Sport offers everything a good story should have: heroes and villains, triumph and disaster, achievement and despair, tension and drama. Consequently, sport makes for a compelling film narrative and films, in turn, are a vivid medium for sport. Yet despite its regularity as a central theme in motion pictures, constructions and representations of sport and athletes have been marginalised in terms of serious analysis within the longstanding academic study of films and documentaries. In this collection, it is the critical study of film and its connections to sport that are examined. The collection is one of the first of its kind to examine the ways in which sport has been used in films as a metaphor for other areas of social life. Among the themes and issues explored by the contributors are: Morality tales in which good triumphs over evil The representation and ideological framing of social identities, including class, gender, race and nationality The representation of key issues pertinent to sport, including globalization, politics, commodification, consumerism, and violence The meanings 'spoken' by films – and the various 'readings' which audiences make of them This is a timely collection that draws together a diverse range of accessible, insightful and ground-breaking new essays. This book was published as a special issue of Sport in Society.
Gottlieb Florschütz gibt einen Überblick über die gesamte Sportfilmproduktion von den Anfängen in den 1940er Jahren bis zur Gegenwart, kategorisiert typische Erzählmuster des Sportfilms und stellt den engen Bezug zwischen Sportfilm, Sportfernsehen und Werbefernsehen her.
This ground-breaking interdisciplinary collection brings together leading international scholars working across the humanities and social sciences to examine ways in which representations of sports coaching in narrative and documentary cinema can shape and inform sporting instruction. The central premise of the volume is that films featuring sports coaches potentially reflect, reinforce or contest how their audiences comprehend the world of coaching. Despite the growing interest in theories of coaching and in the study of the sports film as a genre, specific analyses of filmic depictions of sports coaches are still rare despite coaches often having a central role as figures shaping the values, social situation and cultural expectations of the athletes they train. By way of a series of enlightening and original studies, this volume redresses the relative neglect afforded to sports coaching in film and simultaneously highlights the immense value that research in this emerging field has for sporting performance and social justice. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Sports Coaching Review.
A unique and timely exploration of the cultural impact of sport on American society, including lifestyles, language, and thinking.
This trailblazing book provides an overview of films about women in sport and a timely critical analysis of their role in shaping perceptions of female athletic ability. It examines the themes of aggression, beauty, class, ethnicity, physical feminism, sexuality, synaesthesia and technology in relation to mainstream and art house cinematic depictions of sportswomen, from Pumping Iron 2 to Bend It like Beckham. Nicholas Chare investigates films across different forms of athletic activity, including aerobics, bodybuilding, boxing, cheerleading, climbing, football, surfing, swimming, tennis and track and field. He assesses their significance for female athletes' struggles for physical freedom through theoretically innovative close readings, achieving a sustained investigation of the varied ways in which sports films, and the kinaesthetic politics they embody, push directors to challenge the limits of cinema as a medium.
Ice hockey has featured in North American films since the early days. Hockey’s sizable cinematic repertoire explores different views of the sport, including the role of aggression, the business of sports, race and gender, and the role of women in the game. This critical study focuses on hockey themes in more than 50 films and television movies from the U.S. and Canada spanning several decades. Depictions of historical games are discussed, including the 1980 “Miracle on Ice” and the 1972 Summit Series. National myths that inform ideas of the hockey player are examined. Production techniques that enhance hockey as on-screen spectacle are covered.
The sports film has become one of commercial cinema's most recognizable genres. From classic boxing films such as Raging Bull (1980) to soccer-themed box-office successes like Bend it Like Beckham (2002), the sports film stands at the interface of two of our most important cultural forms. This book examines the social, historical and ideological significance of representations of sport in film internationally, an essential guide for all students and enthusiasts of sport, film, media and culture. Sport and Film traces the history of the sports film, from the beginnings of cinema in the 1890s, its consolidation as a distinct fiction genre in the mid 1920s in Hollywood films such as Harold Lloyd’s The Freshman (1925), to its contemporary manifestation in Oscar-winning films such as Million Dollar Baby (2004) and The Fighter (2010). Drawing on an extensive range of films as source material, the book explores key issues in the study of sport, film and wider society, including race, social class, gender and the legacy of 9/11. It also offers an invaluable guide to 'reading' a film, to help students fully engage with their source material. Comprehensive, authoritative and accessible, this book is an important addition to the literature in both film and media studies, sport studies and cultural studies more generally.
After covering the genre's early history and theorizing its general characteristics, this volume then focuses on specific instances of sports films, such as the biopic, the sports history film, the documentary, the fan film, the boxing film, and explores issues such as gender, race, spectacle and silent comedy. Four major films are then closely analysed – Chariots of Fire, Field of Dreams, the Indian cricket epic Lagaan, and Oliver Stone's Any Given Sunday. While recording American film's importance to the genre, the book resists the conventional over-concentration on American cinema and sports by its attention to other cinemas, for example the British, Indian, Australian, South Korean, Thai, German, New Zealand, Spanish, and so on, with the many different sports they depict.
A detailed study of sports' arrival, spread and advance in colonial and post-colonial South Asia. A selection of articles addresses critical issues of nationalism, communalism, commercialism and gender through the lens of sport. This book makes the point that the social histories of South Asian sport cannot be understood by simply looking at the history of the game in one province or region. Furthermore, it demonstrates that it would be wrong to understand sport in terms of the exigencies of the colonial state. Drawing inspiration from C.L.R. James' well-known epigram, 'What do they know of cricket who only cricket know?' the findings suggest that South Asian sport makes sense only when it is placed within the broader colonial and post-colonial context. The book demonstrates that sport not only influences politics and vice versa, but that the two are inseparable. Sport is not only political, it is politics, intrigue, culture and art. To deny this is to denigrate the position of sport in modern South Asian society. This volume was previously published as a special issue of The International Journal of the History of Sport.
Should scientific congresses take place in connection with Olympic Games, and should science be represented not only in the form of applied science engaged in the care of athletes, but also as an informing, reflecting and critical authority? The Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad answered this question in the affirmative, and the results have justified this decision. The invitation sent out by the Organizing Committee was accepted by numerous eminent scholars and many participants from all over the world; it was their merit that the general topic of the congress could be discussed in manifold ways under various aspects and without prejudice. For this reason, they deserve our gratitude and appreciation. By now, the congress report has been completed. It is part of the total scientific concept which includes the preparatory publication, "The Scientific View of Sport Perspectives, Aspects, Issues", the congress itself and the present report; and, in close connection therewith, the exhibitions, "100 Years of German Excavation Work in Olympia", "Sport and Medicine" and the literary exhibition. It is to be hoped that this report will prove an important source of information and a stimulus for discussion among participants and scholars, students, teachers and coaches; and that it will safeguard the fruitful continuation of the work initiated by the Munich congress. Thanks are due to those who took pains in preparing this document. It will be an essential element within the framework of all that will remain of the Olympic Games of 1972.
Nowadays sport is often seen as spontaneous, expressive and vital; theatre as artificial and predictable. It is only relatively recently however that they have bifurcated into two opposing forms of leisure. For years, the term sport and drama implied a natural affinity, with constant reference made to the clichéd 'World of Sport and Drama', creating an image of a fun-loving nation. This book, first published in 1992, looks not only at sport on the Australian stage and in Australian film since 1788, but also addresses the complex relationship between sport and drama and the way in which the re-enactment and celebration of sporting champions and events have contributed to myths of Australian nationhood, manliness and femininity, war and work. From the high days of sporting melodrama in the nineteenth century to contemporary films and plays such as Gallipoli, Coolangatta Gold and The Club by David Williamson, Sport in Australian Drama is a comprehensive and illuminating book which offers insights into our understanding of the development of Australia's leisure culture. It gives us an intelligent view of Australian society, both past and present, at play.
Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Filmwissenschaft, Note: 2,0, Universität Mannheim, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die im Zentrum der Untersuchung stehende Frage verlangt zunächst den Stellenwert des Sports in der Gesellschaft zu beleuchten, um anschließend den Forschungsstand zu Sport in Film und Fernsehen genauer zu betrachten. Da der Fokus dieser Arbeit auf Sport im Spielfilm liegt, widmet sich ein weiterer Abschnitt dieses Kapitels einer Auseinandersetzung mit dem Sportfilmgenre. Eine fundierte wissenschaftliche Arbeit erfordert es, sich vorab mit den wichtigsten Begrifflichkeiten auseinanderzusetzen. Daher gilt es in diesem Kapitel, einen Überblick über die Entwicklung des Sports zu geben und den Begriff „Sport“ zu definieren. Da der Analyseschwerpunkt dieser Arbeit auf dem Langstreckensport liegt, folgt nach einer Definition dieser Sportart eine Skizzierung der Entstehung und des Stellenwerts in der Gesellschaft. Zum Sporttreiben gehört und gehörte auch immer das Zuschauen - diese präzise These stellt Bernd Strauss über seine sportpsychologischen Forschungen. So kamen die Menschen bereits in der Antike und dem Mittelalter zusammen, um Sportveranstaltungen wie Wagenrennen, Gladiatorenkämpfe, Ritterturniere oder die Olympischen Spiele zu bestaunen. Die Faszination des Zuschauens lässt sich bis in die Anfänge des Sports zurückverfolgen und ist vor allem heute weit verbreitet. Durch seine universale Funktion in der Populärkultur überschreitet der Sport Kultur- und Ländergrenzen, um Zuschauer und Teilnehmer aus der ganzen Welt zu fesseln. Ausverkaufte Fußball-, Football- oder Baseballstadien gehören zum alltäglichen Geschäft der Sportwelt, wobei die Massenmedien es durch die fortschreitende Kommunikations- und Mediengesellschaft ermöglichen, Zuschauer auf der ganzen Welt in das Sportgeschehen einzubinden ohne direkt vor Ort zu sein. Die Übertragung von Fußballweltmeisterschaften, den Olympischen Spielen oder dem Superbowl ziehen Millionen von Rezipienten in ihren Bann und erreichen hohe Einschaltquoten. Otmar Weiß erläutert dazu, dass die Rezipienten von ihrer Rolle als Zuschauer in die eines Teilnehmers gleiten. Vor allem bei der Rezeption von Sportveranstaltungen ist diese Art des Rollenspiels besonders häufig vertreten. Wenn ein Fußballspiel im Fernsehen verfolgt wird, fühlen die Zuschauer mit den Spielern mit: Sie sind angespannt, freuen sich, jubeln und reißen die Arme hoch wenn die favorisierte Mannschaft ein Tor schießt.
Virtuos erzählt die Schriftstellerin C.E. Morgan von den Menschen, die das Erbe der amerikanischen Geschichte in sich tragen, und erschafft damit ein an Faulkner erinnerndes, großes modernes Epos. Henry Forge und seine Tochter Henrietta haben einen Traum: Sie wollen das beste Rennpferd aller Zeiten züchten. Die Familie Forge gehört zu den ältesten und einflussreichsten Pferdezüchterdynastien von Kentucky, ihr Vollblut Hellsmouth bringt exzellente Vorraussetzungen mit. Doch als Allmon Shaughnessy auf der Farm anheuert, ein ehrgeiziger junger Schwarzer, und sich Henrietta in ihn verliebt, werden Kräfte freigesetzt, die seit Jahrhunderten das Leben in den Südstaaten bestimmt haben und immer noch machtvoll sind. Angst, Vorurteile und sexuelles Verlangen, Rassismus und Wut, die Kluft zwischen Arm und Reich, Unterdrückung, ja Gewalt sind die ständigen Begleiter dieses Lebens im Schatten der Sklaverei, die untrennbar verbunden ist mit der amerikanischen Geschichte.
Sports films are popular forms of entertainment around the world, but beyond simply amusing audiences, they also reveal much about class, race, gender, sexuality, and national identity. In All-Stars and Movie Stars, Ron Briley, Michael K. Schoenecke, and Deborah A. Carmichael explore the interplay between sports films and critical aspects of our culture, examining them as both historical artifacts and building blocks of ideologies, values, and stereotypes. The book covers not only Hollywood hits such as Field of Dreams and Miracle but also documentaries such as The Journey of the African American Athlete and international cinema, such as the German film The Miracle of Bern. The book also explores television coverage of sports, commenting on the relationship of media to golf and offering a new perspective on the culture and politics behind the depictions of the world's most popular pastimes. The first part of the book addresses how sports films represent the cultural events, patterns, and movements of the times in which they were set, as well as the effect of the media and athletic industry on the athletes themselves. Latham Hunter examines how the baseball classic The Natural reflects traditional ideas about gender, heroism, and nation, and Harper Cossar addresses how the production methods used in televised golf affect viewers. The second section deals with issues such as the growth of women's involvement in athletics, sexual preference in the sports world, and the ever-present question of race by looking at sports classics such as Rocky, Hoosiers, and A League of Their Own. Finally, the authors address the historical and present-day role sports play in the international and political arena by examining such films as Visions of Eight and The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner. This important and unique collection illuminates the prominent role that sports play in society and how that role is reflected in film. Analysis of the depiction of sports in film and television provides a deeper understanding of the appeal that sports hold for people worldwide and of the forces behind the historic and cultural traditions linked to sports.
From Salvador Dalí to Walt Disney, animals have been a constant yet little-considered presence in film. Indeed, it may come as a surprise to learn that animals were a central inspiration to the development of moving pictures themselves. In Animals in Film, Jonathan Burt points out that the mobility of animals presented technical and conceptual challenges to early film-makers, the solutions of which were an important factor in advancing photographic technology, accelerating the speed of both film and camera. The early filming of animals also marked one of the most significant and far-reaching changes in the history of animal representation, and has largely determined the way animals have been visualized in the twentieth century. Burt looks at the extraordinary relation-ship between animals, cinema and photography (including the pioneering work of Eadweard Muybridge and Jules-Etienne Marey) and the technological developments and challenges posed by the animal as a specific kind of moving object. Animals in Film is a shrewd account of the politics of animals in cinema, of how movies and video have developed as weapons for animal rights activists, and of the roles that animals have played in film, from the avant-garde to Hollywood.
Sylvester Stallone has been a defining part of American film for nearly four decades. He has made an impact on world entertainment in a surprisingly diverse range of capacities – as actor, writer, producer, and director – all while maintaining a monolithic presence. With The Ultimate Stallone Reader, this icon finally receives concerted academic attention. Eleven original essays by internationally-known scholars examine Stallone's contributions to mainstream cinema, independent film, and television. This volume also offers innovative approaches to star, gender, and celebrity studies, performance analysis, genre criticism, industry and reception inquiry, and the question of what it means to be an auteur. Ultimately, The Ultimate Stallone Reader investigates the place that Sylvester Stallone occupies within an industry and a culture that have both undergone much evolution, and how his work has reflected and even driven these changes.