This new manual is an indispensable working lab guide and reference for water/wastewater quality analysis. Based on procedures from "Standard Methods" and "Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Waste (EPA)," and other pertinent references the Water and Wastewater Examination Manual is an excellent complement to these references-that you will want to keep at your fingertips. Written especially for use by water quality laboratory technicians and water/wastewater operators, managers and supervisors-who will use this practical manual every day. Procedures are included for parameters frequently used in water quality analysis.
This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.
Answers to what makes an instrument reliable and maintainable frequently lie outside the manufacturers' manuals. These sometimes are revised procedures, test methods, or physical modifications. This book provides complete information for 26 widely used instruments including pumps and valves used in process control. This includes application, principle of operation, accuracy and repeatability, manufacture's options, installation, designer checklist, maintenance and calibration, deficiencies, and references. It is a guide to for the selection, application, and maintenance of primary elements and final control elements.
Step-by-step water and wastewater calculations-- updated for the latest methods and regulations Water and Wastewater Calculations Manual, Third Edition, provides basic principles, best practices, and detailed calculations for surface water, groundwater, drinking water treatment, and wastewater engineering. The solutions presented are based on practical field data and the most current federal and state rules and regulations. Designed for quick access to essential data, the book contains more than 100 detailed illustrations and provides both SI and U.S. customary units. This up-to-date environmental reference contains new and revised information on: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant levels for public water systems and protection from waterborne organisms Membrane filtration processes Clarification systems Ultraviolet disinfection Ozonation SNAD--simultaneous partial nitrification, ANAMMOX (anaerobic ammonium oxidation), and denitrification Membrane bioreactors Lake evaporation mathematical models Comprehensive coverage includes: Stream and river sanitation Lake and reservoir management Groundwater regulations and protection Fundamental and treatment plant hydraulics Public water supply Wastewater engineering Macro-invertebrate tolerance list Well function for confined aquifers Solubility product constants for solution at or near room temperature Freundlich adsorption isotherm constants for toxic organic compounds Factors for conversion
Over the past twenty years, the knowledge and understanding of wastewater treatment has advanced extensively and moved away from empirically based approaches to a fundamentally-based first principles approach embracing chemistry, microbiology, and physical and bioprocess engineering, often involving experimental laboratory work and techniques. Many of these experimental methods and techniques have matured to the degree that they have been accepted as reliable tools in wastewater treatment research and practice. For sector professionals, especially a new generation of young scientists and engineers entering the wastewater treatment profession, the quantity, complexity and diversity of these new developments can be overwhelming, particularly in developing countries where access to advanced level laboratory courses in wastewater treatment is not readily available. In addition, information on innovative experimental methods is scattered across scientific literature and only partially available in the form of textbooks or guidelines. This book seeks to address these deficiencies. It assembles and integrates the innovative experimental methods developed by research groups and practitioners around the world. Experimental Methods in Wastewater Treatment forms part of the internet-based curriculum in wastewater treatment at UNESCO-IHE and, as such, may also be used together with video records of experimental methods performed and narrated by the authors including guidelines on what to do and what not to do. The book is written for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, laboratory staff, plant operators, consultants, and other sector professionals.
Microbiological Examination Methods of Food and Water is an illustrated laboratory manual that provides an overview of current standard microbiological culture methods for the examination of food and water, adhered to by renowned international organizations, such as ISO, AOAC, APHA, FDA and FSIS/USDA. It includes methods for the enumeration of indicator microorganisms of general contamination, indicators of hygiene and sanitary conditions, sporeforming, spoilage fungi and pathogenic bacteria. Every chapter begins with a comprehensive, in-depth and updated bibliographic reference on the microorganism(s) dealt with in that particular section of the book. The latest facts on the taxonomic position of each group, genus or species are given, as well as clear guidelines on how to deal with changes in nomenclature on the internet. All chapters provide schematic comparisons between the methods presented, highlighting the main differences and similarities. This allows the user to choose the method that best meets his/her needs. Moreover, each chapter lists validated alternative quick methods, which, though not described in the book, may and can be used for the analysis of the microorganism(s) dealt with in that particular chapter. The didactic setup and the visualization of procedures in step-by-step schemes allow the user to quickly perceive and execute the procedure intended. This compendium will serve as an up-to-date practical companion for laboratory professionals, technicians and research scientists, instructors, teachers and food and water analysts. Alimentary engineering, chemistry, biotechnology and biology (under)graduate students specializing in food sciences will also find the book beneficial. It is furthermore suited for use as a practical/laboratory manual for graduate courses in Food Engineering and Food Microbiology.
Physical and chemical examination of natural and treated waters in the absence of gross pollution. Physical and chemical examination of sewage, treatment plant effluents, and polluted waters. Physical and chemical examination of industrial wastes. Physical and chemical examination of sludge and bottom sediments in sewage treatment processes and in polluted rivers, lakes, or estuaries. Routine bacteriologie examinations of water to determine its sanitary quality. Biologie examination of water, sewage sludge, or bottom materials.