The representation theory of affine Lie algebras has been developed in close connection with various areas of mathematics and mathematical physics in the last two decades. There are three excellent books on it, written by Victor G Kac. This book begins with a survey and review of the material treated in Kac's books. In particular, modular invariance and conformal invariance and are explained in more detail. The book then goes further, dealing with some of the recent topics involving the representation theory of affine Lie algebras. Since these topics are important not only in themselves but also in their application to some areas of mathematics and mathematical physics, the book expounds them with examples and detailed calculations.
This book is a collection of a series of lectures given by Prof. V Kac at Tata Institute, India in Dec '85 and Jan '86. These lectures focus on the idea of a highest weight representation, which goes through four different incarnations.The first is the canonical commutation relations of the infinite-dimensional Heisenberg Algebra (= oscillator algebra). The second is the highest weight representations of the Lie algebra glì of infinite matrices, along with their applications to the theory of soliton equations, discovered by Sato and Date, Jimbo, Kashiwara and Miwa. The third is the unitary highest weight representations of the current (= affine Kac-Moody) algebras. These algebras appear in the lectures twice, in the reduction theory of soliton equations (KP ? KdV) and in the Sugawara construction as the main tool in the study of the fourth incarnation of the main idea, the theory of the highest weight representations of the Virasoro algebra.This book should be very useful for both mathematicians and physicists. To mathematicians, it illustrates the interaction of the key ideas of the representation theory of infinite-dimensional Lie algebras; and to physicists, this theory is turning into an important component of such domains of theoretical physics as soliton theory, theory of two-dimensional statistical models, and string theory.
The first edition of this book is a collection of a series of lectures given by Professor Victor Kac at the TIFR, Mumbai, India in December 1985 and January 1986. These lectures focus on the idea of a highest weight representation, which goes through four different incarnations. The first is the canonical commutation relations of the infinite dimensional Heisenberg Algebra (= oscillator algebra). The second is the highest weight representations of the Lie algebra gℓ∞ of infinite matrices, along with their applications to the theory of soliton equations, discovered by Sato and Date, Jimbo, Kashiwara and Miwa. The third is the unitary highest weight representations of the current (= affine Kac–Moody) algebras. These Lie algebras appear in the lectures in connection to the Sugawara construction, which is the main tool in the study of the fourth incarnation of the main idea, the theory of the highest weight representations of the Virasoro algebra. In particular, the book provides a complete proof of the Kac determinant formula, the key result in representation theory of the Virasoro algebra. The second edition of this book incorporates, as its first part, the largely unchanged text of the first edition, while its second part is the collection of lectures on vertex algebras, delivered by Professor Kac at the TIFR in January 2003. The basic idea of these lectures was to demonstrate how the key notions of the theory of vertex algebras — such as quantum fields, their normal ordered product and lambda-bracket, energy-momentum field and conformal weight, untwisted and twisted representations — simplify and clarify the constructions of the first edition of the book. This book should be very useful for both mathematicians and physicists. To mathematicians, it illustrates the interaction of the key ideas of the representation theory of infinite dimensional Lie algebras and of the theory of vertex algebras; and to physicists, these theories are turning into an important component of such domains of theoretical physics as soliton theory, conformal field theory, the theory of two-dimensional statistical models, and string theory. Contents:Definition of Positive-Energy Representations of VirComplete Reducibility of the Oscillator Representations of VirLie Algebras of Infinite MatricesBoson–Fermion CorrespondenceSchur PolynomialsN-Soliton SolutionsThe Kac Determinant FormulaNonabelian Generalization of Virasoro Operators: The Sugawara ConstructionThe Weyl–Kac Character Formula and Jacobi–Riemann Theta FunctionsCompletion of the Proof of the Kac Determinant FormulaLambda–Bracket of Local Formal DistributionsCompletion of U, Restricted Representations and Quantum FieldsNon-Commutative Wick FormulaConformal WeightsDefinition of a Vertex AlgebraDefinition of a Representation of a Vertex Algebraand other lectures Readership: Mathematicians studying representation theory and theoretical physicists. Keywords:Highest Weight Representations;Virasoro Algebra;Heisenberg Algebra;Infinite-Dimensional Lie Algebras;BosonâFermion Correspondence;Sugawara Construction;Kac Determinant Formula;Vertex Operators;The KP Hierarchy;N-Solitons;Hirota's Bilinear Equations;Vertex Algebras;Quantum Fields;Energy-Momentum Field;Lambda-Bracket;Normal Ordered Product;Conformal Weight;Twisted Representations;Zhu Algebra;Charged Free Fermions;Neutral Free Fermions;Borcherds Identity;Twisted RepresentationsKey Features:The first part of the lectures demonstrates four related constructions of highest weight representations of infinite-dimensional algebras: Heisenberg algebra, Lie algebra $gl_\infty$, affine Kac–Moody algebras and the Virasoro algebra. The constructions originate from theoretical physics and are explained in full detailThe complete proof of the Kac determinant formula is providedThe second part of the lectures demonstrates how the notions of the theory of vertex algebras clarify and simplify the constructions of the first partThe introductory exposition is self-containedMany examples providedCan be used for graduate courses
The structure of the laws in physics is largely based on symmetries. This book is on Lie algebras, the mathematics of symmetry. It has grown from lectures for undergraduates in theoretical and mathematical physics and gives a thorough mathematical treatment of finite dimensional Lie algebras and Kac-Moody algebras. Concepts such as Cartan matrix, root system, Serre's construction are carefully introduced. Although the book can be read by an undergraduate with only an elementary knowledge of linear algebra, the book will also be of use to the experienced researcher. Experience has shown that students who followed the lectures are well-prepared to take on research in the realms of string-theory, conformal field-theory and integrable systems. The new series ''Studies in Mathematical Physics'' aims at discussing recent developments in physics offering sound mathematics and a high didactical quality. The emphasis lies on techniques, ideas and methods that are fundamental, interesting and innovating in both mathematics and physics, herewith creating a link between the two disciplines.
This volume presents the invited lectures of the workshop "Infinite Dimensional Algebras and Quantum Integrable Systems" held in July 2003 at the University of Algarve, Faro, Portugal, as a satellite workshop of the XIV International Congress on Mathematical Physics. In it, recent developments in the theory of infinite dimensional algebras, and their applications to quantum integrable systems, are reviewed by leading experts in the field.
Lie superalgebras are a natural generalization of Lie algebras, having applications in geometry, number theory, gauge field theory, and string theory. Introduction to Finite and Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras and Superalgebras introduces the theory of Lie superalgebras, their algebras, and their representations. The material covered ranges from basic definitions of Lie groups to the classification of finite-dimensional representations of semi-simple Lie algebras. While discussing all classes of finite and infinite dimensional Lie algebras and Lie superalgebras in terms of their different classes of root systems, the book focuses on Kac-Moody algebras. With numerous exercises and worked examples, it is ideal for graduate courses on Lie groups and Lie algebras. Discusses the fundamental structure and all root relationships of Lie algebras and Lie superalgebras and their finite and infinite dimensional representation theory Closely describes BKM Lie superalgebras, their different classes of imaginary root systems, their complete classifications, root-supermultiplicities, and related combinatorial identities Includes numerous tables of the properties of individual Lie algebras and Lie superalgebras Focuses on Kac-Moody algebras
Contents:Integrable Representation of Kac-Moody Algebras: Results and Open Problems (V Chari & A Pressley)Existence of Certain Components in the Tensor Product of Two Integrable Highest Weight Modules for Kac-Moody Algebras (SKumar)Frobenius Action on the B-Cohomology (O Mathieu)Certain Rank Two Subsystems of Kac-Moody Root Systems (J Morita)Lie Groups Associated to Kac-Moody Lie Algebras: An Analytic Approach (E Rodriguez-Carrington)Almost Split-K-Forms of Kac-Moody Algebras (G Rousseau)Global Representations of the Diffeomorphism Groups of the Circle (F Bien)Path Space Realization of the Basic Representation of An(1) (E Date et al)Boson-Fermion Correspondence Over (C De Concini et al)Classification of Modular Invariant Representations of Affine Algebras (V G Kac & M Wakimoto)Standard Monomial Theory for SL2 (V Lakshmibai & C S Seshadri)Some Results on Modular Invariant Representations (S Lu)Current Algebras in 3+1 Space-Time Dimensions (J Mickelson)Standard Representations of An(1) (M Primc)Representations of the Algebra Uq(sI(2)), q-Orthogonal Polynomials and Invariants of Links (A N Kirillov & N Yu Reshetikhin)Infinite Super Grassmannians and Super Plücker Equations (M J Bergvelt)Drinfeld-Sokolov Hierarchies and t-Functions (H J Imbens)Super Boson-Fermion Correspondence of Type B (V G Kac & J W van de Leur)Prym Varieties and Soliton Equations (T Shiota)Polynomial Solutions of the BKP Hierarchy and Projective Representations of Symmetric Groups (Y You)Toward Generalized Macdonald's Identities (D Bernard)Conformal Theories with Non-Linearly Extended Virasoro Symmetries and Lie Algebra Classification (A Bilal & J-LGervais)Extended Conformal Algebras from Kac-Moody Algebras (P Bouwknegt)Meromorphic Conformal Field Theory (P Goddard)Local Extensions of the U(1) Current Algebra and Their Positive Energy Representations (R R Paunov & I T Todorov)Conformal Field Theory on Moduli Family of Stable Curves with Gauge Symmetries (A Tsuchiya & Y Yamada) Readership: Mathematicians and mathematical physicists
This volume presents contributions by leading experts in the field. The articles are dedicated to D.B. Fuchs on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Contributors to the book were directly influenced by Professor Fuchs and include his students, friends, and professional colleagues. In addition to their research, they offer personal reminicences about Professor Fuchs, giving insight into the history of Russian mathematics. The main topics addressed in this unique work are infinite-dimensional Lie algebras with applications (vertex operator algebras, conformal field theory, quantum integrable systems, etc.) and differential topology. The volume provides an excellent introduction to current research in the field.
In the last decade there has been an extraordinary confluence of ideas in mathematics and theoretical physics brought about by pioneering discoveries in geometry and analysis. The various chapters in this volume, treating the interface of geometric analysis and mathematical physics, represent current research interests. No suitable succinct account of the material is available elsewhere. Key topics include: * A self-contained derivation of the partition function of Chern- Simons gauge theory in the semiclassical approximation (D.H. Adams) * Algebraic and geometric aspects of the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations in conformal field theory (P. Bouwknegt) * Application of the representation theory of loop groups to simple models in quantum field theory and to certain integrable systems (A.L. Carey and E. Langmann) * A study of variational methods in Hermitian geometry from the viewpoint of the critical points of action functionals together with physical backgrounds (A. Harris) * A review of monopoles in nonabelian gauge theories (M.K. Murray) * Exciting developments in quantum cohomology (Y. Ruan) * The physics origin of Seiberg-Witten equations in 4-manifold theory (S. Wu) Graduate students, mathematicians and mathematical physicists in the above-mentioned areas will benefit from the user-friendly introductory style of each chapter as well as the comprehensive bibliographies provided for each topic. Prerequisite knowledge is minimal since sufficient background material motivates each chapter.
This volume begins with an introduction to the structure of finite-dimensional simple Lie algebras, including the representation of ${\widehat {\mathfrak {sl}}}(2, {\mathbb C})$, root systems, the Cartan matrix, and a Dynkin diagram of a finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra. Continuing on, the main subjects of the book are the structure (real and imaginary root systems) of and the character formula for Kac-Moody superalgebras, which is explained in a very general setting. Only elementary linear algebra and group theory are assumed. Also covered is modular property and asymptotic behavior of integrable characters of affine Lie algebras. The exposition is self-contained and includes examples. The book can be used in a graduate-level course on the topic.
The volume is a collection of refereed research papers on infinite dimensional groups and manifolds in mathematics and quantum physics. Directed at research mathematicians and theoretical physicists as well as graduate students, the volume gives an overview of important themes of research at the forefront of mathematics and theoretical physics.
»Ich bin einer von ungezählten Millionen, die durch Nelson Mandelas Leben inspiriert wurden.« Barack Obama Eine fast drei Jahrzehnte währende Gefängnishaft ließ Nelson Mandela zum Mythos der schwarzen Befreiungsbewegung werden. Kaum ein anderer Politiker unserer Zeit symbolisiert heute in solchem Maße die Friedenshoffnungen der Menschheit und den Gedanken der Aussöhnung aller Rassen wie der ehemalige südafrikanische Präsident und Friedensnobelpreisträger. Auch nach seinem Tod finden seine ungebrochene Charakterstärke und Menschenfreundlichkeit die Bewunderung aller friedenswilligen Menschen auf der Welt. Mandelas Lebensgeschichte ist über die politische Bedeutung hinaus ein spannend zu lesendes, kenntnis- und faktenreiches Dokument menschlicher Entwicklung unter Bedingungen und Fährnissen, vor denen die meisten Menschen innerlich wie äußerlich kapituliert haben dürften.
A conference on Analytic Number Theory and Diophantine Problems was held from June 24 to July 3, 1984 at the Oklahoma State University in Stillwater. The conference was funded by the National Science Foundation, the College of Arts and Sciences and the Department of Mathematics at Oklahoma State University. The papers in this volume represent only a portion of the many talks given at the conference. The principal speakers were Professors E. Bombieri, P. X. Gallagher, D. Goldfeld, S. Graham, R. Greenberg, H. Halberstam, C. Hooley, H. Iwaniec, D. J. Lewis, D. W. Masser, H. L. Montgomery, A. Selberg, and R. C. Vaughan. Of these, Professors Bombieri, Goldfeld, Masser, and Vaughan gave three lectures each, while Professor Hooley gave two. Special sessions were also held and most participants gave talks of at least twenty minutes each. Prof. P. Sarnak was unable to attend but a paper based on his intended talk is included in this volume. We take this opportunity to thank all participants for their (enthusiastic) support for the conference. Judging from the response, it was deemed a success. As for this volume, I take responsibility for any typographical errors that may occur in the final print. I also apologize for the delay (which was due to the many problems incurred while retyping all the papers). A. special thanks to Dollee Walker for retyping the papers and to Prof. W. H. Jaco for his support, encouragement and hard work in bringing the idea of the conference to fruition.
This collection of invited expository articles focuses on recent developments and trends in infinite-dimensional Lie theory, which has become one of the core areas of modern mathematics. The book is divided into three parts: infinite-dimensional Lie (super-)algebras, geometry of infinite-dimensional Lie (transformation) groups, and representation theory of infinite-dimensional Lie groups. Contributors: B. Allison, D. Beltiţă, W. Bertram, J. Faulkner, Ph. Gille, H. Glöckner, K.-H. Neeb, E. Neher, I. Penkov, A. Pianzola, D. Pickrell, T.S. Ratiu, N.R. Scheithauer, C. Schweigert, V. Serganova, K. Styrkas, K. Waldorf, and J.A. Wolf.
This book contains eight papers on representations and cohomology of Lie algebras. The Lie algebras here are either infinite-dimensional, are defined over fields of finite characteristic, or are actually Lie superalgebras or quantum groups. Among the topics covered here are generalizations of the Virasoro algebra, representation theory of the Virasoro algebra and of Kac-Moody algebras, cohomology of Lie algebras of vector fields on the line, and Lie superalgebras of vector fields. The paper by Retakh and Shander contains a generalization of the Schwarz derivative to the noncommutative case.