Standard work is an agreed upon set of work procedures that effectively combines people, materials, and machines to maintain quality, efficiency, safety, and predictability. Work is described precisely in terms of cycle time, work in process, sequence, time, layout, and the inventory needed to conduct the activity. Standard work begins as an improvement baseline and evolves into a reliable method. It establishes the best activities and sequence steps to maximize performance and minimize waste. In this book you will learn about: The characteristics of standards Key benefits and applications of standardization Standard work concepts and calculations Standard work steps and documentation Using standard work manuals, charts, and worksheets Cell staffing (line balancing and full work) Productivity's Shopfloor Series books offer a simple, cost-effective approach for building basic knowledge about key manufacturing improvement topics. Like all our Shopfloor Series books, Standard Work for the Shopfloor includes innovative instructional features that are the signature of the Shopfloor Series. The goal: to place powerful and proven improvement tools such as pull production techniques in the hands of your entire workforce.
Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a crucial measure in TPM that reports on how well equipment is running. It factors three elements ---the time the machine is actually running, the quantity of products the machine is turning out, and the quantity of good output - into a single combined score. Directly addressing those who are best positioned to track and improve the effectiveness of equipment, OEE for Operatorsdefines basic concepts and then provides a systematic explanation of how OEE should be applied to maximize a piece of equipment's productivity and recognize when its efficiency is being compromised. Features
This book, the first in The One-Day Expert series dedicated to Standardized Work, is about operator performance measurement. Implementing Standardized Work: Measuring Operators’ Performance explains how to measure the performance of operators quickly and simply without sacrificing accuracy. Detailing how to identify the most efficient operators and how to monitor their improvement over time, it describes a method that has been applied with success for years in the automotive industry. Grounded in one of the basic laws of factory physics—mastery of variability—this method can be automated very easily and thereby requires no labor consumption. In this episode of The One-Day Expert, Thomas, a plant director in an industrial group, is reassigned to another plant that is losing money. Morale in the plant is very low and the staff is pessimistic about the plant’s future and is distrustful of senior management. Thomas’ urgent mission is to turn the plant around. Previous plant managers have tried several initiatives with limited results. To face these challenges, Thomas has decided to use Standardized Work deployment to achieve quick and visible results while rebuilding a real team. This book recounts these initial steps of the Standardized Work deployment. It explains how to find and apply the best operational method that will lead to cost reductions, better product quality, and increased operator safety. Additional steps will be detailed in forthcoming books in the series.
Are you ready to implement a just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing program but need some help orienting employees to the power of JIT? Here is a concise and practical guide to introduce equipment operators, assembly workers, and other frontline employees to the basic concepts, techniques, and benefits of JIT practices. Like all Shop Floor Series books, Just-in-Time for Operators presents concepts and tools in simple and accessible language. The book includes ample illustrations and examples to explain basic JIT concepts and some of the changes people may encounter in a JIT implementation.Key definitionsElimination of process wasteLeveled production, kanban, and standard workU-shaped cells and autonomationJIT support techniquesThe JIT approach is simple and universal -- it works in companies all over the world. Educating employees ensures their full participation and allows them to share their experiences and ideas more effectively.
The Zero Quality Control System (ZQC) is a mistake-proofing approach that prevents defects by monitoring processing conditions at the source and correcting errors that cause defects. Since it is human nature to make mistakes, ZQC does not blame people for errors, but instead finds ways to keep errors from becoming defects. In this breakthrough approach, mistake-proofing devices called poka-yoke are used to check and give feedback about each product or operation in the process, not just a sample. This book introduces operators and assembly workers to the basic methodology of ZQC in an easy-to-read format that covers all aspects of this important manufacturing improvement strategy. Mistake-Proofing for Operators includes the instructional features that are the signature of the Shopfloor Series. In this series Productivity Press has taken the lead in adult education by teaming with instructional designers to develop complete programs for frontline learning. The goal: to place powerful and proven improvement tools such as ZQC and mistake-proofing in the hands of your company's entire workforce. Winner of the 1990 Shingo Prize for Excellence in Manufacturing, Mistake-Proofing for Operators is based on Zero Quality Control: Source Inspection and the Poka-Yoke System by Shigeo Shingo
In this book, John Allwood establishes the prominence of Standard Work, linking it historically from Taiichi Ohno's own hand to its initial introduction to Western manufacturing and into the waiting hands of Bob Pentland. Bob Pentland later became John Allwood's teacher at Tuthill Pump in Alsip Illinois. Pentland's comments and anecdotes are included throughout the text.John introduces the tools and skills required to perform Time Observations and write Standard Work for the shop floor and then he connects those tools to A PHYSICAL Continuous Improvement Cycle and explains how the CI cycle can be used as a visual control to manage processes. John then explains how these tools and skills line up into a functional "playbook" with which to approach any new and unknown LEAN situations.
Cellular manufacturing involves rearranging traditional operation-based factory layouts into process-based cells that promote a smooth production flow by cutting waste. Cellular Manufacturing: One-Piece Flow for Workteams introduces production teams to basic cellular manufacturing and teamwork concepts and orients them for participating in the design of a new production cell. Use this book to get everyone on board to reduce lead time, work-in-process inventory, and other profit-draining wastes.
Lean manufacturing cannot happen in a factory that lacks dependable, effective equipment. Breakdowns and processing defects translate into excess work-in-process and finished inventory, kept on hand ""just in case."" Recurring minor stoppages force employees to watch automated equipment that should run by itself. TPM gives a framework for addressing such problems, but many companies implement TPM at a superficial level, and the resulting productivity gains fall short of their potential. If your TPM implementation has resulted in posters and logos rather than a rise of productivity, how are you addressing this halt of progress? In TPM for the Lean Factory, authors Sekine and Arai teach you to identify and attack the key equipment-related problems and misunderstandings that make plants miss their lean manufacturing goals. Written for companies with a basic TPM framework already in place, you'll learn three powerful approaches for cutting this waste: The new 5Ss: focusing on standard locations and labeling through the first 2Ss Instant maintenance: mastering quick repairs of minor equipment failures Improved setup operations: organizing the preparation to save time and prevent errors Chapters on cell design, product and process quality factor testing, and daily equipment inspection give you additional weapons for fighting waste and low productivity. For practical application, an implementation overview summarizes the steps for each topic, keyed to a set of 50 adaptable worksheets and examples. A practical and supportive resource, TPM for the Lean Factory extends a fresh vision and focus to help you get top results from your TPM efforts.
The philosophy of kaizen, which simply means continuous improvement, needs to adopted by any organization seeking to implement lean improvements that go beyond cost cutting. Kaizen events are opportunities to make focused changes in the workplace. Kaizen for the Shopfloor takes readers through the critical steps for conducting a very effective kaizen event: one that is well planned, well implemented, and well documented. As the newest addition to the Shingo Prize Winning Shopfloor Series, Kaizen for the Shopfloordistills the complexities of jumpstarting lean processes into an easily accessible format for those frontline employees who make lean possible. About the Shopfloor Series: Put proven improvement tools in the hands of your entire workforce Progressive shopfloor improvement techniques are imperative for manufacturers who want to stay competitive and to achieve world class excellence. And it's the comprehensive education of all shopfloor workers that ensures full participation and success when implementing new programs. The Shopfloor Series books make practical information accessible to everyone by presenting major concepts and tools in simple, clear language and at a reading level that has been adjusted for operators by skilled instructional designers. One main idea is presented every two to four pages so that the book can be picked up and put down easily. Each chapter begins with an overview and ends with a summary section. Helpful illustrations are used throughout. Other topics in the Shopfloor Series: Kanban, 5S, Quick Changeover, Mistake-Proofing, Just-in-Time, TPM, Cellular Manufacturing
As distinguished from autonomous maintenance, where the main goal is to restore basic conditions of cleanliness, lubrication, and proper fastening to prevent accelerated deterioration, FEI looks at specific losses or design weaknesses that everyone previously thought they just had to live with. Once your TPM operator teams are progressing with their daily autonomous maintenance activities, you will want to take the next advanced step in TPM training with this book. Key Features: a simple and powerful introduction to P-M Analysis hints for unraveling breakdown analysis numerous ideas for simplifying and shortening setups ideas for eliminating minor stoppages and speed losses basic concepts of building quality into processing real-life examples from a leading Japanese tool company Educate and empower all your workers to support your TPM improvement activities with
Proven to increase efficiencies in the manufacturing sector, Standard Work has become a key element in reducing process waste, ensuring patient safety, and improving healthcare services. Part of the Lean Tools for Healthcare Series, this reader-friendly book builds on the success of the bestselling, Standard Work for the Shopfloor. Standard Work for Lean Healthcare explains how to apply this powerful Lean tool to increase patient safety and reduce the cost of providing healthcare services. It illustrates how standardization can help you establish best practices for performing daily work and why it should be the cornerstone for all of your continuous improvement efforts. Presented in an easy-to-assimilate format, the book describes work in terms of cycle time, work in process, takt time, and layout. It also: Defines the key concepts of standard work and explores the essential elements of a continuous improvement culture Provides detailed guidance through the process of creating, maintaining, and improving standards Illustrates the application of standardization and standard work in healthcare with a range of examples Includes access to helpful websites and further reading on standardization, standard work, the 5S System, and Lean healthcare A joint effort between the Rona Consulting Group and Productivity Press, this book presents invaluable insights from pioneers in Lean thinking to help you avoid common mistakes that can lead to unnecessary wastes of time and resources. Each richly illustrated chapter includes a chapter summary, reflection questions, and margin assists that highlight key terms, how-to steps, and healthcare examples—making this an essential resource for healthcare professionals starting out on their Lean journey.
Changeovers in 3 minutes or less! Picking up where Dr. Shingo's Single Minute Exchange of Die left off, this book streamlines the process even further to reduce changeover time, while simultaneously cutting staffing requirements in half. To instruct on how to achieve quick changeover in virtually any type of production environment, the book includes— A succinct eight-step process for setup improvement Nine basic principles for eliminating changeover waste The book begins by outlining the tactical principles for improving the three phases of the changeover procedure. Next it demonstrates how to improve changeover on a processing line. All of the ideas presented are based on kaizen improvements, which require very little, if any, expenditure. Process razing and the implementation of one-piece flow are also examined as means to eliminate wasteful transportation and searching.
Reduce or eliminate costly downtime Short on teory and long on practice, this book provides examples and case studies, designed to provide maintenance engineers and supervisors with a framework for operational strategies and day-to-day management and training techniques that will keep their equipment running at top efficiency.
Information to implement the lean production or Just In Time (JIT) system developed at Toyota Motor Company.
The 'shopfloor' book is designed to get lean information to the shop floor. It has practical references to all the lean tools, with simple, clear illustrations that will allow everyone to fully understand and implement lean manufacturing practices.
The first book in The One-Day Expert series detailed the initial steps that Thomas, a young, high-potential plant manager in an industrial group, took to assess his plant’s situation through measurement of operators’ performance. The second book in the series, Implementing Standardized Work: Writing Standardized Work Forms focuses on the next step of this assessment—writing Standardized Work forms to help identify variability and waste. The book uses numerous examples, charts, and drawings to illustrate the interaction between operator, machine, and material. Besides process analysis, the book discusses process analysis charts, Standardized Work charts, Standardized Work combination tables, and operator work instructions. It also: Summarizes key points after each step to reinforce understanding Contains many illustrations to help make application easy Includes access to additional materials on the book’s website Since an operation can only be standardized if it is repeatable, the most important requirement for a real application of Standardized Work is minimum stability in the process. The book explains how to estimate the stability level of a process by performing process analysis. It also presents a multistage bar called Yamazumihyo to help you perform your own process analysis. After reading this book you will understand how to use Standardized Work forms as the starting point to establishing a safe and ergonomic work place that delivers quality products in an efficient manner.
Identifies the most prominent forms of waste in factories, suggests how to combine and simplify operations, and provides practical examples
Filled with numerous case studies, hundreds of graphic illustrations, and training materials, the text is designed to improve efficiency, strengthen maintenance, and provide continuous improvement in all facets of a company.
Standardized Work refers to the process of finding and applying the best operational methods that will lead to cost reduction, better product quality, and increased operator safety. This book, the latest in a series dedicated to Standardized Work, focuses on operator training and auditing. It describes the methods and tools used to train operators and then check their work against the standard defined in Standardized Work forms. It also discusses how to introduce these tools in the most effective way. Following in the tradition of the other books in this series, Implementing Standardized Work: Training and Auditing covers essential knowledge using a compelling story format. It follows Thomas, a young, high-potential plant manager in an industrial group, as he deploys Standardized Work to turn around a plant that is losing money. This latest installment recounts the next steps in his process—preparing for training, conducting the training itself, and introducing an auditing process to measure its success. The book explains how to structure and present the newly improved operational methods to facilitate the training. It introduces the Job Breakdown Sheet, which gives operators the "why" for actions and provides illustrations covering key points. The book presents a customized version of the training industry’s four-step training method that provides simple actionable tools that will help you perform quick and effective operator training. It also provides a number of key tips to ensure the successful establishment of auditing processes. Implementing Standardized Work: Training and Auditing provides you with the right tools and the right processes to train and sustain Standardized Work. Everyone’s role, from the plant manager to the operator, is described and illustrated by simple examples in this book. Covering the essentials of training and auditing in a streamlined, easy-to-understand format, this book can have you applying its concepts in just one day.
This book, the third in a series dedicated to Standardized Work, focuses on process improvement. Implementing Standardized Work: Process Improvement begins by explaining why standardization and process improvement are two sides of the same coin—both needing each other to achieve true sustainability. Describing how to use Standardized Work forms to identify easy opportunities for process improvement, the book includes simple tools and forms that readers can use to achieve quick improvements to boost morale and sustain motivation during the work ahead. Maintaining a focus on process improvement, it covers essential knowledge using a compelling story format. Following in the tradition of other books in The One-Day Expert series, this book tells the story of Thomas, a young, high-potential plant manager in an industrial group. In this installment, Thomas opens a new front line in his quest to turn around the plant's inefficiency. He tries a new type of relationship with the labor union based on mutual trust and constructive partnership, while negotiating a competitiveness plan. Readers will also see how he continues to push for the implementation of Standardized Work. Covering the essential methods and tools of process improvement in a manner that is easy to understand, this book can help you become familiar with the key concepts of Standardized Work and process improvement in just one day. That means you can read the book and immediately start implementing improvements that produce quick wins. The book’s clear examples and illustrations will guide you through proper application of the techniques discussed.