This introductory text introduces basic concepts in cultural anthropology by comparing cultures of increasing scale and focusing on specific universal issues throughout human history. Cultural materials are presented in integrated ethnographic case studies organized by cultural and geographic areas to show how ideological, social organization, and material features fit together in specific sociocultural systems. John H. Bodley explicitly seeks a balance between ecological-materialist and cultural-ideological explanations of sociocultural systems, while stressing the importance of individual power-seeking and human agency. Part One examines domestic-scale, autonomous tribal cultures. Part Two presents politically organized, class-based civilizations and ancient empires in the imperial world. Part Three surveys global, industrial, market-based civilizations in the contemporary commercial world. Cultural Anthropology uniquely challenges students to consider the big questions about the nature of cultural systems.
Bodley trenchantly critiques the most pressing global mega-problems, such as unsustainable growth, resource depletion, global warming, and poverty and conflict, and shows how anthropology makes it possible to find solutions.
Victims of Progress, now in its sixth edition, offers a compelling account of how technology and development affect indigenous peoples throughout the world. Bodley’s expansive look at the struggle between small-scale indigenous societies, and the colonists and corporate developers who have infringed their territories reaches from 1800 into today. He examines major issues of intervention such as social engineering, economic development, self-determination, health and disease, global warming, and ecocide. Small-scale societies, Bodley convincingly demonstrates, have survived by organizing politically to defend their basic human rights. Providing a provocative context in which to think about civilization and its costs—shedding light on how we are all victims of progress—the sixth edition features expanded discussion of “uprising politics,” Tebtebba (a particularly active indigenous organization), and voluntary isolation. A wholly new chapter devotes full coverage to the costs of global warming to indigenous peoples in the Pacific and the Arctic. Finally, new appendixes guide readers to recent protest petitions as well as online resources and videos.
Throughout history, the natural human inclination to accumulate social power has led to growth and scale increases that benefit the few at the expense of the many. John Bodley looks at global history through the lens of power and scale theory, and draws on history, economics, anthropology, and sociology to demonstrate how individuals have been the agents of social change, not social classes. Filled with tables and data to support his argument, this book considers how increases in scale necessarily lead to an increasingly small elite gaining disproportionate power, making democratic control more difficult to achieve and maintain.
A prominent scientist and scholar documents and explains the thoughts, actions, and legacies of spiritual ecology's pioneers from ancient times to the present, demonstrating how the movement may offer the last chance to restore a healthy relationship between humankind and nature. • Clear, concise, and captivating essays on well-known, as well as little-known, pioneers in spiritual ecology • Chapter-long treatment of each individual's contributions, allowing for in-depth coverage • An extensive resource guide, including films and websites • An appendix listing approximately 100 pioneers in spiritual ecology
What is the role of leadership in society? Why do people surrender their political autonomy to the decision-making authority of leaders and rulers? Why do people follow the commands of their leaders? Who gets to be king/chief/emperor and why? Why are some societies centralized while others are not? The papers in this volume draw on the archaeological record of societies from around the world to address these critical issues in contemporary social science.
The first part of this book considers what kind of study social anthropology is, the types of questions social anthropologists ask and how they go about obtaining the answers. The second part discusses the more important fields in which social anthropologists have advanced our knowledge of other cultures: kinship and marriage, social order, economic relations and magical and religious institutions. The important theme of social change is also discussed. First published in 1964.
This book provides insight in the different classic frameworks of addressing cultural diversity around the globe. Key authors reflect on each others classic work and frontline academics in comparative social science show how cultural dimensions matter for explaining contemporary issues in a wide range of nations.
Shia Islam is a central issue in contemporary politics. Often associated with Iran, Shiite communities actually exist in many Islamic countries. Focusing on the �other Shiites� outside Iran, this book offers a survey of their diversity and multiplicity in the last two centuries. The contributions cover three major topics. The first part deals with the relationship of Shia minorities to the Sunni regimes. Secondly the public affirmation of their identities through specific rituals and social attitudes is analysed. Finally, the third part of this volume examines the strengthening of these identities through traditional religious rituals and cultural performances, or through the re-interpretation and adaptation of these to present-day life. Coming from various academic backgrounds, the authors have used different methodologies and have been engaged in field-work.
Explains how production networks and industrial clusters have played crucial roles in the industrial development of Indonesia and Malaysia (electronics industry), Singapore (biomedical science industry), and Thailand (automotive industry).
Symmetries in Atomic Nuclei aims to present an overview of recent applications of symmetry to the description of atomic nuclei. Special care is given to a pedagogical introduction of symmetry concepts using simple examples. After a historical overview of the applications of symmetry in nuclear physics, progress in the field during the last decade is reviewed. Special emphasis is put on the introduction of neutron-proton and boson-fermion degrees of freedom. Their combination leads to a supersymmetric description of pairs and quartets of nuclei. Both theoretical aspects and experimental signatures of dynamical (super)symmetries are carefully discussed. Case studies show how these symmetries are displayed by real atomic nuclei which have been studied experimentally using state-of-the art spectroscopy. This book focuses on nuclear structure physics and has been written by active investigators in the field, but its scope is wider and is intended for final-year or post-graduate students and researchers interested in understanding the power and beauty of symmetry methods in physics.
Reading Eighteenth-Century Poetry recaptures for modern readers the urgency, distinctiveness and rewarding nature of this challenging and powerful body of poetry. An essential guide to reading eighteenth-century poetry, written by world-renowned critic, Patricia Meyer Spacks Exposes the multiplicity of forms, tones, and topics engaged by poets during this period Provides in-depth analysis of poems by established figures such as Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift, as well as work by less familiar figures, including Anne Finch and Mary Leapor A broadly chronological structure incorporates close reading alongside insightful contextual and historical detail Captures the power and uniqueness of eighteenth-century poetry, creating an ideal guide for those returning to this period, or delving into it for the first time
Analyses 'push' and 'pull' factors for migration from Poland to Australia and examines the costs of migration; Polish migrants' experiences of Australia's multicultural policy; an evaluation of parent's migration by their children' re-migration to Poland and much more. Beata Leuner, Monash University.
Intimate, humorous, and inspiring, this work takes readers on a journey from where they are to where they want to be. With her trademark blend of laugh-out-loud humor and sage advice, Linamen introduces 52 powerful actions necessary to embrace change.
Here, Western environmental philosophers and some of our most distinguished representatives of Asian and comparative philosophy critically consider what Asia has to offer. The first section provides an ecological world view as a basis for comparison. Subsequent sections include chapters by leading contemporary scholars in Chinese, Japanese, Indian, and Buddhist thought that explore the Western perception of Asian traditions—the perception that Asian philosophy is a rich conceptual resource for contemporary environmental thinkers.
This fresh portrait of Varenius presents a young German scholar, whose books on Japan (1649), the first one from a European perspective, and on General Geography (1650) were written and published in Amsterdam and led to establishing geography as a science.
The purpose of this book is to explain the educationalists and educational research in Finnish society especially in developing the education system.
A real people guide to real estate investing Author Anthony Von Mickle shares his road to success in achieving profitability Bloomington, IN (Feb. 5, 2009): In Real Estate for Real People, author and Washington, D.C. area resident Anthony Von Mickle shares his experiences as a person that was without work for eighteen months, with just a small portfolio, to someone who turned his life around by investing in residential real estate to the tune of a three-million dollar portfolio over the next thirty-six months. Mickle's success can be duplicated by real people if they are willing to heed the mistakes that he made upon the way as he offers encouraging words to those wanting to learn. The chapters follow chronologically so the investor can take the steps necessary to be successful. They also include many insightful tips in the something to think about sections and encourage everyone to read some of the great success stories in other books as well. This book is a great motivator and proof that the American dream is still very much alive and well -- even in this tough economic time, Mickle said. One of the ideas Mickle lives by is PTFL: Passion, Timing, Fear and Leverage. He wants you to share your passion with others, know that the best investors don't suffer from paralysis by analysis when it comes to timing, they don't let fear consume them and they that you should use leverage to get something bigger. But as Mickle says, Real Estate for Real People is a journey, not a get-rich-quick scheme. It takes very diligent work but with the steps he lays out in plain language everyone can understand and by staying away from the pitfalls, the reader will have a great chance at success. So bring your team together and walk away informed, empowered and motivated with a plethora of new information and a new outlook on many things in your life that is just beginning to take off! About the author Anthony Von Mickle is the president of The Investment Forum, a real estate and equity investments group based in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. He has bachelor's degrees in modern languages (French) and business administration from The Citadel, has attended Harvard University's Slavic Languages Institute, holds a master's degree from Keller Graduate School and a certificate on Certified Financial Planning from Georgetown University. He has one son and currently lives in the Washington, D.C. area. Visit him online at www.vonzforum.com.