This third edition of one of the most important and best selling textbooks in statistical physics, is a graduate level text suitable for students in physics, chemistry, and materials science. The discussion of strongly interacting condensed matter systems has been expanded. A chapter on stochastic processes has also been added with emphasis on applications of the Fokker–Planck equation. The modern theory of phase transitions occupies a central place. The chapter devoted to the renormalization group approach is largely rewritten and includes a detailed discussion of the basic concepts and examples of both exact and approximate calculations. The development of the basic tools includes a chapter on computer simulations in which both Monte Carlo method and molecular dynamics are introduced, and a section on Brownian dynamics added. The theories are applied to a number of important systems such as liquids, liquid crystals, polymers, membranes, Bose condensation, superfluidity and superconductivity. There is also an extensive treatment of interacting Fermi and Bose systems, percolation theory and disordered systems in general.
The main unique feature of Nonrelativistic Quantum Mechanics is its discussion of Hilbert space and rigged Hilbert space. This invaluable book is suitable for advanced undergraduate students as well as graduate students.
Going beyond traditional textbook topics, 'A Modern Course in Statistical Physics' incorporates contemporary research in a basic course on statistical mechanics. From the universal nature of matter to the latest results in the spectral properties of decay processes, this book emphasizes the theoretical foundations derived from thermodynamics and probability theory underlying all concepts in statistical physics. This completely revised and updated third edition continues the comprehensive coverage of numerous core topics and special applications, allowing professors flexibility in designing individualized courses. The inclusion of advanced topics and extensive references makes this an invaluable resource for researchers as well as students -- a textbook that will be kept on the shelf long after the course is completed.
Der Goldstein gehört zu den Standardwerken für die Vorlesung in Klassischer Mechanik, die Pflichtvorlesung und Teil des Theorie-Lehrplans jedes Physik-Studienganges ist. Für diese aktuelle Ausgabe haben Charles Poole und John Safko die Texte überarbeitet und neueste Themen, Anwendungen und Notationen eingearbeitet und sind damit auf moderne Trends in der Theoretischen Mechanik eingegangen. Neue numerische Übungen verhelfen den Studenten zur Fähigkeit, Computeranwendungen für die Lösung von Physikproblemen zu benutzen. Mathematische Techniken werden detailliert eingeführt, so daß der Text auch für Studenten ohne den entsprechenden Hintergrund der Theoretischen Mechanik verständlich ist.
This highly praised introductory treatment describes the parallels between statistical physics and finance - both those established in the 100-year long interaction between these disciplines, as well as new research results on financial markets. The random-walk technique, well known in physics, is also the basic model in finance, upon which are built, for example, the Black-Scholes theory of option pricing and hedging, plus methods of portfolio optimization. Here the underlying assumptions are assessed critically. Using empirical financial data and analogies to physical models such as fluid flows, turbulence, or superdiffusion, the book develops a more accurate description of financial markets based on random walks. With this approach, novel methods for derivative pricing and risk management can be formulated. Computer simulations of interacting-agent models provide insight into the mechanisms underlying unconventional price dynamics. It is shown that stock exchange crashes can be modelled in ways analogous to phase transitions and earthquakes, and sometimes have even been predicted successfully. This third edition of The Statistical Mechanics of Financial Markets especially stands apart from other treatments because it offers new chapters containing a practitioner's treatment of two important current topics in banking: the basic notions and tools of risk management and capital requirements for financial institutions, including an overview of the new Basel II capital framework which may well set the risk management standards in scores of countries for years to come.
A Unified Grand Tour of Theoretical Physics invites its readers to a guided exploration of the theoretical ideas that shape our contemporary understanding of the physical world at the fundamental level. Its central themes, comprising space-time geometry and the general relativistic account of gravity, quantum field theory and the gauge theories of fundamental forces, and statistical mechanics and the theory of phase transitions, are developed in explicit mathematical detail, with an emphasis on conceptual understanding. Straightforward treatments of the standard models of particle physics and cosmology are supplemented with introductory accounts of more speculative theories, including supersymmetry and string theory. This third edition of the Tour includes a new chapter on quantum gravity, focusing on the approach known as Loop Quantum Gravity, while new sections provide extended discussions of topics that have become prominent in recent years, such as the Higgs boson, massive neutrinos, cosmological perturbations, dark energy and matter, and the thermodynamics of black holes. Designed for those in search of a solid grasp of the inner workings of these theories, but who prefer to avoid a full-scale assault on the research literature, the Tour assumes as its point of departure a familiarity with basic undergraduate-level physics, and emphasizes the interconnections between aspects of physics that are more often treated in isolation. The companion website at www.unifiedgrandtours.org provides further resources, including a comprehensive manual of solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises.
A lucid presentation of statistical physics and thermodynamics which develops from the general principles to give a large number of applications of the theory.
This book expands the topic of Monte Carlo simulation for graduate students and researchers in physics.
Statistical Physics, Third Edition, Part 1: Course of Theoretical Physics, Volume 5 is a 15-chapter text that covers some theoretical physics-related topics, including thermodynamics, ideal gases, phase equilibrium, and chemical reactions. This volume deals with the properties of gases, the thermodynamics of a degenerate plasma, liquid crystals, the fluctuation theory of phase transitions, and critical phenomena. Other chapters discuss the topics of solids, symmetry of crystals, and the theory of rreducible representations of space groups as applied to physics of the crystal state. This volume also explores the fluctuation-dissipation theorem; the Fermi and Bose distributions; non-ideal gases; phase equilibrium; and solutions. This book is of great value to theoretical physicists, researchers, and students.
This fully updated and expanded new edition continues to provide the most readable, concise, and easy-to-follow introduction to thermal physics. While maintaining the style of the original work, the book now covers statistical mechanics and incorporates worked examples systematically throughout the text. It also includes more problems and essential updates, such as discussions on superconductivity, magnetism, Bose-Einstein condensation, and climate change. Anyone needing to acquire an intuitive understanding of thermodynamics from first principles will find this third edition indispensable. Andrew Rex is professor of physics at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Washington. He is author of several textbooks and the popular science book, Commonly Asked Questions in Physics.
International Series in Natural Philosophy, Volume 45: Statistical Mechanics discusses topics relevant to explaining the physical properties of matter in bulk. The book is comprised of 13 chapters that primarily focus on the equilibrium states of physical systems. Chapter 1 discusses the statistical basis of thermodynamics, and Chapter 2 covers the elements of ensemble theory. Chapters 3 and 4 tackle the canonical and grand canonical ensemble. Chapter 5 deals with the formulation of quantum statistics, while Chapter 6 reviews the theory of simple gases. Chapters 7 and 8 discuss the ideal Bose and Fermi systems. The book also covers the cluster expansion, pseudopotential, and quantized field methods. The theory of phase transitions and fluctuations are then discussed. The text will be of great use to researchers who wants to utilize statistical mechanics in their work.
"Das Buch eignet sich ausgezeichnet als Grundlage oder Ergänzungslektüre für eine theoretische Vorlesung ab dem 5. Semester. Es deckt praktisch alle ... üblichen Inhalte ab, geht aber teilweise auch wesentlich darüber hinaus ... Zusammenfassend kann dieses Buch sowohl als Begleittext zu einer Vorlesung wie auch als Nachschlagewerk wärmstens empfohlen werden." (Physikalische Blätter) "... Die Fülle des behandelten Stoffes ist beeindruckend ... kann Studenten der ... Chemie, ... Physik und verwandter Disziplinen nachdrücklich empfohlen werden. Aber auch als Lehr- und Nachschlagewerk ist es geeignet." (Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie)
Thirty years' teaching experience have been condensed into this concise introductory book on Statistical Mechanics. Ideal for second and third year undergraduates in physics, applied mathematics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, metallurgy, materials science and polymer science. Provides a concise introduction to statistical mechanics Ideal for second and third year undergraduates in physics, applied mathematics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, metallurgy, materials science and polymer science
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Following the Boltzmann-Gibbs approach to statistical mechanics, this new edition of Dr ter Haar's important textbook, Elements of Statistical Mechanics, provides undergraduates and more senior academics with a thorough introduction to the subject. Each chapter is followed by a problem section and detailed bibliography. The first six chapters of the book provide a thorough introduction to the basic methods of statistical mechanics and indeed the first four may be used as an introductory course in themselves. The last three chapters offer more detail on the equation of state, with special emphasis on the van der Waals gas; the second-quantisation approach to many-body systems, with an examination of two-time temperature-dependent Green functions; phase transitions, including various approximation methods for treating the Ising model, a brief discussion of the exact solution of the two-dimensional square Ising model, and short introductions to renormalisation group methods and the Yang and Lee theory of phase transitions. In the problem section which follows each chapter the reader is asked to complete proofs of basic theory and to apply that theory to various physical situations. Each chapter bibliography includes papers which are of historical interest. A further help to the reader are the solutions to selected problems which appear at the end of the book.
The application of statistical methods to physics is essential. This unique book on statistical physics offers an advanced approach with numerous applications to the modern problems students are confronted with. Therefore the text contains more concepts and methods in statistics than the student would need for statistical mechanics alone. Methods from mathematical statistics and stochastics for the analysis of data are discussed as well. The book is divided into two parts, focusing first on the modeling of statistical systems and then on the analysis of these systems. Problems with hints for solution help the students to deepen their knowledge. The third edition has been updated and enlarged with new sections deepening the knowledge about data analysis. Moreover, a customized set of problems with solutions is accessible on the Web at extras.springer.com.