This book examines a series of questions associated with the increasing application and implications of biometrics in contemporary everyday life. In the wake of the events of 9/11, the reliance on increasingly sophisticated and invasive technologies across a burgeoning field of applications has accelerated, giving rise to the term 'biometric state'. This book explores how these ‘virtual borders’ are created and the effect they have upon the politics of citizenship and immigration, especially how they contribute to the treatment of citizens as suspects. Finally and most importantly, this text argues that the rationale of 'governing through risk' facilitates pre-emptory logics, a negligent attitude towards 'false positives', and an overall proliferation of borders and ubiquitous risk, which becomes integral to contemporary everyday life, far beyond the confined politics of national borders and frontiers. By focusing on specific sites, such as virtual borders in airports, trusted traveller programs like the NEXUS program and those delivered by airlines and supported by governmental authorities (TSA and CATSA respectively), this book raises critical questions about the emerging biometric state and its commitment and constitution vis-à-vis technology of ‘governing through risk’. This book will be of interest to students of biopolitics, critical security, surveillance studies and International Relations in general. Benjamin J. Muller is assistant professor in International Relations at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. He completed his PhD in the School of Politics and International Studies at Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, in 2005.
This volume brings together a group of distinguished scholars to engage in a dialogue on key developments in the study of security. The book provides a comprehensive overview of theoretical, empirical and methodological developments within security studies, whose political and societal importance has grown significantly in recent years. By bringing together scholars who hold differing perspectives on security, this volume provides insights into a variety of approaches and their newest developments, including ‘mainstream’ as well as heterodox perspectives on security. Thus, it aims to build bridges of communication between different ‘camps’ by initiating a dialogue on the identity and diversity of security studies. It does so in three parts: The first part of the book includes paradigmatic approaches to security that are closely connected to major debates in International Relations such as realism, institutionalism, constructivism as well as approaches to the culture, ethics of security and critical security studies. The second part places emphasis on the broadening and deepening of the concept of security in recent decades. It discusses key empirical frontiers including the continued centrality of the state, the link between democracy and security, environmental security as well as financial security. The third part of the book presents various methodological approaches to the question of security and peace. It provides an overview of new approaches such as the visual turn, quantifying security and method combinations. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, international relations and research methods.
This edited volume examines the reconstitution of the public security domain since the 9/11 attacks, focusing on the banking sector and anti-money laundering (AML) activity in particular. Since the inception of the ‘Financial Action Taskforce’ (FATF) in 1989, AML has been viewed as a global problem. This text argues that the securitization of the financial sector as a result of AML has entailed the emergence of a new public security domain, which transcends the classic public-private divide. The analysis in the volume is multidisciplinary and combines concepts and theories from the literature on securitization, the public-private divide, and business/management. The authors argue that the state is under transformation and that the developments in the security field are part of an ongoing renegotiation of the relationship between the state and the business sector. Securitization, Accountability and Risk Management therefore contributes to a deeper understanding of how the power relationships have changed between the public and the private sectors after 9/11. This interdisciplinary book will be of much interest to students of critical security, risk management, business studies, critical legal studies and IR in general.
This book examines how critical approaches to security developed in Europe can be used to investigate a Chinese security issue - the case of the Falungong. The past few decades have produced a rich field of theoretical approaches to ‘security’ in Europe. In this book, the security-specific notions of securitization, the politics of insecurity, and emancipation are used as analytical approaches to investigate the anti-Falungong campaign in the People’s Republic of China. This campaign, launched in 1999, was the largest security-related propaganda campaign since 1989 and was directed against a group of qigong-practitioners who were presented as a grave threat to society. The campaign had major impacts as new security legislation was established and human rights organizations reported severe mistreatment of practitioners. This book approaches one empirical case with three approaches in order to transcend the tendency to pit one approach against another. It shows how they highlight different aspects in investigation, and how they can be combined to gain more comprehensive insights, and thereby invigorate renewed debate in the field. Furthermore, this is used as a vehicle to discuss more general philosophical issues of theory, development, and theory development and will assist students to comprehend the effects research framework selection has on a piece of research. Such discussions are necessary in order to apply the frameworks in investigations that go beyond the socio-political context they were originally developed in. This book will be of interest to students of critical security studies, Chinese politics, research methods and IR in general.
Der Sammelband fragt nach den Konjunktionen von Finanzmarkt und den Krisen der modernen Gesellschaft, und zwar unter dem Aspekt von Öffentlichkeit beziehungsweise unterschiedlicher Finanzmarktpublika. Denn es sind insbesondere Öffentlichkeit und Publikumsstrukturen, in deren Wandel sich das Paradigmatische von Finanzmärkten für allgemeine Mechanismen der Integration, Kohäsion und Imagination moderner Gesellschaften zeigt. Finanzmarktpublika sind Szenerien der Konstitution der (Un-)Moralität der Finanzmärkte, Austragungsorte gesellschaftlicher und finanzökonomischer Krisen und zugleich Projektionsflächen nicht nur ökonomischer, sondern gesellschaftlicher Teilhabe. Solche Momente finanzmarktlicher Paradigmatizität werden auf der Grundlage konzeptioneller Überlegungen und empirischer Befunde zu Verhältnissen zwischen Operationsweisen von Finanzmärkten, der Konstitution von Öffentlichkeiten und der Strukturierung moderner Gesellschaften freigelegt und zur Diskussion gestellt.
Damals gab es die RAF, heute al-Qaida; damals fürchteten wir die Folgen von Tschernobyl, heute sagen Wissenschaftler eine Klimakatastrophe voraus. Finanzkrisen vernichten weltweit Existenzen, die Risiken durchdringen alle Lebensbereiche. Zugleich aber erö
Mike Davis konstatiert in diesem ambitionierten und verstörenden Buch eine" Kopernikansche Wende"der menschlichen Siedlungsgeschichte. Denn nie zuvor überstieg der Anteil der Stadtbevölkerung den Anteil der auf dem Land Wohnenden und nie zuvor sah sich eine ungeheure Anzahl von über einer Milliarde Menschen gezwungen, ihr Überleben in Armut, im Schmutz der Müllhalden, ohne (sauberes) Wasser, ohne Toiletten, ohne irgendeine Art der Gesundheits- oder Sozialversorgung zu organisieren. Die Megaslums des" Südens"sind Ausdruck einer im höchsten Maße ungleichen und instabilen urbanen Welt. Hier treffen die sozialen Fronten der Globalisierung in radikaler Weise aufeinander.