Photographs by Chip Clark. Main Selection of the Natural Science Book Club. This book provides the first comprehensive set of illustrations of the life forms revealed in the Burgess Shale. This century's most significant invertebrate fossil discovery, the Burgess Shale provides an unprecendented window ito the explosive evolution during the Cambrian Period.
From the Foreword: "Predator-prey interactions are among the most significant of all organism-organism interactions....It will only be by compiling and evaluating data on predator-prey relations as they are recorded in the fossil record that we can hope to tease apart their role in the tangled web of evolutionary interaction over time. This volume, compiled by a group of expert specialists on the evidence of predator-prey interactions in the fossil record, is a pioneering effort to collate the information now accumulating in this important field. It will be a standard reference on which future study of one of the central dynamics of ecology as seen in the fossil record will be built." (Richard K. Bambach, Professor Emeritus, Virginia Tech, Associate of the Botanical Museum, Harvard University)
The new edition of this work includes an appendix listing criteria for the identification of ichnotaxa. It covers all aspects of tiering trace fossil diversity and ichnoguilds, and is aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in palaeoecology, paleobiology and sedimentology.
The new edition of this work includes an appendix listing criteria for the identification of ichnotaxa. It covers all aspects of tiering trace fossil diversity and ichnoguilds, and is aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in palaeoecology, paleobiology and sedimentology.
Das neueste Wissen über die Entwicklung des Lebens auf der Erde Eine neue Geschichte des Lebens vereint erstmals die erst in den letzten Jahrzehnten gewonnenen Erkenntnisse verschiedener Fächer von der Geologie über Paläontologie, Geo- und Astrobiologie, Physik, Chemie bis zur Genetik, Zoologie und Botanik in einer großen, umfassenden Erzählung – und schreibt in entscheidenden Punkten die bisherige Darstellung der Evolution des Lebendigen auf der Erde um. Nach Darwin waren wir davon ausgegangen, dass sich die Veränderungen eher gleichförmig und allmählich vollzogen, aber der jetzt mögliche Blick in die Erdgeschichte zeigt, dass die Entwicklung stärker durch Katastrophen geprägt wurde und zwar nicht nur solche, die Meteoriteneinschläge von außen verursachten. Peter Ward und Joe Kirschvink schildern das spannende Zusammenspiel von Lebewesen und Ökosystemen, von Atmosphäre und Klima, das mehrmals im Lauf der Evolution dazu führte, dass sich die Bedingungen auf der Erde gravierend veränderten und Lebensformen massenhaft ausstarben. Sie geben einen faszinierenden Einblick in die seit 4,6 Milliarden Jahren dauernde Geschichte des Lebens und zeigen zugleich, wie fragil unsere heutige Lebenswelt ist.
Fundstellen außergewöhnlich gut erhaltener Fossilien (Fossillagerstätten) erlauben uns wichtige Einblicke in die Geschichte des Lebens auf der Erde. Die Erforschung solcher Lokalitäten auf allen Kontinenten und aus verschiedensten geologischen Zeiten ergibt ein recht vollständiges Bild von der Entwicklung der Ökosysteme durch die Erdgeschichte. Um dies dem Leser näher zu bringen, haben die Autoren knappe und prägnante Darstellungen von vierzehn gut untersuchten Fossillagerstätten zusammengestellt und mit mehr als 250 farbigen Fotos und Grafiken ausgezeichnet illustriert. Nach einer allgemeinen Einführung über Fossillagerstätten, behandelt jedes Kapitel ein einzelnes Fossilvorkommen nach einem einheitlichen Schema: Zuerst wird die Position und Bedeutung innerhalb der Evolution der Organismen beleuchtet; danach folgt ein Überblick über die Sedimentologie, Stratigraphie und die ehemaligen Umweltbedingungen; darauf die Beschreibung der Organismen und ihrer Lebensbedingungen und schließlich ein Vergleich mit ähnlichen Lagerstätten. Ein Anhang bietet Informationen zu Museen und zum Besuch der Lokalitäten. Dieses Buch richtet sich an eine breite Leserschaft von Studenten und professionellen Geologen und Paläontologen aber auch von Sammlern und Hobbypaläontologen.
Describing and understanding the evolution of the diversity of bodyplans is a major goal of evolutionary biology. Taking a modern, integrated approach to this question, a group of leading researchers describe how modern techniques and disciplines have been combined, resulting in a dramatic renaissance in the study of animal evolution.
The Geologic Time Scale 2012, winner of a 2012 PROSE Award Honorable Mention for Best Multi-volume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers, is the framework for deciphering the history of our planet Earth. The authors have been at the forefront of chronostratigraphic research and initiatives to create an international geologic time scale for many years, and the charts in this book present the most up-to-date, international standard, as ratified by the International Commission on Stratigraphy and the International Union of Geological Sciences. This 2012 geologic time scale is an enhanced, improved and expanded version of the GTS2004, including chapters on planetary scales, the Cryogenian-Ediacaran periods/systems, a prehistory scale of human development, a survey of sequence stratigraphy, and an extensive compilation of stable-isotope chemostratigraphy. This book is an essential reference for all geoscientists, including researchers, students, and petroleum and mining professionals. The presentation is non-technical and illustrated with numerous colour charts, maps and photographs. The book also includes a detachable wall chart of the complete time scale for use as a handy reference in the office, laboratory or field. The most detailed international geologic time scale available that contextualizes information in one single reference for quick desktop access Gives insights in the construction, strengths, and limitations of the geological time scale that greatly enhances its function and its utility Aids understanding by combining with the mathematical and statistical methods to scaled composites of global succession of events Meets the needs of a range of users at various points in the workflow (researchers extracting linear time from rock records, students recognizing the geologic stage by their content)
Die Grundlagen und Voraussetzungen unserer modernen Wissenschafts- und Wissenskonzeptionen wurden in der Antike gelegt. Dieser erste Band einer Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft macht das Gefüge der uns heute leitenden, uns ausrichtenden und auch der von uns verdrängten Konzeptionen in seinen wesentlichen historischen Schritten erkennbar. Stufen der Problembearbeitung und des Problemverstehens werden in ihren jeweils eigenen Horizonten beschrieben und in den daraus folgenden Anregungen und den dabei immer wieder neu eingestellten Rahmenbedingungen dargestellt. Die hier erzählte Genese unserer Wissenschaftskultur setzt mit den ersten Versuchen einer Systematisierung von Wissen ein, der Notation der Zahlen, und führt über den Vorderen Orient, Griechenland und Rom bis in die Spätantike.​
“Simultaneously sobering and exhilarating, Michael Tennesen’s wide-ranging survey of disasters highlights both life’s fragility and its metamorphosing persistence” (Booklist) and describes what life on earth could look like after the next mass extinction. A growing number of scientists agree we are headed toward a mass extinction, perhaps in as little as 300 years. Already there have been five mass extinctions in the last 600 million years, including the Cretaceous Extinction, during which an asteroid knocked out the dinosaurs. Though these events were initially destructive, they were also prime movers of evolutionary change in nature. And we can see some of the warning signs of another extinction event coming, as our oceans lose both fish and oxygen, and our lands lose both predators and prey. In The Next Species, Michael Tennesen questions what life might be like after it happens. In thoughtful, provocative ways, Tennesen discusses the future of nature and whether humans will make it through the bottleneck of extinction. Could life suddenly get very big as it did before the arrival of humans? Could the conquest of Mars lead to another form of human? Could we upload our minds into a computer and live in a virtual reality? How would we recognize the next humans? Are they with us now? Tennesen delves into the history of the planet and travels to rainforests, canyons, craters, and caves all over the world to explore the potential winners and losers of the next era of evolution. His predictions, based on reports and interviews with top scientists, have vital implications for life on earth today. The Next Species is “an engrossing history of life, the dismal changes wrought by man, and a forecast of life after the sixth mass extinction” (Kirkus Reviews).
We wrote Sedimentology of Shale primarily because we lacked a handy, reasonably comprehensive source of information and ideas about shales for students in our sedimentology program. It was also our feeling that the time for shales to receive more study had finally arrived. Sedimentology of Shale also seems very timely because today more sedimentologists are interested in shales. Certainly in the last five years the pace of shale research has no ticeably quickened because the role of shales as important sources of oil, gas, heavy metals and as a long understudied part of the earth's geologic his tory has been recognized. Noteworthy developments include the elucida tion of the importance of trace fossils in shales, the discovery of thick sequences of overpressured shales in regions such as the Gulf Coast (which have important implications for hydrocarbon migration and faulting), the ex tension of the principles of metamorphic facies to the realm of low tempera ture diagenesis by study of the organic matter in shales, and shales as ul timate sources for mineral deposits. Accordingly, we decided it was timely to write a book on shales. In one respect, however, ours is an unusual book. Most books in geology are produced after one or two decades of progress have been made in a field and attempt to summarize and evaluate that progress.
Topics of this volume include observational evidence of extreme climatic conditions; geochemical and coupled climate modeling studies, alternative hypotheses for explaining low-latitude glacial deposits; and the biosphere and extreme climatic conditions.
Our planet earth is a system - scarcely understood - of geological, biological und cosmic processes of great variety, which make it an interesting object of research. The papers listed here deal with topics of a series of lectures open to the public, presented at the Academy of Sciences and at the Georg August University of Göttingen, which were organised by the publishers of this book. It is the publishers' aim to bring before the public a few important and interesting geoscientific aspects. Needless to say, there is no claim to cover all aspects of this subject area. However, the publishers would like to initiate readers to concentrate more deeply on scientific topics. The selected material should help them to find their way through the diversity of this branch of research.
Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.

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