The celebrated lower Cambrian Chengjiang biota of Yunnan Province, China, represents one of the most significant ever paleontological discoveries. Deposits of ancient mudstone, about 520 million years old, have yielded a spectacular variety of exquisitely preserved fossils that record the early diversification of animal life. Since the discovery of the first specimens in 1984, many thousands of fossils have been collected, exceptionally preserving not just the shells and carapaces of the animals, but also their soft tissues in fine detail. This special preservation has produced fossils of rare beauty; they are also of outstanding scientific importance as sources of evidence about the origins of animal groups that have sustained global biodiversity to the present day. Much of the scientific documentation of the Chengjiang biota is in Chinese, and the first edition of this book was the first in English to provide fossil enthusiasts with a comprehensive overview of the fauna. The second edition has been fully updated and includes a new chapter on other exceptionally preserved fossils of Cambrian age, exciting new fossil finds from Chengjiang, and a phylogenetic framework for the biota. Displaying some 250 figures of marvelous specimens, this book presents to professional and amateur paleontologists, and all those fascinated by evolutionary biology, the aesthetic and scientific quality of the Chengjiang fossils.
Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems describes all of the main Fossil Lagerstätten (sites of exceptional fossil preservation) from around the world in a chronological order. It covers the history of research, stratigraphy and taphonomy, main faunal and floral elements, and the palaeoecology of each site and gives a comparison with coeval sites around the world. It includes all of the well-known fossil sites, such as the Burgess Shale, the Solnhofen Limestone, Mazon Creek, Rancho La Brea etc., and includes an appendix giving information on how to visit the sites and where to see the fossils in museum displays. Available now in its second edition, Lagerstätten included for the first time include Chengjiang, the Herefordshire Nodules and the Jehol Group. A welcome addition to the list of important localities of Cenozoic age is the White River Group, which preserves the finest examples of mammals around the Eocene-Oligocene boundary, including many now-extinct groups. The book is beautifully illustrated throughout with over 450 colour photographs and diagrams, and it is extensively referenced. Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems is essential reading to a wide range of students and professionals in palaeontology and related sciences, and to amateur enthusiasts.
Dieses Buch beschreibt den Umfang und das Ergebnis der Gletschermessungen seit der kleinen Eiszeit und verdeutlicht so den heutigen Stellenwert der in den Ostalpen gemessenen Daten für die Klimaforschung. Die Autor/innen stellen frühe Forschungsleistungen des Alpenvereins, wie den Nachweis der Existenz der Eiszeiten oder die Entdeckung des Fließgesetzes für Gletschereis vor. Spannende Blicke ins Archiv zeigen exemplarisch die Mechanismen und Auswirkungen des Gletscherrückganges. Besonders detailliert ist Österreichs größter Gletscher, die Pasterze im Glocknergebiet, beschrieben. So entsteht für interessierte Laien ein Bild der Beziehung zwischen Gletscher und Klima mit vielen geomorphologischen Details. Studierende und Absolvent/innen der Geowissenschaften finden wissenschaftshistorisch relevante Details und regionale Fakten zum Klimawandel und dessen Erforschung.
Describing and understanding the evolution of the diversity of bodyplans is a major goal of evolutionary biology. Taking a modern, integrated approach to this question, a group of leading researchers describe how modern techniques and disciplines have been combined, resulting in a dramatic renaissance in the study of animal evolution.
Klimapolitik scheitert nicht etwa daran, dass sie zu kompliziert wäre. Im Gegenteil. Sie wäre im Kern so einfach, wenn man es sich denn eingestünde: Wärmer wird es vor allem deshalb, weil die Menschheit Öl, Kohle und Gas verbrennt. Deshalb kann Klimapolitik nur funktionieren, wenn sie darauf hinwirkt, die fossilen Energieträger vom Markt zu verbannen. Der CO2-Ausstoß muss nicht einfach sinken. Er muss runter auf "netto null". Im Grunde haben dies die Regierungen der Welt mit dem Klimaabkommen von Paris anerkannt. Und dennoch unternehmen Politik, Wirtschaft und auch die Wirtschaftswissenschaften alles, um das Einfache zu verkomplizieren – oder vielmehr: um nicht einsehen zu müssen, dass die Zeit der superbilligen, überreichlich vorhandenen Energie vorbei ist. Marcel Hänggi hat diese Diagnose bereits 2008 in seinem Buch Wir Schwätzer im Treibhaus. Warum die Klimapolitik versagt gestellt. Zehn Jahre später zeigt er nun auf, wie Klimapolitik gelingen kann. Dabei setzt er an der Quelle an, das heißt beim Angebot. Denn was nicht angeboten wird, kann auch nicht verbraucht – beziehungsweise verbrannt – werden.
From the Foreword: "Predator-prey interactions are among the most significant of all organism-organism interactions....It will only be by compiling and evaluating data on predator-prey relations as they are recorded in the fossil record that we can hope to tease apart their role in the tangled web of evolutionary interaction over time. This volume, compiled by a group of expert specialists on the evidence of predator-prey interactions in the fossil record, is a pioneering effort to collate the information now accumulating in this important field. It will be a standard reference on which future study of one of the central dynamics of ecology as seen in the fossil record will be built." (Richard K. Bambach, Professor Emeritus, Virginia Tech, Associate of the Botanical Museum, Harvard University)
The fossil record affords a fascinating glimpse at past environments and the kinds of plants and animals that inhabited them. Some sites, for instance, contain nearly complete preserved records of ancient life. Fourteen of these remarkable fossil depositories are found in North America, including Mistaken Point in Newfoundland, Mazon Creek in Illinois, and Rancho La Brea in Los Angeles. Fossil Ecosystems of North America describes these and eleven other sites that range across the continent. John R. Nudds and Paul A. Selden introduce each site and place the fossil findings in geologic and evolutionary context. They go on to describe the history of research at each site—the sedimentology, stratigraphy, biota, paleoecology—and offer comparisons to other localities of similar age or environment. Fossil Ecosystems of North America also includes an appendix of museums at which readers can see specimens from the sites and suggestions for visiting the sites in person. In some cases, new specimens can still be collected from these sites by professionals and amateurs alike. Accessible and informative, this guide to Fossil-Lagerstätten will appeal to expert scientists and adventuresome lay paleontologists alike.
Dies ist das grundlegende Werk über die Entdeckung der Kontinentaldrift und die Entstehung der Kontinente. Wegeners Theorie von der Verschiebung der Kontinente blieb zu seinen Lebzeiten immer umstritten und geriet nach seinem Tod rasch in Vergessenheit. Erst seit den 1970er Jahren ist seine Theorie allgemein anerkannt. Seit dem Jahr 1911 fand er mehrfache Belege dafür, z.B. die Ähnlichkeit der Konturen von Südamerika und Afrika, dass die bisherige Auffassung von feststehenden Kontinenten nicht richtig sein konnte. Wegener geht in seiner Theorie von einem Urkontinent aus. Aus diesem Urkontinent names "Gondwana" haben sich demnach im Laufe der Erdgeschichte durch Auseinanderbrechen des Urkontinents und anschließenden Auseinanderdriftens der Bruchteile die verschiedenen Kontinente und Ozeane gebildet. Ungeklärt ist bei Wegener allerdings die Ursache der Kräfte, die für das Auseinanderdriften sorgen. Auch deshalb fand seine Theorie zu seinen Lebzeiten nur wenig Anerkennung und führte zum späten Durchbruch der Theorie.
Over the past decade, fossil finds from China have stunned the world, grabbing headlines and changing perceptions with a wealth of new discoveries. Many of these finds were first announced to English speakers in the journal Nature.Rise of the Dragon gathers together sixteen of these original reports, some augmented with commentaries originally published in Nature's "News and Views" section. Perhaps the best known of these new Chinese fossils are the famous feathered dinosaurs from Liaoning Province, which may help end one of the most intense debates in paleontology—whether birds evolved from dinosaurs. But other finds have been just as spectacular, such as the minutely preserved (to the cellular level) animal embryos of the 670 million-year-old Duoshantuo phosphorites, or the world's oldest known fish, from the Chengjiang formation in southwestern Yunnan Province. Rise of the Dragon makes descriptions and detailed discussions of these important finds available in one convenient volume for paleontologists and serious fossil fans.

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