In contrast to other disciplines in the sport sciences, the sociological study of risk, pain and injury is quite new. Over the last decade, however, sociologists have begun to show that pain and injury are not solely experienced in physical and medical terms, and an impressive corpus of knowledge is beginning to emerge. To date the breadth and depth of this knowledge has not been brought together in any systematic way. As the second volume in the Research in the Sociology of Sport series Sporting Bodies, Damaged Selves: Sociological Studies of Sports-Related Injury attempts to reflect the cutting-edge research in the area from several countries in terms of causes, experiences and outcomes of sport-related pain and injury.
"Contemporary sport is shaped by wider society. Anybody working in sport today must be aware of the broader social and cultural context within which sport operates if they are to be effective as managers or professionals. This is the first book written especially for sport management students to examine the wider social and cultural environment and to fully explain the key issues and practical implications for everyday sport management. Written by a team of leading international experts on sport management and sport in society, the book explores important topics such as: - Corporate social responsibility in sport - Race - Gender and sexuality - Sport and the media - Globalisation - Politics and policy - Social class, social capital and social exclusion Each issue is examined from the perspective of the manager or practitioner in sport, and each chapter includes a range of useful features, such as case-studies and self-test questions, to encourage the reader to think critically about the role of sport in society and about their own professional practice. This is the first sports management textbook to be based on the assumption that a more socially aware manager is a more effective manager and it should be essential reading for all sport management students"--
Is violence an intrinsic component of contemporary sport? How does violence within sport reflect upon the attitudes of wider society? In this landmark study of violence in and around contemporary sport, Kevin Young offers the first comprehensive sociological analysis of an issue of central importance within sport studies. The book explores organized and spontaneous violence, both on the field and off, and calls for a much broader definition of ‘sports-related violence’, to include issues as diverse as criminal behaviour by players, abuse within sport and exploitatory labor practices. Offering a sophisticated new theoretical framework for understanding violence in a sporting context, and including a wide range of case-studies and empirical data – from professional soccer in Europe to ice hockey in North America – the book establishes a benchmark for the study of violence within sport and wider society. Through close examination of often contradictory trends, from anti-violence initiatives in professional sports leagues to the role of the media in encouraging hyper-aggression, the book throws new light on our understanding of the socially-embedded character of sport and its fundamental ties to history, culture, politics, social class, gender and the law.
Traditional research methods textbooks tend to present an idealized and simplistic picture of the research process. This ground-breaking text however, features leading international sport researchers explaining how they actually carried out their real life research projects, highlighting the practical day-to-day problems, false starts and setbacks that are a normal part of the research process. This book focuses on ten pieces of research that have made a distinctive and valuable contribution to the study of sport. For each one the author of that research explains how the project was conducted and the issues that they faced. In addition, each piece of research has a commentary from a leading sport scholar outlining why it is regarded as being an important contribution to the discipline of sport studies and how that research can inform studies being carried out today. Contributors to the book describe how in their own real life research projects, they initially conceptualized and defined their research projects secured funding and/or sponsorship from relevant bodies handled enforced changes to the research plans confronted/overcame obstacles presented by outside bodies managed inter-personal/emotional relationships in the research encounter managed possible threats to their personal safety or physical integrity managed good luck, bad luck and serendipitous findings dealt with favourable and hostile media reaction to research findings. Doing Real World Research in Sport Studies enables students and researchers to develop a more realistic understanding of what the research process actually involves. It charts the development of key research projects in sport and should be essential reading for any sport research methods course.
For elite athletes, pain and injury are normal. In a challenge to the orthodox medical model, this book makes it clear that pain and injury cannot be understood in terms of physiology alone, and examines the influence of social and cultural processes on how athletes experience pain and injury. It raises a series of key social and ethical questions about the culture of 'playing hurt', the role of coaches and medical staff, the deliberate infliction of pain in sport, and the use of drugs. This book begins by providing three different perspectives on the topic of pain and injury in sport, and goes on to discuss: * pain, injury and performance * the deliberate infliction of pain and injury * the management of pain and injury * the meaning of pain and injury.
This contributed volume includes articles on sport and gender written by leading scholars in their areas of expertise. Part I demonstrates that 1) the relationship between sport and gender has not developed in a smooth, uncontested, or linear way that always privileges all males and always discriminates against all females, and 2) that the relationship between sport and gender can best be understood sociologically by tracing the intersections between sport, gender, and other ways that Canadian life has been - and remains - stratified, such as social class, age, race, ethnicity, and sexuality. In Chapter 1, Melissa Parker and Philip White explore the chronological development of theoretical frameworks addressing both the gendering of sport and what it means to be gendered in sport. Michael Atkinson argues in Chapter 2 that there is a strong link between types of research methods used and knowledge claims made by researchers. In 'Cultural Struggle and Resistance: Gender, History and Canadian Sport', M. Ann Hall traces the early moments of organized women's sport in Canada to show that women's sport in Canada is built on far stronger foundations than is often assumed. In the following chapter, Kevin Wamsley argues that not all men were privileged by early Canadian sport practices. For instance, he outlines the process through which sport became an arena for the construction of particular types of masculinity, notably masculinities that helped reinforce the dominance of powerful groups of men. Beginning from the premise that Canadian society - and thus Canadian sport - is far from 'classless', Peter Donnelly and Jean Harvey provide numerous examples in Chapter 6 to show that there have been major social class and gender inequalities throughout the history of sport. Again, we are reminded that gender is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon that can best be understood if we trace power differences not only between different groups of men and womenbut also between different versions of 'masculinity' and 'femininity' associated with particular social groups, social classes, and social settings. Part II of this book focuses on the work currently being done by leading researchers in the area of sport and gender in Canada on a broad spectrum of sport-related topics. The chapters reflect a variety of theoretical standpoints and methodological procedures. These chapters emphasize the need to study gender in a way that is not only non-categorical but perhaps moves beyond the distributive level towards understanding how sport assumes particular forms at particular historical junctures and grows out of relations of power that are determined culturally and reinforced ideologically. In Chapter 6, Sally Shaw and Larena Hoeber show how the prevalence of gendered discourses hinders the achievement of gender equity in Canadian amateur sport organizations. The idea that there is no singular masculinity and femininity operating withinCanadian sport is developed in Chapter 7 in which Philip White and Kevin Young review research findings on gender and rates and types of sport injury. In Chapter 8 Caroline Davis observes that some femininities are more closely associated with body image disorders than others and discusses the biological, sociological, and psychological factors acting on the relationship between sport, physical activity, and eating disorders. Chapter 9 by Peter Donnelly ('Who's Fair Game? Sport, Sexual Harassment, and Abuse') identifies how power differences tend to exist at the heart of abusive and exploitive sport-based relationships. Notions of power relations are also central to Chapter 10 written by Patricia Vertinsky and Sandra O'Brien Cousins on the effects of gender on participation in sport among older Canadians. Specifically, their chapter demonstrates how older women are disadvantaged relative to men when it comes to involvement in sport and physical activity. Victoria Paraschak's chapter on sport and Canada's First Nations peoples (Chapter 11) provides vivid examples of how unequal gender relations are created and reproduced over time. Chapter 12 calls for a collapsing of the rigid binary categories of hetero/homosexuality on the grounds that these are used to preclude full and equal gay and lesbian participation in sport. Identifying patterns of exclusion from participation in sport and physical activity is also the focus of Chapter 13 which is authored by Wendy Frisby,Colleen Reid and Pamela Ponic. This chapter demonstrates how a combination of poverty and prevailing municipal recreation department policies seriously limit the opportunities of many women from active recreation. In Chapter 14, Brian Wilson explores how the media reinforces taken-for-granted understandings of gender-appropriate orientations toward the body and sport. In the following chapter, Jamie Bryshun and Kevin Young provide some of the first substantial evidence for the routine involvement of female athletes in initiation (hazing) rituals in Canada and conclude that power relations between neophyte and veteran female players may be just as aggressive, coercive, and high-risk as those occurring on male teams. Sport and Gender in Canada reflects a growing body of work highlighting the diversity that exists among Canadian sportswomen and sportsmen in terms of factors such as age, race, heritage, sexuality, and social class. To speak of a 'generic' sporting masculinity or femininity, or indeed of a generic sporting experience, simply does not do justice to the complexity of Canadian sporting life.
"Covers the whole world of sport, from major professional sports and sporting events to community and youth sport, as well as the business of sports and key social issues"--Provided by publisher.
The book that set the standard for sports textbooks has been extensively revised and updated for its new eighth edition. Among the many new topical additions are elite child athletics, gambling in college sports, performance enhancement drugs, sport and nationalism after 9/11, the Beijing Olympics, Nike and other corporations, the power of media in sport, and more on minorities and on disabilities in sport. The authors are experiences text authors as well as former athletes and coaches. They bring a unique perspective to topics that are current and much on the minds of students and professors competing in an ever more challenging sport environment--one beset by scandal, pressed for revenue production, and riddled with inequality.
A new, Canadian edition of a market-leading text!Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies, First Canadian Editionis the definitive text for the sociology of sport course. The text’s global, issues-oriented approach to the study of sports in Canadian society promotes discussion of current sports-related controversies and helps students to develop critical thinking skills.
Halt geben, ohne zu kontrollieren, und Freiheit gewähren, ohne die Grenzen zu verlieren – die Pubertät ist nicht nur für Töchter eine schwierige Zeit. Vielen Eltern ist meist gar nicht bewusst, dass sie ihren Töchtern mit widersprüchlichen Rollenerwartungen die ohnehin schon schwierige Zeit zusätzlich erschweren. Mit Mary Piphers Hilfestellungen können Eltern ihren Töchtern die Unterstützung geben, die diese so dringend brauchen, ohne sie einzuengen. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)
Dieses Buch präsentiert eine interdisziplinäre und empirisch fundierte Analyse neuer Sportarten wie Free-Climbing, Paragliding, Snowboarding u.a. So unterschiedlich und individuell diese Sportpraktiken erscheinen mögen, so eint sie doch die Entstehung neuartiger Stil-Kulturen, die hoch dynamische und innovative Konstellationen von Technik, Spiel und Risiko aufweisen. Eine Kombination von Stil und Können bildet die zentrale Leitfigur dieser sozialen Praktiken und ist dicht verwoben mit einer intermedialen Konstellation von Körper und (Bewegungs-)Bild. Diese Dynamik wird vor dem Hintergrund aktueller Diskussionen zu Intermedialität und informellen Bildungsprozessen, Mobilisierung der Subjekte sowie Möglichkeiten der Entstehung von Neuem bzw. der sozialen Dynamik von Habitus diskutiert.
Im Alter von 35 Jahren schrieb Peter L. Berger seine charmante Einführung „Invitation to Sociology“, welche in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Mit seiner konkurrenz- und zeitlosen »Einladung zur Soziologie« eröffnet er auf möglichst leichtfüßige und eingängige Art einen Zugang in die Denk- und Arbeitsweisen des Fachs. Ergänzt wird das Werk durch ein aktuelles Interview, das die Herausgeberin Michaela Pfadenhauer mit Peter L. Berger über dieses Buch und sein heutiges Verständnis von Soziologie führte. Peter L. Berger gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der „neueren Wissenssoziologie“ und scharfer Analytiker der Gegenwart. Er leitete 30 Jahre lang das von ihm gegründete „Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs“ (CURA) an der Boston University. Mit dieser utb-Studienausgabe wird das wichtige Werk Studienanfängern wieder zugänglich gemacht.
Handelt es sich im Fall des Leistungssports und des Dopings um eine antagonistische Symbiose, in der man -nicht miteinander und nicht ohneeinander- kann? Der moderne, zum Zweck der Einkommenserzielung betriebene Spitzensport war wahrscheinlich von Beginn an bis heute von Doping begleitet. In verschiedenen Beitragen wird das Phanomen -Doping im Spitzensport- aus der Perspektive der Soziologie, der Okonomie, der Rechtswissenschaft und der Anthropologie beleuchtet. Dabei zeigt sich, dass unterschiedliche Rahmenbedingungen und soziale Prozesse in ihrer wechselseitigen Verschrankung dieses vielfach als Problem wahrgenommene Phanomen erst ermoglichen. Verschiedenen rationalen individuellen und korporativen Akteuren gelingt es dabei, an seinem Bestehen zu partizipieren und daraus Nutzen zu ziehen."