This extremely practical introduction to musical analysis explores the factors that give unity and coherence to musical masterpieces. Having first identified and explained the most important analytical methods, Nicholas Cook examines given compositions from the last two hundred years to show how different analytical procedures suit different types of music.
Presents material on Heinrich Schenker and reductive linear analysis and additional material on set theoretical analysis. Replete with musical examples, charts, and diagrams.
The Reader's Guide to Music is designed to provide a useful single-volume guide to the ever-increasing number of English language book-length studies in music. Each entry consists of a bibliography of some 3-20 titles and an essay in which these titles are evaluated, by an expert in the field, in light of the history of writing and scholarship on the given topic. The more than 500 entries include not just writings on major composers in music history but also the genres in which they worked (from early chant to rock and roll) and topics important to the various disciplines of music scholarship (from aesthetics to gay/lesbian musicology).
"Music" referred only to the artistic, classical tradition of Western Europe and North America at the beginning of the twentieth century. However, several different traditions emerged by the end of the century. Written by experts in the field, this book surveys how the Western tradition was affected by the development of jazz, popular music, and world music and links the history of music with that of its social contexts.
This comprehensive bibliography includes over 2000 entries for book-length works that examine questions of form and analysis in a significant way.
In this textbook Professor Nicholas Cook provides an unusual and stimulating approach to teaching analytical concepts through the study of style composition. The emphasis is on analysis and decision-making within a practical context, drawing on `real' musical examples ranging from J. C. Bach to early Beethoven. Students can use these examples as models to complete compositional assignments provided in a number of subject areas. The illustrative use of contemporary source materials suchas sketches and pedagogical exercises (e.g. Thomas Attwood's studies with Mozart) provides a useful historical framework and draws together an appealing combination of musical disciplines.
Why study music? An introduction to the main aspects of the subject, outlining the many benefits of a music degree.
Music is said to be the most autonomous and least representative of all the arts. However, it reflects in many ways the realities around it and influences its social and cultural environments. Music is as much biology, gender, gesture - something intertextual, even transcendental. Musical signs can be studied throughout their history as well as musical semiotics with its own background. Composers from Chopin to Sibelius and authors from Nietzsche to Greimas and Barthes illustrate the avenues of this new discipline within semiotics and musicology.
This is a step by step guide for music theory and analysis for the beginners. From basics of musical notation to the principles of tonality, all of the difficult subjects of music theory are explained in detail, with demonstrations. The student is prepared for analysis studies step by step. The exercises provided at the end of each chapter (and sometimes extra exercises in the middle of a chapter) are designed for the student to develop what she/he learned by reading and prepare herself/himself for the next challenge.Music theory is generally a scary subject for musicians. This is not true for a person who is capable of developing connections between different aspects of music theory and is able to practice them in a fluid way. That is because the practice holds the analytical secrets inside and the person who opens it is awarded. For most of the students, practicing scales or practicing chords of a scale is something just very very low profile work. The fingers memorize which key on the piano to be pressed in which order when the piano is chosen as the instrument for assistive training, but the brain does not want to develop connections between different aspects of the same theoretical practice such as playing a major scale first, let's say G major, and then playing a different one, let's say A-flat major. The result is a temporary learning of scale practicing, but a possible failure in music theory, since the rules which are just there to see are not exercised at the same time. We observed that a long-term learning is possible by practicing and examining what is practiced to make connections. We searched a way to show these connections in this book. Analysis is another problem in academic education of music. Students from different majors are excepted to make a standard level analysis of musical works from literature. The most difficult thing for those whose major is not composition or theory, who have a strong focus on the matter, is to recognize the chords in a given texture, to eliminate the unnecessary tones, and by this way, to identify the way chord progressions are held in the piece to explain the functionality of the elements used in music. That is the main goal of musical analysis and any level of failure, which also includes composition and theory majors sometimes, becomes a huge headache for both student and the teacher. This book suggests a path to quickly train the lower level students in a class in basics and then to train the medium level and upper level students (along with the trained lower levels) in a different manner than the conventional music theory training does so that even the higher levels will re-consider their knowledge on the facts which will allow them go in the details deeper, and even inspire the way think music and musical analysis. Analysis is expected to be a quiet easy skill that student uses in a fluent way.The book provides exercises at the end of every chapter. The study of these exercises should be sufficient for a basic level learning. The exercises usually cover more than one aspect of a goal in separate questions.Among the other powerful features of this book, we can mention the chapters on musical design. The music student usually learns only one dimension of identification of chords in music which lacks of concerning the textural differences. We find it essential to mention main textural differences and demonstrate how to approach them in order to make a good analysis at the beginner level. We think the basic music theory training should include such an unpronounced aspect of analysis. We also explain the effect of instrumental choice in the work and what to expect to see as well as how to approach different setups for analysis by demonstrations, including orchestral writing.
This accessible guide unravels the complexities of musical performance for students, teachers and performers at all levels.
There have been far-reaching changes in the way music theorists and analysts view the nature of their disciplines. Encounters with structuralist and post-structuralist critical theory, and with linguistics and cognitive sciences, have brought the theory and analysis of music into the orbit of important developments in intellectual history. This book presents the work of a group of scholars who, without seeking to impose an explicit redefinition of either theory or analysis, explore the limits of both in this context. Essays on the languages of analysis and theory, and on practical issues such as decidability, ambiguity and metaphor, combine with studies of works by Debussy, Schoenberg, Birtwistle and Boulez, together making a major contribution to an important debate in the growth of musicology.
The study of music is always, to some extent, "empirical," in that it involves testing ideas and interpretations against some kind of external reality. But in musicology, the kinds of empirical approaches familiar in the social sciences have played a relatively marginal role, being generally restricted to inter-disciplinary areas such as psychology and sociology of music. Rather than advocating a new kind of musicology, Empirical Musicology provides a guide to empirical approaches that are ready for incorporation into the contemporary musicologist's toolkit. Its nine chapters cover perspectives from music theory, computational musicology, ethnomusicology, and the psychology and sociology of music, as well as an introduction to musical data analysis and statistics. This book shows that such approaches could play an important role in the further development of the discipline as a whole, not only through the application of statistical and modeling methods to musical scores but also--and perhaps more importantly--in terms of understanding music as a complex social practice.
"Rethinking Music is in two parts. Part 1 focusses on approaches to musical texts, covering such topics as the relationship of text and context, concepts of unity and meaning in music, and the role of empirical approaches, together with compositional and performance perspectives. Underlying the volume as a whole is the question of how far, and in what ways, music theory can remain viable and valuable in a changing intellectual environment. Part 2 sets out to reflect the nature of the discipline of musicology, and the ways in which it has been, and may be, challenged and enriched. The volume examines music history and cultural histories of music. The status of the musical text is a subject that has clear resonances with Part 1, and themes developed in Part 2 include questions of ethics, pedagogy, performance, and popular music as subjects for scholarly enquiry, questions of reception, canon, gender, and historiography."--Back cover.
Practical Music Theory provides the necessary tools for inspired music making, listening, and composing. Based on the holistic premise that music is both art and language, yet so much more, Practical Music Theory takes the musician on a journey through historic, yet relevant common practices of composition. Through this easy-to-read text, aspiring theorists encounter numerous examples from music literature, thought-provoking questions, and practical suggestions for implementation. Practical Music Theory is both a textbook and a workbook, containing an array of exercises ranging in complexity from simple to difficult. Designed for the first one to two years of instruction, it is a comprehensive volume that begins with the basic materials of music and progresses through advanced concepts and techniques. Practical Music Theory expands horizons to new worlds of musical discovery, enhancing the enjoyment of an already delightful art form.
Guillaume de Machaut was the foremost poet-composer of his time. Studies look at all aspects of his prodigious output.
Setting out to address a range of approaches to theorizing music and promulgating modes of analysis across a wide range of repertories, the essays in this collection can be read as a coming of age of critical musicology through its active dialogue with other disciplines such as sociology, feminism, ethnomusicology, history, anthropology, philosophy, cultural studies, aesthetics, media studies, film music studies, and gender studies. The volume provides music researchers and graduate students with an up to date authoritative reference to all matters dealing with the state of critical musicology today.
Focusing on the music of the great song composers--Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Wolf, and Strauss--Poetry Into Song offers a systematic introduction to the performance and analysis of Lieder . Part I, "The Language of Poetry," provides chapters on the themes and imagery of German Romanticism and the methods of analysis for German Romantic poetry. Part II, "The Language of the Performer," deals with issues of concern to performers: texture, temporality, articulation, and interpretation of notation and unusual rhythm accents and stresses. Part III provides clearly defined analytical procedures for each of four main chapters on harmony and tonality, melody and motive, rhythm and meter, and form. The concluding chapter compares different settings of the same text, and the volume ends with several appendices that offer text translations, over 40 pages of less accessible song scores, a glossary of technical terms, and a substantial bibliography. Directed toward students in both voice and theory, and toward all singers, the authors establish a framework for the analysis of song based on a process of performing, listening, and analyzing, designed to give the reader a new understanding of the reciprocal interaction between performance and analysis. Emphasizing the masterworks, the book features numerous poetic texts, as well as a core repertory of songs. Examples throughout the text demonstrate points, while end of chapter questions reinforce concepts and provide opportunities for directed analysis. While there are a variety of books on Lieder and on German Romantic poetry, none combines performance, musical analysis, textual analysis, and the interrelation between poetry and music in the systematic, thorough way of Poetry Into Song.