Human-wildlife conflict is a major issue in conservation. As people encroach into natural habitats, and as conservation efforts restore wildlife to areas where they may have been absent for generations, contact between people and wild animals is growing. Some species, even the beautiful and endangered, can have serious impacts on human lives and livelihoods. Tigers kill people, elephants destroy crops and African wild dogs devastate sheep herds left unattended. Historically, people have responded to these threats by killing wildlife wherever possible, and this has led to the endangerment of many species that are difficult neighbours. The urgent need to conserve such species, however, demands coexistence of people and endangered wildlife. This book presents a variety of solutions to human-wildlife conflicts, including novel and traditional farming practices, offsetting the costs of wildlife damage through hunting and tourism, and the development of local and national policies.
This book is about conflicts between different stakeholder groups triggered by protected species that compete with humans for natural resources. It presents key ecological features of typical conflict species and mitigation strategies including technical mitigation and the design of participatory decision strategies involving relevant stakeholders. The book provides a European perspective, but also develops a global framework for the development of action plans.
Carnivores provide innumerable ecological benefits and play a unique role in preserving and maintaining ecosystem services and function, but at the same time they can create serious problems for human populations. A key question for conservation biologists and wildlife managers is how to manage the world's carnivore populations to conserve this important natural resource while mitigating harmful impacts on humans. In People and Predators, leading scientists and researchers offer case studies of human-carnivore conflicts in a variety of landscapes, including rural, urban, and political. The book covers a diverse range of taxa, geographic regions, and conflict scenarios, with each chapter dealing with a specific facet of human-carnivore interactions and offering practical, concrete approaches to resolving the conflict under consideration. Chapters provide background on particular problems and describe how challenges have been met or what research or tools are still needed to resolve the conflicts. People and Predators will helps readers to better understand issues of carnivore conservation in the 21st century, and provides practical tools for resolving many of the problems that stand between us and a future in which carnivores fulfill their historic ecological roles.
Massentierhaltung, Fleischskandale, Tierversuche – unser Umgang mit Tieren ist längst kein Nischenthema mehr, für das sich lediglich Aktivisten oder Ethiker interessieren, sondern steht im Fokus breiter öffentlicher Debatten. Allerdings konzentrieren sich die Diskussionen zumeist auf Fragen der Moral, darauf, welche moralischen Rechte und Interessen wir Tieren aufgrund ihrer Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten – zum Beispiel Schmerzen zu empfinden – zuschreiben müssen und welche moralischen Pflichten sich daraus für uns ergeben. Sue Donaldson und Will Kymlicka gehen weit darüber hinaus und behaupten, dass Tiere auch politische Rechte haben. Im Rückgriff auf avancierte Theorien der Staatsbürgerschaft argumentieren sie dafür, ihnen neben unverletzlichen Grundrechten einen je gruppenspezifischen politischen Status zuzusprechen. Das heißt konkret: Bürgerrechte für domestizierte Tiere, Souveränität für Gemeinschaften von Wildtieren sowie ein »Stammgastrecht« für jene, die zwar nicht domestiziert sind, aber in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft zu uns leben. »Zoopolis« macht auf so kluge wie eindringliche Weise ernst mit der Tatsache, dass wir mit den Tieren untrennbar verbunden sind. Elegant und keineswegs nur für Spezialisten geschrieben, entwirft es eine neue, folgenreiche Agenda für das künftige Zusammenleben mit diesen Geschöpfen, denen wir mehr schulden als unser Mitleid. Das Tier, so sagt dieses Buch, ist ein genuin politisches Wesen. Wir schulden ihm auch Gerechtigkeit.
This book demonstrates that trade-offs can be very important for conservationists. Its various chapters show how and why trade-offs are made, and why conservationists need to think very hard about what, if anything, to do about them. The book argues that conservationists must carefully weigh up, and be explicit about, the trade-offs that they make every day in deciding what to save. Key Features: Discusses the wider non-biological issues that surround making decisions about which species and biogeographic areas to prioritise for conservation Focuses on questions such as: What are these wider issues that are influencing the decisions we make? What factors need to be included in our assessment of trade-offs? What package of information and issues do managers need to consider in making a rational decision? Who should make such decisions? Part of the Conservation Science and Practice book series This volume is of interest to policy-makers, researchers, practitioners and postgraduate students who are concerned about making decisions that include recognition of trade-offs in conservation planning.
Cultural Animal Studies sind ein neuer interdisziplinärer Forschungsbereich, der sich ausgehend vom angloamerikanischen Sprachraum auch in der deutschen Wissenschaftslandschaft etabliert. Dabei handelt es sich nicht nur um ein thematisches Feld sondern um ein neues theoretisches Paradigma und um einen methodischen Zugriff (animal turn). Einerseits erscheint das Tier als eine Projektionsfläche für menschliche Vorstellungen; es ist Produkt seiner Züchtungen, seiner Experimente und seiner menschlichen Repräsentationen. Daher impliziert die Frage nach dem Tier immer zugleich auch die Frage nach dem Menschen. Andererseits werden Tiere auch als eigenständige Akteure in historischen und kulturellen Prozesse konzipiert. Das Handbuch Tiere gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über das Forschungsfeld der Cultural Animal Studies sowie über seine theoretischen und methodischen Prämissen. Es widmet sich den Tieren in Geschichte, Philosophie und Künsten und zeigt die konstitutive Bedeutung der Tiere in Mythologie, Religion und Ethnologie.
Phylogeny is a potentially powerful tool for conserving biodiversity. This book explores how it can be used to tackle questions of great practical importance and urgency for conservation. Using case studies from many different taxa and regions of the world, the volume evaluates how useful phylogeny is in understanding the processes that have generated today's diversity and the processes that now threaten it. The urgency with which conservation decisions have to be made as well as the need for the best possible decisions make this volume of great value to researchers, practitioners and policy-makers.
Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human–animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human–animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human–animal relations.
Dogs are the world's most common and widespread carnivores and are nearly ubiquitous across the globe. The vast majority of these dogs, whether owned or un-owned, pure-bred or stray, spend a large portion of their life as unconfined, free-roaming animals, persisting at the interface of human and wildlife communities. Their numbers are particularly large throughout the developing world, where veterinary care and population control are often minimal and human populations are burgeoning. This volume brings together the world's experts to provide a comprehensive, unifying, and accessible review of the effects of dogs on native wildlife species. With an emphasis on addressing how free-ranging dogs may influence wildlife management and native species of conservation concern, chapters address themes such as the global history and size of dog populations, dogs as predators, competitors, and prey of wildlife, the use of dogs as hunting companions, the role of dogs in maintaining diseases of wildlife, and the potential for dogs to hybridize with wild canid species. In addition, the potential role of dogs as mediators of conservation conflict is assessed, including the role of dogs as livestock guardians, the potential for dogs to aid researchers in locating rare wildlife species of conservation interest, and the importance of recognizing that some populations of dogs such as dingoes have a long history of genetic isolation and are themselves important conservation concerns. A common theme woven throughout this volume is the potential for dogs to mediate how humans interact with wildlife and the recognition that the success of wildlife conservation and management efforts are often underpinned by understanding and addressing the potential roles of free-ranging dogs in diverse natural ecosystems. Free-Ranging Dogs and Wildlife Conservation is aimed at professional wildlife and conservation ecologists, managers, graduate students, and researchers with an interest in human-dog-wildlife interactions. It will also be of relevance and use to dog welfare researchers, veterinary scientists, disease ecologists, and readers with an interest in the interface of domestic animals and wildlife.
The Barnacle Goose, a distinctive, handsome black-and-white bird, gets its name from a mediaeval myth that the birds hatched from barnacles – how else to explain their sudden appearance each autumn in northern Britain? We now know, of course, that the birds migrate from Arctic Russia, Norway and Svalbard to winter throughout northern Europe. This book represents a culmination of more than 25 years of Barnacle Goose research. It represents the story of one of Europe's most celebrated long-term behavioral studies, detailing the lives of these social and sociable birds. Chapters include sections on pair formation and bonding, family and population dynamics, brood parasitism, food and feeding, size and shape in different populations, life cycle, survivorship, dispersal, migration, and conservation, with particular regard to climate change. It is a rigorous and thorough examination of the lives of these birds, in fine Poyser tradition.
One of the biggest threats to the survival of many plant and animal species is the destruction or fragmentation of their natural habitats. The conservation of landscape connections, where animals, plants, and ecological processes can move freely from one habitat to another, is therefore an essential part of any new conservation or environmental protection plan. In practice, however, maintaining, creating, and protecting connectivity in our increasingly dissected world is a daunting challenge. This fascinating volume provides a synthesis on the current status and literature of connectivity conservation research and implementation. It shows the challenges involved in applying existing knowledge to real-world examples and highlights areas in need of further study. Containing contributions from leading scientists and practitioners, this topical and thought-provoking volume will be essential reading for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners working in conservation biology and natural resource management.
Der Beginn des packenden historischen Fantasy-Epos Under the Northern Sky. In Albion zerbricht der jahrhundertealte Frieden, als die Heerscharen des Südens im rauen Reich des Nordens einfallen. Der junge Roper, Sohn des Hauses Silberner Wolf und Thronerbe des Nordens, steht vor seiner ersten Schlacht – und sieht sich schon bald von Feinden umzingelt. Denn nicht nur will die Königin des Südens sein Volk auslöschen, auch mächtige Feinde im Inneren greifen nach dem Thron. Ropers einzige Chance ist eine Allianz mit der schönen Keturah, Tochter des mächtigen Hauses Vidarr. Doch seine Gegner planen bereits den nächsten Schachzug – mit nur einem Ziel: Das Heulen des Silbernen Wolfes soll für immer verklingen ...
Presents solutions to turn conflict into tolerance and coexistence, with an emphasis on the human dimensions of human-wildlife interactions.
Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

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