In this new edition much of the material is new or rewritten but the purpose and style of the first edition are retained. Particular emphasis is given to information obtained by experiment and observation, in addition to analysis of the equations of motion, the book's primary concern is to convey fundamental understanding of the behaviour of fluids in motion. New topics in this second edition include double diffusive convection and modern ideas about dynamical chaos - mainly but not only in relation to transition to turbulence. The discussion of instabilities has been restructured and the treatments of separation and of convection in horizontal layers much extended.
Nichtnewtonsche Fluide, zu denen die verallgemeinerten newtonschen Fluide zählen, zeichnen sich dadurch aus, dass ihre Viskosität nicht nur von Druck und Temperatur abhängt. Vielmehr wirkt sich die Strömung selbst auf die Viskosität der Fluide aus. Das macht die Physik und Strömungsmechanik dieser Fluide außerordentlich komplex. Das Buch führt daher umfassend in die Theorie und Anwendung der verallgemeinerten newtonschen Fluide ein. Neben ausführlichen Herleitungen der Gesetzmäßigkeiten werden Lesern die strömungsphysikalischen Phänomene, die bei diesen Fluiden auftreten, anhand analytischer Beispiele und praxisnaher Strömungssimulationen veranschaulicht. Die gängigsten Fluidmodelle werden vorgestellt und ihre jeweiligen Modellierungsgrenzen aufgezeigt. Viskoelastische Fluide werden im Gegensatz zur gängigen Fachliteratur bewusst nur am Rande behandelt, vielmehr wird der Temperatureinfluss auf die rheologischen Fluideigenschaften betrachtet. Für Studierende der Ingenieurwissenschaften sowie für Praktiker sind die strömungsmechanischen Aspekte der Rheologie von besonderer Bedeutung, denn diese Fluide sind für zahlreiche Industriesparten relevant. Ohne Kenntnisse ihrer Eigenheiten können viele Problemstellungen in der Chemie-, Prozess- und Verfahrenstechnik nicht bearbeitet werden. Bei der Produktion von Farben, Lacken, Dispersionen und Emulsionen beispielsweise, aber auch bei Kunststoffschmelzen sind die Effekte strömungsbedingt veränderlicher Viskosität entscheidend für die Qualität des Endprodukts. Ähnliches gilt für die Prozesstechnik, Hydraulik oder die Getriebe- und Motorenentwicklung. Die Zielgruppen Das Buch wendet sich an Praktiker in den Bereichen chemische Verfahrenstechnik, Lebensmitteltechnologie und Biofluiddynamik sowie an Studierende der Ingenieurwissenschaften.
This second edition of Physical Hydrodynamics is a deeply enriched version of a classical textbook on fluid dynamics. It retains the same pedagogical spirit, based on the authors' experience of teaching university students in the physical sciences, and emphasizes an experimental (inductive) approach rather than the more formal approach found in many textbooks in the field. Today the field is more widely open to other experimental sciences: materials,environmental, life, and earth sciences, as well as the engineering sciences. Representative examples from these fields have been included where possible, while retaining a general presentation in each case.
Fluid Dynamics via Examples and Solutions provides a substantial set of example problems and detailed model solutions covering various phenomena and effects in fluids. The book is ideal as a supplement or exam review for undergraduate and graduate courses in fluid dynamics, continuum mechanics, turbulence, ocean and atmospheric sciences, and related areas. It is also suitable as a main text for fluid dynamics courses with an emphasis on learning by example and as a self-study resource for practicing scientists who need to learn the basics of fluid dynamics. The author covers several sub-areas of fluid dynamics, types of flows, and applications. He also includes supplementary theoretical material when necessary. Each chapter presents the background, an extended list of references for further reading, numerous problems, and a complete set of model solutions.
In recent years, stylized forms of the Boltzmann equation, now going by the name of "Lattice Boltzmann equation" (LBE), have emerged, which relinquish most mathematical complexities of the true Boltzmann equation without sacrificing physical fidelity in the description of many situations involving complex fluid motion. This book provides the first detailed survey of LBE theory and its major applications to date. Accessible to a broad audience of scientists dealing with complex system dynamics, the book also portrays future developments in allied areas of science (material science, biology etc.) where fluid motion plays a distinguished role.
Neben der Herleitung und Darstellung der fundamentalen Gleichungen enthält dieses Lehrbuch sehr viele Beispiele und Anwendungen, so z.B. eine genaue Diskussion des Flugmechanismus sowie der Wirkung der verschiedenen Klappen an Flügeln, und ist daher auch für Dozenten eine Fundgrube zur anschaulichen Auflockerung der Vorlesung. Neben den beiden üblichen Schwerpunktthemen "Dynamik idealer Fluide" und "Verhalten sehr viskoser Fluide" wird das wichtige Thema "Grenzschichten" besonders behandelt. Ein Anhang über suprafluides Helium - ein Beispiel für ein ideales Fluid - rundet das Stoffgebiet ab.
With contributions from many distinguished mathematicians and engineers, this book provides a summary of recent research on the computational aspects fluid dynamics.
The book contains reports about the most significant projects from science and engineering of the Federal High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS). They were carefully selected in a peer-review process and are showcases of an innovative combination of state-of-the-art modeling, novel algorithms and the use of leading-edge parallel computer technology. The projects of HLRS are using supercomputer systems operated jointly by university and industry and therefore a special emphasis has been put on the industrial relevance of results and methods.
One of the most challenging topics in applied mathematics over the past decades has been the developent of the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations. Many of the problems in mechanics, geometry, probability, etc lead to such equations when formulated in mathematical terms. However, despite a long history of contributions, there exists no central core theory, and the most important advances have come from the study of particular equations and classes of equations arising in specific applications. This two volume work forms a unique and rigorous treatise on various mathematical aspects of fluid mechanics models. These models consist of systems of nonlinear partial differential equations like the incompressible and compressible Navier-Stokes equations. The main emphasis in Volume 1 is on the mathematical analysis of incompressible models. After recalling the fundamental description of Newtonian fluids, an original and self-contained study of both the classical Navier-Stokes equations (including the inhomogenous case) and the Euler equations is given. Known results and many new results about the existence and regularity of solutions are presented with complete proofs. The discussion contiatns many interesting insights and remarks. The text highlights in particular the use of modern analytical tools and methods and also indicates many open problems. Volume 2 will be devoted to essentially new results for compressible models. Written by one of the world's leading researchers in nonlinear partial differential equations, Mathematical Topics in Fluid Mechanics will be an indispensable reference for every serious researcher in the field. Its topicality and the clear, concise, and deep presentation by the author make it an outstanding contribution to the great theoretical problems in science concerning rigorous mathematical modelling of physical phenomena. Pierre-Louis Lions is Professor of Mathematics at the University of Paris-Dauphine and of Applied Mathematics at the Ecole Polytechnique.
An Introduction to Fire Dynamics Second Edition Dougal Drysdale University of Edinburgh, UK Fire Safety Engineering, identified in the original edition as 'a relatively new discipline', has since grown significantly in stature, as Fire Safety Engineers around the world begin to apply their skills to complex issues that defy solution by the old 'prescriptive' approach to fire safety. This second edition has the same structure as the first highly successful text, but has been updated with the latest research results. Fire processes are discussed and quantified in terms of the mechanisms of heat transfer and fluid flow. Problems addressed include: * The conditions necessary for ignition and steady burning of combustible materials to occur * How large a fire has to become before fire detectors and sprinkler heads will operate * The circumstances that can lead to flashover in a compartment This book is unique in that it identifies fire science and fire dynamics and provides the scientific background necessary for the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline. It is essential reading for all those involved in this wide ranging field, from Fire Prevention Officers to Consulting Engineers, whether involved in problems of fire risk assessment, fire safety design, or fire investigation. It will also be of considerable interest and value to research scientists working in building design, fire physics and chemistry.

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