Originally published in Mexico in 1970, Indigenous and Popular Thinking in América is the first book by the Argentine philosopher Rodolfo Kusch (1922–79) to be translated into English. At its core is a binary created by colonization and the devaluation of indigenous practices and cosmologies: an opposition between the technologies and rationalities of European modernity and the popular mode of thinking, which is deeply tied to Indian ways of knowing and being. Arguing that this binary cuts through América, Kusch seeks to identify and recover the indigenous and popular way of thinking, which he contends is dismissed or misunderstood by many urban Argentines, including leftist intellectuals. Indigenous and Popular Thinking in América is a record of Kusch's attempt to immerse himself in the indigenous ways of knowing and being. At first glance, his methodology resembles ethnography. He speaks with and observes indigenous people and mestizos in Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. He questions them about their agricultural practices and economic decisions; he observes rituals; he asks women in the market the meaning of indigenous talismans; he interviews shamans; he describes the spatial arrangement and the contents of shrines, altars, and temples; and he reproduces diagrams of archaeological sites, which he then interprets at length. Yet he does not present a "them" to a putative "us." Instead, he offers an inroad to a way of thinking and being that does not follow the logic or fit into the categories of Western social science and philosophy. In his introduction, Walter D. Mignolo discusses Kusch's work and its relation to that of other twentieth-century intellectuals, Argentine history, and contemporary scholarship on the subaltern and decoloniality.
Ausgehend von den revolutionären Theaterbewegungen Lateinamerikas in den 1960er- und 1970er-Jahren, deren Ziel ein politischer Bewusstwerdungsprozess zur Mobilisierung der Volksmassen zur Demokratisierung der Länder war, hat sich das von Augusto Boal begründete Theater der Unterdrückten seit seiner Entstehung gewandelt, auch und gerade mit Blick auf sich verändernde Weltbilder und die seither eingetretenen Änderungen im sozialen Bereich und in den Produktionsbedingungen. 2003 wurde in der Grundsatzerklärung des Theaters der Unterdrückten als dessen Ziel die Humanisierung der Menschheit an sich deklariert. Birgit Fritz untersucht die Entwicklung des Theaters der Unterdrückten, insbesondere die Zusammenhänge zwischen seinen Intentionen und einer Ästhetik der Wahrnehmung. Sie belegt überzeugend ihre Hauptthese, dass das Theater Augusto Boals auch jenseits seines ursprünglichen historischen und gesellschaftlichen Kontexts im 21. Jahrhundert zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung von heilenden und lernenden Gesellschaften beitragen kann. Das als autopoietisch verstandene Theater Boals bietet einerseits Raum für Selbstschöpfung, Wahrnehmungsschulung und Kommunikation, andererseits stellt es auch einen sensiblen künstlerischen Weg dar im Prozess für dynamischen, sich als transrational verstehenden Frieden. Wer auch immer unter Nutzung der Methoden Augusto Boals und verwandter Mittel der emanzipatorischen Bildung mit künstlerischen Mitteln einen Beitrag zu gesellschaftlicher Transformation leisten möchte – gleich, ob im Bereich der Friedensarbeit, Sozialarbeit oder als Künstler_in oder Theatermacher_in –, für den ist das vorliegende Buch ein unverzichtbarer Ratgeber sowohl in praktischer Hinsicht als auch mit Blick auf den theoretischen Hintergrund, die Entstehungsgeschichte des lateinamerikanischen Volkstheaters und seine Bedeutung in einem aktuellen gesellschaftlichen Kontext.
Südamerika durchläuft derzeit hochgradig komplexe politische, soziale und ökonomische Prozesse. Einerseits wird die polit-ökonomische Umstrukturierung vorangetrieben, die im Zuge der Neoliberalisierung in den 1980er-Jahren begann, andererseits bahnen sich Vorschläge für eine fundamentale gesellschaftliche Neuordnung ihren Weg in die Politik mehrerer Länder. In Ecuador haben sich Formen des sozialen Protests entwickelt, die auf der Suche nach alternativen Gesellschaftsmodellen und selbstbewussten lateinamerikanischen Identitätsentwürfen eine Revision der kolonialen und imperialen Geschichtsschreibung eingeleitet hat. Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der andinen Konzeptualisierung vom Guten Leben [Sumak Kawsay] untersucht Greta-Marie Becker die Verhandlung von Sexualität im heutigen Ecuador. Welchen Raum können nicht-heteronormative Lebensweisen in diesem besonderen politischen Klima für sich beanspruchen? Wie verhalten sich indigene Rechtsansprüche zu den Anliegen von trans-/homo-/bi- oder intersexuellen Personen? Anhand der politischen Arbeit sexuell diskriminierter Menschen untersucht Becker, welche Handlungsmacht diese während der Aushandlung der neuen Verfassung von 2008 und den Jahren danach entwickeln konnten. Sie bietet gleichermaßen eine fundierte Analyse der historisch gewachsenen Geschlechterkonstruktionen vor dem Hintergrund der Kolonialgeschichte Ecuadors wie auch eine Revision der derzeitigen Gesetzeslage in Bezug auf Geschlechterthemen. Becker beleuchtet die kontroverse Dynamik vergeschlechtlichter, ethnisierter Identitätsbildungsprozesse innerhalb der fragmentierten Moderne Lateinamerikas und erforscht die stärker werdende Kritik an der kulturellen Vorherrschaft des globalen Nordens. Das Ergebnis wurde mit dem Herta-Pammer-Preis ausgezeichnet.
Zombies finden sich neuerdings überall. Doch woher kommen diese spezifischen Figuren des Untoten? Welche Symbolisierungen sind ihnen im historischen Prozess widerfahren? Und wo liegt das widerständige und politische Potenzial von Zombies? Diese Ausgabe der ZfK untersucht die Figuren des Untoten aus historischer, transkultureller und interdisziplinärer Perspektive - vom ersten karibischen »Zombi«-Text aus dem 17. Jahrhundert bis zu den Zombie-Walks von Occupy Wall Street. Im Debattenteil wird eine mögliche Praxis des »epistemischen Ungehorsams« kritisch diskutiert.
How do the lives of indigenous peoples relate to the romanticized role of "Indians" in Brazilian history, politics, and cultural production? Native and National in Brazil charts this enigmatic relationship from the sixteenth century to the present, focusing on the consolidation of the dominant national imaginary in the postindependence period and highlighting Native peoples' ongoing work to decolonize it. Engaging issues ranging from sovereignty, citizenship, and national security to the revolutionary potential of art, sustainable development, and the gendering of ethnic differences, Tracy Devine Guzman argues that the tensions between popular renderings of "Indianness" and lived indigenous experience are critical to the unfolding of Brazilian nationalism, on the one hand, and the growth of the Brazilian indigenous movement, on the other. Devine Guzman suggests that the "indigenous question" now posed by Brazilian indigenous peoples themselves--how to be Native and national at the same time--can help us to rethink national belonging in accordance with the protection of human rights, the promotion of social justice, and the consolidation of democratic governance for indigenous and nonindigenous citizens alike.
Some of hockey's fiercest and most passionate players and fans can be found among Canada's First Nations populations, including NHL greats Jordin Tootoo, Jonathan Cheechoo, and Gino Odjick. At first glance the importance of hockey to the country's Aboriginal peoples may seem to indicate assimilation into mainstream society, but Michael A. Robidoux reveals that the game is played and understood very differently in this cultural context. Rather than capitulating to the Euro-Canadian construct of sport, First Nations hockey has become an important site for expressing rich local knowledge and culture. With stories and observations gleaned from three years of ethnographic research, Stickhandling through the Margins richly illustrates how hockey is played and experienced by First Nations peoples across Canada, both in isolated reserve communities and at tournaments that bring together participants from across the country. Robidoux's vivid description transports readers into the world of First Nations hockey, revealing it to be a highly social and at times even spiritual activity ripe with hidden layers of meaning that are often surprising to the outside observer.
Featuring canonical Spanish American and Brazilian texts of the 1920s and 30s, Corporeality in Early Twentieth-Century Latin American Literature is an innovative analysis of the body as site of inscription for avant-garde objectives such as originality, subjectivity, and subversion.
Challenges the notions that “violence against women” is synonymous with “domestic violence” and that violence affects all women equally. Structural Violence seeks to redraw the conventional map of violence against women. In order to understand violence as a fundamentally heterogeneous phenomenon, it is essential to go beyond interpersonal partner violence and analyze the workings of institutional and structural violence. Self-help books, some shelters, the courts, federal and state legislation, empirical studies, therapeutic models, and even some mainstream feminist polemics presume that all women face the same kind of violence. This assumption masks violence that does not conform to the imagined norm, such as violence against women who are sex workers, lesbians, homeless, and/or undocumented. Joshua M. Price’s exploration of these issues is based on several years of research involving participant-observation in domestic violence courts and extensive interviews with activists, advocates, incarcerated women, and women who have faced various forms of violence. Both conceptually and methodologically, the book challenges narrow notions of violence against women and demonstrates implications for judicial intervention and other forms of public involvement.
Die Frage nach dem Verhältnis von Heils- und Weltgeschichte stellt die zentrale fundamentaltheologische Herausforderung sämtlicher Theologien der Befreiung dar. Die Geschichtstheologie Ignacio Ellacurías ist eine der anspruchsvollsten und differenziertesten Antwortversuche, die in dieser Tradition entwickelt wurden. Die Arbeit rekonstruiert die Grundlinien von Ellacurías "Philosophie der geschichtlichen Realität" und entwickelt die Perspektiven, die sich aus seiner "geschichtlichen Soteriologie" für die Verhältnisbestimmung von Christentum, Politik und Zivilgesellschaft ergeben. Chancen und Grenzen dieses Ansatzes werden dabei ebenso analysiert wie die Relevanz, die ihm für die Begründung einer politischen Theologie innerhalb der globalen Moderne aktuell zukommt.
Presents contributions surrounding the representation and participation of indigenous cultures in films and television throughout history.
Some of the most crucial changes inspired by Gorbachev and perestroika concern Soviet and East European policies toward Third World countries. Despite countless studies of Soviet-U.S. relations and U.S. relations with the Third World, the area of Soviet relations with the Third World has been left relatively undeveloped. This is the first of several volumes intended to add to our knowledge of what the series editor Jiri Valenta characterizes as East/South relations. In this new era of cooperation and diplomacy, the superpowers are working to resolve regional conflicts in and around Afghanistan, Nicaragua, Angola, and Cambodia. Such efforts are exceedingly complex, since they necessarily involve not only the Soviet Union, but Third World nations that may operate independently, such as Cuba and Vietnam. This volume addresses a number of such conflicts. In addition to those already mentioned, conflicts in Ethiopia, Namibia, and the Philippines are discussed, and their implications for Western policy makers are reviewed. As the contributors emphasize, despite current Soviet emphasis on peaceful solutions to regional conflicts, Gorbachev's "New Thinking" in foreign affairs is still decidedly selective. In some cases, the Soviet Union will actually encourage close ties with regional Third World powers, as it has with India. It is also too much to expect that the Soviet Union, much less Cuba and Vietnam, will completely cut ties to revolutionary allies worldwide. That said, the 1990s will undoubtedly be characterized by new Soviet foreign policy styles. Their shape and form is the subject of this book. It will be of immense interest to policymakers and researchers concerned about current developments in relations between the superpowers and with the Third World. Contributors include: Vernon Aspaturian, Bhabani Sen Gupta, William E. Griffith, Jerry F. Hough, Douglas Pike, Howard Wiarda, AH T, Sheikh, Sabahuddin Kushkaki, Colin Legum, H. de V. du Toil, Khien Theeravit, Frank Cibulka, Alvaro Taboada, Charles William Maynes, W. Bruce Weinrod, Jiri Valenta.
This book is about war and popular culture, and war in popular culture. Tara Brabazon summons, probes, questions and reclaims popular culture, challenging the assumptions of war, whiteness, Christianity, modernity and progress that have dominated our lives since September 11. It is essential reading for any scholar of cultural studies and popular culture, media and journalism, creative writing and terrorism studies.
This indispensable text reader provides a broad-ranging and thoughtfully organized feminist introduction to the ongoing controversies of development in Latin America and the Caribbean. Designed for use in a variety of college courses, the volume collects an influential group of essays first published in Latin American Perspectives. Each part is organized into thematic sections that focus on work, politics, and culture, and each includes substantive introductions that identify key issues in the scholarly literature on women and gender in the region. Demonstrating the rich, multidisciplinary nature of Latin American studies, these essays promote critical thinking about women's place and power, about theory and research strategies, and about contemporary economic, political, and social conditions. They convincingly show why women have become an increasingly important subject of research, acknowledge their gains and struggles over time, and explore the contributions that feminist theory has made toward the recognition of gender as a relevant—indeed essential—category for analyzing the political economy of development.
The present volume brings to North American Native Studies – with its rich tradition and accumulated expertise in the Central European region – the new complexities and challenges of contemporary Native reality. The umbrella theme ‘Indigenous perspectives’ brings together researchers from a great variety of disciplines, focusing on issues such as democracy and human rights, international law, multiculturalism, peace and security, economic and scientific development, sustainability, literature, and arts and culture, as well as religion. The thirty-five topical and thought-provoking articles written in English, French and Spanish offer a solid platform for further critical investigations and a useful tool for classroom discussions in a wide variety of academic fields.
Salsa and merengue are now so popular that they are household words for Americans of all ethnic backgrounds. Recent media attention is helping other Caribbean music styles like bachata to attain a similar status. Yet popular Mexican American dances remain unknown and invisible to most non-Latinos. Quebradita, meaning Òlittle break,Ó is a modern Mexican American dance style that became hugely popular in Los Angeles and across the southwestern United States during the early to mid 1990s. Over the decade of its popularity, this dance craze offered insights into the social and cultural experience of Mexican American youth. Accompanied by banda, an energetic brass band music style, quebradita is recognizable by its western clothing, hat tricks, and daring flips. The danceÕs combination of Mexican, Anglo, and African American influences represented a new sensibility that appealed to thousands of young people. Hutchinson argues that, though short-lived, the dance filled political and sociocultural functions, emerging as it did in response to the anti-immigrant and English-only legislation that was then being enacted in California. Her fieldwork and interviews yield rich personal testimony as to the inner workings of the quebraditaÕs aesthetic development and social significance. The emergence of pasito duranguense, a related yet distinct style originating in Chicago, marks the evolution of the Mexican American youth dance scene. Like the quebradita before it, pasito duranguense has picked up the task of demonstrating the relevance of regional Mexican music and dance within the U.S. context.
This book accurately depicts Native American approaches to land and spirituality through an interdisciplinary examination of Indian philosophy, history, and literature. * Includes illustrations by the Iroquois artist John Fadden that complement the text
Remaking the Nation presents new ways of thinking about the nation, nationalism and national identities. Drawing links between popular culture and indigenous movements, issues of 'race' and gender, and ideologies of national identity, the authors draw on their work in Latin America to illustrate their retheorisation of the politics of nationalism. This engaging exploration of contemporary politics in a postmodern, post new-world-order uncovers a map of future political organisation, a world of pluri-nations and ethnicised identities in the ever-changing struggle for democracy.

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