This third edition of one of the most important and best selling textbooks in statistical physics, is a graduate level text suitable for students in physics, chemistry, and materials science. The discussion of strongly interacting condensed matter systems has been expanded. A chapter on stochastic processes has also been added with emphasis on applications of the Fokker–Planck equation. The modern theory of phase transitions occupies a central place. The chapter devoted to the renormalization group approach is largely rewritten and includes a detailed discussion of the basic concepts and examples of both exact and approximate calculations. The development of the basic tools includes a chapter on computer simulations in which both Monte Carlo method and molecular dynamics are introduced, and a section on Brownian dynamics added. The theories are applied to a number of important systems such as liquids, liquid crystals, polymers, membranes, Bose condensation, superfluidity and superconductivity. There is also an extensive treatment of interacting Fermi and Bose systems, percolation theory and disordered systems in general.
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Der Goldstein gehört zu den Standardwerken für die Vorlesung in Klassischer Mechanik, die Pflichtvorlesung und Teil des Theorie-Lehrplans jedes Physik-Studienganges ist. Für diese aktuelle Ausgabe haben Charles Poole und John Safko die Texte überarbeitet und neueste Themen, Anwendungen und Notationen eingearbeitet und sind damit auf moderne Trends in der Theoretischen Mechanik eingegangen. Neue numerische Übungen verhelfen den Studenten zur Fähigkeit, Computeranwendungen für die Lösung von Physikproblemen zu benutzen. Mathematische Techniken werden detailliert eingeführt, so daß der Text auch für Studenten ohne den entsprechenden Hintergrund der Theoretischen Mechanik verständlich ist.
A Unified Grand Tour of Theoretical Physics invites its readers to a guided exploration of the theoretical ideas that shape our contemporary understanding of the physical world at the fundamental level. Its central themes, comprising space-time geometry and the general relativistic account of gravity, quantum field theory and the gauge theories of fundamental forces, and statistical mechanics and the theory of phase transitions, are developed in explicit mathematical detail, with an emphasis on conceptual understanding. Straightforward treatments of the standard models of particle physics and cosmology are supplemented with introductory accounts of more speculative theories, including supersymmetry and string theory. This third edition of the Tour includes a new chapter on quantum gravity, focusing on the approach known as Loop Quantum Gravity, while new sections provide extended discussions of topics that have become prominent in recent years, such as the Higgs boson, massive neutrinos, cosmological perturbations, dark energy and matter, and the thermodynamics of black holes. Designed for those in search of a solid grasp of the inner workings of these theories, but who prefer to avoid a full-scale assault on the research literature, the Tour assumes as its point of departure a familiarity with basic undergraduate-level physics, and emphasizes the interconnections between aspects of physics that are more often treated in isolation. The companion website at www.unifiedgrandtours.org provides further resources, including a comprehensive manual of solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises.
This book expands the topic of Monte Carlo simulation for graduate students and researchers in physics.
Course of Theoretical Physics, Volume 5: Statistical Physics, Third Edition, Part 1 covers the fundamental principles of statistical physics and thermodynamic quantities. The book discusses the Gibbs and Maxwellian distributions; the Boltzmann distribution for ideal gases; and the Fermi and Bose distributions. Solids are tackled with regard to their application of statistical methods of calculating the thermodynamic quantities. The book describes the deviations of gases from the ideal state, conditions of phase equilibrium, solutions, and chemical reactions. The text also discusses the properties of matter at very high density; the Gaussian distribution; fluctuations of the fundamental thermodynamic quantities; and fluctuations in solids and ideal gases. The symmetry of crystals; phase transitions of the second kind and critical phenomena; and surfaces are considered as well. Students taking statistical physics and those involved in the areas of statistical physics will find the book invaluable.
The main unique feature of Nonrelativistic Quantum Mechanics is its discussion of Hilbert space and rigged Hilbert space. This invaluable book is suitable for advanced undergraduate students as well as graduate students.
Going beyond traditional textbook topics, 'A Modern Course in Statistical Physics' incorporates contemporary research in a basic course on statistical mechanics. From the universal nature of matter to the latest results in the spectral properties of decay processes, this book emphasizes the theoretical foundations derived from thermodynamics and probability theory underlying all concepts in statistical physics. This completely revised and updated third edition continues the comprehensive coverage of numerous core topics and special applications, allowing professors flexibility in designing individualized courses. The inclusion of advanced topics and extensive references makes this an invaluable resource for researchers as well as students -- a textbook that will be kept on the shelf long after the course is completed.
International Series in Natural Philosophy, Volume 45: Statistical Mechanics discusses topics relevant to explaining the physical properties of matter in bulk. The book is comprised of 13 chapters that primarily focus on the equilibrium states of physical systems. Chapter 1 discusses the statistical basis of thermodynamics, and Chapter 2 covers the elements of ensemble theory. Chapters 3 and 4 tackle the canonical and grand canonical ensemble. Chapter 5 deals with the formulation of quantum statistics, while Chapter 6 reviews the theory of simple gases. Chapters 7 and 8 discuss the ideal Bose and Fermi systems. The book also covers the cluster expansion, pseudopotential, and quantized field methods. The theory of phase transitions and fluctuations are then discussed. The text will be of great use to researchers who wants to utilize statistical mechanics in their work.
This highly praised introductory treatment describes the parallels between statistical physics and finance - both those established in the 100-year long interaction between these disciplines, as well as new research results on financial markets. The random-walk technique, well known in physics, is also the basic model in finance, upon which are built, for example, the Black-Scholes theory of option pricing and hedging, plus methods of portfolio optimization. Here the underlying assumptions are assessed critically. Using empirical financial data and analogies to physical models such as fluid flows, turbulence, or superdiffusion, the book develops a more accurate description of financial markets based on random walks. With this approach, novel methods for derivative pricing and risk management can be formulated. Computer simulations of interacting-agent models provide insight into the mechanisms underlying unconventional price dynamics. It is shown that stock exchange crashes can be modelled in ways analogous to phase transitions and earthquakes, and sometimes have even been predicted successfully. This third edition of The Statistical Mechanics of Financial Markets especially stands apart from other treatments because it offers new chapters containing a practitioner's treatment of two important current topics in banking: the basic notions and tools of risk management and capital requirements for financial institutions, including an overview of the new Basel II capital framework which may well set the risk management standards in scores of countries for years to come.
This fully updated and expanded new edition continues to provide the most readable, concise, and easy-to-follow introduction to thermal physics. While maintaining the style of the original work, the book now covers statistical mechanics and incorporates worked examples systematically throughout the text. It also includes more problems and essential updates, such as discussions on superconductivity, magnetism, Bose-Einstein condensation, and climate change. Anyone needing to acquire an intuitive understanding of thermodynamics from first principles will find this third edition indispensable. Andrew Rex is professor of physics at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Washington. He is author of several textbooks and the popular science book, Commonly Asked Questions in Physics.
Following the Boltzmann-Gibbs approach to statistical mechanics, this new edition of Dr ter Haar's important textbook, Elements of Statistical Mechanics, provides undergraduates and more senior academics with a thorough introduction to the subject. Each chapter is followed by a problem section and detailed bibliography. The first six chapters of the book provide a thorough introduction to the basic methods of statistical mechanics and indeed the first four may be used as an introductory course in themselves. The last three chapters offer more detail on the equation of state, with special emphasis on the van der Waals gas; the second-quantisation approach to many-body systems, with an examination of two-time temperature-dependent Green functions; phase transitions, including various approximation methods for treating the Ising model, a brief discussion of the exact solution of the two-dimensional square Ising model, and short introductions to renormalisation group methods and the Yang and Lee theory of phase transitions. In the problem section which follows each chapter the reader is asked to complete proofs of basic theory and to apply that theory to various physical situations. Each chapter bibliography includes papers which are of historical interest. A further help to the reader are the solutions to selected problems which appear at the end of the book.
This invaluable book is an introduction to knot and link invariants as generalised amplitudes for a quasi-physical process. The demands of knot theory, coupled with a quantum-statistical framework, create a context that naturally and powerfully includes an extraordinary range of interrelated topics in topology and mathematical physics. The author takes a primarily combinatorial stance toward knot theory and its relations with these subjects. This stance has the advantage of providing direct access to the algebra and to the combinatorial topology, as well as physical ideas.
„In der gesamten physikalischen Lehrbuchliteratur gibt es wohl kaum ein anderes Werk, das auf seinem Feld so unangefochten eine Spitzenstellung behauptet wie das Elektrodynamik-Buch von Jackson, und das bereits seit vier Jahrzehnten." – Physik Journal. Die deutsche Übersetzung dieses Klassikers der theoretischen Physik erscheint jetzt in einer nochmals durchgesehenen Neuauflage.Damit wirdtheoretische Elektrodynamik noch verständlicher als je zuvor. Einzigartig bleibt die konkurrenzlos hohe Anzahl von konkret gerechneten Beispielen, exakt durchgerechneten Fällen und zahlreichen Übungsaufgaben. Nach wie vor ist das Buch seit der 3. Auflage größtenteils in SI geschrieben. Seine Anwendungsnähe (auch zur Experimentalphysik) wird sowohl von Studenten als auch von Wissenschaftlern, Hochschullehrern und Ingenieuren geschätzt.
This book encompasses our current understanding of the ensemble approach to many-body physics, phase transitions and other thermal phenomena, as well as the quantum foundations of linear response theory, kinetic equations and stochastic processes. It is destined to be a standard text for graduate students, but it will also serve the specialist-researcher in this fascinating field; some more elementary topics have been included in order to make the book self-contained.The historical methods of J Willard Gibbs and Ludwig Boltzmann, applied to the quantum description rather than phase space, are featured. The tools for computations in the microcanonical, canonical and grand-canonical ensembles are carefully developed and then applied to a variety of classical and standard quantum situations. After the language of second quantization has been introduced, strongly interacting systems, such as quantum liquids, superfluids and superconductivity, are treated in detail. For the connoisseur, there is a section on diagrammatic methods and applications.In the second part dealing with non-equilibrium processes, the emphasis is on the quantum foundations of Markovian behaviour and irreversibility via the Pauli-Van Hove master equation. Justifiable linear response expressions and the quantum-Boltzmann approach are discussed and applied to various condensed matter problems. From this basis the Onsager-Casimir relations are derived, together with the mesoscopic master equation, the Langevin equation and the Fokker-Planck truncation procedure. Brownian motion and modern stochastic problems such as fluctuations in optical signals and radiation fields briefly make the round.
The application of statistical methods to physics is essential. This unique book on statistical physics offers an advanced approach with numerous applications to the modern problems students are confronted with. Therefore the text contains more concepts and methods in statistics than the student would need for statistical mechanics alone. Methods from mathematical statistics and stochastics for the analysis of data are discussed as well. The book is divided into two parts, focusing first on the modeling of statistical systems and then on the analysis of these systems. Problems with hints for solution help the students to deepen their knowledge. The third edition has been updated and enlarged with new sections deepening the knowledge about data analysis. Moreover, a customized set of problems with solutions is accessible on the Web at extras.springer.com.