Highlights both the conservation value of the coastal geomorphology sites of Great Britain and the important role these sites play in the development of the science of geomorphology. Each chapter in this work includes descriptions of the landforms and gives interpretation of dynamics of the geomorphological systems operating within the sites.
Geomorphology can be defined simply as the study of landforms. Landforms are the result of the interaction between what Ritter (1978) has called the driving and resisting forces. The driving forces or processes are the methods by which energy is exerted on earth materials and include both surface, geomorphological or exogenous processes and subsurface, geological or endogenous processes. The resisting forces are the surface materials with their inherent resistances determined by a complex combination of rock properties. Stated in these simple terms it would be expected that both sides of the equation be given equal weight in syntheses of landform evolution. However, this has not been the case. Until about the 1950s, geomorphology was mainly descriptive and concerned with producing time-dependent models of landscape evolution. Although the form of the land was the main focus, there was little detailed mention of process and scant attention to the properties of surface materials. There were, of course, exceptions. In the late 19th century G.K. Gilbert was stressing the equilibrium between landforms and processes. Many hydrologists were examining the detailed workings of river 'systems and drainage basins, culminating in the classic paper of Horton (1945).
Summary: Discusses coastal sand dune, shingle beach, and salt marsh ecosystems, communities based upon relatively unconsolidated granular deposits which frequently rest upon solid rock or, much more rarely, on peat.
The south-west coast of England is described in 50 great voyages, from the Isle of Wight to the Scilly Isles to the Severn Estuary. As well as describing 50 great kayaking journeys, this book presents all the navigational and tidal information a sea kayaker needs on this magnificent section of coast. This means that it can also be used as a kayaker's 'pilot' for any journey they might wish to undertake in this area. It follows the successful format of other Pesda Press sea kayaking guides, presenting the information in a user-friendly fashion and making good use of maps and colour photographs. As well as providing essential information on where to start and finish, distances, times and tidal information, the book does much to stimulate and inform our interest in the environment we are passing through. It is full of facts and anecdotes about local history,geology, scenery, seabirds and sea mammals. A fascinating read and an inspirational book.
The causes of mass movements, and their manifestations, are recorded in a series of detailed site reports. This book includes a version of the Multilingual Landslide Glossary - an international standard for the description of landslides - and the rationale and methods of Geological Conservation Review site selection for mass-movement features.
Das Buch erklärt die Oberflächenformen der Erde als Resultat der Prozesse ihrer Entstehung und Veränderung. Vielfältige funktionale Rückkopplungen zwischen Formen, Prozessen, geologischer Struktur und Gesteinsmaterial steuern dabei die Entwicklung geomorphologischer Systeme in allen Größenordnungen. Ergebnisse der empirischen Geländeforschung werden mit theoretischen Modellen der Formenentwicklung verknüpft. Die vorliegende vierte Auflage ist überarbeitet und aktualisiert. Aus dem Inhalt: • endogene und exogene Prozessresponssysteme • Gesteinsarten und Verwitterung • Denudation und Hangentwicklung • fluviale Formenentwicklung • Zusammenwirken von Flussarbeit und Hangentwicklung • Rumpfflächen, Pedimente und Inselberge • strukturbedingte Landformen • vulkanische Landformen • Karstformen • das glaziale System • das litorale System
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