Through the medium of women's bodies, Fan Hong explores the significance of religious beliefs, cultural codes and political dogmas for gender relations, gender concepts and the human body in an Asian setting.
Die Autorin Lin Bai (geb. 1958) gehört mit ihrem umfassenden essayistischen und belletristischen Werk seit Ende der 1980er Jahre zu den wichtigsten Vertreterinnen der gegenwärtigen chinesischen Frauenliteratur. Ihre literarisch anspruchsvollen Texte zeichnen ein facettenreiches, düsteres Bild der Lebensrealität der Frau in der chinesischen Gesellschaft. Der charakteristisch offene Umgang mit weiblicher Sexualität und die teilweise drastischen Schilderungen von Gewalt gegen und von Frauen sorgten insbesondere nach der Veröffentlichung ihres bekanntesten Romans "Der Krieg der Einzelnen" für Kontroversen. Bettina von Reden untersucht das Prosawerk Lin Bais vor dem Hintergrund zeit- und sozialgeschichtlicher Debatten um die Rolle der Frau in der chinesischen Gesellschaft. Dabei wird nicht nur die besondere Ausprägung eines chinesischen 'weiblichen' oder 'feministischen' Schreibens im Kontext der chinesischen Frauenbewegung sichtbar, sondern auch die literarische und gesellschaftliche Bedeutung einer in Deutschland weitgehend unbekannten Autorin.
This is the first in-depth global study of women's football across the world. This collection considers women's football, in fifteen countries worldwide, in a global context, and analyzes its progress, challenges and problems it has faced. It shows how women's football has made a significant contribution to the emancipation of women's football in many countries. It also traces the evolution of women's football in face of resistance, rejection and prejudice and describes women footballer's struggle for equal rights in a male dominated football world.
This is the first text to examine women and sport in Italy during the period 1861-1945. To qualify and quantify the impact of fascism on Italian Women's sport, the author first of all examines the pre-fascist period in terms of female physical culture. The text then describes how during the fascist era, women moved strictly within a framework designed by medicine and eugenics, religious and traditional education. The country aspired to emancipation, as promised by the fascist revolution but emancipation was hard to advance under the fascist regime because of male hegemonic trends in the country. This book shows how the engagement of women in some sporting activity did promote and support some gender emancipation. The conclusion of the book demonstrates how, in the post-war period, women found it hard to advance further on, for a number of reasons.
This book is a teaching textbook for both lower and upper level courses on modern Chinese history and/or modern visual culture. With fourteen chapters of well-illustrated original scholarship, the contributors introduce key themes of modern Chinese history while providing students with critical thinking skills in visual studies and analysis.
The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.
Trial-blazer and mentor, Professor J.A. Mangan is a distinguished scholar in the fields of sports history whose work has inspired a generation of historians and social scientists across the globe. His seminal book on athleticism and imperialism commanded attention and applause from a broad range of historians and social scientists across the globe. His seminal work on athleticism and imperialism commanded attention and applause from a broad range of historians. It opened new horizons of inquiry providing the field with a richly perceptive study of hegemony and patronage, of cultural assimilation and adaptation, and of the ways that power elites used sport for socialization, acculturation and social control. His later works continued to pose critical, sometimes controversial questions, providing new and provocative insights into the complex social issues involved in the development and diffusion of sporting activity. The geographical horizons of his work now span the globe. This volume is a fitting tribute to the scholarship and lasting accomplishments of a pioneer who has mentored - and continues to mentor - numerous young scholars internationally, simultaneously developing and maintaining high quality channels through which to disseminate sport history research. In appraising his scholarship the contributors to this collection demonstrate their debt to his vision and achievements. This volume was previously published as a special issue of The International Journal of the History of Sport
Fremd, exotisch, geheimnisvoll - der bewegende Roman einer großen Frauenfreundschaft im China des 19. Jahrhunderts! China im 19. Jahrhundert: Lilie und Schneerose wachsen in einer Welt auf, in der Mädchen als Last gelten und in der mit dem Binden der Füße auch ihr Herz gefesselt werden soll. Mit siebzehn Jahren werden beide verheiratet. Dank der Geheimschrift Nushu, die nur Frauen vorbehalten ist, gelingt es den Freundinnen, in Kontakt zu bleiben. Zu besonderen Anlässen schreiben sich die beiden Mädchen sogar Gedichte in Nushu auf einen Seidenfächer, der immer zwischen ihnen hin und her wandert. Doch die Sehnsucht nach Liebe, Glück und Freiheit kann ihnen niemand nehmen ...
Beginning with a general discussion of patriarchy as the starting point of feminist utopian literature, Qian Ma's study focuses on a cross-cultural comparison of feminist utopian discourse in six 18th-century Chinese and English fictional narratives: Charlotte Lennox's Female Quixote, Sarah Scott's A Description of Millennium Hall, Samuel Richardson's Clarissa, Chen Duansheng's Destiny after Rebirth, Cao Xueqin's A Dream of the Red Mansion and Li Ruzhen's Destiny of Flowers in the Mirror. and the patriarchal realistic world within fictional narratives, and the contrast between fictional ideality and social realities in China and England during the 18th century. feminist writers to express social criticism obliquely in the form of utopias, the writers discussed in this study were true forerunners of contemporary feminism, and their works anticipated today's feminist concerns.
Writings of travelers have shaped ideas about an evolving China, while preconceived ideas about China also shaped the way they saw the country. A Century of Travels in China explores the impressions of these writers on various themes, from Chinese citiesa
A collection that challenges the binary conception of conservative religion versus progressive secularism by highlighting the existence of multiple secularisms.
"Also gut, wir befinden uns im Krieg. Doch dann lassen sich endlich drei Fragen formulieren: Welches sind die Kriegsparteien? Was sind ihre Kriegsziele? Und schließlich die wichtigste Frage: Wie steht es mit Frieden? Mein Argument lautet also nicht, dass wir erleben, wie ein bestehender Frieden unbilligerweise zerschlagen wurde, noch dass wir mit einem "Krieg der Kulturen" konfrontiert sind. Sondern dass wir zunächst anerkennen müssen, dass ein Krieg der Welten die ganze Zeit hindurch schon stattgefunden hat, das ganze sogenannte moderne Zeitalter hindurch - in dieser modernen Parenthese. Noch beweist nichts, dass wir auf der falschen Seite stehen oder dieser Krieg nicht zu gewinnen ist. Sicher ist nur, dass er offen und nicht verdeckt geführt werden muss. Am schlimmsten wäre, wenn man so täte, als gäbe es überhaupt keinen Krieg, nur die friedliche Ausdehnung der natürlichen Vernunft des Westens, die ihre Polizeikräfte einsetzt, um die vielen Reiche des Bösen zu bekämpfen, einzudämmen und zu bekehren." (Bruno Latour) Bruno Latour, Wissenschaftssoziologe, lehrt am Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation der Ecole des Mines in Paris sowie als Visiting Professor an der London School of Economics.
FIFA, the world governing body of association football, declared 'The Future is Feminine' in a 1995 press release. Since then, football has been claimed as the fastest growing participation sport for women globally. An estimated twenty million women play the game around the world, and that figure is on the rise. However, the history of women's participation goes back to at least 1895 and in our enthusiasm for the present, the memory of that longer history can be overlooked or forgotten. A Beautiful Game, supported by a two-year FIFA/ CIES João Havelange Research Scholarship, examines contemporary women's football internationally, with case studies from England, the United States, China and Australia. In each case study, Jean Williams considers the evolution of the women's game against a backdrop of issues, such as media representation, access to facilities, lack of resources, coaching, sponsorship, talent identification, training and professionalisation. T he author examines contentious questions, such as why women are absent from the highest levels of professional football, combining source material from archives, oral history and artefacts. A Beautiful Game analyses the status and image of the women's game from the late nineteenth century to the shifting social values of the present.
This book is part of a broad study on Confucianism and its implications for the modernisation of East Asia. The Opium War symbolises the beginning of foreign humiliations, and the Cultural Revolution represents the apex of self-oppression, self-intimidation and self-humiliations. China vainly strove under the guns of many countries until the end of World War II, and since then, has suffered from many civil wars. Immediately after New China was established in 1949, the CCP closed the door to the outside (democratic) world, thus creating self-humiliations. Since economic reform was launched in 1978, New China has been developed from the verge of nationwide self-murder to the track for prosperity and freedom. The long march from self-destructiveness to social and economic progresses raises many challenging questions about human survival and processes. Philosophical, historical, political and economic perspectives are discussed. An open and enriching New China could dramatically affect the world in the not-so-distant future. This book describes the history of New China as a dynamic process from the pole of central planning, anti-Americanism and anti-Confucianism towards market economy, Americanisation and modernising Confucian manifestations.