How to Read a Paper describes the different types of clinical research reporting, and explains how to critically appraise the publications. The book provides the tools to find and evaluate the literature, and implement the findings in an evidence-based, patient-centered way. Written for anyone in the health care professions who has little or no knowledge of evidence-based medicine, it provides a clear understanding of the concepts and how to put them into practice at the basic, clinical level. Changes for the 4th edition The fourth edition will include two new chapters on important developments in health care research and delivery, but otherwise retains its original style, size, and scope. New chapter on quality improvement – describing papers on quality improvement projects using ebm methods; this will extend the readership to non clinical health care professionals working in hospitals and family practice, and to nurse specialists and practice nurses working in this field New chapter on complex interventions - how to set up research projects involving both qualitative and quantitative methodology (known as mixed methods) Thorough revision and updating of existing chapters and references New illustrations – diagrammatic representations of ebm concepts
Research has shown that the most effective way to prepare students for practice with real clients is to learn to think in a new way rather than simply learning and using a set of steps. While there is much to be learned from what master practitioners do in their sessions, there is even more knowledge to gain from learning how they think. The second edition of Principles of Counseling and Psychotherapy offers students and practitioners a way to understand the processes behind effective outcomes with a wide variety of clients. The second edition is infused with real-world clinical case examples and opportunities for readers to apply the material to the cases being presented. New "thought-exercise" sections are specifically designed to engage the reader’s natural non-linear thinking, and transcript material both from cases and from master therapists themselves are interwoven in the text. Accompanying videos, available through Alexander Street Press, bring the text to life, and instructors will find testbanks, transition notes, and narrated PowerPoints available for free download from the book’s website at www.routledgementalhealth.com
Using a unique collaborative care approach to adult health nursing, Medical-Surgical Nursing: Patient-Centered Collaborative Care, 8th Edition covers the essential knowledge you need to succeed at the RN level of practice. Easy-to-read content includes evidence-based treatment guidelines, an enhanced focus on QSEN competencies, and an emphasis on developing clinical judgment skills. This edition continues the book’s trendsetting tradition with increased LGBTQ content and a new Care of Transgender Patients chapter. Written by nursing education experts Donna Ignatavicius and M. Linda Workman, this bestselling text also features NCLEX® Exam-style challenge questions to prepare you for success on the NCLEX Exam. Cutting-edge coverage of the latest trends in nursing practice and nursing education prepares you not just for today’s nursing practice but also for tomorrow’s. UNIQUE! Collaborative care approach organizes all medical, surgical, nursing, and other interventions within the framework of the nursing process, mirroring the nurse’s role in the coordination/management of care in the real world of medical-surgical nursing. UNIQUE! A focus on nursing concepts relates concepts learned in Nursing Fundamentals with the disorders you will study in Medical-Surgical Nursing. Easy to read, direct-address writing style makes this one of the most readable medical-surgical nursing textbooks available. UNIQUE! A focus on QSEN emphasizes patient safety and evidence-based practice with Nursing Safety Priority boxes including Drug Alerts, Critical Rescues, and Action Alerts. UNIQUE! Emphasis on clinical judgment teaches you to develop skills in clinical reasoning and clinical decision-making when applying concepts to clinical situations, with Clinical Judgment Challenge questions throughout the chapters. An emphasis on prioritization stresses the most important patient problems and nursing interventions, with patient problems presented in a single prioritized list of nursing diagnoses and collaborative problems. UNIQUE! NCLEX preparation tools include chapter-opening Learning Outcomes and chapter-ending Get Ready for the NCLEX Examination! sections organized by NCLEX® Client Needs Categories, plus NCLEX Examination Challenge questions, with an answer key in the back of the book and on the Evolve companion website. Practical learning aids include NCLEX Examination Challenges, Clinical Judgment Challenges, Best Practice for Patient Safety & Quality Care charts, common examples of drug therapy, concept maps, laboratory profiles, and more. A clear alignment with the language of clinical practice reflects the real world of nursing practice with NANDA diagnostic labels where they make sense, and non-NANDA diagnostic labels when these are more common descriptions of patient problems. Student Resources on an Evolve companion website help you prepare for class, clinicals, or lab with video and audio clips, animations, case studies, a concept map creator, NCLEX exam-style review questions, and more. UNIQUE! Concentration on essential knowledge for the RN level of medical-surgical nursing practice focuses your attention on need-to-know content to pass the NCLEX Examination and practice safety as a beginning nurse.
Educational policy-makers around the world constantly make decisions about how to use scarce resources to improve the education of children. Unfortunately, their decisions are rarely informed by evidence on the consequences of these initiatives in other settings. Nor are decisions typically accompanied by well-formulated plans to evaluate their causal impacts. As a result, knowledge about what works in different situations has been very slow to accumulate. Over the last several decades, advances in research methodology, administrative record keeping, and statistical software have dramatically increased the potential for researchers to conduct compelling evaluations of the causal impacts of educational interventions, and the number of well-designed studies is growing. Written in clear, concise prose, Methods Matter: Improving Causal Inference in Educational and Social Science Research offers essential guidance for those who evaluate educational policies. Using numerous examples of high-quality studies that have evaluated the causal impacts of important educational interventions, the authors go beyond the simple presentation of new analytical methods to discuss the controversies surrounding each study, and provide heuristic explanations that are also broadly accessible. Murnane and Willett offer strong methodological insights on causal inference, while also examining the consequences of a wide variety of educational policies implemented in the U.S. and abroad. Representing a unique contribution to the literature surrounding educational research, this landmark text will be invaluable for students and researchers in education and public policy, as well as those interested in social science.
The Oxford Handbook of Evidence-based Management shows how leaders and managers can make effective use of best available evidence in the decisions they make — and what educators and researchers need to do to help them come to the right solution.
This is the first book to provide a multidisciplinary and global overview of evidence-based sexuality education (SE) programs and practices. Readers are introduced to the fundamentals of creating effective programs to prepare them to design new or implement existing programs that promote healthy sexual attitudes and relationships. Noted contributors from various disciplines critically evaluate evidence –based programs from around the globe and through the lifespan. Examples and discussion questions encourage application of the material. Guidance for those who wish to design, implement, and evaluate SE programs in various social contexts is provided. Each chapter follows a consistent structure so readers can easily compare programs: Learning Goals; Introduction; Conclusion; Key Points; Discussion Questions; and Additional Resources. The editor taught human sexuality and family life education courses for years. This book reviews the key information that his students needed to become competent professionals. Highlights of the book’s coverage include: Interdisciplinary, comprehensive summary of evidence-based SE programs in one volume. Prepares readers for professional practice as a Certified Family Life Educator (CFLE) or sex educator by highlighting the fundamentals of developing and implementing SE programs. Exposes readers to evidence-based SE programs from various social contexts including families, schools, communities, and religious institutions. Considers the developmental context of SE across the lifespan along with programs for LGBT individuals and persons with disabilities. Critically reviews SE programs from around the world including the US, Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, and other developing countries. The book opens with an historical overview. Part I focus on general frameworks of sexuality education including UNESCO’s International Technical Guidelines. How to develop, deliver, and implement evidence based SE programs, including ethical concerns, are explored in Part II. Part III exposes readers to evidence-based programs in various social contexts--families, schools, communities, and religious institutions. Part IV considers the developmental context of SE from early childhood through adolescence and adulthood along with programs for LGBT individuals and persons with disabilities. Part V examines diverse global contexts from the US, Latin America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and other developing countries. The book concludes with future trends and directions. Ideal for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses in sex education, sexual health, human sexuality, sex or marriage counseling, intimate relationships, family life education, or home, school, and community services taught in human development and family studies, psychology, social work, health education, nursing, education, and religion, and in seminaries and family clinics, the book also serves as a resource for practitioners, counselors, researchers, clergy members, and policy makers interested in evidence based SE programs, or those seeking to become CFLEs or sexuality educators.
21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans. Key Features: · Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career · Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters · Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction · Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.
Covering all advanced practice competencies and roles, this book offers strategies for enhancing patient care and legitimizing your role within today’s health care system. It covers the history of advanced practice nursing, the theory behind the practice, and emerging issues. Offering a comprehensive exploration of advanced practice nursing, this edition also adds a focus on topics including the APN scope of practice, certification, and the ethical and legal issues that occur in clinical practice. The development of all major competencies of advanced practice nursing is discussed: direct clinical practice, consultation, coaching/guidance, research, leadership, collaboration, and ethical decision-making. Advanced practice competencies are discussed in relation to all advanced practice nursing and blended CNS-NP roles (case manager, acute care nurse practitioner), highlighting the shared aims and distinctions of each role. In-depth discussions on educational strategies explain how competencies develop as the nurses’ practice progresses. A chapter on research competencies demonstrates how to use evidence-based research in practice, and how to promote these research competencies to other APNs. A conceptual framework shows the clear relationship between the competencies, roles, and challenges in today’s health care environment. Practical strategies are provided for business management, contracting, and marketing. Comprehensive information covers the essential competencies of the new Doctor of Nursing Practice degree. More exemplars (case studies) provide real-life scenarios showing APN competencies in action. A new chapter shows how to provide reliable and valid data to substantiate your impact and justify equitable reimbursement for APN services, also enhancing your skills in quality improvement strategies, informatics, and systems thinking. Information on telehealth considerations covers the new sources of electronic healthcare information available to patients and describes how to counsel them on using reliable resources.
Emergency medicine attendings who wish to hone their teachingskills can find a number of books on educational strategies writtenby physicians from other disciplines. However, until thepublication of the first edition of this book, they did not haveaccess to a text written by emergency medicine physicians onmethods of teaching that are directly applicable to teaching EM.This book was compiled to meet that need. Following the introductory section, which provides importantbackground information, the book’s contents are organizedinto 4 sections that correspond to the core needs and interests ofEM educators: Section 2 focuses on practical and ethicalconsiderations of teaching in the ED; Section 3 provides strategiesfor teaching specific groups of learners; Section 4 looks at theskills that are characteristic of the best EM educators; andSection 5 looks indepthly at specific teaching techniques andstrategies. Now more than ever this book addresses the needs of physicianeducators from all over the world. New chapters discuss lecturingto an international audience; using simulation as a teaching tool;how to make journal club work for you, and other topics that are ofbroad interest to medical educators in this field. Ingeneral, each chapter has been updated and reviewed to make surethe content was something that emergency physician educators coulduse in any country . The chapter contributors are widely regarded as leaders in thefield of emergency medicine education and faculty development.Authors were given free rein to develop their chapters and write intheir own style. They were asked to present their personal views onhow to successfully teach the art of emergency medicine, ratherthan review evidence-based guidelines regarding medical education.As a result, most of the chapters have few references. Thisfirst-person approach to a multi-authored textbook yields acompilation that varies in style from chapter to chapter andexposes the reader to a variety of communication techniques.
In today’s rapidly changing and information-rich world, students are not acquiring adequate knowledge and skills to prepare them for careers in mathematics, science, and technology with the traditional approach to assessment and instruction. New competencies (e.g., information communication and technology skills) are needed to deal successfully with the deluge of data. In order to accomplish this, new "educationally valuable" skills must be acknowledged and assessed. Toward this end, the skills we value and support for a society producing knowledge workers, not simply service workers, must be identified, together with methods for their measurement. Innovative Assessment for the 21st Century explores the faces of future assessment—and ask hard questions, such as: What would an assessment that captures all of the above attributes look like? Should it be standardized? What is the role of the professional teacher?
Rheumatology is an indispensable resource for physiotherapists, occupational therapists and other health professionals, offering practical approaches to the treatment and management of rheumatic musculoskeletal conditions. The text focuses on applying evidence-based understanding of these conditions to clinical context. The specific disease chapters cover: incidence and prevalence of the condition; clinical presentation and diagnosis; red flags; clinical assessment; important first treatments, early intermediate and long term management; prognosis and long term outcomes. Supporting case histories of increasing complexity and study activities illustrate the clinical relevance of the treatment and management approaches. • Multidisciplinary team approach • Practical solutions to management of conditions supported by the latest research • Case histories of increasing complexity consolidate understanding and develop clinical reasoning • Highlighted boxes throughout contain study tasks and key messages
Universities continue to struggle in their efforts to fully integrate information and communications technology within their activities. Based on examination of current practices in technology integration at 25 universities worldwide, this book argues for a radical approach to the management of technology in higher education. It offers recommendations for improving governance, strategic planning, integration of administrative and teaching services, management of digital resources, and training of technology managers and administrators. The book is written for anyone wanting to ensure technology is integrated as effectively and efficiently as possible.
The book features an analysis of teacher reform in Indonesia, which entailed a doubling of teacher salaries upon certification. It describes the political economy context in which the reform was developed and implemented, and analyzes the impact of the reform on teacher knowledge, skills, and student outcomes.
Over the last twenty or so years, it has become standard to require policy makers to base their recommendations on evidence. That is now uncontroversial to the point of triviality--of course, policy should be based on the facts. But are the methods that policy makers rely on to gather and analyze evidence the right ones? In Evidence-Based Policy, Nancy Cartwright, an eminent scholar, and Jeremy Hardie, who has had a long and successful career in both business and the economy, explain that the dominant methods which are in use now--broadly speaking, methods that imitate standard practices in medicine like randomized control trials--do not work. They fail, Cartwright and Hardie contend, because they do not enhance our ability to predict if policies will be effective. The prevailing methods fall short not just because social science, which operates within the domain of real-world politics and deals with people, differs so much from the natural science milieu of the lab. Rather, there are principled reasons why the advice for crafting and implementing policy now on offer will lead to bad results. Current guides in use tend to rank scientific methods according to the degree of trustworthiness of the evidence they produce. That is valuable in certain respects, but such approaches offer little advice about how to think about putting such evidence to use. Evidence-Based Policy focuses on showing policymakers how to effectively use evidence, explaining what types of information are most necessary for making reliable policy, and offers lessons on how to organize that information.
An evidence-based view of teaching presents new methods to improve achievement and includes coverage of school effectiveness and school improvement research.
The International Handbook of Workplace Trauma Support provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary standards and best practices in trauma support that draws from the latest research findings and experience of international experts in the field. Reviews the major contemporary post-trauma intervention models in both theory and practice Includes Trauma Risk Management (TRiM), Support Post Trauma (SPoT), Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Mindfulness and Psychological First Aid (PFA) Incorporates multi-cultural perspectives by reporting on the pervasive violence in South Africa, constant threats in Israel and emerging developments in China Includes social, psychosocial, psychological, and organizational dimensions to offer a detailed mapping of trauma support Provides latest thinking for supporting those in the military context
'An excellent companion to Learning to Teach in Secondary School ... full of good ideas and better advice ... Mentors will certainly want to use it, and so, I'm sure, will the rest of the history department ... Make sure they buy one, and keep your copy under lock and key.' – Michael Duffy, Times Educational Supplement 'A very well written and readable book. Overall, this is an excellent book and one which students and teachers outwith England would find a valuable addition to their library.' – Scottish Association of Teachers of History, Resources Review ‘This book is without question the standard text for the history PGCE market.’ – Dr Ian Davies, University of York, on the first edition. Learning to Teach History in the Secondary School provides an accessible introduction to teaching and learning history at secondary level. Underpinned by a theoretical perspective and backed up by the latest research, it encourages student teachers to develop a personal approach to teaching history. This fourth edition has been thoroughly updated for the new curriculum, with a brand new chapter on subject knowledge and a new section on action research to better support those reflecting on and developing their own practice. It provides an array of references and materials that give a sound theoretical foundation for the teaching of history, including weblinks to further resources, while a range of tasks will enable students to put their learning into practice in the classroom. Practical advice is combined with reference and access to a wide range of recent and relevant research in the field of history education, to support Masters Level research and aid reflective practice. Key issues covered include: The benefits of learning history Planning The use of language and strategies for teaching Inclusion Technology in history teaching Assessment Continuing professional development Offering comprehensive and accessible support to becoming a history teacher, this book remains an invaluable resource for all training and newly qualified history teachers.
"I-FAST is an integrative and evidence-informed moderated common factors approach to working with at-risk children, youth and their families. This book is essentially a field manual for practitioners. The book is currently a completed draft of a manual that has been used and revised over the past ten years. It has been used to train practitioners, guide supervision, and conduct efficacy research with families and youth who are at risk of out-of home placement or incarceration, hospitalization, school failure, delinquency, and general abuse/neglect. The manual is designed to be flexible in fitting the needs and worldviews of the youth and families, the systems and practitioners involved, and the nature of the agency delivering the services"--
Recently developed psychosocial treatments for anxiety disorders reflect the systematic influence of scientifically generated knowledge, and these new treatments yield strong results. Research in such areas as information processing, cognition, behavioral avoidance, and the physiological components of anxious arousal has increased our knowledge of mediators that cause and maintain anxiety disorders. The development of these new clinical tools is timely, as epidemiological studies now show that up to 25% of people will experience at least one anxiety disorder in their lifetime. Meanwhile, mental health care providers are increasingly pressured to limit the number of sessions and use demonstrably effective treatments. In this book, the authors review psychosocial treatments for anxiety disorders, focusing on the scientific basis and demonstrated outcomes of the treatments. Cognitive behavioral therapies are highlighted, as they have been the most frequently investigated approaches to treating anxiety disorders. Individual chapters feature specific phobias: social phobia, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. The book is rich in clinical material and integrates science and clinical practice in an effort to help practitioners to improve the effectiveness of their work with anxious clients.
Speaking directly to experienced and novice clinicians,educators and students in speech-language pathology/speech andlanguage therapy via an informative essay-based approach,Children’s Speech Sound Disorders provides concise,easy-to-understand explanations of key aspects of theclassification, assessment, diagnosis and treatment of articulationdisorders, phonological disorders and childhood apraxia ofspeech. It also includes a range of searching questions tointernational experts on their work in the child speech field. This new edition of Children’s Speech SoundDisorders is meticulously updated and expanded. It includes new material on Apps, assessing and treatingtwo-year-olds, children acquiring languages other than English andworking with multilingual children, communities of practice incommunication sciences and disorders, distinguishing delay fromdisorder, linguistic sciences, counselling and managing difficultbehaviour, and the neural underpinnings of and new approaches totreating CAS. This bestselling guide includes: Case vignettes and real-world examples to place topics incontext Expert essays by sixty distinguished contributors A companion website for instructors atwww.wiley.com/go/bowen/speechlanguagetherapy and a range ofsupporting materials on the author’s own site atspeech-language-therapy.com Drawing on a range of theoretical, research and clinicalperspectives and emphasising quality client care and evidence-basedpractice, Children’s Speech Sound Disorders is acomprehensive collection of clinical nuggets, hands-on strategies,and inspiration.