Completely rewritten to enhance clarity, this third edition provides engineers with a strong understanding of the field. With the help of an additional co–author, the text presents new information on bioseparations throughout the chapters. A new chapter on mechanical separations covers settling, filtration, and centrifugation, including mechanical separations in biotechnology and cell lysis. Boxes help highlight fundamental equations. Numerous new examples and exercises are integrated throughout as well. In addition, frequent references are made to the software products and simulators that will help engineers find the solutions they need.
Preface to the Second Edition NEW TO THIS EDITION "Time and tide wait for no man" and most certainly not for engineering textbooks. The seven years since publication of the first edition of "Separation Process Principles" have witnessed: (1) advances in the fundamentals of mass, heat, and momentum transport and wide availability of computer programs to facilitate the application of complex transport mathematical models; (2) changes in the practice of chemical engineering design; and (3) restructuring of the chemical engineering curriculum. In response to what we have noted and what has been pointed out in strong reviews solicited by the publishers, we have included the following revisions and additions to this second edition: A new section on dimensions and units to facilitate the use of the SI, AE, and CGS systems, which permeate applications to separation processes. The addition to each chapter of a list of instructional objectives. Increased emphasis on the many ways used to express the composition of chemical mixtures. New material on the thermodynamics of difficult mixtures, including electrolytes, polymer solutions, and mixtures of light gases and polar organic compounds. Tables of typical diffusivity values. Table of formulae and meanings of dimensionless groups. A subsection on the recent theoretical analogy of Churchill and Zajic. New sections on hybrid systems and membrane cascades. Discussions of the fourth generation of random packings and high-capacity trays. A brief discussion of the rate-based multicell model. New section on optimal control as a third mode of operation for batch distillation. New discussion on concentration polarization and fouling. New sections on ultrafiltration and microfiltration. New subsection on Continuous, Countercurrent Adsorption Systems. Revision of the subsection on the McCabe-Thiele Method for Bulk Separation by adsorption. New subsection on Simulated (and True) Moving Bed Systems for Adsorption. The following three chapters were not in the first edition of the book, but were available in hard copy, as supplemental chapters, to instructors. They are now included in the second edition: Chapter 16 on Leaching and Washing, with an added subsection on the espresso machine. Chapter 17 on Crystallization, Desublimation, and Evaporation. Chapter 18 on Drying of Solids, including Psychrometry. In the first edition, each topic was illustrated by at least one detailed example and was accompanied by at least three homework exercises. This continues to be true for most of the added topics and chapters. There are now 214 examples and 649 homework exercises. In addition, 839 references are cited.
Separation Process Principles with Applications Using Process Simulator, 4th Edition is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the major separation operations in the chemical industry. The 4th edition focuses on using process simulators to design separation processes and prepares readers for professional practice. Completely rewritten to enhance clarity, this fourth edition provides engineers with a strong understanding of the field. With the help of an additional co-author, the text presents new information on bioseparations throughout the chapters. A new chapter on mechanical separations covers settling, filtration and centrifugation including mechanical separations in biotechnology and cell lysis. Boxes help highlight fundamental equations. Numerous new examples and exercises are integrated throughout as well.
Appropriate for one-year transport phenomena (also called transport processes) and separation processes course. First semester covers fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer; second semester covers separation process principles (includes unit operations). The title of this Fourth Edition has been changed from Transport Processes and Unit Operations to Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations). This was done because the term Unit Operations has been largely superseded by the term Separation Processes which better reflects the present modern nomenclature being used. The main objectives and the format of the Fourth Edition remain the same. The sections on momentum transfer have been greatly expanded, especially in the sections on fluidized beds, flow meters, mixing, and non-Newtonian fluids. Material has been added to the chapter on mass transfer. The chapters on absorption, distillation, and liquid-liquid extraction have also been enlarged. More new material has been added to the sections on ion exchange and crystallization. The chapter on membrane separation processes has been greatly expanded especially for gas-membrane theory.
Market_Desc: · Chemical Engineers · Students of Engineering Special Features: · A new section on Dimensions and Units to facilitate the use of the SI, AE, and CGS systems, which permeate applications to separation processes.· Increased emphasis on the many ways used to express the composition of chemical mixtures.· New material on the thermodynamics of difficult mixtures, including electrolytes, polymer solutions, and mixtures of light gases and polar organic compounds.· New sections on the hybrid systems and membrane cascades.· New section on optimal control as a third mode of operation for batch distillation.· New discussion on concentration polarization and fouling. About The Book: Updated to reflect advances in the field, the second edition of this highly respected text examines rate-based and equilibrium-based approaches to separation operations. It describes the fundamentals of all separation operations of commercial interest, and includes theory and application examples in each chapter, as well as over 600 exercises.
This much-needed book presents a clear and very practice-oriented overview of thermal separation processes. An extensive introduction elucidates the physical and physicochemical fundamentals of different unit operations used to separate homogenous mixtures. This is followed by a concise text with numerous explanatory figures and tables referring to process and design, flowsheets, basic engineering and examples of separation process applications. Very helpful guidance in the form of process descriptions, calculation models and operation data is presented in an easy-to- understand manner thereby assisting the practicing engineer in the choosing and evaluation of separation processes and facilitating the modeling and design of innovative equipment. A comprehensive reference list provides further opportunity for the following up of special separation problems. Chemical and mechanical engineers, chemists, physicists and biotechnologists in research and development, plant design and environmental protection, as well as students in chemical engineering and natural sciences will find this all-embracing reference guide of tremendous value and practical use.
Facts101 is your complete guide to Separation Process Principles. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
The Complete, Unified, Up-to-Date Guide to Transport and Separation–Fully Updated for Today’s Methods and Software Tools Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles, Fifth Edition, offers a unified and up-to-date treatment of momentum, heat, and mass transfer and separations processes. This edition–reorganized and modularized for better readability and to align with modern chemical engineering curricula–covers both fundamental principles and practical applications, and is a key resource for chemical engineering students and professionals alike. This edition provides New chapter objectives and summaries throughout Better linkages between coverage of heat and mass transfer More coverage of heat exchanger design New problems based on emerging topics such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, and green engineering New instructor resources: additional homework problems, exam questions, problem-solving videos, computational projects, and more Part 1 thoroughly covers the fundamental principles of transport phenomena, organized into three sections: fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer. Part 2 focuses on key separation processes, including absorption, stripping, humidification, filtration, membrane separation, gaseous membranes, distillation, liquid—liquid extraction, adsorption, ion exchange, crystallization and particle-size reduction, settling, sedimentation, centrifugation, leaching, evaporation, and drying. The authors conclude with convenient appendices on the properties of water, compounds, foods, biological materials, pipes, tubes, and screens. The companion website (trine.edu/transport5ed/) contains additional homework problems that incorporate today’s leading software, including Aspen/CHEMCAD, MATLAB, COMSOL, and Microsoft Excel.
Mass transfer along with separation processes is an area that is often quite challenging to master, as most volumes currently available complicate the learning by teaching mass transfer linked with heat transfer, rather than focusing on more relevant techniques. With this thoroughly updated second edition, Mass Transfer and Separation Processes: Principles and Applications presents a highly thoughtful and instructive introduction to this sophisticated material by teaching mass transfer and separation processes as unique though related entities. In an ever increasing effort to demystify the subject, with this edition, the author— Avoids more complex separation processes Places a greater emphasis on the art of simplifying assumptions Conveys a greater sense of scale with the inclusion of numerous photos of actual installations Makes the math only as complicated as necessary while reviewing fundamental principles that may have been forgotten The book explores essential principles and reinforces the concepts with classical and contemporary illustrations drawn from the engineering, environmental, and biological sciences. The theories of heat conduction and transfer are utilized not so much to draw analogies but rather to make fruitful use of existing solutions not seen in other texts on the subject. Both an introductory resource and a reference, this important text serves environmental, biomedical, and engineering professionals, as well as anyone wishing to gain a grasp on this subject and its increasing relevance across a number of fields. It fills a void in traditional chemical engineering literature by providing access to the principles and working practices that allow mass transfer theory to be applied to separation processes.
This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).
Surveys the selection, design, and operation of most of the industrially important separation processes. Discusses the underlying principles on which the processes are based, and provides illustrative examples of the use of the processes in a modern context. Features thorough treatment of newer separation processes based on membranes, adsorption, chromatography, ion exchange, and chemical complexation. Includes a review of historically important separation processes such as distillation, absorption, extraction, leaching, and crystallization and considers these techniques in light of recent developments affecting them.
Providing chemical engineering undergraduate and graduate students with a basic understanding of how separation of a mixture of molecules, macromolecules or particles is achieved, this textbook is a comprehensive introduction to the engineering science of separation. • Students learn how to apply their knowledge to determine the separation achieved in a given device or process • Real-world examples are taken from biotechnology, chemical, food, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and pollution control industries • Worked examples, elementary separator designs and chapter-end problems are provided, giving students a practical understanding of separation. The textbook systematically develops different separation processes by considering the forces causing the separation and how this separation is influenced by the patterns of bulk flow in the separation device. Readers will be able to take this knowledge and apply it to their own future studies and research in separation and purification. Online resources include solutions to the exercises and guidance for computer simulations.
This book concentrates on the more recent methods and techniques for separating food components and products of the biotechnology industry. Each chapter deals with a specific type or area of application and includes information on the basic principles, industrial equipment available, commercial applications, and an overview of current research and development. Much of the emphasis is on extraction of macromolecules, increasing the added value of foods and recovering valuable components from by-products and fermentation media. Many of the methods discussed are now in commercial practice, while others are being vigorously researched. Separation and filtration technology is of major importance in food processing and biotechnology. This book provides a very detailed examination of the most important, advanced separation processes now in use.
This textbook is targetted to undergraduate students in chemical engineering, chemical technology, and biochemical engineering for courses in mass transfer, separation processes, transport processes, and unit operations. The principles of mass transfer, both diffusional and convective have been comprehensively discussed. The application of these principles to separation processes is explained. The more common separation processes used in the chemical industries are individually described in separate chapters. The book also provides a good understanding of the construction, the operating principles, and the selection criteria of separation equipment. Recent developments in equipment have been included as far as possible. The procedure of equipment design and sizing has been illustrated by simple examples. An overview of different applications and aspects of membrane separation has also been provided. ‘Humidification and water cooling’, necessary in every process indus-try, is also described. Finally, elementary principles of ‘unsteady state diffusion’ and mass transfer accompanied by a chemical reaction are covered. SALIENT FEATURES : • A balanced coverage of theoretical principles and applications. • Important recent developments in mass transfer equipment and practice are included. • A large number of solved problems of varying levels of complexities showing the applications of the theory are included. • Many end-chapter exercises. • Chapter-wise multiple choice questions. • An Instructors manual for the teachers.
The latest edition of a perennial bestseller, Multistage Separation Processes, Fourth Edition provides a clear and thorough presentation of the theoretical foundation, and understanding of the development, evaluation, design, and optimization steps of these processes, from both an academic and industrial perspective. The book’s emphasis on starting with theoretical models and their role in computer simulation, followed by practical applications, sets it apart from other texts on this topic. The author also highlights the importance of relating fundamental concepts to intuitive understanding of the processes. See What’s New in the Fourth Edition: Chapter on fluid-solid operations Expanded development of theories and methods for many applications Adds numerous industry-related examples and end-of-chapter problems Case studies combined with examples Updated and enhanced figures The book includes a generous number of examples from a wide variety of applications to relate theory to actual results, and to demonstrate the performance of process under varying conditions. The chapter topics follow a logical path that starts with basics and theoretical concepts, and progresses systematically into the various separation processes. Each chapter provides the information relevant to a specific topic, and refers to appropriate chapters in the book as needed. These features combine to give you the understanding required to make the best selections of property prediction and simulation techniques and avoid the cost incurred by the use of improper simulations.