Oxygen takes the reader on an enthralling journey, as gripping as a thriller, as it unravels the unexpected ways in which oxygen spurred the evolution of life and death. The book explains far more than the size of ancient insects: it shows how oxygen underpins the origin of biological complexity, the birth of photosynthesis, the sudden evolution of animals, the need for two sexes, the accelerated ageing of cloned animals like Dolly the sheep, and the surprisingly long lives of bats and birds. Drawing on this grand evolutionary canvas, Oxygen offers fresh perspectives on our own lives and deaths, explaining modern killer diseases, why we age, and what we can do about it.
Explores the history of the chemical element oxygen and explains its chemistry, how it works in the body, and its importance in our lives.
This book places oxygen on the center stage of chemistry in a manner that parallels the focus on carbon by 19th century chemists. One measure of the significance of oxygen chemistry is the greater diversity of oxygen-containing molecules than of carbon-containing molecules. One of the most important compounds is water, containing the properties of being a unique medium for biological chemistry and life, the source of all the dioxygen in the atmosphere, and the moderator of the earth's climate. Sawyer first introduces the biological origins of dioxygen and role of dioxygen in aerobic biology and oxidative metabolism, and in separate chapters discusses the oxidation-reduction thermodynamics of oxygen species, and the nature of the bonding for oxygen in its compounds. Additional chapters focus on the reactivities of specific oxygen compounds. The book will be of interest to chemists and biochemists, as well as graduate students, life scientists, and medical researchers.
During a NASA mission to Mars in 2014, dreams turn suddenly to nightmares as an explosion cripples the spacecraft on the outward voyage. The crew's survival depends on complete trust in one another -- but is one of the four the saboteur? A Christy award-winning novel.
Explains the characteristics of oxygen, where it is found, how it is used by humans, and its relationship to other elements found in the periodic table.
Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this book and its counterpart, Active Oxygen in Biochemistry, explore the active research area of the chemistry and biochemistry of oxygen. Complementary but independent, the two volumes integrate subject areas including medicine, biology, chemistry, engineering, and environmental studies.
Combustion technology has traditionally been dominated by air/fuel combustion. However, two developments have increased the significance of oxygen-enhanced combustion—new technologies that produce oxygen less expensively and the increased importance of environmental regulations. Advantages of oxygen-enhanced combustion include less pollutant emissions as well as increased energy efficiency and productivity. Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion, Second Edition compiles information about using oxygen to enhance industrial heating and melting processes. It integrates fundamental principles, applications, and equipment design in one volume, making it a unique resource for specialists implementing the use of oxygen in combustion systems. This second edition of the bestselling book has more than doubled in size. Extensively updated and expanded, it covers significant advances in the technology that have occurred since the publication of the first edition. What’s New in This Edition Expanded from 11 chapters to 30, with most of the existing chapters revised A broader view of oxygen-enhanced combustion, with more than 50 contributors from over 20 organizations around the world More coverage of fundamentals, including fluid flow, heat transfer, noise, flame impingement, CFD modeling, soot formation, burner design, and burner testing New chapters on applications such as flameless combustion, steel reheating, iron production, cement production, power generation, fluidized bed combustion, chemicals and petrochemicals, and diesel engines This book offers a unified, up-to-date look at important commercialized uses of oxygen-enhanced combustion in a wide range of industries. It brings together the latest knowledge to assist those researching, engineering, and implementing combustion in power plants, engines, and other applications.
Proceeding held at Churchill College, Cambridge, England, April 1987. A reference for both the skilled and the uninitiated in the concepts and practices for the design and maintenance of all types of oxygen systems. Cov five areas: ignition of metals, nonmetal ignition, material selection for oxygen.
Throughout the world-in China, Japan, Cuba, Canada, Russia, and most of Europe-healing therapies using oxygen, ozone, and hydrogen peroxide have been common for treating a wide array of diseases, including cancer, HIV/AIDS, and arthritis. Yet in the United States, where the mainstream medical community is dependent upon funding from the pharmaceutical industry for research and physician training, these highly efficacious and relatively inexpensive therapies have been largely ignored. Dr. Pavel Yutsis, Medical Director of the CAM Institute for Integrative Therapies, has been using these bio-oxidative techniques for more than twenty years, from the beginning of his career in his native Russia. In Oxygen to the Rescue, Dr. Yutsis explains the difference between oxygenation and oxidation. He describes the four main types of oxygen therapy: o Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) o Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy o Ozone Therapy o Photoluminescence-or ultraviolet radiation of blood (UVIB), and discusses conventional uses versus experimental/controversial uses for each, as well as the means of administering these therapies.For example, HBOT is typically used by mainstream medicine to promote healing of burns and skin grafts, as well as to treat carbon dioxide poisoning and smoke inhalation. Hydrogen peroxide delivers oxygen to the blood and makes it possible for the body to use oxygen more effectively. It regulates sugar, enhances immune system function, and helps cells produce energy. Oxygen to the Rescue provides both the findings of scientific research and anecdotal evidence demonstrating that these underused therapies deserve to be acknowledged among frontline medicine in the United States.
Explores both electrochemistry fundamentals and the applications of oxygen in electrochemical systems. Much of the information is summarized in tables which are accompanied by a list of references to consult for details. Emphasizes fuel cells and metal/air batteries.
In this revised, updated, two-color edition of the acclaimed text Animal Physiology, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen introduces and develops the fundamental principles of animal physiology according to major environmental features--oxygen, food and energy, temperature, and water. The book is structured the same as the previous edition, but every chapter has been updated to take into account recent developments, with numerous new references and figures. New and expanded features include: extensive modifications to the chapter on Movement, Muscle and Biomechanics; new material on respiratory pigments; feeding and digestion in shrimp and hoatzin; plant defense compounds; diving in seals; high temperature tolerance; the patch clamp method for ion channel research; the pineal gland and melatonin. Two-color throughout for clear description and illustration of fundamental principles.
Annotation Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on [title] held in Las Cruces, NM, April 1989. Presents 22 papers on the special hazards associated with the use of oxygen. Contains recent literature on flammability and compatibility of materials in oxygen, design of oxygen components and systems, and test method development and evaluation. Illustrated. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
This rare and unique work consists of a broad overview of hyperviscosity, blood cell deformability, and platelet aggregation. These topics are written in combination with a comprehensive review of drugs bring developed to treat impaired oxygen delivery to tissue. It devotes much attention to the pathophysiology and pharmacology of platelet and red cell involvement. This easy-to-use volume describes in detail techniques for studying microcirculatory functional efficiency, blood cell rheology, and intravascular platelet thrombosis. It also provides the reader with more than 50 figures and nearly 1500 references at a glance. This book is an indispensable resource for all pharmaceutical researchers, physicians, and medical students interested in emerging therapeutic approaches to ischemia.
This exciting new text provides evidence-based information for anyone involved in hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). It outlines the physiologic principles that constitute the basis for understanding the clinical implications for treatment and describes recent advances and current research, along with new approaches to therapy.