Features: *Solid foundation in the basics of validity and reliability, as well as all of the different forms of assessment *Concise, comprehensive treatment of all four skills includes classification of assessment techniques. *Thorough examination of standards-based assessment and standardized testing. * Practical examples illustrate principles. *End-of-chapter exercises and suggested additional readings provide opportunities for further exploration.
"Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, " Fifth Edition, by H. Douglas Brown, is the classic second language acquisition text used by teacher education programs worldwide. "Principles" introduces key concepts through definitions of terms, thought-provoking questions, charts, and spiraling. New "Classroom Connections" encourage students to consider the implications of research for classroom pedagogy. An up-to-date bibliography and new glossary provide quick access to important works and key terminology in the field. The fifth edition takes a comprehensive look at foundations of language teaching through discussions of the latest research in the field, including: Vygotsky's and Bakhtin's theories Thorndike's law of effect error treatment, noticing, recasts intercultural communication language policy and politics corpus linguistics "hot topics" in SLA connectionism and emergentism flow theory, willingness to communicate strategies-based instruction contrastive rhetoric attribution theory, self-efficacy output hypothesis Also by H. Douglas Brown: "Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language PedagogyLanguage Assessment: Principles and Classroom PracticesStrategies for Success: A Practical Guide to Learning English"
Routledge Introductions to Applied Linguistics is a series of introductory level textbooks covering the core topics in Applied Linguistics, primarily designed for those beginning postgraduate studies, or taking an introductory MA course as well as advanced undergraduates. Titles in the series are also ideal for language professionals returning to academic study. The books take an innovative 'practice to theory' approach, with a 'back-to-front' structure. This leads the reader from real-world problems and issues, through a discussion of intervention and how to engage with these concerns, before finally relating these practical issues to theoretical foundations. Additional features include tasks with commentaries, a glossary of key terms, and an annotated further reading section. Exploring Language Assessment and Testing is a straightforward introduction to the field that provides an inclusive and impartial survey of both classroom based assessment by teachers and larger scale testing, using concrete examples to guide students to the relevant literature. Ranging from theory to classroom based scenarios, the author provides practical guidance on designing, developing and using assessments, with flexible, step by step processes for improving the quality of tests and assessment systems to make them fairer and more accurate. This book is an indispensable introduction to the areas of language assessment and testing, and will be of interest to language teachers as well as postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students studying Language Education, Applied Linguistics and Language Assessment.
Heritage language (HL) education has as its primary aims to help learners regain, develop, or maintain their HL while gaining deeper understanding of their cultural heritage. The topic has gained traction in recent years, as the interest in bilingual education and the numbers of people speaking English as a second language have grown. Teachers play a vital role in advancing HL learning (HLL). This edited volume presents them with the knowledge and tools necessary to overcome common obstacles in HLL based on cutting-edge research. In twelve chapters, contributors address the various types of challenges faced in trying to transfer research findings into new teaching approaches and encourages teacher innovation. Part I reviews fundamental issues in curricular, teacher, and program development, while Part II addresses pedagogical strategies, techniques, and approaches. The book seeks to answer questions such as, What are the best ways to help HLL aquire language for use in professional settings? How should HL learners' skills be assessed? How should new HL programs be designed? How do we define HL learners? How do we prepare teachers to meet their needs? While many HLL books focus on Spanish, information on multiple languages is included in this book.
Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“
A comprehensive manual for pre- and in-service ESL, EFL, and EIL educators who work with multilingual students at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this text balances insights from reading theory and research with highly practical, field-tested strategies for teaching and assessing second-language reading that educators can readily adopt and adapt to suit their contexts and student populations. Teaching Readers of English is a complete "go-to" source for teaching reading and promoting classroom and professional literacies in an increasingly digital world. Offering principled approaches and methods for planning and delivering effective L2 reading instruction, the text includes pedagogical features, such as questions for reflection, further reading and resources, and application activities to develop purposeful classroom reading lessons in a range of contexts. Changes in the Second Edition: Updated and revised chapters on formative and summative reading assessment, developing vocabulary knowledge and grammatical skill, and cultivating extensive reading and literary appreciation Updated information on institutional settings and reader demographics New pedagogical features in each chapter, including Chapter Summaries, Further Reading, Reflection and Review, and Application Activities A streamlined chapter sequence to enhance the text’s usability
Concise and engaging, this text provides pre-service and practicing English language teachers with the knowledge they need to successfully teach the spelling of English. Offering context and explanation for the English spelling system as well as uniquely addressing specific problems in learning the spelling of English words, this book empowers readers with strategies for coping with these problems. Divided into six accessible sections, Brown covers the history of English spelling, the influence of technology on spelling, the role of punctuation, the features of present-day English spelling, teaching strategies for coping with difficult spelling, and the future of spelling and literacy. The short, digestible chapters include practical learning objectives and end-of-chapter exercises to help teachers understand and explain English spelling concepts.
This book presents an in‐depth study of assessment innovation and its impact on teaching and learning. The context is New Zealand, and the focus is additional languages other than English and the recent introduction of a radical new assessment of students’ spoken proficiency, called interact. The book crosses the traditional theoretical and methodological boundaries associated with language testing research, which focuses on assessment performance, and presents an alternative approach where stakeholders become the centre of interest. It advances our understanding of how assessment innovation impacts on two key groups - teachers and students in schools - based on data collected from a substantial two‐year research project. It presents an account of these stakeholders’ perceptions of the validity and usefulness of the new assessment in comparison with the more traditional test that it has replaced.Assessing Foreign Language Students' Spoken Proficiency makes an outstanding and original contribution to the field of second and foreign language teaching, providing a theory and research-based account of the development of a learner-centred approach to oral proficiency assessment. It is an important resource for teachers and teacher educators as well as assessment and curriculum specialists worldwide. It deserves to be widely read./div
Der Referenzrahmen richtet sich an Lehrer, Fortbilder, Autoren und Curriculumplaner in der Schule und der Erwachsenenbildung. Der Gemeinsame europäische Referenzrahmen für Sprachen stellt die gemeinsamen Referenzniveaus zur Erfassung des Lernfortschritts vor, befasst sich mit der Entwicklung von Curricula und diskutiert verschiedene Prüfungsformen.
Die Übersetzung der bewährten Einführung in die Informatik, entstanden am Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), wird seit Jahren erfolgreich in der Lehre eingesetzt. Schritt für Schritt werden Konstruktion und Abstraktion von Daten und Prozeduren dargestellt. Von der Modularisierung bis zum Problemlösen mit Registermaschinen werden verschiedene Programmierparadigmen entwickelt und die effektive Handhabung von Komplexität gezeigt. Als Programmiersprache wird SCHEME verwendet, ein Dialekt von LISP. Alle Programme laufen in jeder dem IEEE-Standard entsprechenden SCHEME-Implementierung.
Der Klassiker zum Thema Softeware-Test, bereits in der 7. Auflage! Dieses Buch hilft Ihnen, Kosten zu senken: durch eine praxisbezogene Anleitung zum Testen von Programmen. Es ist ein Handbuch zur Optimierung des methodischen Testens in der Praxis. Darüber hinaus werden auch ökonomische und psychologische Aspekte von Programmtests betrachtet, ebenso Marketinginformationen, Testwerkzeuge, High-Order-Testing, Fehlerbehebung und Codeinspektionen.
Dieses Lehr- und Handbuch behandelt sowohl die elementaren Konzepte als auch die fortgeschrittenen und zukunftsweisenden linearen und nichtlinearen FE-Methoden in Statik, Dynamik, Festkörper- und Fluidmechanik. Es wird sowohl der physikalische als auch der mathematische Hintergrund der Prozeduren ausführlich und verständlich beschrieben. Das Werk enthält eine Vielzahl von ausgearbeiteten Beispielen, Rechnerübungen und Programmlisten. Als Übersetzung eines erfolgreichen amerikanischen Lehrbuchs hat es sich in zwei Auflagen auch bei den deutschsprachigen Ingenieuren etabliert. Die umfangreichen Änderungen gegenüber der Vorauflage innerhalb aller Kapitel - vor allem aber der fortgeschrittenen - spiegeln die rasche Entwicklung innerhalb des letzten Jahrzehnts auf diesem Gebiet wieder.
Die Wissenschaft hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten vieles über den Haufen geworfen, was wir darüber zu wissen glaubten, wie das Gehirn Informationen aufnimmt und verarbeitet. Fest steht: Wir lernen von Geburt an schnell, effizient und automatisch. Weil wir diesen Vorgang unbedingt systematisieren wollen, betrachten wir Vergessen, Schlafen und Tagträumen als hinderlich. Dabei sind sie wertvolle Hilfsmittel, die den Eigenarten unseres Gehirns Rechnung tragen. Benedict Carey erklärt, mit welchen Methoden wir uns Stoffe leichter einprägen und unser problemlösendes Denken verbessern können und wie wir die Potenziale des Unbewussten möglichst effizient nutzen – lernen, ohne nachzudenken. Nebenbei erfahren wir, dass Ablenkung zu Unrecht verteufelt wird, Wiederholung keineswegs immer weiterhilft und es sinnvoll ist, sich zu Themen testen zu lassen, über die man noch gar nichts weiß. Ein äußerst unterhaltsam geschriebenes Buch voller überraschender Erkenntnisse, das zeigt: Lernen muss keine Qual sein.
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of socially sensitive pedagogy in contexts outside inner circle English-speaking countries. It provides comprehensive coverage of topics traditionally included in second language methodology courses (such as the teaching of oral skills and grammar), as well as newer fields (such as corpora in language teaching and multimodality); features balanced treatment of theory and practice; and encourages teachers to apply the pedagogical practices to their own classrooms and to reflect on the effects of such practices. Designed for pre-service and in-service teachers of English around the world, Principles and Practices for Teaching English as an International Language fills a critical need in the field.
"Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy, "Third Edition, by H. Douglas Brown, is a widely acclaimed methodology text used in teacher education programs around the world. This user-friendly textbook offers a comprehensive survey of practical language teaching options, all firmly anchored in accepted principles of language learning and teaching. End-of-chapter exercises give readers opportunities to process material interactively. Suggested readings direct readers to important books and articles in the field. This third edition of ""Teaching by Principles""features: new chapters on course design, technology, and critical pedagogy to reflect current trends and advances in methodology prereading organizers at the beginning of each chapter updated, expanded references treatment of other recent "hot topics" of interest: corpus linguistics form-focused instruction multiple intelligences nonnative English-speaking teachers autonomy willingness to communicate alternatives in assessment reflective teaching Also by H. Douglas Brown: "Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, " Fifth Edition "Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices" "Strategies for Success: A PRactical Guide to Learning English"
""Tips for Teaching Pronunciation""shows English language teachers how to teach the North American sound system. This practical reference book provides practical tips, clear explanations, diagrams, and sample classroom activities. Each chapter covers one of the five main areas of pronunciation -- vowels, consonants, stress, rhythm, and intonation. The companion audio CD in the text provides listening material for select activities. Features: What the teacher should know sections set the scene with pedagogical research. Concrete tips provide practical classroom suggestions for teaching vowels, consonants, stress, rhythm, and intonation. Sections on Specific Features in each chapter cover common pronunciation problems that teachers find challenging. Sample activities for Specific Feature exemplify how to implement the tips. Practical suggestions show how to integrate pronunciation with other skill areas. Clear diagrams demonstrate how to articulate vowels and consonants. Extensive descriptions help teachers prepare for pronunciation problems common to specific languages groups. Photocopiable diagnostic test and handouts can be used in class with minimal preparation. Audio CD provides listening material for select activities. The Tips for Teaching series covers topics of practical classroom-centered interest for English language teachers. Written in clearly comprehensible terms, each book offers soundly conceived practical approaches to classroom instruction that are firmly grounded in current pedagogical research. See also: "Tips for Teaching with CALL: Practical Approaches to Computer-Assisted Language Learning"

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