Machining is one of the most important manufacturing processes. Parts manufactured by other processes often require further operations before the product is ready for application. “Machining: Fundamentals and Recent Advances” is divided into two parts. Part I explains the fundamentals of machining, with special emphasis on three important aspects: mechanics of machining, tools, and work-piece integrity. Part II is dedicated to recent advances in machining, including: machining of hard materials, machining of metal matrix composites, drilling polymeric matrix composites, ecological machining (minimal quantity of lubrication), high-speed machining (sculptured surfaces), grinding technology and new grinding wheels, micro- and nano-machining, non-traditional machining processes, and intelligent machining (computational methods and optimization). Advanced students, researchers and professionals interested or involved in modern manufacturing engineering will find the book a useful reference.
The book thoroughly illustrates the causes of various phenomena and their effects on machining practice. It includes description of machining processes outlining the merits and de-merits of various modeling approaches. Spread in 22 chapters, the book is broadly divided in four sections: 1. Machining Processes 2. Cutting Tools 3. Machine Tools 4. Automation Data on cutting parameters for machining operations and main characteristics of machine tools have been separately provided in Annexures. In addition to exhaustive theory, a number of numerical examples have been solved and arranged in various chapters. Question bank has been given at the end of every chapter. The book is a must for anyone involved in metal cutting, machining, machine tool technology, machining applications, and manufacturing processes
In the more than 15 years since the second edition of Fundamentals of Machining and Machine Tools was published, the industry has seen many changes. Students must keep up with developments in analytical modeling of machining processes, modern cutting tool materials, and how these changes affect the economics of machining. With coverage reflecting state-of-the-art industry practice, Fundamentals of Machining and Machine Tools, Third Edition emphasizes underlying concepts, analytical methods, and economic considerations, requiring only basic mathematics and physics. This book thoroughly illustrates the causes of various phenomena and their effects on machining practice. The authors include several descriptions of modern analytical methods, outlining the strengths and weaknesses of the various modeling approaches. What's New in the Third Edition? Recent advances in super-hard cutting tool materials, tool geometries, and surface coatings Advances in high-speed machining and hard machining New trends in cutting fluid applications, including dry and minimum-quantity lubrication machining New developments in tool geometries for chip breaking and chip control Improvements in cost modeling of machining processes, including application to grinding processes Supplying abundant examples, illustrations, and homework problems, Fundamentals of Machining and Machine Tools, Third Edition is an ideal textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students studying metal cutting, machining, machine tool technology, machining applications, and manufacturing processes.
Modern Machining Processes presents unconventional machining methods which are gradually commercial acceptance. All aspects of mechanical, electrochemical and thermal processes are comprehensively covered.Processes likeAbrasive Jet Machining Water Jet MachiningLaser Beam MachiningHot MachiningPlasma Arc Machininghave also been included. It gives a balanced account of both theory and applications, contains illustrative exercises and an extensive up-to-date bibliography. The book should be useful to students of production and mechanical engineering, as well as practising engineers.
Hard machining is a relatively recent technology that can be defined as a machining operation, using tools with geometrically defined cutting edges, of a work piece that has hardness values typically in the 45-70HRc range. This operation always presents the challenge of selecting a cutting tool insert that facilitates high-precision machining of the component, but it presents several advantages when compared with the traditional methodology based in finish grinding operations after heat treatment of work pieces. Machining of Hard Materials aims to provide the reader with the fundamentals and recent advances in the field of hard machining of materials. All the chapters are written by international experts in this important field of research. They cover topics such as: • advanced cutting tools for the machining of hard materials; • the mechanics of cutting and chip formation; • surface integrity; • modelling and simulation; and • computational methods and optimization. Machining of Hard Materials can serve as a useful reference for academics, manufacturing and materials researchers, manufacturing and mechanical engineers, and professionals in machining and related industries. It can also be used as a text for advanced undergraduate or postgraduate students studying mechanical engineering, manufacturing, or materials.
Contributed papers presented at the conference held at Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur.
This forward-thinking, practical book provides essential information on modern machining technology for industry with emphasis on the processes used regularly across several major industries. Machining technology presents great interest for many important industries including automotive, aeronautics, aerospace, renewable energy, moulds and dies, biomedical, and many others. Machining processes are manufacturing processes in which parts are shaped by the removal of unwanted material; these processes cover several stages and are usually divided into the following categories: cutting (involving single point or multipoint cutting tools); abrasive processes (including grinding and advanced machining processes, such as EDM (electrical discharge machining), LBM (laser-beam machining), AWJM (abrasive water jet machining) and USM (ultrasonic machining). Provides essential information on modern machining technology, with emphasis on the processes used regularly across several major industries Covers several processes and outlines their many stages Contributions come from a series of international, highly knowledgeable and well-respected experts
This book focuses on the state-of-the-art developments in machining with nanomaterials. Numerous in-depth case studies illustrate the practical use of nanomaterials in industry, including how thin film nanostructures can be applied to solving machining problems and how coatings can improve tool life and reduce machining costs in an environmentally acceptable way. Chapters include discussions on, among other things: Comparisons of re-coated cutting tools and re-ground drills The modeling and machining of medical materials, particularly implants, for optimum biocompatibility including corrosion resistance, bio adhesiveness, and elasticity Recent developments in machining difficult-to-cut materials, as well as machining brittle materials using nanostructured diamond tools Spindle Speed Variation (SSV) for machining chatter suppression Nano grinding with abrasives to produce micro- and nano fluidic devices. The importance of proper design of cutting tools, including milling tools, single point turning tools, and micro cutting tools is reinforced throughout the book. This is an ideal book for engineers in industry, practitioners, students, teachers, and researchers.
Completely revised and updated, this second edition of Fundamentals of Machining Processes: Conventional and Nonconventional Processes covers the fundamentals machining by cutting, abrasion, erosion, and combined processes. The new edition has been expanded with two additional chapters covering the concept of machinability and the roadmap for selecting machining processes that meet required design specification. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Explanation of the definition of the relative machinability index and how the machinability is judged Important factors affecting the machinability ratings Machinability ratings of common engineering materials by conventional and nonconventional methods. Factors to be considered when selecting a machining process that meets the design specifications, including part features, materials, product accuracy, surface texture, surface integrity, cost, environmental impacts, and the process and the machine selected capabilities Introduction to new Magnetic Field Assisted Finishing Processes Written by an expert with 37 years of experience in research and teaching machining and related topics, this covers machining processes that range from basic conventional metal cutting, abrasive machining to the most advanced nonconventional and micromachining processes. The author presents the principles and theories of material removal and applications for conventional and nonconventional machining processes, discusses the role of machining variables in the technological characteristics of each process, and provides treatment of current technologies in high speed machining and micromachining. The treatment of the different subjects has been developed from basic principles and does not require the knowledge of advanced mathematics as a prerequisite. A fundamental textbook for undergraduate students, this book contains machining data, solved examples, and review questions which are useful for students and manufacturing engineers.
In recent years, the application of composite materials has increased in various areas of science and technology due to their special properties, namely for use in the aircraft, automotive, defence, aerospace and other advanced industries. Machining composite materials is quite a complex task owing to its heterogenity, and to the fact that reinforcements are extremely abrasive. In modern engineering, high demands are placed on components made of composites in relation to their dimensional precision as well as their surface quality. Due to these potential applications, there is a great need to understand the questions associated with machining composite materials. This book aims to provide the fundamentals and the recent advances in the machining of composite materials (polymers, metals and ceramics) for modern manufacturing engineering. The three parts of the book cover the machining of polymeric, metal and ceramic matrix composites. This book can be used as a text book for the final year of an undergraduate engineering course or for those studying machining/composites at the postgraduate level. It can also serve as a useful work of reference for academics, manufacturing and materials researchers, manufacturing and mechanical engineers, and professionals in composite technology and related industries.
The Book Is Intended To Serve As A Textbook For The Final And Pre-Final Year B.Tech. Students Of Mechanical, Production, Aeronautical And Textile Engineering Disciplines. It Can Be Used Either For A One Or A Two Semester Course. The Book Covers The Main Areas Of Interest In Metal Machining Technology Namely Machining Processes, Machine Tools, Metal Cutting Theory And Cutting Tools. Modern Developments Such As Numerical Control, Computer-Aided Manufacture And Non-Conventional Processes Have Also Been Treated. Separate Chapters Have Been Devoted To The Important Topics Of Machine Tool Vibration, Surface Integrity And Machining Economics. Data On Recommended Cutting Speeds, Feeds And Tool Geometry For Various Operations Has Been Incorporated For Reference By The Practising Engineer.Salient Features Of Second Edition * Two New Chapters Have Been Added On Nc And Cnc Machines And Part Programming. * All Chapters Have Been Thoroughly Revised And Updated With New Information. * More Solved Examples Have Been Added. * New Material On Tool Technology. * Improved Quality Of Figures And More Photographs.
Due to their flexible and efficient capabilities, lasers are often used over more traditional machining technologies, such as mechanical drilling and chemical etching, in manufacturing a wide variety of products, from medical implants, gyroscopes, and drug delivery catheters to aircraft engines, printed circuit boards, and fuel cells. Fundamentals of Laser Micromachining explains how laser technology is applied to precision micromachining. The book combines background on physics, lasers, optics, and hardware with analysis of markets, materials, and applications. It gives sufficient theoretical background for readers to understand basic concepts while including a further reading appendix for those interested in more detailed theoretical discussions. After reviewing laser history and technology, the author compares available laser sources, including CO2, excimer, Nd:YAG, fiber, and short pulse. He also addresses topics crucial to obtaining good processing results, such as IR and UV material–photon interaction, basic optical components, and system integration. The text goes on to cover real-world applications in the medical, microelectronics, aerospace, and other fields. It concludes with details on processing many common materials, such as metals, silicon, ceramics, and glasses. For engineers and project managers, this book provides the foundation to achieve cost-effectiveness, the best edge quality, and the highest resolution in small-scale industrial laser machining. It will help you select the correct kind of laser for your application and identify real opportunities for growth in the marketplace.
This text, developed at MIT's laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity, provides an overview of manufacturing from the ground up. Each topic is discussed in terms of the four fundamental manufacturing attributes: cost, rate, flexibility, and quality, and the presentation emphasizes both theoretical developments and practical applications. This new edition has been thoroughly updated throughout and includes a new section on CAD CAM and CNC technologies, virtual reality, metrology, process planning, new tools and software, and simulation.
This book teaches the fundamentals of CNC machining. Topics include safety, CNC tools, cutting speeds and feeds, coordinate systems, G-codes, 2D, 3D and Turning toolpaths and CNC setups and operation. Emphasis is on using best practices as related to modern CNC and CAD/CAM. This book is particularly well-suited to persons using CNC that do not have a traditional machining background.
Machining dynamics play an essential role in the performance of the machine tools and machining processes which directly affect the removal rate, workpiece surface quality and dimensional and form accuracy. Machining Dynamics: Fundamentals and Applications will be bought by advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying manufacturing engineering and machining technology in addition to manufacturing engineers, production supervisors, planning and application engineers, and designers.
This book covers modern subjects of mechanical engineering such as nanomechanics and nanotechnology, mechatronics and robotics, computational mechanics, biomechanics, alternative energies, sustainability as well as all aspects related with mechanical engineering education. The chapters help enhance the understanding of both the fundamentals of mechanical engineering and its application to the solution of problems in modern industry. This book is suitable for students, both in final undergraduate mechanical engineering courses or at the graduate level. It also serves as a useful reference for academics, mechanical engineering researchers, mechanical, materials and manufacturing engineers, professionals in related with mechanical engineering.