This book explores the molecular modeling, enabling the nonspecialist to appreciate the power as well as the limitations of the computational tools available and giving a background to the methods used and how they were developed. It also provides examples of how molecular modeling has been used to address chemical questions commonly asked by the experimental chemist, and includes practical examples and case studies. 143 illus.
Developed by the Army Physical training Corps, this is the first official guide to getting as fit as a recruit in the British Army and is based on the actual exercises and activities the Army uses to train its soldiers.
This book is the eighth volume of the proceedings of the 4th GeoShanghai International Conference that was held on May 27 - 30, 2018. This book, entitled Ground Improvement and Geosynthetics”, presents the latest information on the new technologies and practical applications in various geotechnical engineering projects and advancements on ground improvement and geosynethetics. This volume presents detailed design procedures and examples to demonstrate the applications of the latest ground improvement technologies and innovative geosynethetics in geotechnical engineering. Topics include pile/column technology as foundations, retaining structures, or embankment supports, physical and chemical technologies for soil stabilization and ground improvement, geosynthetic reinforcement for roads, slopes, retaining walls, and foundations. Each of the papers included in this book received at least two positive peer reviews. The editors would like to express their sincerest appreciation to all of the anonymous reviewers all over the world, for their diligent work.
The study of energetic materials is emerging from one primarily directed toward practical interests to an advanced area of fundamental research, where state-of-the-art methods and theory are used side by side with modern synthetic methods. This timely book integrates the recent experimental, synthetic, and theoretical research of energetic materials. Editors George Olah and David Squire emphasize the importance of structure and mechanism in determining properties and performances. They also explore new spectrometric methods and synthetic approaches in this useful reference. Discusses structural analysis by x-ray crystallography Explains chemical dynamics by photofragmentation translational spectroscopy Covers kinetic analysis by ultrafast absorption and emission spectroscopy Details syntheses of polycyclic caged amines, fuel additives, and polynitro compounds Examines computer-aided design of monopropellants Includes contributions by two Nobel laureates and five members of the National Academy of Sciences
The remarkable breadth of modern molecular mechanics is covered in this textbook, developed for an undergraduate or first-time course on molecular mechanics. With applications ranging from drug design to homogeneous transition metal catalysis, the book implements a case-study approach designed to give readers exposure to the relevance and utility of molecular mechanics, as well as the opportunity to study a particular problem and its solution in depth.
This guide to the recognition and treatment of ailments in cattle features a clear, concise text built around a range of specially taken colour photographs.
Whicher explores the concepts of polarity and movement in modern projective geometry as a discipline of thought that transcends the limited and rigid space and forms of Euclid, and the corresponding material forces conceived in classical mechanics. Rudolf Steiner underlined the importance of projective geometry as "a method of training the imaginative faculties of thinking, so that they become an instrument of cognition no less conscious and exact than mathematical reasoning." This seminal approach allows for precise scientific understanding of the concept of creative fields of formative (etheric) forces at work in nature--in plants, animals and in the human being.
Devising and performing a scientific experiment is an art, and it is common to hear scientists talk about the 'beauty' of an experiment. What does this mean in chemistry, the experimental science par excellence? And what are the most beautiful chemical experiments of all time? This book offers ten suggestions for where beauty might reside in experimental chemistry. In some cases the beauty lies in the clarity of conception; sometimes it is a feature of the instrumental design. But for chemistry, there can also be a unique beauty in the way atoms are put together to make new molecules, substances not known in nature. The ten experiments described here offer a window into the way that chemists think and work, and how what they do affects the rest of science and the wider world. This book aims to stimulate the reader to think anew about some of the relationships and differences between science and art, and to challenge some of the common notions about particular 'famous experiments'. Elegant Solutions: Ten Beautiful Experiments in Chemistry is accessible to all readers, including those without a scientific background and can provide an unusual point of entry into some of the basic concepts of chemistry. Phillip Ball is a renowned, prolific, award winning science writer.
This book offers a new account of what makes science special among other human pursuits, critically engaging with a variety of approaches, especially constructivist and relativist studies of science and technology. It focuses on the studied ‘lack of haste’ of science, its relative stress-freeness and its socially sanctioned withdrawal from the swift pace of ordinary life. Unhastening Science offers a balanced and thoughtful argument which emphasises the dangers of cosseting science from the ‘scourge’ of internal competition while at the same time highlighting the need for ‘distance’ between the process of scientific thought and the faster machinery of politics, business, sports, and the media.
This book is designed to provide chemistry undergraduates with a basic understanding of the principles of quantum mechanics.
The sixth edition of the standard guide for trout farmers covers the latest developments and new opportunities, not only for rainbow trout farming in the sea but also for hatching and growing brown trout for angling. The design and construction of trout farms is clearly outlined and every stage of trout production is dealt with in detail: hatching and fry production, fish feeds and feeding, hygiene and the prevention and treament of disease, and the management of brood stock. Processing and marketing are discussed together with ways and means of increasing profability. Special attention is given to the prevention of pollution and protection of the environment and to recent developments such as cage farms in deep lakes, disease control and vaccination against disease, and co-operative farming.
The book provides illuminating insights into fundamental chemistry and also practical value for students who will go on to teach, research or be involved in other scientific roles.
Readings in African Politics provides an overview of key topics and themes that collectively contribute to an understanding of politics in Africa. The selections included here come from a wide range of Western and non-Western sources and together represent core knowledge in the field of African politics. Topic areas covered are methods for appraising the modern African state, approaches to understanding African states and their politics, dimensions of regional conflict, conflict between traditional and modern values, the politics of new social forces, and the meaning of contemporary trends. An introductory essay by Tom Young sketches the terrain of politics in Africa from national and international efforts toward development to local problems such as corruption and ethnic conflict. Readers at all levels will find even-handed coverage of politics in sub-Saharan Africa's more than 30 states from the early years of independence to today.
A unique textbook, aimed at undergraduate students, containing large numbers of spectra, problems and marginal notes, specifically chosen to highlight the points being discussed.
This manual on sheep rearing links the advances in scientific techniques to the best practices in traditional husbandry. It emphasizes increased lamb output as the key to improved gross margins per year.
An Introduction to Keeping Sheep gives small-scale sheepkeepers advice on a range of basic topics, from handling to showing. This second edition features a complete revision of the section on illnesses and lambing.
Mass Spectrometry: A Foundation Course is a textbook covering the field of mass spectrometry across the chemical, physical, biological, medical and environmental sciences. Sufficient depth is provided for the reader to appreciate the reasons behind and basis for particular experiments. It is uniquely and logically organised to enable the book to form the basis for a university course in mass spectrometry at the undergraduate or postgraduate level. This is achieved by combining specific core sections coupled to optional areas of study tailored to students of the chemical, physical, biological, medical and environmental sciences. Recommended course structures are provided in the front of the book. Dedicated chapters are included on: organic mass spectrometry; ion chemistry - to emphasise the role of mass spectrometry in fundamental chemistry and physics; biological mass spectrometry including proteomics; mass spectrometry in medicine, environmental and surface science and accelerator mass spectrometry, to emphasise the importance of these areas. Each chapter concludes with key references and additional recommended reading material, making the book an excellent springboard to further study. Highly readable, easy-to-use and logically presented, Mass Spectrometry: A Foundation Course is an ideal text for students and for those who work with mass spectrometers who wish to gain a solid understanding of the basics in modern mass spectrometry.
Drawing on archival sources mainly from the British Public Record Office, examines the historiography of illegal immigration and the struggle for a Jewish state during the years 1945 to 1948.