Data analysis is a vital part of science today, and in assessingquality, multivariate analysis is often necessary in order to avoidloss of essential information. Martens provides a powerful andversatile methodology that enables researchers to design theirinvestigations and analyse data effectively and safely, without theneed for formal statistical training. * Offers an introductory explanation of multivariate analysis bygraphical 'soft modelling' * Minimises mathematics, providing all technical details in theappendix * Presents itself in an accessible style with cartoons,self-assessment questions and a wide range of practicalexamples * Demonstrates the methodology for various types of qualityassessment, ranging from human quality perception via industrialquality monitoring to environmental quality and its molecularbasis All data sets available FREE online on "Chemometrics World"(http://www.wiley.co.uk/wileychi/chemometrics)
The majority of data sets collected by researchers in all disciplines are multivariate, meaning that several measurements, observations, or recordings are taken on each of the units in the data set. These units might be human subjects, archaeological artifacts, countries, or a vast variety of other things. In a few cases, it may be sensible to isolate each variable and study it separately, but in most instances all the variables need to be examined simultaneously in order to fully grasp the structure and key features of the data. For this purpose, one or another method of multivariate analysis might be helpful, and it is with such methods that this book is largely concerned. Multivariate analysis includes methods both for describing and exploring such data and for making formal inferences about them. The aim of all the techniques is, in general sense, to display or extract the signal in the data in the presence of noise and to find out what the data show us in the midst of their apparent chaos. An Introduction to Applied Multivariate Analysis with R explores the correct application of these methods so as to extract as much information as possible from the data at hand, particularly as some type of graphical representation, via the R software. Throughout the book, the authors give many examples of R code used to apply the multivariate techniques to multivariate data.
Applied statisticians often need to perform analyses of multivariate data; for these they will typically use one of the statistical software packages, S-Plus or R. This book sets out how to use these packages for these analyses in a concise and easy-to-use way, and will save users having to buy two books for the job. The author is well-known for this kind of book, and so buyers will trust that he’s got it right.
Praise for the Second Edition "This book is a systematic, well-written, well-organized text on multivariate analysis packed with intuition and insight . . . There is much practical wisdom in this book that is hard to find elsewhere." —IIE Transactions Filled with new and timely content, Methods of Multivariate Analysis, Third Edition provides examples and exercises based on more than sixty real data sets from a wide variety of scientific fields. It takes a "methods" approach to the subject, placing an emphasis on how students and practitioners can employ multivariate analysis in real-life situations. This Third Edition continues to explore the key descriptive and inferential procedures that result from multivariate analysis. Following a brief overview of the topic, the book goes on to review the fundamentals of matrix algebra, sampling from multivariate populations, and the extension of common univariate statistical procedures (including t-tests, analysis of variance, and multiple regression) to analogous multivariate techniques that involve several dependent variables. The latter half of the book describes statistical tools that are uniquely multivariate in nature, including procedures for discriminating among groups, characterizing low-dimensional latent structure in high-dimensional data, identifying clusters in data, and graphically illustrating relationships in low-dimensional space. In addition, the authors explore a wealth of newly added topics, including: Confirmatory Factor Analysis Classification Trees Dynamic Graphics Transformations to Normality Prediction for Multivariate Multiple Regression Kronecker Products and Vec Notation New exercises have been added throughout the book, allowing readers to test their comprehension of the presented material. Detailed appendices provide partial solutions as well as supplemental tables, and an accompanying FTP site features the book's data sets and related SAS® code. Requiring only a basic background in statistics, Methods of Multivariate Analysis, Third Edition is an excellent book for courses on multivariate analysis and applied statistics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a valuable reference for both statisticians and researchers across a wide variety of disciplines.
Multivariate Calibration Harald Martens, Chemist, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Aas, Norway and Norwegian Computing Center, Oslo, Norway Tormod Naes, Statistician, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Aas, Norway The aim of this inter-disciplinary book is to present an up-to-date view of multivariate calibration of analytical instruments, for use in research, development and routine laboratory and process operation. The book is intended to show practitioners in chemistry and technology how to extract the quantitative and understandable information embedded in non-selective, overwhelming and apparently useless measurements by multivariate data analysis. Multivariate calibration is the process of learning how to combine data from several channels, in order to overcome selectivity problems, gain new insight and allow automatic outlier detection. Multivariate calibration is the basis for the present success of high-speed Near-Infrared (NIR) diffuse spectroscopy of intact samples. But the technique is very general: it has shown similar advantages in, for instance, UV, Vis, and IR spectrophotometry, (transmittance, reflectance and fluorescence), for x-ray diffraction, NMR, MS, thermal analysis, chromatography (GC, HPLC) and for electrophoresis and image analysis (tomography, microscopy), as well as other techniques. The book is written at two levels: the main level is structured as a tutorial on the practical use of multivariate calibration techniques. It is intended for university courses and self-study for chemists and technologists, giving one complete and versatile approach, based mainly on data compression methodology in self-modelling PLS regression, with considerations of experimental design, data pre-processing and model validation. A second, more methodological, level is intended for statisticians and specialists in chemometrics. It compares several alternative calibration methods, validation approaches and ways to optimize the models. The book also outlines some cognitive changes needed in analytical chemistry, and suggests ways to overcome some communication problems between statistics and chemistry and technology.
′This book is a helpful guide to reading and understanding multivariate data analysis results in social and psychological research′ _C. Y. Joanne Peng, Indiana University at Bloomington ′This book serves as a resource for readers who want to have an overall view of what encompasses multivariate analyses. The author has discussed some important issues rather philosophically (e.g., theory vs. data analysis). These points are valuable even for readers who have extensive training with multivariate analyses′ _Jenn-Yun Tein, Arizona State University
Using formal descriptions, graphical illustrations, practical examples, and R software tools, Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Chemometrics presents simple yet thorough explanations of the most important multivariate statistical methods for analyzing chemical data. It includes discussions of various statistical methods, such as principal component analysis, regression analysis, classification methods, and clustering. Written by a chemometrician and a statistician, the book reflects the practical approach of chemometrics and the more formally oriented one of statistics. To enable a better understanding of the statistical methods, the authors apply them to real data examples from chemistry. They also examine results of the different methods, comparing traditional approaches with their robust counterparts. In addition, the authors use the freely available R package to implement methods, encouraging readers to go through the examples and adapt the procedures to their own problems. Focusing on the practicality of the methods and the validity of the results, this book offers concise mathematical descriptions of many multivariate methods and employs graphical schemes to visualize key concepts. It effectively imparts a basic understanding of how to apply statistical methods to multivariate scientific data.
"Multivariate Data Analysis - in practice adopts a practical, non-mathematical approach to multivariate data analysis. The book's principal objective is to provide a conceptual framework for multivariate data analysis techniques, enabling the reader to apply these in his or her own field. Features: Focuses on the practical application of multivariate techniques such as PCA, PCR and PLS and experimental design. Non-mathematical approach - ideal for analysts with little or no background in statistics. Step by step introduction of new concepts and techniques promotes ease of learning. Theory supported by hands-on exercises based on real-world data. A full training copy of The Unscrambler (for Windows 95, Windows NT 3.51 or later versions) including data sets for the exercises is available. Tutorial exercises based on data from real-world applications are used throughout the book to illustrate the use of the techniques introduced, providing the reader with a working knowledge of modern multivariate data analysis and experimental design. All exercises use The Unscrambler, a de facto industry standard for multivariate data analysis software packages. Multivariate Data Analysis in Practice is an excellent self-study text for scientists, chemists and engineers from all disciplines (non-statisticians) wishing to exploit the power of practical multivariate methods. It is very suitable for teaching purposes at the introductory level, and it can always be supplemented with higher level theoretical literature."Résumé de l'éditeur.
With its focus on the practical application of the techniques of multivariate statistics, this book shapes the powerful tools of statistics for the specific needs of ecologists and makes statistics more applicable to their course of study. It gives readers a solid conceptual understanding of the role of multivariate statistics in ecological applications and the relationships among various techniques, while avoiding detailed mathematics and the underlying theory. More importantly, the reader will gain insight into the type of research questions best handled by each technique and the important considerations in applying them. Whether used as a textbook for specialised courses or as a supplement to general statistics texts, the book emphasises those techniques that students of ecology and natural resources most need to understand and employ in their research. While targeted for upper-division and graduate students in wildlife biology, forestry, and ecology, and for professional wildlife scientists and natural resource managers, this book will also be valuable to researchers in any of the biological sciences.
This classic book provides the much needed conceptual explanations of advanced computer-based multivariate data analysis techniques: correlation and regression analysis, factor analysis, discrimination analysis, cluster analysis, multi-dimensional scaling, perceptual mapping, and more. It closes the gap between spiraling technology and its intelligent application, fulfilling the potential of both.
Designed to serve as the first point of reference on the subject, Comprehensive Chemometrics presents an integrated summary of the present state of chemical and biochemical data analysis and manipulation. The work covers all major areas ranging from statistics to data acquisition, analysis, and applications. This major reference work provides broad-ranging, validated summaries of the major topics in chemometrics—with chapter introductions and advanced reviews for each area. The level of material is appropriate for graduate students as well as active researchers seeking a ready reference on obtaining and analyzing scientific data. Features the contributions of leading experts from 21 countries, under the guidance of the Editors-in-Chief and a team of specialist Section Editors: L. Buydens; D. Coomans; P. Van Espen; A. De Juan; J.H. Kalivas; B.K. Lavine; R. Leardi; R. Phan-Tan-Luu; L.A. Sarabia; and J. Trygg Examines the merits and limitations of each technique through practical examples and extensive visuals: 368 tables and more than 1,300 illustrations (750 in full color) Integrates coverage of chemical and biological methods, allowing readers to consider and test a range of techniques Consists of 2,200 pages and more than 90 review articles, making it the most comprehensive work of its kind Offers print and online purchase options, the latter of which delivers flexibility, accessibility, and usability through the search tools and other productivity-enhancing features of ScienceDirect
Offering the latest teaching and practice of applied multivariate statistics, this text is perfect for students who need an applied introduction to the subject. Lattin, Carroll, and Green have created a text that speaks to the needs of applied students who have advanced beyond the beginning level, but are not advanced statistics majors. The text provides a three-part structure. First, the authors begin each major topic by developing students' statistical intuition through applications. Then, they providing illustrative examples for support. Finally, for those courses where it will be valuable, they describe relevant mathematical underpinnings with vectors and matrix algebra. Additionally, each chapter follows a standard format. This format begins by discussing a general set of research objectives, followed by illustrative examples of problems in different areas. Then it provides an explanation of how each method works, followed by a sample problem, application of the technique, and interpretation of results.
An introduction to geostatistics stressing the multivariate aspects for scientists, engineers and statisticians. The book presents a brief review of statistical concepts, a detailed introduction to linear geostatistics, and an account of three basic methods of multivariate analysis. Applications from very different areas of science, as well as exercises with solutions, are provided to help convey the general ideas. In this second edition, the chapters regarding normal kriging and cokriging have been restructured and the section on non-stationary geostatistics has been entirely rewritten.
Get up-to-speed on the latest methods of multivariate statistics Multivariate statistical methods provide a powerful tool for analyzing data when observations are taken over a period of time on the same subject. With the advent of fast and efficient computers and the availability of computer packages such as S-plus and SAS, multivariate methods once too complex to tackle are now within reach of most researchers and data analysts. With an emphasis on computing techniques in combination with a full understanding of the mathematics behind the methods, Methods of Multivariate Statistics offers an up-to-date account of multivariate methods. Focusing on the maximum likelihood method for estimation, testing of hypotheses, and "profile analysis," this book offers comprehensive discussions of commonly encountered multivariate data and also covers some practical and important problems lacking in other texts. These include: * Missing at-random observations * "Growth Curve Models" and multivariate one-sided tests applicable in pharmaceutical and medical trials * Bootstrap methods * Principal component method for predicting a multivariate response vector * Outlier detection and handling inference when covariance is singular With clear chapter introductions and numerous problem sets, Methods of Multivariate Statistics meets every statistician's need for a comprehensive investigation of the latest methods in multivariate statistics.
Multivariate Analysis in the Pharmaceutical Industry provides industry practitioners with guidance on multivariate data methods and their applications over the lifecycle of a pharmaceutical product, from process development, to routine manufacturing, focusing on the challenges specific to each step. It includes an overview of regulatory guidance specific to the use of these methods, along with perspectives on the applications of these methods that allow for testing, monitoring and controlling products and processes. The book seeks to put multivariate analysis into a pharmaceutical context for the benefit of pharmaceutical practitioners, potential practitioners, managers and regulators. Users will find a resources that addresses an unmet need on how pharmaceutical industry professionals can extract value from data that is routinely collected on products and processes, especially as these techniques become more widely used, and ultimately, expected by regulators. Targets pharmaceutical industry practitioners and regulatory staff by addressing industry specific challenges Includes case studies from different pharmaceutical companies and across product lifecycle of to introduce readers to the breadth of applications Contains information on the current regulatory framework which will shape how multivariate analysis (MVA) is used in years to come
Written by the leading expert in the field, this text reviews the major new developments in envelope models and methods An Introduction to Envelopes provides an overview of the theory and methods of envelopes, a class of procedures for increasing efficiency in multivariate analyses without altering traditional objectives. The author offers a balance between foundations and methodology by integrating illustrative examples that show how envelopes can be used in practice. He discusses how to use envelopes to target selected coefficients and explores predictor envelopes and their connection with partial least squares regression. The book reveals the potential for envelope methodology to improve estimation of a multivariate mean. The text also includes information on how envelopes can be used in generalized linear models, regressions with a matrix-valued response, and reviews work on sparse and Bayesian response envelopes. In addition, the text explores relationships between envelopes and other dimension reduction methods, including canonical correlations, reduced-rank regression, supervised singular value decomposition, sufficient dimension reduction, principal components, and principal fitted components. This important resource: • Offers a text written by the leading expert in this field • Describes groundbreaking work that puts the focus on this burgeoning area of study • Covers the important new developments in the field and highlights the most important directions • Discusses the underlying mathematics and linear algebra • Includes an online companion site with both R and Matlab support Written for researchers and graduate students in multivariate analysis and dimension reduction, as well as practitioners interested in statistical methodology, An Introduction to Envelopes offers the first book on the theory and methods of envelopes.