Bringing together the classic statements on social stratification, this collection offers the most significant contributions to ongoing debates on the nature of race, class, and gender inequality.
During the 1890s, North Carolina witnessed a political revolution as the newly formed Populist Party joined with the Republicans to throw out do-nothing, conservative Democrats. Focusing on political transformation, electoral reform, and new economic policies to aid poor and struggling farmers, the Populists and their coalition partners took power at all levels in the only southern state where Populists gained statewide office. For a brief four years, the Populists and Republicans gave an object lesson in progressive politics in which whites and African Americans worked together for the betterment of the state and the lives of the people. James M. Beeby examines the complex history of the rise and fall of the Populist Party in the late nineteenth century. His book explores the causes behind the political insurgency of small farmers in the state. It offers the first comprehensive and in-depth study of the movement, focusing on local activists as well as state leadership. It also elucidates the relationship between Populists and African Americans, the nature of cooperation between Republicans and Populists, and local dynamics and political campaigning in the Gilded Age. In a last-gasp attempt to return to power, the Democrats focused on the Populists' weak point--race. The book closes with an analysis of the virulent campaign of white supremacy engineered by threatened Democrats and the ultimate downfall of already quarreling Populists and Republicans. With the defeat of the Populist ticket, North Carolina joined other southern states by entering an era of segregation and systematic disfranchisement. James M. Beeby is an assistant professor of history at Indiana University Southeast.
This manuscript consists of 16 research papers that were completed between the years 1982 and 2005, the analyses of which range from the purely theoretical, to the empirical, and extending to the more ideological and philosophical. In any case, the emphasis of each paper is upon creativity, with inventiveness and innovation being the essential elements. Part two of this manuscript consists of a purely theoretical paper. This paper presents a fresh approach to macroeconomic theory and policy. Part Three, consisting of empirically oriented projects, employs unique variable and model specifications in order to verify existing theories in economics. The first three papers, in this part, verifies the theories of bilateral monopoly and the employment effects of minimum wage legislation under conditions of competition, monopsony, and monopoly. The next paper examines Caribbean economic integration and verifies the principle of comparative advantage. The fifth paper, in this part, examines the relationship between market structure and rates of return. The sixth paper, in this part, deals with the gaming industry. The fourth part of this manuscript deals with the more ideological and philosophical aspects of economics and social science. The first two papers, in this part, tend to emphasize laissez faire capitalism. The third, and last, paper of this part, begins to break with this tendency, and, thus, serves as somewhat of an introduction to the fifth part of this manuscript. The fifth part of this manuscript is much more interdisciplinary in nature compared to the earlier parts and deals with class conflict and extends to conflict in general. The first paper presents the primary class conflict model and five additional papers follow. The fifth paper, while an empirical undertaking, is included here because it is consistent with the general topic of this part of the manuscript.
This accessible guide to the maze of modern sociological theory features a collection of 39 essays written by prominent American and European theorists – representing the last fifty years of sociological work.
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InThe Undevelopment of Capitalism, Emigh argues that the expansion of the Florentine economic market in the fifteenth century helped to undo the development of markets of other economies-especially the rural economy of Tuscany. As this highly developed urban market penetrated rural regions, it actually erased rural market institutions that rural inhabitants had used to organize agricultural production and family life. Thus, an advanced economy at the time of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance "undeveloped" over time. The economic development of this region in Italy was delayed as it failed to keep pace with the rest of Europe.Using a negative case methodology to show how urban and rural markets change, Emigh employs methods of historical sociology and sectoral theories to examine how markets can prosper and suffer at the same time. She shows how sectoral relations are crucial to transitions to capitalism and how capitalist development can also contract markets.
Arab Cultural Studies:Mapping the Field is the first attempt to explore ways of conceptualising and theorising the nascent field of Arab cultural studies. It reflects and engages in an interdisciplinary discussion on the different facets of Arab cultural studies, including gender, economy, epistemology, language, method, politics, literary and cultural criticism, institutionalization, popular culture, creativity and much more. The book presents a meta-narrative about how scholars have thus far thought and re-thought the field. It brings together prominent and emerging experts, writing from both Arab and Western academia, to engage with key complex, epistemic and methodological questions and to articulate in the meantime the new kinds of language and hermeneutics necessary for the appropriation of an historically conscious and coherent field of scientific enquiry into contemporary Arab media, culture and society.
A revolutionary textbook introducing masters and doctoral students to the major research approaches and methodologies in the social sciences. Written by an outstanding set of scholars, and derived from successful course teaching, this volume will empower students to choose their own approach to research, to justify this approach, and to situate it within the discipline. It addresses questions of ontology, epistemology and philosophy of social science, and proceeds to issues of methodology and research design essential for producing a good research proposal. It also introduces researchers to the main issues of debate and contention in the methodology of social sciences, identifying commonalities, historic continuities and genuine differences.