It frequently feels that there is nothing new to explore on the earth - the most distant places are visited by TV crews and even tourists. However, the past can also be a foreign country and recently archaeologists have begun to explore a vast, unknown landscape hidden beneath the North Sea. Inhabited by early man, this land disappeared beneath the sea when sea levels rose more than 8000 years ago. This enigmatic landscape, known as Doggerland after the famous banks in the North Sea, has remained hidden until now. Today, we can map unknown rivers, hills, lakes and valleys using 3D seismic data originally collected for oil exploration. Some 23,000 km2 of this 'lost world' (an area equivalent to that of Wales) have now been revealed. This book tells the exciting story of how this lost country was rediscovered by archaeology and what the results of new work are telling us about what happened to man during the last great phase of global warming, when a massive area of Europe was lost as a consequence of climate change. Although a study of the past, this book demonstrates how archaeology can provide vital information for the future.
Heritage is everywhere, and an understanding of our past is increasingly critical to the understanding of our contemporary cultural context and place in global society. Visual Heritage in the Digital Age presents the state-of-the-art in the application of digital technologies to heritage studies, with the chapters collectively demonstrating the ways in which current developments are liberating the study, conservation and management of the past. Digital approaches to heritage have developed significantly over recent decades in terms of both the quantity and range of applications. However, rather than merely improving and enriching the ways in which we understand and engage with the past, this technology is enabling us to do this in entirely new ways. The chapters contained within this volume present a broad range of technologies for capturing data (such as high-definition laser scanning survey and geophysical survey), modelling (including GIS, data fusion, agent-based modelling), and engaging with heritage through novel digital interfaces (mobile technologies and the use of multi-touch interfaces in public spaces). The case studies presented include sites, landscapes and buildings from across Europe, North and Central America, and collections relating to the ancient civilisations of the Middle East and North Africa. The chronological span is immense, extending from the end of the last ice age through to the twentieth century. These case studies reveal new ways of approaching heritage using digital tools, whether from the perspective of interrogating historical textual data, or through the applications of complexity theory and the modelling of agents and behaviours. Beyond the data itself, Visual Heritage in the Digital Age also presents fresh ways of thinking about digital heritage. It explores more theoretical perspectives concerning the role of digital data and the challenges that are presented in terms of its management and preservation.
The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology is a comprehensive survey of the field at a time when maritime archaeology has established itself as a mature branch of archaeology. This volume draws on the expertise of nearly fifty international scholars who examine the many distinct and universal aspects of the discipline.
This book focuses on issues of method and interpretation in studies of submerged landscapes, concentrating on illustrations and case studies from around Europe with additional examples from other parts of the world. Such landscapes were once exposed as dry land during the low sea levels that prevailed during the glacial periods that occupied most of the past million years and provided extensive new territories for human exploitation. Their study today involves underwater investigation, using techniques and strategies which are clearly set out in these chapters. The underwater landscape provides a rich source of information about the archaeology of human settlement and long-term changes in environment, climate and sea-level. This book highlights how such information can be revealed and interpreted. The examples presented here and the focus on techniques make this book of worldwide relevance. Chapters describe examples of underwater archaeological investigation as well as collaboration with offshore industries and legal, management and training issues relating to underwater cultural heritage. Such studies point to the significance of this drowned landscape, and readers are invited to consider its human impact in terms of past settlement and population dispersal through palaeolandscape reconstruction and interpretation in relation to broader themes in human prehistory. This volume is based on work from COST Action SPLASHCOS, a four-year multi-disciplinary and multi-national research program supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) and has something to benefit all those with an interest in the sea floor of the continental shelf and the archaeological and social impact of sea-level change, including archaeologists, marine scientists, geographers, cultural-heritage managers, commercial and governmental organisations, policy makers and interested members of the public.
Quaternary Paleoenvironments examines the drowned landscapes exposed as extensive and attractive territory for prehistoric human settlement during the Ice Ages of the Pleistocene, when sea levels dropped to 120m-135m below their current levels. This volume provides an overview of the geological, geomorphological, climatic and sea-level history of the European continental shelf as a whole, as well as a series of detailed regional reviews for each of the major sea basins. The nature and variable attractions of the landscapes and resources available for human exploitation are examined, as are the conditions under which archaeological sites and landscape features are likely to have been preserved, destroyed or buried by sediment during sea-level rise. The authors also discuss the extent to which we can predict where to look for drowned landscapes with the greatest chance of success, with frequent reference to examples of preserved prehistoric sites in different submerged environments. Quaternary Paleoenvironments will be of interest to archaeologists, geologists, marine scientists, palaeoanthropologists, cultural heritage managers, geographers, and all those with an interest in the drowned landscapes of the continental shelf.
Die Digitalisierung wird auch die Immobilienwirtschaft maßgeblich verändern, darin sind sich die Experten einig. Doch noch kann niemand genau vorhersehen, welche Veränderungen konkret auf die Unternehmen zukommen werden. Dieses Buch versteht sich als Wegweiser für dieses komplexe Thema. Ausführlich beschreiben die Autoren mögliche Auswirkungen der Digitalisierung auf die Geschäftsmodelle von Bauunternehmen, Immobilienmaklern und Projektentwicklern im Immobilienmarkt. Sie schildern, welche Veränderungen der Wertschöpfungskette durch die Digitalisierung des Baugewerbes zu erwarten sind. Das Building Information Modeling, eine softwarebasierte Methode zur optimierten Planung, Ausführung und Bewirtschaftung von Gebäuden, ist nur eines der vielen neuen und digitalen Handlungsfelder im Baugewerbe der Zukunft. Auch die Immobilienvermittlung wird vom digitalen Wandel betroffen sein. Neben einer Analyse der digitalen Trends in der Immobilienvermittlung geben die Autoren außerdem zahlreiche Handlungsempfehlungen für die Projektentwicklung im Bau- und Immobiliensektor. Das Buch zeigt, dass alle Wertschöpfungsketten in der Immobilienwirtschaft von verschiedenen Trends und Technologien betroffen sind und teilweise sogar ganze Bereiche wegfallen. Die Effekte werden schneller zu spüren sein, als es den meisten Unternehmen der doch eher langfristig denkenden und handelnden Branche bewusst ist. Wer die Auswirkungen und deren Folgen jetzt schon analysieren und abschätzen kann, stellt sich heute richtig auf für die Entwicklungen und Umwälzungen in den kommenden Jahren. Ein Buch für alle Vor- und Querdenker der Branche, die sich den Herausforderungen einer digitalen Immobilienwirtschaft aktiv stellen wollen.
Dieses Buch gibt einen praxisorientierten Überblick über die am weitesten verbreiteten Techniken für die Anforderungsspezifikation und das Requirements Management in agilen Projekten. Es beschreibt sowohl sinnvolle Anwendungsmöglichkeiten als auch Fallstricke der einzelnen Techniken.Behandelt werden im Einzelnen:Grundlagen und die fünf Grundprinzipien des Requirements Engineering in der agilen SoftwareentwicklungRequirements-Ermittlung und -DokumentationRequirements-Validierung und -AbstimmungQualität von RequirementsRequirements ManagementOrganisatorische AspekteRollen im Requirements EngineeringDarüber hinaus werden rechtliche und wirtschaftliche Themen erläutert sowie auf die Herausforderungen in größeren Organisationen eingegangen.Das Buch ist Hilfestellung und Nachschlagewerk, um in der täglichen Praxis der agilen Projekte Requirements Engineering und Requirements Management professionell und mit nachhaltigem Nutzen umzusetzen.Die 2. Auflage wurde vollständig überarbeitet und berücksichtigt den Lehrplan "[email protected] Primer" des International Requirements Engineering Board (IREB).
Schlank werden und vor allem schlank bleiben, wie es voll im Trend liegt: Mit seiner Drei-Stufen-Diät für Körper und Geist liefert Bestsellerautor Dr. med. Ulrich Strunz einen No-Carb-Fahrplan nach dem Paleo-Prinzip. Mit Faszienübungen und hochintensivem Intervalltraining für Beweglichkeit und Fitness sowie einfachen Meditationstechniken zur Entspannung. Und gute Laune ist ebenfalls garantiert: Nicht einmal auf Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte muss verzichtet werden! – Die Forever- schlank-Formel für ein gesünderes, schlankeres und fitteres Leben.
Die Autorin untersucht, welche Anforderungen an eine transparente Risikoberichterstattung von Unternehmen zu stellen sind, inwieweit deutsche Kapitalgesellschaften diesen Anforderungen genügen und wo Verbesserungen des gesetzlichen Rahmens ansetzen können.

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