Restoring Layered Landscapes brings together historians, geographers, philosophers, and interdisciplinary scholars to explore ecological restoration in landscapes with complex histories shaped by ongoing interactions between humans and nature. For many decades, ecological restoration - particularly in the United States - focused on returning degraded sites to conditions that prevailed prior to human influence. This model has been broadened in recent decades, and restoration now increasingly focuses on the recovery of ecological functions and processes rather than on returning a site to a specific historical state. Nevertheless, neither the theory nor the practice of restoration has fully come to terms with the challenges of restoring layered landscapes, where nature and culture shape one another in deep and ongoing relationships. Former military and industrial sites provide paradigmatic examples of layered landscapes. Many of these sites are not only characterized by natural ecosystems worth preserving and restoring, but also embody significant political, social, and cultural histories. This volume grapples with the challenges of restoring and interpreting such complex sites: What should we aim to restore in such places? How can restoration adequately take the legacies of human use into account? Should traces of the past be left on the landscape, and how can interpretive strategies be creatively employed to make visible the complex legacies of an open pit mine or chemical weapons manufacturing plant? Restoration aims to create new value, but not always without loss. Restoration often disrupts existing ecosystems, infrastructure, and artifacts. The chapters in this volume consider what restoration can tell us more generally about the relationship between continuity and change, and how the past can and should inform our thinking about the future. These insights, in turn, will help foster a more thoughtful approach to human-environment relations in an era of unprecedented anthropogenic global environmental change.
Companion to Environmental Studies presents a comprehensive and interdisciplinary overview of the key issues, debates, concepts, approaches and questions that together define environmental studies today. The intellectually wide-ranging volume covers approaches in environmental science all the way through to humanistic and post-natural perspectives on the biophysical world. Though many academic disciplines have incorporated studying the environment as part of their curriculum, only in recent years has it become central to the social sciences and humanities rather than mainly the geosciences. ‘The environment’ is now a keyword in everything from fisheries science to international relations to philosophical ethics to cultural studies. The Companion brings these subject areas, and their distinctive perspectives and contributions, together in one accessible volume. Over 150 short chapters written by leading international experts provide concise, authoritative and easy-to-use summaries of all the major and emerging topics dominating the field, while the seven part introductions situate and provide context for section entries. A gateway to deeper understanding is provided via further reading and links to online resources. Companion to Environmental Studies offers an essential one-stop reference to university students, academics, policy makers and others keenly interested in ‘the environmental question’, the answer to which will define the coming century.
This volume explores the conceptualization and construction of sacred space in a wide variety of faith traditions: Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and the religions of Japan. It deploys the notion of "layered landscapes" in order to trace the accretions of praxis and belief, the tensions between old and new devotional patterns, and the imposition of new religious ideas and behaviors on pre-existing religious landscapes in a series of carefully chosen locales: Cuzco, Edo, Geneva, Granada, Herat, Istanbul, Jerusalem, Kanchipuram, Paris, Philadelphia, Prague, and Rome. Some chapters hone in on the process of imposing novel religious beliefs, while others focus on how vestiges of displaced faiths endured. The intersection of sacred landscapes with political power, the world of ritual, and the expression of broader cultural and social identity are also examined. Crucially, the volume reveals that the creation of sacred space frequently involved more than religious buildings and was a work of historical imagination and textual expression. While a book of contrasts as much as comparisons, the volume demonstrates that vital questions about the location of the sacred and its reification in the landscape were posed by religious believers across the early-modern world.
When viewed from space, the Korean Peninsula is crossed by a thin green ribbon. On the ground, its mix of dense vegetation and cleared borderlands serves as home to dozens of species that are extinct or endangered elsewhere on the peninsula. This is Korea’s demilitarized zone—one of the most dangerous places on earth for humans, and paradoxically one of the safest for wildlife. Although this zone was not intentionally created for conservation, across the globe hundreds of millions of acres of former military zones and bases are being converted to restoration areas, refuges, and conservation lands. David G. Havlick has traveled the world visiting these spaces of military-to-wildlife transition, and in Bombs Away he explores both the challenges—physical, historical, and cultural—and fascinating ecological possibilities of military site conversions. Looking at particular international sites of transition—from Indiana’s Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge to Cold War remnants along the former Iron Curtain—Havlick argues that these new frontiers of conservation must accomplish seemingly antithetical aims: rebuilding and protecting ecosystems, or restoring life, while also commemorating the historical and cultural legacies of warfare and militarization. Developing these ideas further, he shows that despite the ecological devastation often wrought by military testing and training, these activities need not be inconsistent with environmental goals, and in some cases can even complement them—a concept he calls ecological militarization. A profound, clear explication of landscapes both fraught and fecund, marked by death but also reservoirs of life, Bombs Away shows us how “military activities, conservation goals, and ecological restoration efforts are made to work together to create new kinds of places and new conceptions of place.”
Historic sites are visited by millions of people every year, but most of these places perpetuate the public notion that men have been the primary agents of historical change. This book reveals that historic sites and buildings have much to tell us about women's history. It documents women's contributions to the historic preservation movement at places such as Mount Vernon and explores women's history at several existing landmarks such as historic homes, as wells as in a wider array of cultural landscapes ranging from nurses' residences in Montreal to prostitutes' quarters in Los Angeles. The book includes essays on six exemplary projects that have advanced the integration of women's history into historic preservation and closes with three perspectives on preservation policy and practice. National in scope but applicable in any locality, Restoring Women's History through Historic Preservation combines the most important recently published information with the best new research and covers many national, state, and local initiatives of the past decade. It collects in one volume the seminal work of twenty academic historians, preservationists, and professionals at parks and monuments throughout the country who examine practical ways to represent women's history through historic preservation programs. Over the past several decades, work in the areas of women's history and historic preservation has done much to change not only how we regard history but also how we might broaden the very notion of what we consider historical. This volume reflects a growing commitment to historic preservation and shows how practitioners in both fields can benefit from an exchange of insights and create more effective public history.
Sepp Holzer farms steep mountainsides in Austria 5,000 feet above sea level. His farm is an intricate network of terraces, raised beds, ponds, and waterways, well covered with productive fruit trees and other vegetation, in dramatic contrast to his neighbors' spruce monocultures. Fans of Sepp Holzer have come from all over the world to see the productivity of his farm, a veritable permaculture paradise. His first book, Sepp Holzer's Permaculture, offers a detailed guide to what Holzer has achieved on his farm. Many readers might have wondered-but how can we achieve this on a global scale? Luckily, his newest book, Desert or Paradise, examines Holzer's core philosophy for increasing food production, earth health, and reconnecting mankind with nature, applied to reforestation and water conservation across the world. Through years of consultation with other countries, Holzer has developed a core philosophy for reconnecting mankind with nature even in arid or otherwise "lost-cause" regions. He details a process he calls "Grundierung," a term from painting meaning "base coat," which goes into great detail the importance of water, and Desert or Paradise offers his concept and guide to construction of large water reservoirs in arid, rainfall-dependent regions with examples from Greece, Turkey, Spain, and Portugal. Holzer describes the ecological and economic benefits of these changes, as well as the use of a variety of plant and animal species for further integration and regeneration of the surrounding areas, including reasons for reforestation and the cause and use of forest fires. Holzer also outlines his ten points of sustainable self-reliance and how these methods can help feed the world, such as the need to regulate the water budget, eliminate factory livestock farming, bring more fallow or unused areas into production, enlarge crop areas by using terracing and Holzer-style raised beds, regionalize instead of globalize, fight for land reform and engage in community building, go back to the ancient farming wisdom, and change the educational system. Also included are Holzer's ideas on beekeeping, humane slaughtering, nature spirits, the loss of roots in our society in general, and in politics especially.
Der Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord, das Plateau de Kirchberg in Luxemburg, der Parco Dora in Turin und zahlreiche andere Realisierungen von Peter Latz und Partner stehen für einen zeitgemäßen, intelligenten Umgang mit alternativen Umwelttechnologien und dem regenerativen Umbau ganzer Industrielandschaften. In den landschaftsarchitektonischen Entwürfen von Peter Latz werden ökologisch-soziale Ansprüche in eine eigenständige ästhetische Sprache übersetzt, die zeitlosen Ansprüchen genügen soll. Die verschiedenen Schichten und Bedeutungen der historisch aufgeladenen Orte werden offengelegt und zu einem Netzwerk von räumlichen und zeitlichen Bezügen verknüpft, das eigenen Regeln folgt – die Syntax der Landschaft. Prozesshaftigkeit und lebendige Dynamik in tragfähigen Freiraumstrukturen bestimmen die Arbeiten, die sich auch Veränderungen öffnen: Sie sind in Entwicklung begriffene Räume, keine ein für allemal fertigen Parks.
Wie kaum eine andere Bereichsethik befasst sich die Umweltethik einerseits mit Grundfragen der Philosophie (Naturphilosophie, Anthropologie, politische Philosophie) und berührt andererseits verschiedene Politikfelder (Klimapolitik, Naturschutz, Land- und Forstwirtschaft etc.). Das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Grundlagenreflexion und Politiknähe wird zusammengehalten durch argumentative Begründungen des Umwelt-, Tier- und Naturschutzes, die Kernbereiche der Umweltethik sind. Das Handbuch stellt den umweltethischen Diskurs hinsichtlich seiner Begrifflichkeit, seiner Geschichte, seiner ethischen Grundlagen, der wesentlichen Handlungsfelder und der Bezüge zu Nachbarwissenschaften dar.
Der britische Biologe Dave Goulson unternimmt eine Expedition auf den Planeten der Insekten – genauer auf die Blumenwiesen rund um sein marodes französisches Landhaus. Die Helden seiner Feldforschungsabenteuer sind nicht nur Bienen und Hummeln, sondern alles, was kreucht und fleucht: Grillen, Grashüpfer, Glühwürmchen – und Libellen, denen beim Liebemachen zuzusehen eine Freude ist. Goulson taucht dabei so tief ins Reich der Tiere ein wie kaum jemand zuvor. Ein Buch, das die entscheidende Bedeutung von Insekten für unsere Umwelt und das ganze globale Ökosystem beleuchtet. Und ein Weckruf, die Nutzung von Insektiziden zurückzufahren, um das Sterben der Bienen und anderer Bestäuber zu stoppen.
What if, one step at a time, we could make our gardens and landscapes more eco-friendly? Barbara W. Ellis's colorful, comprehensive guide shows homeowners, gardeners, garden designers, and landscapers how to do just that for the large and beautiful Chesapeake Bay watershed region. This area includes Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Washington, D.C., and part of West Virginia (translating to portions of USDA Zones 6, 7, and 8). Here, mid-Atlantic gardeners, from beginners to advanced, will find the essential tools for taking steps to make their gardens part of the solution through long-term planning and planting. The guide is built from the ground up around six simple but powerful principles that anyone can use: * Reduce lawn * Build plant diversity * Grow native plants * Manage water runoff * Welcome wildlife * Garden wisely Included are detailed instructions for assessing and designing your particular garden or landscape site; choosing and caring for trees, shrubs, vines, ground covers, and flowers; and succeeding with such conditions as shade or poor soil. From rain gardens to woodland gardens, meadow gardens to wildlife gardens, and much more, this indispensable guide features more than 300 color photographs.
Das Leben auf dem Land – packend und authentisch erzählt James Rebanks’ Familie lebt seit Generationen im englischen Hochland, dem Lake District. Die Lebensweise ist seit Jahrhunderten von den Jahreszeiten und Arbeitsabläufen bestimmt. Im Sommer werden die Schafe auf die kahlen Berge getrieben und das Heu geerntet; im Herbst folgen die Handelsmessen, wo die Herden aufgestockt werden, im Winter der Kampf, dass die Schafe am Leben bleiben, und im Frühjahr schließlich die Erleichterung, wenn die Lämmer geboren und die Tiere wieder in die Berge getrieben werden können. James Rebanks erzählt von einer archaischen Landschaft, von der tiefen Verwurzelung an einen Ort. In eindrucksvoll klarer Prosa schildert er den Jahresablauf in der Arbeit eines Hirten, bietet uns einen einzigartigen Einblick in das ländliche Leben. Er schreibt auch von den Menschen, die ihm nahe stehen, Menschen mit großer Beharrlichkeit, obwohl sich die Welt um sie herum vollständig verändert hat.
Set against a layered Manhattan landscape, The Special Power of Restoring Lost Things explores a fractured family through the alternating perspectives of the mother, father, and brother of a young woman during the aftermath of her disappearance. A year of silent but collective anguish culminates in the fateful thirty hours after a body with a striking resemblance to hers is found, and we see her buttoned-up Upper West Side family spiral in different, dangerous directions: Her mother, Carol, nearly comatose by day, comes alive at night in a vigilante-like attempt to track down her daughter's killer. Her brother, Ben, once the "good kid," adopts her bad habits along with her former friends who may have been complicit in her death. And after failing to keep his family from splitting apart, her seemingly stoic father, Drew, finally allows himself to crack. In her third novel, Courtney Elizabeth Mauk presents a nuanced character study and offers a jolting and unforgettable portrait of a family's struggle to survive.
In response to demand from landscape architects and home gardeners, Natural Landscaping returns to print in an updated and expanded second edition. It is unique in its focus on plant communities; it approaches landscape design as the establishment of natural ecosystems, rather than mere planting of specimens. Emphasizing the natural landscapes of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, this book o reviews landscaping principles and techniques o introduces native plant species for grasslands, forests, edge areas, and small wetlands o illustrates how to evaluate a site and plan for visual effect and maintenance o presents the issues involved in restoring bogs, ponds, and other wetlands o offers practical advice on reducing chemical use while still combating invasive plants o addresses social, legal, design, and planting problems often encountered on residential sites o discusses natural landscaping for public parklands, civic buildings, school grounds, and corporate properties
Sandige Fußspuren, die plötzlich im Haus eines jungen Paares auftauchen. Elstern, die einsamen Autofahrern in der Nacht etwas zuraunen. Frauen, die sich in Taucherglocken auf den Meeresboden hinablassen, um ihre verschollenen Männer wiederzufinden. Menschen, denen bei jedem Schritt Wasser aus den Stiefeln schwappt. Strandgut, Stechginster, Gebeine von Riesen. Licht in anderer Leute Häuser. Ein Baum, der Wünsche erfüllt. Menschen, die verschwinden, und nur ein kleines Fischlein bleibt zurück auf dem Kissen. Lucy Woods Debüt ist aufsehenerregend, zwölf Erzählungen, denen die Geschichte und Folklore Cornwalls eingeschrieben sind. Rau wie die Küste, windumtost und voll unerwarteter Umschwünge. »Ein überwältigendes und überwältigend gutes Debüt!« JON McGREGOR
The following analysis illustrates the underlying trends and relationships of U.S. issued patents of the subject company. The analysis employs two frequently used patent classification methods: US Patent Classification (UPC) and International Patent Classification (IPC). Aside from assisting patent examiners in determining the field of search for newly submitted patent applications, the two classification methods play a pivotal role in the characterization and analysis of technologies contained in collections of patent data. The analysis also includes the company’s most prolific inventors, top cited patents as well as foreign filings by technology area.
Ganz klar: Das Schöne am Open Source-Code ist natürlich der freie Zugriff auf ihn, doch gerade deshalb will die Code-Entwicklung besonders gut organisiert sein. Versionskontrollsysteme ermöglichen es jedem Projektmitglied, zunächst unabhängig zu arbeiten und seine Änderungen am Quellcode dann in ein Repository einzufügen, mit dem die unterschiedlichen Versionen überwacht und verwaltet werden. Intelligente Verwaltung mit Subversion Wer bei Software-Projekten bisher das bewährte CVS benutzt hat, dem steht mit Subversion eine stabilere und flexiblere Alternative zur Verfügung. Versionskontrolle mit Subversion, geschrieben von Mitgliedern des Subversion-Entwicklerteams, stellt dieses mächtige Open Source-Tool vor und beschreibt, wie Sie es fachgerecht installieren und konfigurieren. Die Autoren zeigen Ihnen, wie Sie durch die intelligente Verwaltung und Dokumentation mit Subversion Konflikte und Datenverlust vermeiden können. Für Programmierer und für Systemadministratoren Das Buch eignet sich für Leser mit ganz unterschiedlichem Hintergrundwissen: Sowohl Programmierer ohne Kenntnisse der Versionskontrolle als auch erfahrene Systemadministratoren kommen hier auf ihre Kosten. Und CVS-Kennern wird mit diesem Buch ein problemloser Wechsel zu Subversion ermöglicht.

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