Adopting an integrated approach to natural hazards that incorporates facets of both the physical and social sciences, this text examines how different societies have responded to such extremes of nature. The authors bring together the behavioural, political, psychological and economic approaches, leading to increased comprehension of a range of natural hazards, rather than a detailed analysis of particular events or hazard categories.
This book is a collection of twenty one papers presented during the symposium on Coping with Natural Hazards at University of Pune on 5 and 6 October 2001. This very successful symposium, organised by the National Academy of Sciences, outlined the strategies our country should adopt to be prepared to face hazards like earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, cyclones, droughts and desertification. It contains papers by pre-eminent scientists and leading lights like Professors M G K Menon, P K Das, D R Sikka and R K Bhandari and many others. Each paper has been critically reviewed by atleast two experts in their respective fields.
Emphasizes Resilient Policies, Rather Than Rigid Philosophy Economic and environmental consequences of natural and man-made disasters have grown exponentially during the past few decades. Whether from hurricanes, chemical spills, terrorist incidents, or other catastrophes, the negative impacts can often be felt on a global scale. Natural Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impacts of Disasters evaluates critical preparedness issues that emergency managers must face before, during, and after disasters of any kind. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of GIS tools, spatial analysis, and remote sensing to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and to foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Provides Framework for Understanding Hazard Consequences in Variety of Environments This handbook-style volume stresses the key roles problem solving, decision making, and risk communication serve as means of ensuring all hazard elements are accurately identified and appropriately addressed. It is filled with proven techniques for effective community planning and hazard mitigation and for ongoing restorative efforts in disaster-ridden areas. In one comprehensive source, this book contains all the information needed to analyze risks and establish successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster event. This resource provides ready-to-implement tools that will benefit for a wide audience, including: National, federal, and local emergency management teams Environmental planning professionals in the public and private sectors Recovery response entities including the Red Cross and Salvation Army Students enrolled in university emergency management programs
Written by a father-son team of prominent geologists, Donald and David Hyndman, NATURAL HAZARDS AND DISASTERS, Third Edition, emphasizes Earth, the atmosphere, and the hazardous natural processes and events that dramatically alter them. In teaching introductory environmental and physical geology courses, the authors found that topics involving natural hazards are among the most interesting for students. They also realized that employing natural hazards as a thematic focus and context motivates students to learn basic scientific concepts. Students begin each chapter by reading about the underlying geological processes as well as the key terms that describe them. Next, they explore the impact these processes have on humans (as well as the impact that humans have on the processes). Finally, the authors analyze strategies for mitigating these hazards’ physical and financial harm, and present prospects for the future. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods. However, the phrase 'natural disaster' suggests an uncritical acceptance of a deeply engrained ideological and cultural myth. At Risk questions this myth and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed. The updated new edition confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters and discusses disaster not as an aberration, but as a signal failure of mainstream 'development'. Two analytical models are provided as tools for understanding vulnerability. One links remote and distant 'root causes' to 'unsafe conditions' in a 'progression of vulnerability'. The other uses the concepts of 'access' and 'livelihood' to understand why some households are more vulnerable than others. Examining key natural events and incorporating strategies to create a safer world, this revised edition is an important resource for those involved in the fields of environment and development studies.
Practitioners in natural hazards reduction and policy makers in climatic change and natural hazards management
In the twentieth century, the disastrous effects of natural hazards have increased, reflecting the substantial growth in world population, the vulnerability of marginal groups, and the mismanagement of the environment. This book provides potential answers to the questions concerning natural disaster preparedness and management. It develops a conceptual model for understanding hazards and describes specific dangers within the framework of the model. A chapter is devoted to each of the hazards, and decisions and management strategies are outlined, emphasizing risk analysis and decision theory. Students and teachers of geography, agriculture, and environmental studies will find important information in this relevant book.
A state-of-the-art overview of natural hazard risk assessment, for researchers and professionals in natural-hazard science, risk management and environmental science.
Focusing on natural hazards, this is part of an A-Level Geography series which presents a wide range of detailed case studies. Students are helped to progress from GCSE and Standard Grade within each topic book as they work through the questions that appear at regular intervals, and the enquiry activities at the end of each chapter. The series also offers separate books on study advice and skills development, as well as exam support. Question banks focus on the deveopment of core skills and are designed to help in the construction of essays.
This book examines how to ensure that the preventive measures are worthwhile and effective, and how people can make decisions individually and collectively at different levels of government.
This special volume contains a selection of papers that were presented as part of the Seventh International Symposium on Natural and Man-Made Hazards (HAZARDS-98), held in Chania, Crete Island, Greece, during May 1998. The Symposium attracted broad international interest because many cases of natural disaster events, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, storm surges, forest fires, etc., that occurred in several parts of the world during the 1990s were presented not only for their physics but also from the point of view of their impact on society and their environmental consequences. Among these cases are the 1997 Red River Valley flood in Canada and the large earthquake of 18 November 1997, in Zakynthos, Greece. In addition, the volume contains contributions that apply advanced statistical methods and artificial intelligence techniques, such as GIS, and systems analysis to approach the description of physical processes, the discrimination of experimental data and the assessment and management of risk. Audience: This volume forms an excellent reference for scientists, students, engineers, the insurance industry, authorities specializing in public safety and natural hazards preparedness and mitigation plans.
A book designed for readers interested in the environment, this is an excellent source for Earth science information about hazardous Earth processes which affect virtually everyone living on this planet. Book includes Hazard City CD-ROM for exersices that put students in the role of a practicing geologist. Interesting and well-written, this book includes broad coverage of many natural hazards, including earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding, landslides, coastal erosion, extreme weather, and wildfires. For those interested in a comprehensive book about our environment and the impact of natural hazardous processes; also useful as a reference work for science writers and editors.
Die Dominikanische Republik wird häufig von Starkniederschlägen heimgesucht, welche in großen Teilen der Gebirge Rutschungen hervorrufen. Dadurch wird großflächig Boden degradiert, Stauseen mit besonderer Bedeutung für die Wasserversorgung der Bevölkerung erhalten eine stärkere Sedimentzufuhr und die Lebensräume der dort lebenden Menschen werden bedroht.In der vorliegenden Studie wurde für das obere Einzugsgebiet des Río Yaque del Norte die potentielle Gefahr von Hangrutschungsprozessen abgeschätzt.Mit Hilfe eines Geographischen Informationssystems (GIS) sowie unter Einbezug von Fernerkundungsdaten und eines Digitalen Geländemodells(DGM) wurde eine Gefahrenzonenkarte anhand der Faktoren Hangneigung, Einzugsgebietsgröße und Landnutzung erstellt, welche die potentielle Hangrutschungsdisposition in drei Klassen (schwach, mittel, stark) beschreibt.En la República Dominicana aparecen frecuentemente ciclones tropicales (huracanes), los cuales a su paso ocasionan precipitaciones de gran intensidad. En las zonas montañosas deforestadas las precipitaciones causan deslizamientos de terreno, originando ésto que grandes masas de suelo sean degradadas, asimismo se ven afectados por la depositacion de sedimentos, pantanales y embalses de gran relevancia para el abastecimiento de agua, adem s, reas residenciales se ven enfrentadas a considerables peligros (derrumbes).Con la utilización de un SIG y las informaciones proporcionadas por sensores remotos se ha podido elaborar un mapa de zonas amenazadas por la aparición de derrumbes o deslizamientos de terreno, definiendo para este efecto tres grados de riesgo: bajo, medio y alto. Todo esto para la cuenca alta del Río Yaque del Norte, a partir de la consideración de los factores inclinación, extensión de la cuenca y uso del suelo. La estimación del grado de riesgo, es dependiente de la frecuencia relativa de la presencia de deslizamientos de terreno, para cada uno factores en las clases predefinidas.
At Risk reasserts the significance of the human factor in disasters. Establishing that the social, political and economic environment is as much a cause of disasters as the natural environment, the book argues that disaster mitigation is rooted in the potential humans have to understand their vulnerability and to take common action. Famines and drought, biological hazards, floods, coastal storms, earthquakes, volcanoes and landslides: At Risk draws practical and policy conclusions with a view to disaster reduction and the promotion of a safer environment.
1. Introduction. 2. Plate Tectonics and Physical Hazards. 3. Earthquakes and Earthquake Waves. 4. Earthquake Prediction and Tectonic Environments. 5. Tsunami. 6. Volcanoes: Materials, Hazards, and Eruptive Mechanisms. 7. Volcanoes: Types, Behavior, and Risks. 8. Landslides. 9. Sinkholes, Land Subsidence, and Swelling Soils. 10. Climate and Weather Related To Hazards. 11. Streams and Flood Processes. 12. Floods and Human Interactions. 13. Waves, Beaches, and Coastal Erosion. 14. Hurricanes and Nor'easters. 15. Thunder Storms and Tornadoes. 16. Wildfires. 17. Impact of Asteroids and Comets. 18. The Future: Where Do We Go From Here?
What can we learn from the spatial patterns of disasters? What human and structural factors need to be addressed to explain hazard vulnerability? As populations grow and the climate warms, how can natural hazards be mitigated? Thoroughly revised and updated, and now with a more global perspective, the second edition of this accessible text provides an integrated framework for understanding and managing natural hazards. Numerous case studies from around the world illustrate the complexities of extreme geophysical events and highlight their physical, social, political, and economic dimensions. The text identifies essential principles for tackling the fundamental causes of differential vulnerabilities that perpetuate human distress, and for promoting recovery and resilience. New to This Edition *New frameworks for understanding human resilience and adaptive capacity in recovery, dynamics of risk and uncertainty, and more. *Chapter on spatial and temporal aspects of hazards. *Discussions of cutting-edge topics, such as chronic disasters, controversies in international aid, and how hazards affect regions differentially. *Many new case studies, including Hurricanes Katrina and Charley, Superstorm Sandy, the 2011 Japan tsunami, Ecuador's chronic volcanic hazard, and others. *Reflects 20 years of research advances across the physical and social sciences, development trends, new technologies, and ongoing global climate change.
Explores the relationship between environment and culture in the contemporary Philippines. The book will be of interest to those engaged in relief policy and administration in developing countries.
In the Earth Sciences, the concept of fractals and scale invariance is well-recognized in many natural objects. However, the use of fractals for spatial and temporal analyses of natural hazards has been less used (and accepted) in the Earth Sciences. This book brings together twelve contributions that emphasize the role of fractal analyses in natural hazard research, including landslides, wildfires, floods, catastrophic rock fractures and earthquakes. A wide variety of spatial and temporal fractal-related approaches and techniques are applied to 'natural' data, experimental data, and computer simulations. These approaches include probabilistic hazard analysis, cellular-automata models, spatial analyses, temporal variability, prediction, and self-organizing behaviour. The main aims of this volume are to present current research on fractal analyses as applied to natural hazards, and to stimulate the curiosity of advanced Earth Science students and researchers in the use of fractals analyses for the better understanding of natural hazards.