This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ... equal to the content of sulfate (S04). SODIUM, POTASSIUM, AND LITHIUM. Evaporate to dryness the filtrate from the precipitation of barium sulfate. Add a few cubic centimeters of hot water and then a saturated solution of barium hydroxide until a slight film collects on the top of the solution. Filter and wash the precipitate with hot water. Add to the filtrate an excess of ammonium hydroxide and ammonium carbonate solution. Filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dry, and ignite at low red heat to expel ammonium salts. Repeat the operations including the addition of barium hydroxide until no precipitate is obtained by barium hydroxide or by ammonium hydroxide and ammonium carbonate. Evaporate the final filtrate to dryness in a weighed platinum dish, dry, cool, Potassium 59 and weigh the residue. Dissolve the residue in a few cubic centimeters of water, filter, wash the filter paper twice with hot water, then ignite the filter paper in the platinum dish. Cool and weigh the residue. Subtract this weight from the first weight including the residue. The difference is the weight of the chlorides of sodium and potassium and lithium. If it is not desired to separate sodium and potassium the weight of sodium and potassium as sodium may be calculated from this difference by multiplying it by 0.394. POTASSIUM. First procedure.--Add to the solution of the chlorides of sodium and potassium a few drops of dilute hydrochloric acid (1 to 3) and 1 cc. of 10 per cent platinic chloride (PtCU) for each 30 mg. of the combined chlorides. Evaporate to a thick syrup on the water bath, then remove dish and allow it to come to dryness at laboratory temperature. Treat the residue cold with 80 per cent alcohol and filter. Wash the precipitate with 80 per cent...
The best compilation of water & wastewater analysis methods available anywhere! This reorganized reference source is written for many scientific fields, including chemistry, engineering, biology, health, the environment & geo-sciences. More than 340 hods are presented, each with step-by-step procedures for precise analysis of water & wastewater chemical constituents, sanitary quality, & physical & biological characteristics. Twenty-three new methods have been added & 26 methods have been revised to reflect the very latest technical advances. You'll find a revised method for turbidity, new information on UV-absorbing organic constituents cited in the Information Collection Rule (ICR), new procedures for laboratory occupational health & safety, & much more. Incorporates the methods published in the 18th Edition Supplement. CONTENTS INCLUDE : Physical Examination, Determination of Metals & Other Inorganic Nonmetallic Constituents, Determination of Organic Constituents, Examination of Water & Wastewater Radioactivity, Toxicity Test Methods for Aquatic Organisms, Microbiological Examination of Water, Biological Examination of Water. $180.00 Nonmembers, $140.00 APHA, AWWA & WEF members.
Answers to what makes an instrument reliable and maintainable frequently lie outside the manufacturers' manuals. These sometimes are revised procedures, test methods, or physical modifications. This book provides complete information for 26 widely used instruments including pumps and valves used in process control. This includes application, principle of operation, accuracy and repeatability, manufacture's options, installation, designer checklist, maintenance and calibration, deficiencies, and references. It is a guide to for the selection, application, and maintenance of primary elements and final control elements.
Updated from the 1999 edition, this manual provides critical information regarding waterborne viral, bacterial and parasitic pathogens. Each pathogen is described along with its health effects, and water treatment techniques for destroying the pathogens. Also covered are cross-connection control, dead-end flushing, and hydrant flushing. This manual is intended for water operators, engineers, water quality personnel and students to learn how to monitor, sample and test waters for pathogens, optimize treatment plant performance and maintain high water quality standards. Updated from the 1999 edition, this manual provides critical information regarding waterborne viral, bacterial and parasitic pathogens. Each pathogen is described along with its health effects, and water treatment techniques for destroying the pathogens. Also covered are cross-connection control, dead-end flushing, and hydrant flushing. This manual is intended for water operators, engineers, water quality personnel and students to learn how to monitor, sample and test waters for pathogens, optimize treatment plant performance and maintain high water quality standards.
This new manual is an indispensable working lab guide and reference for water/wastewater quality analysis. Based on procedures from "Standard Methods" and "Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Waste (EPA)," and other pertinent references the Water and Wastewater Examination Manual is an excellent complement to these references-that you will want to keep at your fingertips. Written especially for use by water quality laboratory technicians and water/wastewater operators, managers and supervisors-who will use this practical manual every day. Procedures are included for parameters frequently used in water quality analysis.
Microbiological Examination Methods of Food and Water is an illustrated laboratory manual that provides an overview of current standard microbiological culture methods for the examination of food and water, adhered to by renowned international organizations, such as ISO, AOAC, APHA, FDA and FSIS/USDA. It includes methods for the enumeration of indicator microorganisms of general contamination, indicators of hygiene and sanitary conditions, sporeforming, spoilage fungi and pathogenic bacteria. Every chapter begins with a comprehensive, in-depth and updated bibliographic reference on the microorganism(s) dealt with in that particular section of the book. The latest facts on the taxonomic position of each group, genus or species are given, as well as clear guidelines on how to deal with changes in nomenclature on the internet. All chapters provide schematic comparisons between the methods presented, highlighting the main differences and similarities. This allows the user to choose the method that best meets his/her needs. Moreover, each chapter lists validated alternative quick methods, which, though not described in the book, may and can be used for the analysis of the microorganism(s) dealt with in that particular chapter. The didactic setup and the visualization of procedures in step-by-step schemes allow the user to quickly perceive and execute the procedure intended. This compendium will serve as an up-to-date practical companion for laboratory professionals, technicians and research scientists, instructors, teachers and food and water analysts. Alimentary engineering, chemistry, biotechnology and biology (under)graduate students specializing in food sciences will also find the book beneficial. It is furthermore suited for use as a practical/laboratory manual for graduate courses in Food Engineering and Food Microbiology.
Step-by-step water and wastewater calculations-- updated for the latest methods and regulations Water and Wastewater Calculations Manual, Third Edition, provides basic principles, best practices, and detailed calculations for surface water, groundwater, drinking water treatment, and wastewater engineering. The solutions presented are based on practical field data and the most current federal and state rules and regulations. Designed for quick access to essential data, the book contains more than 100 detailed illustrations and provides both SI and U.S. customary units. This up-to-date environmental reference contains new and revised information on: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant levels for public water systems and protection from waterborne organisms Membrane filtration processes Clarification systems Ultraviolet disinfection Ozonation SNAD--simultaneous partial nitrification, ANAMMOX (anaerobic ammonium oxidation), and denitrification Membrane bioreactors Lake evaporation mathematical models Comprehensive coverage includes: Stream and river sanitation Lake and reservoir management Groundwater regulations and protection Fundamental and treatment plant hydraulics Public water supply Wastewater engineering Macro-invertebrate tolerance list Well function for confined aquifers Solubility product constants for solution at or near room temperature Freundlich adsorption isotherm constants for toxic organic compounds Factors for conversion
40 CFR Protection of Environment
Extensively revised and updated, Handbook of Water Analysis, Third Edition provides current analytical techniques for detecting various compounds in water samples. Maintaining the detailed and accessible style of the previous editions, this third edition demonstrates water sampling and preservation methods by enumerating different ways to measure chemical and radiological characteristics. It gives step-by-step descriptions of separation, residue determination, and clean-up techniques. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes five new chapters covering ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, and petroleum hydrocarbons, as well as organoleptical and algal analysis methodology Compares older methods still frequently used with recently developed protocols, and examines future trends Features a new section regarding organoleptical analysis of water acknowledging that ultimately the consumers of drinking water have the final vote over its quality with respect to odor, flavor, and color The book covers the physical, chemical, and other relevant properties of various substances found in water. It then describes the sampling, cleanup, extraction, and derivatization procedures, and concludes with detection methods. Illustrated with procedure flow charts and schematics, the text includes numerous tables categorizing methods according to type of component, origin of the water sample, parameters and procedures used, and application range. With contributions from international experts, the book guides you through the entire scientific investigation starting with a sampling strategy designed to capture the real-world situation as closely as possible, and ending with an adequate chemometrical and statistical treatment of the acquired data. By organizing data into more than 300 tables, graphs, and charts, and supplementing the text with equations and illustrations, the editors distill a wealth of knowledge into a single accessible reference.