Did the Earth once undergo a super ice age, one that froze the entire planet? A global adventure story and a fascinating account of scientist Paul Hoffman's quest to prove his maverick 'Snowball Earth' theory, this is science writing at its most gripping. In SNOWBALL EARTH, Gabrielle Walker takes us on a thrilling natural history expedition in search of supporting evidence for the audacious theory which argues that the Earth experienced a climatic cataclysm 600 million years ago that froze the entire planet from the poles to the equator. Because the global snowball happened so long ago the ice has now long gone - but it left its traces in rocks around the world and in order to see the evidence, Walker visited such places as Australia, Namibia, South Africa and Death Valley, USA. Part adventure story and part travel book, it's a tale of the ultimate human endeavour to understand our origins.
Up-and-coming rock star, Joan Devintia, has come to realize that some shadows aren't benign, some stares aren't innocent, and she is no longer safe. Tired of fearing her stalker, she goes to her manager for a solution. He hires Carmen Savedra - celebrity bodyguard and inactive duty Marine - to protect the singer from harm. In the midst of recording her pioneer album, Joan finds temptation in the form of illicit drugs and danger taking the shape of a man in a red tie. Safety comes with the sound of jingling dog tags that Carmen never takes off. Carmen's shadow is bigger and more imposing than Joan's stalker. Her stare is more meaningful. Unless Joan can face her fears off the stage - her career, her growing relationship with Carmen - her very life could end....
Leading scientists bring the controversy over Gaia up to date by exploring a broad range of recent thinking on Gaia theory.
In recent years climate change has become recognised as the foremost environmental problem of the twenty-first century. Not only will climate change potentially affect the multibillion dollar energy strategies of countries worldwide, but it also could seriously affect many species, including our own. A fascinating introduction to the subject, this textbook provides a broad review of past, present and likely future climate change from the viewpoints of biology, ecology and human ecology. It will be of interest to a wide range of people, from students in the life sciences who need a brief overview of the basics of climate science, to atmospheric science, geography, and environmental science students who need to understand the biological and human ecological implications of climate change. It will also be a valuable reference for those involved in environmental monitoring, conservation, policy-making and policy lobbying.
20 font size. Snowball Earth is the first of three books about the end of our present ice age. The Earth cools down very fast, and life becomes more of a struggle. Plans are made for human survival, in stasis vats on earth and in colonies in space... What will happen to the Waters family? Mum is expecting a baby, and babies can't go into stasis until they are 2 years old. Sheila and Jack the two children aren't sure about what is to happen, and if the plans are good enough for them to return to the Earth many years in the future.
This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topicswithin undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmentalscience, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology. This text introduces students to the Earth's four keyinterdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphereand biosphere, focussing on their key components, interactionsbetween them and environmental change. Topics covered include: An earth systems model; componentssystems and processes: atmospheric systems; oceanography, endogenicgeological systems and exogenic geological systems, biogeographyand, aspects of the Earth's Record. The impact of climate and environmental change is discussed in afinal chapter which draws together Earth's systems and theirevolution and looks ahead to future earth changes and environmentsand various time periods in the geological record. Throughout the book geological case studies are used in additionto the modern processes.
Presents scientific discoveries about the atmosphere, size, composition, surface, rotation, and orbit of the planet Earth.
What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 164. Chapters: Little Ice Age, Snowball Earth, Younger Dryas, Permian-Triassic extinction event, Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event, Maunder Minimum, Climate change, Paleoclimatology, Year Without a Summer, Medieval Warm Period, Global warming, Retreat of glaciers since 1850, Hockey stick controversy, Climate of Mars, Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, Instrumental temperature record, Milankovitch cycles, Last glacial period, Quaternary glaciation, K-T boundary, History of climate change science, Heinrich event, Temperature record of the past 1000 years, Extreme weather events of 535-536, Eemian, Holocene climatic optimum, Faint young Sun paradox, 8.2 kiloyear event, Ordovician-Silurian extinction event, 4.2 kiloyear event, Timeline of glaciation, Soon and Baliunas controversy, Sahara pump theory, Geologic temperature record, Last Glacial Maximum, Great Oxygenation Event, Keeling Curve, Historical climatology, Pliocene climate, Pre-Illinoian, Sangamonian, Neolithic Subpluvial, Marine Isotopic Stage 11, Kansan glaciation, Bond event, CLIWOC, Wolstonian Stage, 5.9 kiloyear event, Cromerian Stage, Piora Oscillation, Beestonian stage, Climate: Long range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction, Sporer Minimum, Bull Lake glaciation, Bolling-Allerod, Bolling oscillation, Champlain Sea, Neoglaciation, Allerod oscillation, Medea Hypothesis, Tell Leilan, Antarctic Cold Reversal, Marine isotope stage, Eocene Thermal Maximum 2, Bramertonian Stage, Pastonian Stage, Older Peron, Thermal optimum, Mousterian Pluvial, Cretaceous Thermal Maximum, Pre-Pastonian Stage, Carbonate-silicate cycle, Holocene glacial retreat, Cyclostratigraphy, Stadial, Dalton Minimum, Abbassia Pluvial, Iron Age Cold Epoch, Cambrian-Ordovician extinction events, Middle Bronze Age Cold Epoch, Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project, ..
"Through the contributions of more than sixty leading experts in the field, Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial Planets sets forth the foundations for this emerging new science and brings the reader to the forefront of our current understanding of atmospheric formation and climate evolution"--Provided by publisher.
When it comes to big science, very few things are conclusively known. From Quantum Mechanics to Natural Selection, what we have instead are theories - ideas explain why things happen the way they do. We don't know for certain these are correct - no one ever saw the Big Bang - but with them we can paint beautiful, breathtaking pictures of everything from human behaviour to what the future may hold. Profiling the key scientists behind each theory, "30-Second Theories" presents each entry in a unique, eye-catching full-colour design, with thought-provoking extras and stylish illustrations. It is essential for anyone keen on expanding their mind with science's most thrilling ideas.
Determining the precise timing for the evolutionary origin of groups of organisms has become increasingly important as scientists from diverse disciplines attempt to examine rates of anatomical or molecular evolution and correlate intrinsic biological events to extrinsic environmental events. Molecular clock analyses indicate that many major groups are twice as old, or more, than a literal reading of the fossil record attests, implying that the fossil record is incomplete. Few paleontologists agree that the fossil record is inadequate, arguing instead that our understanding of the molecular clock is far from ideal. Telling the Evolutionary Time: Molecular Clocks and the Fossil Record represents a discussion between molecular biologists and paleontologists, in which they investigate the significance of competing sources of data, explain the nature of molecular clocks and the fossil record, and strive to develop compromise models that incorporate contradictory opinions. These are presented as a series of case studies dealing with many of the most important groups of complex organisms, such as protists, land plants, flowering plants, complex animals, chordates, vertebrates, tetrapods, and modern birds. Bringing fresh insight and various perspectives to a complicated argument, this book assembles all sides of the debate into one comprehensive text. It is a significant volume for research scientists and advanced students across the field of evolutionary biology.
As a consequence of recent increased awareness of the social and political dimensions of climate, many non-specialists discover a need for information about the variety of available climate models. A Climate Modelling Primer, Third Edition explains the basis and mechanisms of all types of current physically-based climate models. A thoroughly revised and updated edition, this book assists the reader in understanding the complexities and applicabilities of today’s wide range of climate models. Topics covered include the latest techniques for modelling the coupled biosphere-ocean-atmosphere system, information on current practical aspects of climate modelling and ways to evaluate and exploit the results, discussion of Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity (EMICs), and interactive exercises based on Energy Balance Model (EBM) and the Daisyworld model. Source codes and results from a range of model types allows readers to make their own climate simulations and to view the results of the latest high resolution models. The accompanying CD contains: A suite of resources for those wishing to learn more about climate modelling. A range of model visualisations. Data from climate models for use in the classroom. Windows and Macintosh programs for an Energy Balance Model. Selected figures from the book for inclusion in presentations and lectures. Suitable for 3rd/4th year undergraduates taking courses in climate modelling, economic forecasting, computer science, environmental science, geography and oceanography. Also of relevance to researchers and professionals working in related disciplines with climate models or who need accessible technical background to climate modelling predictions.
This volume presents a sample of views and visions among some of the growing numbers of Neoproterozoic workers. It includes a set of multidisciplinary reviews on the Neoproterozoic fossil record, evolutionary developmental biology of animals, and molecular clock estimates of phylogenetic divergences. These topics are of continuing interest to geoscientists and bioscientists who are intrigued by the deep history of the Earth and its inhabitants.
Written by two of the best US researchers in the field, this text investigates issues of astrobiological relevance in the context of cold aqueous planetary geochemistry. At the core of the technical chapters is the FREZCHEM model, initially developed over many years by one of the authors to quantify aqueous electrolyte properties and chemical thermodynamics at subzero temperatures. FREZCHEM is of huge relevance to scientists in a number of fields, including biogeochemists.
Oxygen has had extraordinary effects on life. Three hundred million years ago, in Carboniferous times, dragonflies grew as big as seagulls, with wingspans of nearly a metre. Researchers claim they could have flown only if the air had contained more oxygen than today - probably as much as 35 per cent. Giant spiders, tree-ferns, marine rock formations and fossil charcoals all tell the same story. High oxygen levels may also explain the global firestorm that contributed to the demise of the dinosaurs after the asteroid impact. The strange and profound effects that oxygen has had on the evolution of life pose a riddle, which this book sets out to answer. Oxygen is a toxic gas. Divers breathing pure oxygen at depth suffer from convulsions and lung injury. Fruit flies raised at twice normal atmospheric levels of oxygen live half as long as their siblings. Reactive forms of oxygen, known as free radicals, are thought to cause ageing in people. Yet if atmospheric oxygen reached 35 per cent in the Carboniferous, why did it promote exuberant growth, instead of rapid ageing and death? Oxygen takes the reader on an enthralling journey, as gripping as a thriller, as it unravels the unexpected ways in which oxygen spurred the evolution of life and death. The book explains far more than the size of ancient insects: it shows how oxygen underpins the origin of biological complexity, the birth of photosynthesis, the sudden evolution of animals, the need for two sexes, the accelerated ageing of cloned animals like Dolly the sheep, and the surprisingly long lives of bats and birds. Drawing on this grand evolutionary canvas, Oxygen offers fresh perspectives on our own lives and deaths, explaining modern killer diseases, why we age, and what we can do about it. Advancing revelatory new ideas, following chains of evidence, the book ranges through many disciplines, from environmental sciences to molecular medicine. The result is a captivating vision of contemporary science and a humane synthesis of our place in nature. This remarkable book will redefine the way we think about the world.
Ein Blick in die Vergangenheit: die Eiszeiten im Verlauf der Erdgeschichte, die Erforschungs(methoden) und -Theorien, die Spuren (Gletscher, Moränen, Urstromtäler), die Tier- und Pflanzenwelt sowie die Anpassung der Menschen an die Bedingungen der Eiszeit.

Best Books