within the EU is performed unimodally: by road carriage alone. This has caused severe problems particularly in central Europe, where both trade and environment is suffering from an ineffective transport industry with growing problems of congestion and pollution. A modal shift in transport from mainly road based to a form of transport in which more environmental friendly modes such as rail, inland waterways and sea born transport are integrated into one transport chain, is hence an objective of the EU. If successful, this model could then be extended to the international transport community. The key question raised in this book is whether the traditional role of contract law is changing to such an extent that the parties involved must take external interests into account. In the case of the EU’s efforts to enhance sustainable carriage of goods within its realm, the author explores whether governmental interference is necessary, or if we can trust that the parties will integrate environmental issues into their contracts because there is a demand for such clauses. The different proposals for an EU regime on multimodal contracts of carriage are discussed in this context. This book will be of great relevance to academics and practitioners with an interest in EU law, transport law, environmental law and maritime law in general.
The carriage of goods by sea starts off with a contract of carriage, an essentially simple and straightforward contract between two parties, the shipper and the carrier. Very often, however, a bill of lading is issued and a third party appears on the scene: the holder of the bill of lading. The holder was not involved in the making of the contract of carriage, but does have rights, and possibly obligations, against the carrier at destination. The question then is how the third-party holder of the bill acquires those rights and obligations. Analysing the different theories that have been proposed to explain the position of the third party holder, this book makes a distinction between contractual theories and non-contractual theories to explain the holder's position. Contractual theories build on the initial contract of carriage and apply contract law mechanisms while non-contractual theories construe the position of the third-party holder independently.? Following the analysis and appraisal of the different theories, this book makes the case that the position of the third-party holder of the bill of lading is not obvious or self-evident; and submits that a statutory approach to the position of the holder of the bill of lading has advantages and would be preferable.
Delay in a marine adventure is an important and frequent phenomenon of maritime transport as it affects various parties and their interests. Insurance Law Implications of Delay in Maritime Transport is the first single book to deal specifically with this issue in the context of insurance law. The book addresses the losses and expenses that may arise from delay or loss of time in maritime transport, the types of insurance available covering or excluding losses arising from it and the impact of delay on voyage policies. The author, Ayşegül Buğra, critically examines and evaluates the scope of several different types of marine insurance policies, including but not limited to: hull and machinery, cargo, freight, loss of hire and marine delay in start-up insurance. Furthermore, the book analyses the current law by tracing back the relevant common law authorities to the 18th century and examines the wordings used in practice from that time to today with a comprehensive and critical approach. This unique text will be of great interest to legal practitioners, shipping professionals and academics alike.
This text presents summaries and extracts from, and analysis of the main cases and other materials on international sale contracts. While all such sale contracts are examined, the book concentrates especially on CIF (costs, insurance, freight) and FOB. (free on board) contracts, and variations theron, under which even today the overwhelming majority of the world's tonnage, and especially of bulk commodities, is shipped. The book covers all aspects of international sale contracts, including transfer of risk and property, documentary requirements, remedies and standardization issues. Documentary credits are covered, as is the nature of the relationship between each of the trading parties and the sea carrier. The traditional international sale contracts, and traditional documentation, are becoming less suitable than they once were, especially for containerized transport, but also in the bulk commodity trades themselves. Possible alternatives are therefore discussed, including, for example, non-negotiable documentation, electronic bills of lading and the Bolero project. The vulnerability of the system to maritime fraud is examined.
This unique new title provides expert, hands-on advice as to the law and practice of the maritime letter of indemnity. Detailing the variety of implications that can arise from each type of letter, the authors bring this important and litigious subject to the fore with a view to reducing the commercial and legal risks involved in this core area of shipping and international trade. Key features of this title include detailed legal analysis of: The history of indemnity contracts and letters of indemnity Shipping and international trade contexts where letters of indemnity are used GAFTA sale contract forms and standard letter of indemnity P&I Clubs forms The enforceability of maritime letters of indemnity The rights and liabilities for sellers, buyers, banks and ship owners which arise from the use of letters of indemnity The impact on the system based on the use of bills of lading and on electronic bills of lading Policy issues arising from the use of letters of indemnity in practice and of the practicalities of litigation involving letters of indemnity. As the only text currently on the market covering maritime letters of indemnity in such detail, this book will be an indispensable guide for maritime lawyers, professionals and academics alike, as well as shipowners, charterers, commodity traders and trade finance professionals
Marine Insurance Law, Second Edition introduces and clearly explains all topics covered in courses at Masters level, offering students and those new to the area a comprehensive and accessible overview and way into this important topic in maritime law. Beginning by introducing the general principles of the subject and structure and formation of insurance contracts, this text goes on to look at individual considerations in detail, including – the duty of utmost good faith /fair presentation of the risk, insurable interest, terms of insurance contracts, brokers, the premium, causation and marine perils, losses, sue and labour, subrogation, fraudulent claims and reinsurance. This second edition reflects the substantial changes introduced by the Insurance Act 2015, and includes new Appendices containing relevant legislation and example clauses from marine insurance contracts.
The expanded and fully updated second edition include detailed coverage of additional flag states; an examination of the implications of the ISM and ISPS Codes and the requirements of the Large Yacht Code as they relate to ship registration; a new introductory chapter describing the legal and practical requirements of ship registration; and a fresh analysis of the status and usage of national and open registries in current practice.
This new book has been completely revised and updated to provide a guide to the workings of the Convention on the Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods by Road. The text takes an article by article approach, discussing the relevant English and European case law to illustrate how the courts interpret the convention in practice.
This book provides a comprehensive collection of Cases and Materials On Marine Insurance Law. The sources included here are not always readily accessible. Each chapter is introduced with a brief resume of the general principles,before the facts of each case are summarised and the extracts of the relevant parts of judgments reproduced. The significance of the judicial extracts, the statutory materials and standard terms are then discussed with particular emphasis on important and problematical areas of the law.This book will be indispensable not only to postgraduate students of law, in-house lawyers, insurance brokers and claims adjusters, but also to students of maritime studies, legal practitioners and a wide range of professionals within the shipping industry who may wish to have at hand a convenient source of information. Whilst the book is a companion to the authors The Law of Marine Insurance, it is also structured to stand as a marine insurance text in its own right.
Fully updated and revised, the only modern work on the law of towage and offshore vessel services, comprising a comprehensive account of the general law coupled with a detailed clause-by-clause commentary and analysis of the major standard contracts used in the international offshore, towage and heavylift sectors, including the BIMCO Towcon, Towhire, Supplytime and Heavylift forms. The Law of Tug and Tow and Offshore Contracts has rapidly established itself as a leading text and is written by, Simon Rainey QC, one of the foremost shipping practitioners with unrivalled experience in the field. Key reasons to buy The Law of Tug and Tow and Offshore Contracts, Third Edition • the only clause-by-clause commentary on all of the major standard form contracts used by the offshore industry • the only in-depth analysis of the drafting history of the BIMCO standard form offshore contract, comparing the recent amended versions in their drafting context; • the only authoritative analysis of the case law and arbitration decisions affecting the towage and offshore industries • written from the perspective of a leading practitioner with unrivalled practical experience over many years of the contract forms and of the issues which arise under them (many of which are unreported) and involved in almost all of the leading cases in the field • written with an eye on the practicalities of how the contracts work given the everyday problems which arise in the industry, with guidance where the standard forms may require amendment
In this well-established textbook, Simon Baughen expertly covers the whole spectrum of English shipping law, placing the highly specialised rules of shipping in a commercial context and relating them to the general principles of contract and tort law. The book’s accessible narrative and useful glossary of key terms will particularly benefit students new to Shipping Law or from non-law backgrounds. In-depth commentary on judicial decisions and well-balanced coverage and analysis of recent and key cases, such as The New Flamenco, The Ocean Victory, and The Kos, provide an up-to-date reference for all students on Shipping Law courses. The comprehensive overview of topics also ensures that the book is ably suited to course use, including discussion of such areas as: Bills of lading Charterparties Salvage Marine Pollution Arbitration Accidents and collisions Fully updated throughout, this sixth edition provides an invaluable source of reference and will be of use to both students and to those in practice.
"Addresses new developments, including the 1996 Protocol to the 1976 Limitation Convention."
The Rotterdam Rules represent the most comprehensive overhaul of the law of carriage of goods by sea in more than fifty years. To coincide with the signing ceremony, six members of the Institute of Maritime Law have written a detailed commentary on the Rules. The Rotterdam Rules: A Practical Annotation examines the text of the Rules, all ninety-six articles of the new Convention, and compares them to the text of the Hague-Visby Rules, the instrument currently covering most bills of lading. The authors have also examined the judgments in cases decided in the English Courts under the Carriage of Goods by Sea Acts of 1971 and 1992 and have indicated whether these cases would be decided differently under the new Rotterdam Rules.
This unique title examines in depth issues of jurisdiction, maritime law and practice from a modern perspective and highlights the importance of risk management with a view to avoiding pitfalls in litigation or arbitration and minimising exposure to liabilities. The third edition has been fully revised and restructured into two self-contained volumes, the first covering jurisdictional issues and risks and the second exploring the diverse aspects of maritime law, risks and liabilities. The second volume tackles the substantive maritime law with a particular emphasis on risk and liabilities, and analyses issues of contract, tort and criminal law, causation and remoteness of damages. Key features of Volume Two include: An analysis of the regulatory regime, new EU and IMO safety at sea legislation, reforming practices for flag states and recognised organisations, vetting, codes of good practice, and International Conventions. An explanation of the Rules of attribution of liability, the impact of the ISM Code upon liabilities, including criminal, corporate manslaughter, and the new Directive for ship-source pollution. Important developments in areas including: Ship-managing risks, best endeavours and fiduciary duties Mortgagees risks and economic torts New BIMCO standard terms of contracts Ship-sale risks – including sale ‘as is’ and ‘as she was’ Shipbuilding risks – guarantees and performance bonds New trends on wrongful acts of employees, collisions and measure of damages, salvage issues, environmental salvage, and towage contracts Piracy risks cases and general average New perspectives on risks and liabilities of port authorities Pollution liabilities, including trends of prosecution of class societies and charterers and new limits of liability under International Conventions Purchase Volumes 1 and 2 of the Modern Maritime Law together for a reduced price at

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