Samba is Brazil's "national rhythm," the foremost symbol of its culture and nationhood. To the outsider, samba and the famous pre-Lenten carnival of which it is the centerpiece seem to showcase the country's African heritage. Within Brazil, however, samba symbolizes the racial and cultural mixture that, since the 1930s, most Brazilians have come to believe defines their unique national identity. But how did Brazil become "the Kingdom of Samba" only a few decades after abolishing slavery in 1888? Typically, samba is represented as having changed spontaneously, mysteriously, from a "repressed" music of the marginal and impoverished to a national symbol cherished by all Brazilians. Here, however, Hermano Vianna shows that the nationalization of samba actually rested on a long history of relations between different social groups--poor and rich, weak and powerful--often working at cross-purposes to one another. A fascinating exploration of the "invention of tradition," The Mystery of Samba is an excellent introduction to Brazil's ongoing conversation on race, popular culture, and national identity.
This collection of articles by leading scholars traces the history of Brazilian pop music through the twentieth-century.
Written by a foremost expert in the field of Brazilian culture, this fascinating volume explores the music of Brazil's Northeast, gauging its historical and cultural importance within the nation's diverse culture. * Photographs of musical instruments, musicians, dancers, performances, and costumes, and illustrations of the art of Northeast Brazil including drawings, paintings, and wood cuts * Diagrams of instrument construction such as the pifano, zabumba, and viola, and an audio CD of musical examples
How do the lives of indigenous peoples relate to the romanticized role of "Indians" in Brazilian history, politics, and cultural production? Native and National in Brazil charts this enigmatic relationship from the sixteenth century to the present, focusing on the consolidation of the dominant national imaginary in the postindependence period and highlighting Native peoples' ongoing work to decolonize it. Engaging issues ranging from sovereignty, citizenship, and national security to the revolutionary potential of art, sustainable development, and the gendering of ethnic differences, Tracy Devine Guzman argues that the tensions between popular renderings of "Indianness" and lived indigenous experience are critical to the unfolding of Brazilian nationalism, on the one hand, and the growth of the Brazilian indigenous movement, on the other. Devine Guzman suggests that the "indigenous question" now posed by Brazilian indigenous peoples themselves--how to be Native and national at the same time--can help us to rethink national belonging in accordance with the protection of human rights, the promotion of social justice, and the consolidation of democratic governance for indigenous and nonindigenous citizens alike.
Few Mexican musicians in the twentieth century achieved as much notoriety or had such an international impact as the popular singer and songwriter Agust?n Lara (1897-1970). Widely known as "el flaco de oro" ("the Golden Skinny"), this remarkably thin fellow was prolific across the genres of bolero, ballad, and folk. His most beloved "Granada", a song so enduring that it has been covered by the likes of Mario Lanza, Frank Sinatra, and Placido Domingo, is today a standard in the vocal repertory. However, there exists very little biographical literature on Lara in English. In Agust?n Lara: A Cultural Biography, author Andrew Wood's informed and informative placement of Lara's work in a broader cultural context presents a rich and comprehensive reading of the life of this significant musical figure. Lara's career as a media celebrity as well as musician provides an excellent window on Mexican society in the mid-twentieth century and on popular culture in Latin America. Wood also delves into Lara's music itself, bringing to light how the composer's work unites a number of important currents in Latin music of his day, particularly the bolero. With close musicological focus and in-depth cultural analysis riding alongside the biographical narrative, Agustin Lara: A Cultural Biography is a welcome read to aficionados and performers of Latin American musics, as well as a valuable addition to the study of modern Mexican music and Latin American popular culture as a whole.
Brazil has done much to shape football/soccer, but how has soccer shaped Brazil? Despite the political and social importance of the beautiful game to the country, the subject has hitherto received little attention. This book presents groundbreaking work by historians and researchers from Brazil, the United States, Britain and France, who examine the political significance, in the broadest sense, of the sport in which Brazil has long been a world leader. The authors consider questions such as the relationship between soccer, the workplace and working class culture; the formation of Brazilian national identity; race relations; political and social movements; and the impact of the sport on social mobility. Contributions to the book range in time from the late nineteenth century, when the British first introduced the sport to Brazil, to the present day, as the 'country of soccer' prepares itself to host the 2014 World Cup, painting a vivid picture of the many ways in which soccer exists and functions in Brazil, both on and off the pitch.
»Ich stehe für eine Ära, in der bewiesen wurde, dass Fußball gleichzeitig attraktiv und erfolgreich sein kann«, sagt Johan Cruyff im Rückblick auf die 1970er Jahre. Wie kein anderer steht Cruyff für dynamischen, leidenschaftlichen Angriffsfußball. Als Kapitän der niederländischen Nationalmannschaft, bei Ajax Amsterdam und später beim FC Barcelona hatte er mit dieser Taktik legendäre Erfolge erzielt. Der magische Spieler mit der Rückennummer 14 ist der Begründer der Fußball-Philosophie, die in den letzten Jahren vor allem von seinem Schüler Pep Guardiola perfektioniert wurde. Nun erzählt Cruyff, der in einem Atemzug mit Superstars wie Pele, Beckenbauer, Maradona und Messi genannt wird, von den ruhmreichen Stationen seiner Karriere als Spieler und Trainer. Mein Spiel ist eines der erhellendsten und klügsten Bücher, das in den letzten Jahrzehnten über den Fußball geschrieben wurde.
How are national identities constructed and articulated through music? Popular music has long been associated with political dissent, and the nation state has consistently demonstrated a determination to seek out and procure for itself a stake in the mana
Macunaíma vom Stamm der Tapanhumas lebt faul und sorglos im brasilianischen Urwald. Doch als sein Amulett verloren geht, muss er seiner Sippe den Rücken kehren und ausgerechnet nach São Paulo, in die erstaunliche Millionenstadt, wo alles voller Maschinen ist. Der »Held ohne jeden Charakter« gerät dort in Bordelle, Militärparaden und an die Polizei, er begegnet Hexen, Guerilleras und menschenfressenden Industriemagnaten. Und bekommt, unbedarft, wie er ist, die aberwitzigen Sitten seiner Zeit am eigenen Leib zu spüren. »Macunaíma« ist das Hauptwerk des brasilianischen Modernismus. Mit diesem farben- und formensatten Roman werden die europäischen Vorbilder 1928 endgültig vom Sockel gestoßen. Die lebenspralle Polyphonie und die Zerrissenheit des Landes werden hier erstmals mit fulminanter Stimme gefeiert.
Beschreibung: This book is a collection of papers in which cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) is used to study science, technology and innovations. In the 16 chapters of the book an activity theoretical approach is developed through dialogue with the relevant theoretical approaches of science and technology studies, such as actor network theory, symbolic interactionism and Knorr-Cetinas's theory of objectual cultural practice. The book has three parts. The first one comprises empirical studies on creativity and change in research work and innovations. The cases studied include research groups in analytical chemistry, aerosol physics, biotechnology as well as innovations in medical technology by research-based firms. In making sense of the distributed creation, CHAT is put in dialogue with the systemic view of psychology of creativity, the systemic approach in history of technology as well as sociological theories of creativity. The second part compares systematically the similarities and differences between Deweyan pragmatism and CHAT, and shows how they can be used in a complementary way in empirical research. The third part evaluates actor network theory, constructivist conceptions of learning as well as the concept of routine largely used in organizational studies from the position of CHAT. In addition the concept 'object of activity' central in activity theory is discussed and elaborated in two chapters. The autor: Reijo Miettinen is Professor of Adult Education in the University of Helsinki and he was Vice director of the Center for Activity Theory and Developmental Work Research in 1995-2007.
Brazilian music has exponentially increased in its popularity over the decade since the last edition of The Brazilian Sound was published. This revised and expanded edition includes discussions of developments in samba and other key genres, the rise of female singer-songwriters in recent years, new works by established artists like Milton Nascimento and Gilberto Gil and the mixing of bossa with electronica. This clearly written and lavishly illustrated encyclopaedic survey features dozens of new entries and photographs, an extensive glossary of Brazilian music terms and more.This edition ofThe Brazilian Soundcontains new discussions of:- musica sertaneja and musica caipira- Brazilian funk and rap/hip-hop- electronic dance music- young contemporary musicians inspired by traditional music- the rise of new samba artists- Plus! an updated bibliography and glossary, and a new list of Web resources
Eine bunte Postkarte aus Malibu, eine alte Ausgabe von Shakespeares Der Sturm und der kleine, kurz vor dem Bankrott stehende Buchladen Prospero Books in Los Angeles. Die junge Lehrerin Miranda Brooks staunt nicht schlecht über das einzigartige Vermächtnis ihres Onkels Billy. Schon immer hat er ihr Rätsel aufgegeben. Warum hat er ihrer Familie den Rücken gekehrt? Warum spricht ihre Mutter nie über ihn? Miranda folgt der Spur der Botschaften, die er für sie versteckt hat - und die sie nicht nur in die Welt der Bücher führt, sondern ihr Leben von Grund auf ändert.
The Latin American studies collections at many community, junior and four year colleges, and large public libraries often contain materials that are too specialized, uneven, outdated, incomplete, or written in Spanish or Portuguese--thus rendering them essentially useless to English-reading patrons. Better materials are out there, but librarians simply have not had, until now, a good resource guide to help in locating them. This work, designed as an acquisitions tool for colleges and libraries, is an annotated bibliography of approximately 1,400 recommended books published from 1986 through 2000 in the field of Latin American studies. It is divided into chapters that deal with reference works, descriptive accounts and travel guides, the humanities, language and literature, the social sciences, and science and technology. For the purposes of this book, Latin America is defined as all geographic locations south of the Rio Grande. While these are chiefly Spanish and Portuguese speaking regions, works about French, English, and Dutch speaking areas are also included. The literary works of authors living abroad are included if they are considered quintessentially Latin American. Periodicals, children's literature, audio-visual resources, and works about the Hispanic and Latino experience in the United States are not included. The majority of the works presented here were selected based on reviews from Booklist, Choice, Hispanic American Historical Review, Library Journal, Los Angeles Times Book Review, New York Review of Books, New York Times Book Review and Publisher's Weekly; also consulted were the catalogs of major university presses that focus on Latin American studies.