Formative assessment plays an important role in increasing teacher quality and student learning when it’s viewed as a process rather than a tool. Emphasizing the instructional side of formative assessment, this book explores in depth the use of classroom questioning, learning intentions and success criteria, feedback, collaborative and cooperative learning, and self-regulated learning to engineer effective learning environments for students.
Educational achievement carries more importance than ever in the 21st century. Teacher quality plays a vital role in raising achievement among K-12 students, and improving teacher quality will lead to both greater student outcomes and greater prosperity for individuals and the whole of society. If we are to maintain our status as one of the world's leading economies and secure our economic futures, and if we want our students to thrive in the impossibly complex, unpredictable world of the 21st century, we must concentrate on increasing educational achievement by increasing the quality of the teachers in our schools. As with the first edition, Embedded Formative Assessment, Second Edition makes the case for the important role of formative assessment in increasing teacher quality and student learning. Author Dylan Wiliam has added over 30 percent new content to this second edition, updating the vast body of research presented in the book's first edition, published in 2011, and including both new and tried-and-tested classroom formative assessment techniques along with evidence that shows how these techniques positively impact student achievement. Teachers can choose from these techniques, try them out in the classroom, and modify them to meet their specific needs.
Effective classroom formative assessment helps educators make minute-by-minute, day-by-day instructional decisions. This clear, practical guide for teachers centers on five key instructional strategies, along with an overview of each strategy and practical formative assessment techniques for implementing it in K-12 classrooms: Clarifying, sharing, and understanding learning intentions and success criteria Engineering productive discussion and activities that elicit evidence of learning Providing feedback that moves learners forward Activating students as learning resources for each other Activating students as owners of their own learning The authors provide guidance on when and how to use the specific techniques, along with tips, cautions, and enhancements to sustain formative assessment.
Leading education authority Dylan Wiliam explains how formative assessment, when applied properly, helps to increase student achievement. He also presents compelling research about changes in classroom practice that are likely to increase learning, differentiated instruction, response to intervention, group leadership's role in ensuring productive collaboration, and integrating formative assessment into teacher evaluation.
Nancy Frey and Douglas Fisher reveal how to create a failsafe assessment system that leads to purposeful lessons, clear indicators of student understanding, and forms of feedback that improve student performance. --from publisher description.
A teacher presents a lesson, and at the end asks students if they understand the material. The students nod and say they get it. Later, the teacher is dismayed when many of the students fail a test on the material. Why aren’t students getting it? And, just as important, why didn’t the teacher recognize the problem? In Checking for Understanding, Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey show how to increase students’ understanding with the help of creative formative assessments. When used regularly, formative assessments enable every teacher to determine what students know and what they still need to learn. Fisher and Frey explore a variety of engaging activities that check for and increase understanding, including interactive writing, portfolios, multimedia presentations, audience response systems, and much more. This new 2nd edition of Checking for Understanding has been updated to reflect the latest thinking in formative assessment and to show how the concepts apply in the context of Fisher and Frey’s work on gradual release of responsibility, guided instruction, formative assessment systems, data analysis, and quality instruction. Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey are the creators of the Framework for Intentional and Targeted (FIT) Teaching™. They are also the authors of numerous ASCD books, including The Formative Assessment Action Plan: Practical Steps to More Successful Teaching and Learning and the best-selling Enhancing RTI: How to Ensure Success with Effective Classroom Instruction and Intervention.
In Seven Strategies of Assessment Learning, author Jan Chappuis gives K to 12 classroom teachers an incisive look at seven practical strategies structured around three essential questions--Where am I going? Where am I now? and How can I close the gap? Complete with research-based recommendations about assessment practices for improving student achievement, the book is sequenced to help teachers easily weave formative assessment practices into daily teaching and assessment activities at all levels. After introducing the strategies and the research base for formative assessment practices, the remaining chapters explain each strategy in detail, provide a research-based rationale for using the strategy, describe how the strategy can be applied in contexts ranging from kindergarten through high school in a range of subject areas, and offer instructions for carrying out core procedures and suggestions for adaptations. The new features new, more recent research, extended examples of the strategies, and improved features that make the text easier to use for collaborative learning. The Enhanced Pearson eText features embedded video, Discussion Questions, Reflection Journal, and Defining Assessments. This title is also available as a loose-leaf packaged with the Enhanced Pearson eText. To order the Enhanced Pearson eText packaged with a loose-leaf version, use ISBN 013405895X. Invigorate learning with the Enhanced Pearson eText* The Enhanced Pearson eText provides a rich, interactive learning environment designed to improve student mastery of content with embedded video, Discussion Questions, Reflection Journal, and Defining Assessments. The Enhanced Pearson eText is also available without a print version of the textbook. Instructors, visit pearsonhighered.com/etextbooks to register for your digital examination copy. Students, register for or purchase your eText at pearsonhighered.com/etextbooks. *The Enhanced eText features are only available in the Pearson eText format. They are not available in third-party eTexts or downloads.
How do you know if students are with you at the beginning, middle, and end of a lesson? Can formative assessment offer a key to better teaching and learning during instruction? What if you could blend different formative assessment moves in your classroom, with intention and care for all students, to help make better instructional decisions on the fly and enjoy more teachable moments? Educators Brent Duckor and Carrie Holmberg invite you on the journey to becoming a formative assessor. They encourage you to focus on these seven research-based, high-leverage formative assessment moves: ▪ Priming--building on background knowledge and creating a formative assessment–rich, equitable classroom culture ▪ Posing--asking questions in relation to learning targets across the curriculum that elicit Habits of Mind ▪ Pausing--waiting after powerful questions and rich tasks to encourage more student responses by supporting them to think aloud and use speaking and listening skills related to academic language ▪ Probing--deepening discussions, asking for elaborations, and making connections using sentence frames and starters ▪ Bouncing--sampling student responses systematically to broaden participation, manage flow of conversation, and gather more “soft data” for instructional use ▪ Tagging--describing and recording student responses without judgment and making public how students with different styles and needs approach learning in real-time ▪ Binning--interpreting student responses with a wide range of tools, categorizing misconceptions and “p-prims,” and using classroom generated data to make more valid and reliable instructional decisions on next steps in the lesson and unit Each chapter explores a classroom-tested move, including foundational research, explaining how and when to best use it, and describing what it looks like in practice. Highlights include case studies, try-now tasks and tips, and advice from beginning and seasoned teachers who use these formative assessment moves in their classrooms.
Research-based strategies for turning around low-performing schools! This valuable text combines the latest research with a national study of diverse schools that dramatically increased student achievement by implementing key strategies and reallocating resources.
In this sequel to Total Instructional Alignment, the author peels back complex layers of the change process to reveal the five big ideas at the core of successful schools. Focus on these foundational ideas to simplify decision making and eliminate distractions from your efforts to promote effective teaching and learning. Teachers and administrators alike will appreciate this straightforward approach to solid leadership for school improvement.
Learn everything you need to know to implement an integrated system of assessment and grading. The author details the specific benefits of formative assessment and explains how to design and interpret three different types of formative assessments, how to track student progress, and how to assign meaningful grades. Detailed examples bring each concept to life, and chapter exercises reinforce the content.
Raising student achievement has benefits not only for the individual, but for society as well. In this lecture Dylan Wiliam argues that many efforts at reform have focused on things that are easy to change rather than those that would make the most difference. He shows that some investments in raising achievement are more cost-effective and more suitable for large-scale application than others. In particular, he argues, helping teachers make greater use of assessment for learning (AfL), would be the most effective way of raising student achievement. Professor Wiliam argues that, if we are to be successful as well as being clear about what we want teachers to do differently, we have to understand why changing teachers’ practice is so difficult, and this will require radical changes in the way we treat teachers’ professional development.
Research shows school improvement initiatives are most effective when they come from the district level, rather than the state. While there is no one solution to school improvement that holds true in every classroom every time, there are two clearly identified aspects that improve the odds of school success: implementing a curriculum focused on developing knowledge, and supporting a culture where every teacher improves.In Creating the Schools Our Children Need, Dr. Dylan Wiliam outlines a framework for evaluating new district initiatives, and guides school boards, administrators, and district leaders through a breakdown of why what we¿re doing right now isn¿t working, and what we need to be doing instead.
It’s time to move our assessment practices from the 1950s to the century we’re living in. It’s time to invest in our teachers and local school leaders instead of in more tests. It’s time to help all students understand how to unleash their strengths and gain a sense of themselves as learners capable of choosing their own paths to success. In The Perfect Assessment System, Rick Stiggins calls for the ground-up redevelopment of assessment in U.S. education. Speaking from more than 40 years of experience in the field—and speaking for all learners who hope to succeed, the teachers who want them to succeed, and the local school leaders whose aspirations for success have been thwarted by assessment traditions—Stiggins maps out the adjustments in practice and culture necessary to generate both accurate accountability data and the specific evidence of individual mastery that will support sound instructional decision making and better learning in the classroom. He addresses ▪ Assessment purpose—how (and why) to clarify the reason for every assessment and the users it will serve. ▪ Learning targets to be assessed—how to make sure we focus on the right competencies and set consistent definitions of success. ▪ Assessment quality—how to ensure every assessment, at every level, is an excellent one. ▪ Communication of assessment results—how to share information in ways that best support diverse purposes. ▪ Assessment impact—how to link assessment to truly productive, universal student motivation. We have not yet begun to explore assessment’s true potential to enhance both school quality and student well-being. Stiggins kicks off this critical conversation and charts a course for a new system that promises much higher levels of student success at a fraction of our current testing costs. The door is open for assessment reform; here is a bold plan for getting it right.
Best-selling author Shirley Clarke provides a wealth of high quality ideas, practical strategies, classroom examples and whole-school case studies for teachers in primary and secondary schools. The most comprehensive of Shirley Clarke's titles includes extensive examples and realia, in full colour. The book is clearly structured around the ways in which teachers actually teach, with QR coded web video clips to illustrate key points in action. - Helps teachers create an environment for pupils to be active learners, constant reviewers and self-assessors - Ensures teachers start and finish lessons effectively by initially establishing their prior knowledge and capturing their interest and finally encouraging pupil reflection to find out what has been learnt and what still needs to be developed - Develops learning by helping children articulate their understanding and focusing on constant review and improvement - Focuses on whole-school development including lesson study, assessment policies and stories from outstanding schools Chapters include: 1. Laying the foundations 2. Effective starts to lessons 3. Developing the learning 4. Effective ends to lessons 5. Whole school development
Making Good Progress? is a research-informed examination of formative assessment practices outlining practical recommendations for teachers at every level and phase. Written by Daisy Christodoulou, Making Good Progress?' offers clear, up-to-date advice to develop best practice for teachers assessing pupils in the wake of life beyond levels.
A COMPLETE AND EASY-TO-FOLLOW GUIDE FOR INSPIRING EVERY STUDENT WITH THE POWER OF GROWTH MINDSET Created by teachers for teachers, this is the ultimate guide for unleashing students’ potential through creative lessons, empowering messages and innovative teaching. The Growth Mindset Coach provides all you need to foster a growth mindset classroom, including: • A Month-by-Month Program • Research-Based Activities • Hands-On Lesson Plans • Real-Life Educator Stories • Constructive Feedback • Sample Parent Letters Studies show that growth mindsets result in higher test scores, improved grades and more in-class involvement. When your students understand that their intelligence is not limited, they succeed like never before. With the tools in this book, you can motivate your students to believe in themselves and achieve anything.
This book is a practical guide to implementing assessment strategies that will engage with and support children's learning, improve progress and raise confidence and self-esteem. It explains how formative assessment can be developed as an integral element of good classroom practice by taking the core themes of planning, sharing learning intentions, pupil self-evaluation, feedback and target setting, and placing them in the context of literacy, numeracy and the New Zealand curriculum. It also looks at the use of questioning as a tool for effective teaching, ways to raise pupil's self-esteem and frameworks for monitoring progress.
This revised and greatly expanded edition of the 1988 handbook offers teachers at all levels how-to advise on classroom assessment, including: What classroom assessment entails and how it works. How to plan, implement, and analyze assessment projects. Twelve case studies that detail the real-life classroom experiences of teachers carrying out successful classroom assessment projects. Fifty classroom assessment techniques Step-by-step procedures for administering the techniques Practical advice on how to analyze your data Order your copy today.