Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates, Second Edition, reviews a variety of topics regarding textile coatings and laminates to provide a stimulus for developing new and improved textile products. It addresses coating and laminating processes and techniques and base fabrics and their interaction in coated fabrics. Other sections discuss the different types of smart and intelligent coatings and laminates, including microencapsulation technology, conductive coatings, breathable coatings, phase change materials and their applications in textiles. Many new chapters have been added in this updated edition, including the medical applications of smart coatings, responsive coatings, and the integration of electronics into textiles. With its highly distinguished editor and array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for chemists, textile technologists, fiber scientists, textile engineers, and more. Presents the state-of-the-art in smart coatings for fibers, fabrics and polymers, providing fundamental knowledge and stimulus for further research and development Includes a new range of application areas, including responsive coatings, smart coatings for medical applications, and the integration of electronics into textiles through coating technology Provides practical guidance for coating and laminating processes and techniques, with a particular focus on the impact of nanotechnology on intelligent coatings
Consuming over 40% of total primary energy, the built environment is in the centre of worldwide strategies and measures towards a more sustainable future. To provide resilient solutions, a simple optimisation of individual technologies will not be sufficient. In contrast, whole system thinking reveals and exploits connections between parts. Each system interacts with others on different scales (materials, components, buildings, cities) and domains (ecology, economy and social). Whole-system designers optimize the performance of such systems by understanding interconnections and identifying synergies. The more complete the design integration, the better the result. In this book, the reader will find the proceedings of the 2016 Sustainable Built Environment (SBE) Regional Conference in Zurich. Papers have been written by academics and practitioners from all continents to bring forth the latest understanding on systems thinking in the built environment.
Research for the development of more efficient photocatalysts has experienced an almost exponential growth since its popularization in early 1970’s. Despite the advantages of the widely used TiO2, the yield of the conversion of sun power into chemical energy that can be achieved with this material is limited prompting the research and development of a number of structural, morphological and chemical modifications of TiO2 , as well as a number of novel photocatalysts with very different composition. Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a systematic account of the current understanding of the relationships between the physicochemical properties of the catalysts and photoactivity. The already long list of photocatalysts phases and their modifications is increasing day by day. By approaching this field from a material sciences angle, an integrated view allows readers to consider the diversity of photocatalysts globally and in connection with other technologies. Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a valuable road-map, outlining the common principles lying behind the diversity of materials, but also delimiting the imprecise border between the contrasted results and the most speculative studies. This broad approach makes it ideal for specialist but also for engineers, researchers and students in related fields.
With increasing demand for hygienic, self-disinfecting andcontamination free surfaces, interest in developing self-cleaningprotective materials and surfaces has grown rapidly in recenttimes. This new title comprises of invited chapters fromrenowned researchers in the area of self-cleaning nano-coatings andthe result is a comprehensive review of current research on bothhydrophobic and hydrophilic (photocatalytic effect) self-cleaningmaterials.
Oxide semiconductors, including titanium dioxide (TiO2), are increasingly being considered as replacements for silicon in the development of the next generation of solar cells. Oxide Semiconductors for Solar Energy Conversion: Titanium Dioxide presents the basic properties of binary metal oxide semiconductors and the performance-related properties of TiO2 as they relate to solar energy. The book provides a general background on oxide semiconductors based on binary oxides and their solid solutions, including electronic and ionic conductors. It covers several aspects of solid-state electrochemistry of oxides, such as defect chemistry, and defect-related properties, such as electrical properties, diffusion, segregation, and reactivity. The author also takes a pioneering approach in considering bulk versus surface semiconducting properties, showing how they are different due to the effect of segregation. One of the first on semiconducting, photocatalytic, and photoelectrochemical properties of TiO2 and its solid solutions with donor- and acceptor-type ions, the book discusses defect chemistry of TiO2 in terms of defect equilibria and defect-related properties, including electrical properties, self and chemical diffusion, surface properties, segregation, and reactivity and photoreactivity with oxygen, water, and microbial agents. The text also illustrates the use of TiO2 as an emerging material for solar energy conversion systems, including the generation of hydrogen fuel by photoelectrochemical water splitting, the photocatalytic purification of water, and the generation of photovoltaic electricity. In addition, it presents defect disorder diagrams for the formation of TiO2-based semiconductors with controlled properties. Encompassing the areas of solid-state science, surface chemistry, and photocatalysis, this book reflects the increasing awareness of the importance of structural imperfections, such as point defects, in understanding the properties of metal oxides, specifically TiO2-based semiconductors.
The twelfth Congress on Catalysis was held in Granada (Spain) under the auspices of the International Association of Catalysis Societies and the Spanish Society of Catalysis. These four-volume Proceedings are the expression of the Scientific Sessions which constituted the main body of the Congress. They include 5 plenary lectures, 1 award lecture, 8 keynote lectures, 124 oral presentations and 495 posters. The oral and poster contributions have been selected on the basis of the reports of at least two international reviewers, according to standards comparable to those used for specialised journals.
"Published on the occasion of the exhibition Why Design Now? National Design Triennial at Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution, May 14, 2009-January 4, 2011."
This cutting-edge reference addresses the impact nanotechnology has on the environment. From risks to benefits covered by leading professionals in the field and aimed at a multitude of skill levels and disciplines. The entire reference set of 9 volumes provides an excellent, in-depth overview of everything you need to know about nanotechnology and nanoscience with each volume dedicated to a specific topic which is covered in detail by experts from that particular field.
Solve any building air quality problem A complete reference for the design of air filtration systems and HVAC systems used in homes, schools, hospitals, laboratories, or animal facilities, this book offers complete descriptions of each of the major technologies currently used for air disinfection. Each subject, chemical or microbial, is treated in sufficient detail to allow the design of these components to solve specific building air quality problems. Design solutions for control of gases and odors Recommended technologies and methods to combat biological terrorist weapons in HVAC systems Diagnosis of air quality problems Complete airborne pathogen database for the identification of infection risk
Issues for 1994-1995 included papers from the IUMRS-ICAM; issues for 1999-2002 include papers for all the symposia sponsored by the MRSJ.
Die Anwendung von Smart Materials in der Architektur ist ein innovatives, dynamisches Gebiet, in dem Forschung, Entwicklung und Anwendung im Bau fließend ineinander übergehen. Smart Materials mit ihren reversiblen Wechseleigenschaften reagieren auf Stimuli wie Licht, Temperatur und elektrisches Feld. Sie verändern sich dabei in Form, Farbe, Viskosität etc. Zu den faszinierendsten Entwicklungen gehören Formgedächtnis-Legierungen oder Phase Change Materials. Es lassen sich beispielsweise selbsttätig agierende kinetische Fassaden entwickeln oder auch Tapeten, die temperatur- und lichtabhängig Farbe und Muster verändern. Das Buch stellt einleitend die Entwicklung dieser Materialien sowie ihren Kontext in Architektur, Design und Kunst dar. Ein systematisch aufgebauter Überblick mit zahlreichen Details über Eigenschaften, Technologien, Produkte und Projekte wird anhand von rund zwanzig Materialgruppen gegeben.

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