Autism is a word most of us are familiar with. But do we really know what it means? Children with autism are challenged by the most essential human behaviors. They have difficulty interacting with other people-often failing to see people as people rather than simply objects in their environment. They cannot easily communicate ideas and feelings, have great trouble imagining what others think or feel, and in some cases spend their lives speechless. They frequently find it hard to make friends or even bond with family members. Their behavior can seem bizarre. Education is the primary form of treatment for this mysterious condition. This means that we place important responsibilities on schools, teachers and children's parents, as well as the other professionals who work with children with autism. With the passage of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1975, we accepted responsibility for educating children who face special challenges like autism. While we have since amassed a substantial body of research, researchers have not adequately communicated with one another, and their findings have not been integrated into a proven curriculum. Educating Children with Autism outlines an interdisciplinary approach to education for children with autism. The committee explores what makes education effective for the child with autism and identifies specific characteristics of programs that work. Recommendations are offered for choosing educational content and strategies, introducing interaction with other children, and other key areas. This book examines some fundamental issues, including: How children's specific diagnoses should affect educational assessment and planning How we can support the families of children with autism Features of effective instructional and comprehensive programs and strategies How we can better prepare teachers, school staffs, professionals, and parents to educate children with autism What policies at the federal, state, and local levels will best ensure appropriate education, examining strategies and resources needed to address the rights of children with autism to appropriate education. Children with autism present educators with one of their most difficult challenges. Through a comprehensive examination of the scientific knowledge underlying educational practices, programs, and strategies, Educating Children with Autism presents valuable information for parents, administrators, advocates, researchers, and policy makers.
This book describes teaching strategies and instructional adaptations which promote communication and socialization in children with autism. It offers specific strategies that capitalize on the individual strengths and learning styles of the autistic child.
This book will guide practitioners, early interventionists, teachers, counselors, and psychologists in identifying and implementing effective strategies that address the unique characteristics of children with autism and their families. The authors describe current research on the etiology of autism and outline a range of effective assessment procedures. Key topics include: - How to guide family participation and supports in developing goals and interventions - Procedures for intervention planning and implementation in natural settings - Methods for promoting generalization and maintenance of skills - Strategies to promote collaboration and problem-solving approaches across multiple disciplines Approaches for evaluating evidence based practices - Ways to foster awareness of recent developments related to evidence-based practices
Teaching Children with High-Level Autism combines the perspectives of families and children with disabilities and frames these personal experiences in the context of evidence-based practice, providing pre- and in-service teachers and professionals with vital information on how they can help children with high-level autism reach their full potential. Many children with high-level autism are capable of regulating their behaviors given the right interventions, and this cutting edge text explores multiple methods for helping such children succeed academically, socially, and behaviorally. The book: • draws from interviews with twenty families who have middle- and high-school-aged children with high functioning autism or Aspergers syndrome; • presents a synthesis of the most cutting-edge research in the field; • provides practical advice for educating children with high-level autism; • is authored by two special education professors who are also both the parents of children with disabilities. Teaching Children with High-Level Autism is essential reading for anyone who works or plans to work with children on the upper range of the autism spectrum.
A collection of essays on teaching autistic children, covering such topics as language use, social-communicative skills, and parenting stress
Recent special education legislation has led to a rise in inclusion classrooms, where students with special needs, including autism spectrum disorders, are taught alongside their nondisabled peers. Teaching Children With Autism in the General Classroom provides an introduction to inclusionary practices that serve children with autism, giving teachers the practical advice they need to ensure each student receives the quality education he or she deserves. Promoting field-tested strategies and techniques, this book offers teachers sound advice for creating a classroom environment conducive to learning success for children with autism spectrum disorders. Topics covered include using assistive technology, collaborating with parents and paraeducators, teaching social skills, developing behavioral interventions, and creating effective academic instruction. This book gives general education teachers a solid background of knowledge about autism and the needs of students with the disorder.
Educating Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Partnering with Families for Positive Outcomes focuses on practical strategies for educating children with autism spectrum disorders in the classroom. Additional features describe how to partner with families in the implementation of many of the strategies, giving voice to parents, based on recent quantitative and qualitative research. Case studies developed from real interviews with parents and educators open each chapter, and the book focuses on what “works” and what “does not work” in their collaborative experiences. Key Features Case studies with "What Would You Do" questions offer real life scenarios that allow readers to apply their understanding of the chapter's contents to a situation they may encounter. Theory Into Practice (T.I.P) boxes promote self-reflection and an opportunity to apply material in real-world scenarios. A section of every chapter is devoted to how to collaborate with families to implement the chapter's specific strategies not just at school but also at home. Inclusion tips provide ways to implement the chapter's strategy for teachers in general education classrooms with children with ASD.
Of the myriad of approaches to the treatment of autism spectrum disorders, Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) has the most research support. It is not perfect, and its imperfection is highlighted by the inadequate training of many, if not most of its practitioners. Autism is a burgeoning conditionin some locations, it is estimated to affect one in every seventy-five childrenand the numbers of instructor-therapists required to meet their need for treatment is ensuring that many enter the field with inadequate training. Of course, lack of training is not unique to practitioners of ABA; the entire field is struggling to keep up to the demand for services. A related and perhaps as serious a problem is the narrowness of vision that most practitioners bring to the enterprise. ABA has been defined as the process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the improvement in behavior (Baer, Wolf, and Risley, 1968). Being based on the past hundred years of research into how learning works, ABA has universal applicationit can be applied to any developmental issue. Unfortunately, while any concept can be defined in behavioral terms, you only have to ask yourself, What will I use as an indicator of _______? It tends to get applied primarily to those developmental issues that are easiest to define in behavioral terms. On the other hand, most nonABA approaches have relatively little scientific support. This brief introduction to teaching children with autism is intended to serve as a primer for both instructor-therapists and parents alike. Hopefully, it will also move the field beyond the narrow focus that it has enjoyed for the past few decades.
Reaching and Teaching Children with Autism provides a positive approach to understanding and educating children on the autism spectrum. The book gives greater insight into the perspective and behavior of a child with autism and explores how the child's learning preferences, strengths and interests can be used to facilitate learning and enhance motivation. Based on well-researched theory and extensive clinical experience, the author provides a comprehensive model for developing lifelong independent learning skills in children with autism between the ages of 3 and 12 years old. The book describes the underlying principles, learning preferences and strengths typical of children with autism and offers a detailed but flexible program structure based on these concepts. Easy to follow activities and approaches are described in each chapter, along with clear examples and illustrations. This accessible and practical book is an essential resource for parents, teachers, support workers, therapists and others concerned with learning and development in children with autism.
Move from diagnosis to inclusion to education using Educating the Young Child with Autism Spectrum Disorders for all grades. Due to a trend toward inclusion, increased incidence, and increased and broadening diagnosis, many teachers expect to encounter st
Based on twenty-five years of teaching and working with children who have Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs), Christy L. Magnusen contends that it is those teachers who can blend the 'science' of education methodology with the 'art' of teaching who are best able to reach these children. Examining both these aspects of teaching, she takes a fresh look at established and more recent teaching methods such as structuring spaces, emphasizing language and planning strategies for transition and generalization, and then explores the art of implementation: why, when and how these techniques should be applied. By highlighting workable solutions to everyday problems, and emphasizing that teachers need to understand techniques and have the ability to adapt them to the situation that faces them, this book will be invaluable to all those involved in teaching children with ASDs.
This workbook expands upon the authors? Teaching Children withAutism to Mind-Read: A Practical Guide to present the mosteffective approaches, strategies, and practical guidelines to helpalleviate social and communication problems in individuals withAutism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Complements the best-selling Teaching Children with Autismto Mind-Read: A Practical Guide for use in practicalsettings Answers the need for more training of professionals in earlyinterventions for children assessed with ASD called for by theNational Plan for Autism Written by a team of experts in the field Covers issues such as how to interpret facial expressions; howto recognize feelings of anger, sadness, fear and happiness; how toperceive how feelings are affected by what happens and what isexpected to happen; how to see things from another person?sperspective; and how to understand another person?s knowledge andbeliefs
Similar to a handbook in its comprehensive description of the theory and research supporting current practices in the treatment of autism spectrum disorders, this interdisciplinary text shows how the existing knowledge base can be used to explore promising new possibilities related to the fieldâe(tm)s many unanswered questions. Key features include the following: Comprehensive âe" This is the first book to consider the history and current state of autism as a field in transition, to cover its varied approaches and philosophies, and to describe the interventions used throughout the developmental cycle. Cross Disciplinary âe" Serving students with autism necessitates communication and collaboration among professionals from several disciplines as well as family members. The editors have, therefore, brought together divergent perspectives, theories and philosophies in order to demonstrate that scientific evidence, rather than educational orientation, must determine which practices should be selected for use in particular situations. Research Based âe" Whereas many existing texts advocate a particular type of treatment, this one recognizes that interventions must be selected and evaluated based on the scientific evidence of their effectiveness. Integrated Methodology âe"Chapter authors consider findings from studies that employed single-subject designs, experimental large-scale studies, and qualitative methodology. The inter-relatedness of therapies and disciplines will be highlighted throughout. Expertise âe" The volume editors are all highly visible researchers in autism and developmental disabilities. Likewise, each chapter is directed by a senior, highly accomplished author who is nationally recognized for his/her work in the topic being addressed. This book is appropriate for practicing professionals in education and psychology and for speech/language therapists and other clinicians. It is also suitable as a graduate level text in these fields.
Autism is a lifelong condition that requires special care and consideration right into adulthood, and has an impact on many lives. This book is aimed at those concerned with the education and welfare of children with autism; particularly at teachers in Special Education and the psychologists and care professionals who work with teachers and parents of children with autism. Although there is no miracle cure for autism, this book brings a message of hope: that early intervention is advantageous and that, by a better understanding of autism and the different ways it is experienced by individual children, more effective ways can be found to meet educational needs and improve quality of life. Understanding the development processes and problems of children with autism, and the implications of these problems for social and educational learning, is the purpose of this book. The authors provide an accessible account of psychological concepts and research in social and emotional development, communication, cognition and behaviour, as related to individuals with autism. The fundamental problems of autism relationships, communication and flexibility of thought and behaviour are addressed, and practical guidance is offered on how these might be overcome or circumvented, in both home and school. This book specifically addresses the needs of children, but much of it will remain relevant to those working with adults who will appreciate the book s exploration of the roles played by emotion and cognition in the autistic condition, and the way in which these affect teaching and learning.
The Verbal Behavior (VB) approach is a form of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), that is based on B.F. Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and works particularly well with children with minimal or no speech abilities. In this book Dr. Mary Lynch Barbera draws on her own experiences as a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and also as a parent of a child with autism to explain VB and how to use it. This step-by-step guide provides an abundance of information about how to help children develop better language and speaking skills, and also explains how to teach non-vocal children to use sign language. An entire chapter focuses on ways to reduce problem behavior, and there is also useful information on teaching toileting and other important self-help skills, that would benefit any child. This book will enable parents and professionals unfamiliar with the principles of ABA and VB to get started immediately using the Verbal Behavior approach to teach children with autism and related disorders.
Children who have autism require comprehensive educational and treatment services. There are a myriad of approaches currently recommended to practitioners and parents, but little is known about their efficacy. Which are the most effective in teaching skills, overcoming behavior challenges, and improving quality of life? Methods must be based in research settings, but be easily extended to real world settings where children with autism live, go to school, socialize, and recreate. Identifying and validating effective practices is a complex and multi-faceted process, but an essential one for responsible research and practice. This book brings together multiple and contemporary perspectives on intervention effectiveness for autism education and behavior support. With contributors from a variety of disciplines and orientations, Effective Practices for Children with Autism presents a critical appraisal of current practice standards, emphasizing empirically supported procedures and research-to-practice applications. By bringing together a diverse group of authors, the editors have ensured that the vast field of information on interventions for children with autism is thoroughly examined, and that no topic has gone untouched. Written for practitioners, research scientists, and clinicians, the book is an essential framework for evaluating educational and treatment procedures, selecting those that are most effective, and evaluating outcomes.
This wide-ranging, well-illustrated book offers all kinds of tried and tested strategies to help young people with autistic spectrum disorders develop and learn. Designed to be a really practical guide for nursery nurses, teachers and support staff in mainstream schools, as well as parents, the guide focuses on both work and play. 'Every parent, teacher or teaching assistant who supports a child with autistic tendencies should have a copy of this book.' Fiona Jukes, Learning Support Assistant This wide-ranging, well-illustrated book offers all kinds of tried and tested strategies to help young people with autistic spectrum disorders develop and learn. Designed to be a really practical guide for nursery nurses, teachers and support staff in mainstream schools, as well as parents, the guide focuses on both work and play and includes helpful guidance on numeracy and literacy.