Working Guide to Petroleum and Natural Gas Production Engineering provides an introduction to key concepts and processes in oil and gas production engineering. It begins by describing correlation and procedures for predicting the physical properties of natural gas and oil. These include compressibility factor and phase behavior, field sampling process and laboratory measurements, and prediction of a vapor-liquid mixture. The book discusses the basic parameters of multiphase fluid flow, various flow regimes, and multiphase flow models. It explains the natural flow performance of oil, gas, and the mixture. The final chapter covers the design, use, function, operation, and maintenance of oil and gas production facilities; the design and construction of separators; and oil and gas separation and treatment systems. Evaluate well inflow performance Guide to properties of hydrocarbon mixtures Evaluate Gas production and processing facilities
Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems is the first book to combine coverage of these two integral aspects of running a chemical processing plant. It helps engineers from various disciplines learn how various analysis techniques, international standards, and instrumentation and controls provide layers of protection for basic process control systems, and how, as a result, overall system reliability, availability, dependability, and maintainability can be increased. This step-by-step guide takes readers through the development of safety instrumented systems, also including discussions on cost impact, basics of statistics, and reliability. Swapan Basu brings more than 35 years of industrial experience to this book, using practical examples to demonstrate concepts. Basu links between the SIS requirements and process hazard analysis in order to complete SIS lifecycle implementation and covers safety analysis and realization in control systems, with up-to-date descriptions of modern concepts, such as SIL, SIS, and Fault Tolerance to name a few. In addition, the book addresses security issues that are particularly important for the programmable systems in modern plants, and discusses, at length, hazardous atmospheres and their impact on electrical enclosures and the use of IS circuits. Helps the reader identify which hazard analysis method is the most appropriate (covers ALARP, HAZOP, FMEA, LOPA) Provides tactics on how to implement standards, such as IEC 61508/61511 and ANSI/ISA 84 Presents information on how to conduct safety analysis and realization in control systems and safety instrumentation
This handbook describes and discusses the features that make up the petroleum refining industry. It begins with a description of the crude oils and their nature, and continues with the saleable products from the refining processes, with a review of the environmental impact. There is a complete overview of the processes that make up the refinery with a brief history of those processes. It also describes design technique, operation, and, in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, sufficient to enable input to modern computer simulation packages.
Natural gas and crude oil production from hydrocarbon rich deep shale formations is one of the most quickly expanding trends in domestic oil and gas exploration. Vast new natural gas and oil resources are being discovered every year across North America and one of those new resources comes from the development of deep shale formations, typically located many thousands of feet below the surface of the Earth in tight, low permeability formations. Deep Shale Oil and Gas provides an introduction to shale gas resources as well as offer a basic understanding of the geomechanical properties of shale, the need for hydraulic fracturing, and an indication of shale gas processing. The book also examines the issues regarding the nature of shale gas development, the potential environmental impacts, and the ability of the current regulatory structure to deal with these issues. Deep Shale Oil and Gas delivers a useful reference that today’s petroleum and natural gas engineer can use to make informed decisions about meeting and managing the challenges they may face in the development of these resources. Clarifies all the basic information needed to quickly understand today’s deeper shale oil and gas industry, horizontal drilling, fracture fluids chemicals needed, and completions Addresses critical coverage on water treatment in shale, and important and evolving technology Practical handbook with real-world case shale plays discussed, especially the up-and-coming deeper areas of shale development
Seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Auflage vor fast 30 Jahren ist das Handbuch des kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes zu einem Klassiker geworden. Der Erfolgstitel liegt nun in der vierten Auflage vor. Kathodischer Korrosionsschutzes hat in den vergangenen Jahren nichts an seiner Bedeutung verloren - er ist auch heute noch eines der wichtigsten Verfahren des Korrosionschutzes überhaupt. Auf einigen Gebieten wie dem Schutz von Stahlbeton ist seine Bedeutung sogar noch gewachsen. Gut zehn Jahre nach dem Erscheinen der dritten Auflage musste in vielen Bereichen eine Neubearbeitung durchgeführt werden. Das gilt - wie bereits bei früheren Auflagen - für die Messtechnik zum Nachweis der ausreichenden Schutzwirkung mit der praktischen Anwendung bei Rohrleitungen und Fragen der Beeinflussung durch Gleichströme sowie die Wirkung von Wechselspannungen. Im Bereich der Korrosion bilden die verschiedenen Arten der Risskorrosion und die Wechselstromkorrosion Schwerpunkte der Überarbeitung. Auf dem Gebiet der Messtechnik und der Umhüllungsschäden wurden neuartige Beschriebungen der elektrischen Eigenschaften von Beschichtungsfehlstellen entwickelt. Die vierte Auflage erscheint in einer Zeit der verstärkten internationalen Zusammenarbeit - insbesondere bei der Normung - und eines zunehmenden Sicherbeitsbedarfs. Deshalb dient das Handbuch auch der Wissenserhaltung mit allen zugehörigen Grundlagenwissenschaften und gegebenenfalls auch zur Basis von Qualifikationsnachweisen. Wieder haben zahlreiche Fachleute aus der Industrie ihr Fachwissen zum weltweit einzigartigen Standardwerk über alle Anwendungsbereiche der elektrochemischen Korrosionsschutzverfahren beigetragen. Dabei wurde Wert auf lückenlose Querverweise zwischen den einzelnen Kapiteln und einheitliche bzw. normgerechte Terminologie gelegt. Das Handbuch ist nicht nur unentbehrlich für Unternehmen für kathodischen Schutz, sondern ist für alle Personen, die sich mit Korrosion und Korrosionsschutz beschäftigen, zum Nachschlagen und zur Weiterbildung geeignet.
Those connected with the petroleum industry will need no introduction to The Petroleum Handbook. It is a technically-oriented manual whose aim is to provide explanations of the processes of today's petroleum industry, from crude oil exploration to product end use, with some historical background and explanation of the economic context in which the oil, gas and petrochemical businesses operation. Much of the material in this sixth edition is completely new and includes the latest information on world oil and gas reserves, future prospects, transportation, storage, refining, marketing, research, and environmental conservation.
Complete Computer Solutions presents information on natural petrol and how petrol is produced for use as a fuel for internal combustion engines. Crude oil goes through a purification treatment and is then distributed to refineries. At the refinery, the oil is heated and then separated into power gas, light petrol, and petrol.
Modern production methods and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. And as oilfields age, the need for chemicals to ensure steady production increases. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry describes classes of production chemicals for use topside and downhole in the upstream oil and gas industry. It includes coverage of their mechanisms, deployment methods, and, where available, environmental properties. The first chapter gives a general overview of production chemistry issues, the factors that affect the choice of production chemicals, environmental regulations, suggestions for designing greener chemicals, and a brief overview of how to remove mercury and arsenic compounds from production fluids. Each of the remaining chapters begins with an introduction to a problem for which there is a production chemical. The author discusses chemical and non-chemical methods, and then thoroughly details the structural classes of production chemicals and how they can be tested. He includes information on the use of the chemical or technique in the field. References at the end of each chapter provide details on the synthesis, testing, theory, and application of each type of chemical. Unfortunately, crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field and how they are tested, this book focuses on the specific structures of a range of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance. It also provides an understanding of the issues involved in the use of chemicals and a range of production chemical additives that may be used to rectify issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved.
This is the first book in the petroleum sector that sheds light on the real obstacles to sustainable development and provides solutions to each problem encountered. Each solution is complete with an economic analysis that clarifies why petroleum operations can continue with even greater profit than before while ensuring that the negative environmental impact is diminished. The new screening tools and models proposed in this book will provide one with proper guidelines to achieve true sustainability in both technology development and management of the petroleum sector.
Handbook of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations is an authoritative source providing extensive up-to-date coverage of the technology used in the exploration, drilling, production, and operations in an offshore setting. Offshore oil and gas activity is growing at an expansive rate and this must-have training guide covers the full spectrum including geology, types of platforms, exploration methods, production and enhanced recovery methods, pipelines, and envinronmental managment and impact, specifically worldwide advances in study, control, and prevention of the industry's impact on the marine environment and its living resources. In addition, this book provides a go-to glossary for quick reference. Handbook of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations empowers oil and gas engineers and managers to understand and capture on one of the fastest growing markets in the energy sector today. Quickly become familiar with the oil and gas offshore industry, including deepwater operations Understand the full spectrum of the business, including environmental impacts and future challenges Gain knowledge and exposure on critical standards and real-world case studies
The comprehensive guide to working more effectively within the multi-commodity market. The Handbook of Multi-Commodity Markets and Products is the definitive desktop reference for traders, structurers, and risk managers who wish to broaden their knowledge base. This non-technical yet sophisticated manual covers everything the professional needs to become acquainted with the structure, function, rules, and practices across a wide spectrum of commodity markets. Contributions from a global team of renowned industry experts provide real-world examples for each market, along with tools for analyzing, pricing, and risk managing deals. The discussion focuses on convergence, including arbitrage valuation, econometric modeling, market structure analysis, contract engineering, and risk, while simulated scenarios help readers understand the practical application of the methods and models presented. Gradual deregulation and the resulting increase in diversity and activity have driven the evolution of the traditionally segmented market toward integration, raising important questions about opportunity identification and analysis in multi-commodity deals. This book helps professionals navigate the shift, providing in-depth information and practical advice. Structure and manage both simple and sophisticated multi-commodity deals Exploit pay-off profiles and trading strategies with a diversified set of commodity prices Develop more accurate forecasting models by considering additional metrics Price energy products and other commodities in segmented markets with an eye toward specific structural features As one of the only markets strong enough to boom during the credit crunch, the commodities markets are growing rapidly. Combined with increasing convergence, this transition presents potentially valuable opportunities for the development of a robust multi-commodity portfolio. For the professional seeking deeper understanding and a more effective strategy, the Handbook of Multi-Commodity Markets and Products offers complete information and expert guidance.
East and Southeast Asia is a vast and complex region. Its countries have a bewildering array of histories, demographics, economic structures, cultural backgrounds, and global marketing potential. This Handbook unravels the mystery. Each chapter is written by a country specialist and provides a thorough and up-to-date analysis of one of the ESEA countries. Each author follows a consistent model and covers geography and natural resources, the political system, the economic system, the social system, and the marketing environment. Complete chapters are devoted to: Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China and Hong Kong, East Timor, Indonesia, Japan, Korea (North and South), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Not just a review of current conditions, the Handbook offers prognoses for future marketing and commercial activity in each country. This definitive resource is generously illustrated with maps, figures, and tables, and includes comprehensive references and source materials for each country. It is an essential reference for students, researchers, and practitioners in the global economy.
This Second edition of the 'Energy Antitrust Handbook' presents a guide to an industry of increasing importance to the U.S. economy. It is written to assist energy, regulatory, and antitrust lawyers in understanding the multilayered complexity of this field by providing a basic background on antitrust issues in the energy industry.
Sucker-Rod Pumping Handbook presents the latest information on the most common form of production enhancement in today’s oil industry, making up roughly two-thirds of the producing oilwell operations in the world. The book begins with an introduction to the main features of sucker rod pumping and an explanation and comparison of lift methods. It goes on to provide the technical and practical knowledge needed to introduce the new and practicing production engineer and operator to the equipment, technology, and applications required to maintain optimum operating conditions. Sucker-Rod Pumping Handbook is a must-have manual that ensures operators understand the design, components, and operation of sucker rod pump systems, learn the functions of the systems, apply the fundamental production engineering theories and calculations, and accomplish maximum system efficiency by avoiding the typical pitfalls that lead to fatigue and failure. Covers basic equipment, techniques, and codes to follow in a comprehensive and easy-to-understand format Helps users grasp common handling problems that lead to failures Provides analysis of sucker rod pump installations, including well testing, dynamometer surveys, and modern interpretation methods Aids operators in understanding and applying fundamental production theories and calculations of operational parameters
Das Supply Chain Management schält sich als betriebswirtschaftliches Fachgebiet mit besonders gravierendem Wandel heraus. Insbesondere werden bei einer Supply Chain große Verbesserungspotenziale vermutet. Hartmut Werner zeigt in seinem Lehrbuch konkrete Wege zur Ausschöpfung dieser Optimierungsmöglichkeiten auf. Dazu werden die Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management sowie moderne Supply-Chain-Strategien charakterisiert. Auf dieser Basis werden Instrumente vorgestellt, die einer Umsetzung der zuvor diskutierten Strategien dienen. Diese Überlegungen münden in ein Controlling der Supply Chain. Das Buch ist sehr anwendungsorientiert konzipiert und stützt sich auf eine Vielzahl von Beispielen aus der Praxis. Die dritte Auflage ist vollständig überarbeitet und bietet den State-of-the-Art des Supply Chain Management. Breiten Raum nimmt ein speziell auf Wertschöpfungsketten zugeschnittenes Kennzahlensystem ein, das moderne Werttreiberbäume, Supply-Chain-Scorecards und Supply-Chain-Strategy-Maps berücksichtigt. Die Themen Netzwerkkoordination, Maverick-Buying, Typisierungsmöglichkeiten von Supply Chains und logistische Software-Modellierung sind ebenfalls neu aufgenommen. Grundlegende inhaltliche Erweiterungen finden sich in den Kapiteln zu Vendor Managed Inventory, Cross Docking, RFID und dem SCOR-Modell.
My professional interest in antimicrobial agents and contamination control goes back 50 years to my tour as a microbiologist in a field hospital in Europe during World War II. With no experience and relying solely on a military handbook, I prepared thermometer trays with jars of blue bichloride of mercury and pink isopropyl alcohol. A preliminary typhoid diagnosis of one of our cooks resulted in the need for lab testing. His stool specimen and its subsequent disposal was my problem. My handbook said bum it. So burn it T did, in a five-gallon can with gasoline. Flames shot up almost six feet, and my next mistake was to extinguish them with carbon tetrachloride. This resulted in the production of lethal phosgene gas. The hospital had a near disaster. I could say that at that moment I vowed to write a how-to book so that such stupidities could be avoided. Nevertheless, when I was offered the opportunity to edit this book I thought back on the need for a real, practical treatment of my subject. This book, then, is a practical handbook for technical service personnel and scientists who are not necessarily specialists in microbiology. It provides information on suitable antimicrobial agents appropriate to their particular problem-solving needs and information on the microbial groups contributing to the specific problem, their ecologies, and strategies for controlling their access to the area or material of interest.
Written by an internationally-recognized author team of natural gas industry experts, the third edition of Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing is a unique, well-documented, and comprehensive work on the major aspects of natural gas transmission and processing. Two new chapters have been added to the new edition: a chapter on nitrogen rejection to address today's high nitrogen gases and a chapter on gas processing plant operations to assist plant operators with optimizing their plant operations. In addition, overall updates to Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing provide a fresh look at new technologies and opportunities for solving current gas processing problems on plant design and operation and on greenhouse gases emissions. It also does an excellent job of highlighting the key considerations that must be taken into account for any natural gas project in development. Covers all technical and operational aspects of natural gas transmission and processing in detail. Provides pivotal updates on the latest technologies, applications and solutions. Offers practical advice on design and operation based on engineering principles and operating experiences.
Written by two leading researchers from the world-renowned Japan Atomic Energy Agency, the Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook is an unrivalled overview of current and future prospects for the effective production of hydrogen via nuclear energy. Combining information from scholarly analyses, industrial data, references, and other resources, this handbook illustrates hydrogen’s versatility and potential both as a sustainable energy carrier (e.g., fuel for vehicles and power generators) and as a feedstock material for industry (agriculture, oil, chemical, and steel, etc.). Packed with details about the science, engineering, and production involved in nuclear hydrogen generation, this handbook presents case studies that delve into: Research results of hydrogen development programs sponsored by Japan, Argentina, China, Korea, the US and the EU, among others Operational developments at major nuclear reactors Cutting-edge hydrogen production systems and methods, including high-temperature electrolysis of steam and biomass gasification Applications such as heat- and corrosion-resistant construction materials, chemical reactors, and heat exchangers, as well as thermochemical iodine-sulfur processes Integrated process designs (including thermochemical and hybrid methods) Nuclear hydrogen plant operation management and safety Far exceeding the limited introductory detail offered in other books on the topic, this reference offers an all-encompassing international perspective on nuclear hydrogen production. Addressing a wide range of pertinent technologies, scientific trends, and technical details, this resource will be a useful tool for readers at all levels of understanding.