The role of the father in a family and for his children has varied greatly throughout history. However, scientific research into fatherhood began relatively late at the end of the 1960s and early 1970s, with a strong focus on the impact of the father on child development. This book focuses on the role of the father in the contemporary two-parent heterosexual family. Of eight longitudinal studies from several Western countries, six focus on the socialization outcomes of the children, and two concentrate on parental satisfaction. Although the father is in focus, family dynamics cannot be conclusively described without a look at the mother and parental interaction. Therefore, all of the studies examine mothers and their role in the family system. Thus, the book gives a contemporary insight into the father and his role in changing family dynamics. This book was originally published as a special issue of the European Journal of Developmental Psychology.
Recently, the roles of fathers and husbands in families have been recognized as important issues. They appear in legislation aimed at deadbeat dads, social movements including the Million Man March and Promise Keepers, in the development of advocacy groups, and in think tanks. Therefore, contemporary research on men in family relationships has very mixed results. Some studies show that fathers have small effects on child development and in preventing antisocial behavior, whereas others suggest no effects. Other research claims that the primary importance of men in families is in their role as providers. Although some studies state that the husbands' and fathers' most vital work occurs in new families, others indicate that it is when their offspring reach adolescence. Confusing the issue even further, labor market trends predict that men's family roles may diminish. Based on the presentations and discussions from a recent national symposium on men in families held at The Pennsylvania State University, this book addresses these issues. This is the only book that deals with men's involvement in families in a comprehensive way. Although several books focus on fathers alone or on a broader family perspective, this is the first book that deals with a variety of family roles on an interdisciplinary basis. Although most of the writers are psychologists or sociologists, there are key figures in history and anthropology who also make important contributions. As such, this volume will be useful to scholars, students, policy specialists, and family program administrators.
Der Autor schildert in diesem Buch, wie Väter ihre Rolle heute in verschiedenen Lebensphasen und Familienformen (z.B. als alleinerziehende Väter, in Stieffamilien oder nach Scheidungen) wahrnehmen und zeigt Wege auf, wie Männer mehr Väterverantwortung in unserer berufs- und leistungsorientierten Welt übernehmen können. Dabei stehen folgende Themen im Mittelpunkt: - Das Vaterbild im Spiegel der Epochen - Der Übergang zur Vaterschaft - Die Alltagsbetreuung des Kindes: Von wem wird sie tatsächlich geleistet und wie wirkt sich das väterliche Engagement auf die Entwicklung des Kindes aus? - Rollenverteilung: Eheliche Konflikte und wie sie gelöst werden können - Der Vater und sein Kind in unterschiedlichen Altersstufen - Vaterschaft in verschiedenen Phasen der individuellen Entwicklung - Wie lassen sich aktive Vaterschaft und berufliches Engagement besser miteinander vereinbaren? - Kontaktstellen und Adressen
Biller gives compelling evidence that fathers--so relatively under-researched--are very important to sound child development. He focuses on the positive results of active paternal involvment that effect an overall family environment, which is distributively nurturing and satisfying. The presence of a caring father encourages a child's body image, self-esteem, moral standards, and other important qualities. The child-father relationship is demonstrated to impact later life adjustment. Biller establishes, too, that variations in paternal involvment influence not only children but general family well-being including spousal relationships. This is a needed and timely work essential to understanding fathers' roles and potential in family life.
New edition of the classic The Role of the Father in ChildDevelopment The Role of the Father in Child Development, FourthEdition brings together contributions from an internationalgroup of experts on the role of fathers in child development. Underthe auspices of editor Michael Lamb, this guide offers asingle-source reference for the most recent findings and beliefsrelated to fathers and fatherhood. This new and thoroughly updated edition provides the latestmaterial on such topics as: The development of father-child relationships Gay fathers The effects of divorce on fathers and children Fathers in violent and neglectful families Cross-cultural issues of fatherhood Fathers in nonindustrialized cultures The Role of the Father in Child Development, Fourth Editionhelps mental health professionals bridge scientific theories toapplication and practice that teach fathers how to positivelyinfluence their children's development.
The Latino population in the United States continues to grow and now represents 12% of the population. Yet, remarkably little attention has been paid to understanding parenting and child development processes among Latino families. This volume addresses this need and advances the field both by presenting state-of-the-art research on Latino parenting and also by proposing conceptual and methodological frameworks that can provide the field with further integration and direction.
Changes in family life and the proliferation of early childhood program have placed more attention on the early childhood years and what the parent-school relationship should be like during this period of a childâ€™s life. The emphasis of Fathers and Early Childhood Programs is on the positive impacts that fathers can have upon their young children when father involvement is supported. The reader is introduced to many of the critical issues being studied about fathers in the social sciences. The first section of the book addresses the history, theory and research relevant to fathersâ€™ involvement in such programs. The second section of the book focuses on practice with fathers in early childhood setting, complete with case studies and examples of father involvement activities.
This book is an attempt to bring the gender and development debate full circle-from a much-needed focus on empowering women to a more comprehensive gender framework that considers gender as a system that affects both women and men. The chapters in this book explore definitions of masculinity and male identities in a variety of social contexts, drawing from experiences in Latin America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. It draws on a slowly emerging realization that attaining the vision of gender equality will be difficult, if not impossible, without changing the ways in which masculinities are defined and acted upon. Although changing male gender norms will be a difficult and slow process, we must begin by understanding how versions of masculinities are defined and acted upon.
In this timely work, Fuchs imagines a new paradigm of fatherhood for a post-patriarchal age, one inspired by the history of Jewish patriarchy. Fuchs argues that the Jewish story sets the precedent for change in the nature of patriarchy today, breaking the evolutionary connection between male dominance and incentives for fatherhood.
The American family is changing. Divorce, single parents, and stepfamilies are redefi ning the ways we live together and raise our children. Many "experts" feel these seemingly inevitable changes should be celebrated; they claim that the "new" families, which often lack a strong father, are actually healthier than traditional two-parent families—or, at the very least, do children no harm. But as David Popenoe shows in Families Without Fathers this optimistic view is severely misguided. Examining evidence from social and behavioral science, history, and evolutionary biology, Popenoe shows why fathers today are deserting their families in record numbers. The disintegration of the child-centered, two parent family—especially in the inner cities, where as many as two in three children are growing up without their fathers—and the weakening commitment of fathers to their children that more and more follows divorce, are central causes of many of our worst individual and social problems. Juvenile delinquency, drug and alcohol abuse, teenage pregnancy, welfare dependency, and child poverty can be directly traced to fathers' lack of involvement in their children's lives. Our situation will only get worse, Popenoe warns, unless men are willing to renew their commitment to their marriages and to their children. Yet he is not just an alarmist. He suggests concrete policies, and new ways of thinking and acting that will help all fathers improve their marriages and family lives, and tells us what we as individuals and as a society can do to support and strengthen the most important thing a man can do.
The five Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, are well-known for their extensive welfare system and gender equality which provides both parents with opportunities to earn and care for their children. In this topical book, expert scholars from the Nordic countries, as well as UK and the US, demonstrate how modern fatherhood is supported in the Nordic setting through family and social policies, and how these contribute to shaping and influencing the images, roles and practices of fathers in a diversity of family settings and variations of fatherhoods. This comprehensive volume will have wide international appeal for those who look to Nordic countries and their success in creating gender equal societies.
Väter heute wollen mehr sein als nur finanzielle Ernährer und Verantwortung auch bei der direkten Fürsorgearbeit ihrer Kinder übernehmen. Ungeachtet dieses egalitären Anspruchs überwiegt in den meisten Familien in Deutschland allerdings eine überwiegend traditionelle Aufteilung von Erwerbs- und Familienarbeit. Auf einer explorativen Spurensuche nach den „neuen Vätern“ beleuchtet Johanna Possinger Gründe für diese Lücke zwischen Wunsch und Wirklichkeit und widmet sich der in der Familienforschung noch unzureichend beantworteten Frage, wie sich Väter während, aber auch unabhängig von der Elternzeit an der Fürsorgearbeit für ihre Kinder beteiligen. Die Autorin setzt an der Perspektive der Väter selbst an und untersucht, wie diese ihre Verpflichtungsbalance zwischen Beruf und Sorgearbeit organisieren, auf welche Hindernisse sie dabei stoßen und welche Strategien sie zur Bewältigung ihres Vereinbarkeitsdilemmas entwickeln.
After decades of focusing on the mother's role in parenting, family studies researchers have turned their attention to the role of the father in parenting and family development. The results shed new light on childhood development and question conventional wisdom by showing that beyond providing the more traditional economic support of the family, fathers do indeed matter when it comes to raising a child. Stemming from a series of workshops and publications sponsored by the Family and Child Well-Being Network, under the federal fatherhood initiative of the National Institute of Child Health and Development, this comprehensive volume focuses on ways of measuring the efficacy of father involvement in different scenarios, using different methods of assessment and different populations. In the process, new research strategies and new parental paradigms have been formulated to include paternal involvement. Moreover, this volume contains articles from a variety of influences while addressing the task of finding the missing pieces of the fatherhood construct that would work for new age, as well as traditional and minority fathers. The scope of this discussion offers topics of interest to basic researchers, as well as public policy analysts.
This book explores the development of a new path of transition between adolescence and adulthood in recent generations. Whereas traditionally the transition into adulthood was marked by a clear and irreversible change in condition, we are now seeing a continuance in the role and influence of the family on the young adult. What consequences does this have for our society? Is the persistence of emotional bonds which previously loosened during adolescence, inhibiting young people from developing into full adulthood? The authors present a clear and in-depth analysis of the theoretical framework surrounding the transition into adulthood both from a generational point of view and a relationship-centred perspective. The findings of international research are presented and compared across generations, gender and geographical location within Europe. The different research methods of ‘family related research’ and ‘family research’ are also distinguished and analysed. This volume offers an original and multi-faceted review of this topic. The family is considered as an organization, and the interdependencies and interconnections between its members, the generations and genders investigated. It offers a unique contribution to the current literature and will appeal to an international audience of researchers, policy makers and educators both in academic and professional spheres.
How much power does a father have to influence his children's development? A lively and often heated public debate on the role and value of the father in a family has been underway in the United States for the past decade. Nevertheless, we are far from understanding the complex ways in which fathers make contributions to their families and children. Fatherhood: Research, Interventions, and Policies addresses the central questions of the role of fathers: Ž What is the impact of father involvement on child outcomes? Ž What factors predict increased involvement of fathers? Bringing together papers presented at the Conference on Father Involvement, this volume includes contributions by leading scholars in anthropology, demography, economics, family science, psychology, and sociology. Many of the contributors also address the implications of father involvement for family policy issues, including family leave, child care, and child support. Furthermore, the discussion of fatherhood ranges well beyond the case of intact, middle-class, white families to include fathers from various ethnic groups and socioeconomic classes and of varied marital status, including fathers of nonmarital children, single-father families, and nonresident fathers. Fatherhood: Research, Interventions, and Policies addresses both practical and theoretical concerns, including: the redefinition of fatherhood changes over time in research on fatherhood the predictive power of fathers’activities on their children's adult outcomes the correlation between fathers’income and their involvement with their nonmarital children the influence of fathers on their sons’probability of growing up to become responsible fathers the effects of divorce on father-son and father-daughter relationships interventions that help to keep divorced fathers in touch with their children This comprehensive, powerful book combines pioneering empirical research with thoughtful consideration of the social and psychological implications of fatherhood. It is essential reading for researchers, policymakers, psychologists, and students of family studies, human development, gender studies, social policy, sociology, and human ecology.
Both home and school play a crucial role in the long-term development of a young child, yet many children experience a disjunction between their two worlds. This book explores strategies for developing effective partnerships between teachers and parents for a more integrated approach.
On New Shores focuses on immigrant fathers in North America and provides readers with a richer and more comprehensive approach to how researchers, practitioners, and social policymakers can examine immigrant fathering among ethnic minority families. The chapters focus on the various methodological advances used to explicitly investigate immigrant fathers.
This book is the product of a multi-year initiative, sponsored by the Division of Family Psychology (43) of the American Psychological Association, the Family Institute at Northwestern University, Oxford University Press, and Northwestern University, to bring together the leading researchers in family psychology in five major areas of great social and health relevance -- good marriage, depression, divorce and remarriage, partner violence, and families and physical health. The book embodies a series of five systematically and developmentally informed mini-books or manuals, critically examining the existing research in each area and illuminating new directions for future research. The chapters in each area cover a wide range of distinct issues and diverse populations. Through a pre-publication face-to-face two-day conference, the editors invited each of the authors in each specific domain to collaborate and coordinate their chapters, creating a synergy for the development of new knowledge. Additionally, the editors encouraged the authors to step outside of their own specific research program to reflect on the unique challenges and opportunities in their research domain. The resulting book provides the next generation of theorists, researchers, and therapists with an in-depth and fresh look at what has been done and what remains to be done in each area. If you are a social scientist working in these or related areas, the book will sharpen and stimulate your research. If you are a young researcher or are contemplating entering the field of family psychology, the book lays out pathways and strategies for entering and unraveling the mysteries in each area. Lastly, if you are someone who wants to understand the state of art of research in these very relevant domains, this book takes you to the top of mountain with very best guides and provides a vista that compels and illuminates.