This book deals with models that can capture the behavior of individuals and groups over time. Organizationally, it is divided into three parts. Part I discusses the basic, decrement-only, life table and its associated stable population. Part II examines multistate (or increment-decrement) models and provides the first comprehensive treatment of those extremely flexible and useful life table models. Part III looks at "two-sex" models, which simultaneously incorporate the marriage or fertility behavior of males and females. Those models are explored more fully and completely here than has been the case to date, and the importance of including the experience of both sexes is demonstrated analytically as weil as empirically. In sum, this book considers a broad range of population models with a view to showing that such models can be eminently calculable, clearly interpretable, and analytically valuable for the study of many kinds of social behavior. Four appendixes have been added to make the book more usable. Appendix A provides abrief introduction to calculus and matrix algebra so that readers can understand, though not necessarily derive, the equations presented. Appendix B provides an index of the principal symbols used. Appendix C gives the answers to the exercises found at the end of each chapter. Those exercises should be seen as an extension of the text, and are intended to inform as weil as to challenge.
The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methodology for the Social Sciences is the definitive reference for teachers, students, and researchers of quantitative methods in the social sciences, as it provides a comprehensive overview of the major techniques used in the field. The contributors, top methodologists and researchers, have written about their areas of expertise in ways that convey the utility of their respective techniques, but, where appropriate, they also offer a fair critique of these techniques. Relevance to real-world problems in the social sciences is an essential ingredient of each chapter and makes this an invaluable resource.
Contributors thoroughly survey the most important statistical models used in empirical reserch in the social and behavioral sciences. Following a common format, each chapter introduces a model, illustrates the types of problems and data for which the model is best used, provides numerous examples that draw upon familiar models or procedures, and includes material on software that can be used to estimate the models studied. This handbook will aid researchers, methodologists, graduate students, and statisticians to understand and resolve common modeling problems.
These edited volumes present new statistical methods in a way that bridges the gap between theoretical and applied statistics. The volumes cover general problems and issues and more specific topics concerning the structuring of change, the analysis of time series, and the analysis of categorical longitudinal data. The book targets students of development and change in a variety of fields - psychology, sociology, anthropology, education, medicine, psychiatry, economics, behavioural sciences, developmental psychology, ecology, plant physiology, and biometry - with basic training in statistics and computing.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
In a format of presentation, critique, and commentary, disaster researchers and sociological theorists address basic theoretical issues underlying studies of social structure and disaster. The editor's program of archival research on natural disasters, social movement organizations, and other types of social structure provides a basis for discussion.
The Myth of Social Action, first published in 1996, is a powerful critique of the sociology of the time and a call to reject the prevailing orthodoxy. Arguing that sociological theory had lost its way, Colin Campbell mounts a case for a new 'dynamic interpretivism' a perspective on human conduct which is more inkeeping with the spirit of traditional Weberian action theory. Discussing and dismissing one by one the main arguments of those who reject individualistic action theory, he demonstrates that this has been wrongly rejected in favour of the interactional, social situationalist approach now dominating sociological thought.
These edited volumes present new statistical methods in a way that bridges the gap between theoretical and applied statistics. The volumes cover general problems and issues and more specific topics concerning the structuring of change, the analysis of time series, and the analysis of categorical longitudinal data. The book targets students of development and change in a variety of fields - psychology, sociology, anthropology, education, medicine, psychiatry, economics, behavioural sciences, developmental psychology, ecology, plant physiology, and biometry - with basic training in statistics and computing.
Taking into account both traditional and emerging modes, this comprehensive new Handbook covers all major methodological and statistical issues in designing and analyzing surveys. With contributions from the world's leading survey methodologists and statisticians, this invaluable new resource provides guidance on collecting survey data and creating meaningful results. Featuring examples from a variety of countries, the book reviews such things as how to deal with sample designs, write survey questions, and collect data on the Internet. A thorough review of the procedures associated with multiple modes of collecting sample survey information and applying that combination of methods that fit the situation best is included. The International Handbook of Survey Methodology opens with the foundations of survey design, ranging from sources of error, to ethical issues. This is followed by a section on design that reviews sampling challenges and tips on writing and testing questions for multiple methods. Part three focuses on data collection, from face-to-face interviews, to Internet and interactive voice response, to special challenges involved in mixing these modes within one survey. Analyzing data from both simple and complex surveys is then explored, as well as procedures for adjusting data. The book concludes with a discussion of maintaining quality. Intended for advanced students and researchers in the behavioral, social, and health sciences, this "must have" resource will appeal to those interested in conducting or using survey data from anywhere in the world, especially those interested in comparing results across countries. The book also serves as a state-of-the-art text for graduate level courses and seminars on survey methodology. A companion website contains additional readings and examples.
Durkheim and Women is the first book-length work to present a feminist analysis of the theoretical writings of Emile Durkheim. Through a close textual reading of Durkheim?s widely scattered statements about women, Jennifer M. Lehmann reconstructs a coherent Durkheimian theory of women. She places Durkheim squarely in the swirling modernist controversies of his time and the equally bedeviling postmodernist controversies of ours.
The first Symposium on Germanic Linguistics was organized at the University of Chicago by Jan Terje Faarlund. The notable success of this undertaking led Elmer H. Antonsen, Hans Henrich Hock, and James W. Marchand to arrange the Second Symposium on Germanic Linguistics at the University of Illinois. This volume contains revised versions of selected papers from the two symposia. The thirteen papers cover a broad cross-section of Germanic linguistics, including problems in synchronic syntax, mainly of Dutch and German; the synchronic morphology of German; synchronic morphophonology of various Germanic languages; historical and comparative Germanic phonology; language contact and early Germanic morphosyntax; and early Germanic historical and comparative syntax, with extensive reference to Beowulf. Bibliographic references are consolidated in a single Master List of References; there also is an Index of Names.
Clinicians and those in health sciences are frequently called upon to measure subjective states such as attitudes, feelings, quality of life, educational achievement and aptitude, and learning style in their patients. This fifth edition of Health Measurement Scales enables these groups to both develop scales to measure non-tangible health outcomes, and better evaluate and differentiate between existing tools. Health Measurement Scales is the ultimate guide to developing and validating measurement scales that are to be used in the health sciences. The book covers how the individual items are developed; various biases that can affect responses (e.g. social desirability, yea-saying, framing); various response options; how to select the best items in the set; how to combine them into a scale; and finally how to determine the reliability and validity of the scale. It concludes with a discussion of ethical issues that may be encountered, and guidelines for reporting the results of the scale development process. Appendices include a comprehensive guide to finding existing scales, and a brief introduction to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, making this book a must-read for any practitioner dealing with this kind of data.
The first Symposium on Germanic Linguistics was organized at the University of Chicago by Jan Terje Faarlund. The notable success of this undertaking led Elmer H. Antonsen, Hans Henrich Hock, and James W. Marchand to arrange the Second Symposium on Germanic Linguistics at the University of Illinois. This volume contains revised versions of selected papers from the two symposia. The thirteen papers cover a broad cross-section of Germanic linguistics, including problems in synchronic syntax, mainly of Dutch and German; the synchronic morphology of German; synchronic morphophonology of various Germanic languages; historical and comparative Germanic phonology; language contact and early Germanic morphosyntax; and early Germanic historical and comparative syntax, with extensive reference to Beowulf. Bibliographic references are consolidated in a single Master List of References; there also is an Index of Names.
Combining theoretical, methodological, and practical aspects,Latent Class Analysis of Survey Error successfully guides readersthrough the accurate interpretation of survey results for qualityevaluation and improvement. This book is a comprehensive resourceon the key statistical tools and techniques employed during themodeling and estimation of classification errors, featuring aspecial focus on both latent class analysis (LCA) techniques andmodels for categorical data from complex sample surveys. Drawing from his extensive experience in the field of surveymethodology, the author examines early models for surveymeasurement error and identifies their similarities and differencesas well as their strengths and weaknesses. Subsequent chapterstreat topics related to modeling, estimating, and reducing errorsin surveys, including: Measurement error modeling forcategorical data The Hui-Walter model and othermethods for two indicators The EM algorithm and its role in latentclass model parameterestimation Latent class models for three ormore indicators Techniques for interpretation of modelparameter estimates Advanced topics in LCA, including sparse data, boundary values,unidentifiability, and local maxima Special considerations for analyzing datafrom clustered andunequal probability samples with nonresponse The current state of LCA and MLCA (multilevel latent classanalysis), and an insightful discussion on areas for furtherresearch Throughout the book, more than 100 real-world examples describethe presented methods in detail, and readers are guided through theuse of lEM software to replicate the presented analyses. Appendicessupply a primer on categorical data analysis, and a related Website houses the lEM software. Extensively class-tested to ensure an accessible presentation,Latent Class Analysis of Survey Error is an excellent book forcourses on measurement error and survey methodology at the graduatelevel. The book also serves as a valuable reference for researchersand practitioners working in business, government, and the socialsciences who develop, implement, or evaluate surveys.
A Companion to Qualitative Research draws on the work of an array of leading scholars from Europe, Britain and North America to present a summary of every aspect of the qualitative research process from nuts-and-bolts methods and research styles, to examinations of methodological theory and epistemology. It is one of the few surveys of qualitative research to adopt a genuinely international voice.

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