Coral reefs are among Earth's most diverse, productive, and beautiful ecosystems, but until recently, their ecology and the means to manage them have been poorly understood and documented. In response to the inadequate information base for coral reefs, this book reviews the ecological and conservation status of coral reefs of the Western Indian Ocean, bringing together presentations of the region's leading scientists and managers working on coral reefs. Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation starts with a general overview of the biogeography of the region and a historical account of attempts to conserve this ecosystem. It goes on to describe the state of the reefs in each of the countries with coral reefs, and it concludes with a series of management case studies. The book also summarizes most of the existing ecological information on reefs in this region and efforts at management, making it useful for students, teachers, and investigators interested in tropical or marine ecology, conservation biology and management, and environmental sciences.
This book is the first comprehensive coverage of Red Sea fisheries to inform researchers and decision makers. The Red Sea is a geologically young sea, but also an area with the oldest record of human sea food exploitation. Examining the fisheries of the Red Sea has become extremely important to understand the ecosystem and the direct human impact of fishing on Red Sea ecosystems. This volume gives extensive data on different fisheries sectors identified and described for each country bordering the Red Sea. Furthermore, its catch and specific composition is also described over the period 1950 to 2010. Combined with the ecosystem model this useful information can uniquely help managing fisheries and ecosystems of the Red Sea.
This guide includes all fishes that are likely to be observed by people visiting or diving on the coral reefs of the Indo-Pacific - including the Red Sea - and Western Atlantic oceans to a depth of 60m. 2074 species are listed, with each major form included, whether male, female, immature or a geographical variety. Identification characteristics are highlighted, with the text covering where the species is likely to be found on a reef and where it is found in the world, with an introduction to the habitat and how to identify fish in the wild.
Erster und einziger Weltatlas der Korallenriffe, der durch internationale Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen weltumspannender Forschungsarbeiten mithilfe modernster Techniken entstanden ist. Er enthält die neuesten und größtenteils auch neu erstellten Riffkarten sowie 85 von Astronauten aus dem All aufgenommene Rifffotografien. Dieses großformatige Buch bietet auf nahezu 300 Seiten jüngste Forschungsergebnisse über tropische Riffe, ihre Verbreitung und Ausdehnung, ihren Zustand und ihre ökologischen Besonderheiten. Neben den durch spezifische Karten und zahlreiche Abbildungen unterlegten Detailinformationen zu allen bekannten Korallenriffen der Welt wird ausführlich die ökologische und ökonomische Bedeutung dieser Riffe diskutiert. Über 2000 Tauchschulen in diesen Riffen sind erfasst und in den Riffkarten eingezeichnet. Ausführlich werden die Forschungs-, Mess- und Kartierungsmethoden erklärt, die zu diesem Kompendium führten. Dieses Buch stellt mit seinen einzigartigen und neu erarbeiteten Karten, Fakten und Daten die wichtigste und attraktivste Informations-sammlung über tropische Korallenriffe dar. Es beinhaltet alle in diesen Ökosystemen bekannten Schutzgebiete bzw. die bereits eingeleiteten oder geplanten Schutzmaßnahmen. Auch werden in diesem Atlas die Auswirkungen der weltumspannenden klimatischen Veränderungen und deren Einfluss auf diese Ökosysteme aufgezeigt
Coral reefs represent the most spectacular and diverse marine ecosystem on the planet as well as a critical source of income for millions of people. However, the combined effects of human activity have led to a rapid decline in the health of reefs worldwide, with many now facing complete destruction. Their world-wide deterioration and over-exploitation has continued and even accelerated in many areas since the publication of the first edition in 2009. At the same time, there has been a near doubling in the number of scientific papers that have been written in this short time about coral reef biology and the ability to acclimate to ocean warming and acidification. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, incorporating the significant increase in knowledge gained over the last decade whilst retaining the book's focus as a concise and affordable overview of the field. The Biology of Coral Reefs provides an integrated overview of the function, physiology, ecology, and behaviour of coral reef organisms. Each chapter is enriched with a selection of 'boxes' on specific aspects written by internationally recognised experts. As with other books in the Biology of Habitats Series, the emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate this marine environment although pollution, conservation, climate change, and experimental aspects are also included. Indeed, particular emphasis is placed on conservation and management due to the habitat's critically endangered status. A global range of examples is employed which gives the book international relevance.
In this fifteenth edition of State of the World, Lester R. Brown and the Worldwatch research team look at the environmental effects of continuing economic growth as the economy outgrows the earth's ecosystem. As the global economy has expanded from $5 trillion of output in 1950 to $29 trillion in 1997, its demands have crossed many of the earth's sustainable yield thresholds
The oceans are teeming with life of all kinds. Changing sea levels, plate tectonics, chemical cycling, sedimentation, and the atmosphere greatly impact these habitats. The ocean's currents and sea level are tied closely to weather patterns and in turn to such issues as global warming and El Nino. Oceans provides a complete overview of the ecosystem that exists in these bodies of water. From the coastal wetlands to the deep ocean waters, the geography, geology, chemistry, and physics of oceans are thoroughly examined in this volume. Today, the impact that human use of ocean resources has on these habitats, including habitat loss and overharvesting, is in constant debate. Oceans looks at these possible threats and concludes with a balanced look at the ways to manage the oceans, as well as the future of this ecosystem.
A multi-disciplinary account of the current status, problems, and solutions to the coral reef crisis, first published in 2006.
Tropical coral reefs are important ecosystems. They are economically important to coastal communities living in predominantly developing countries, and also provide shoreline protection, catalyse land formation enabling human habitation, act as a carbon sink and are a repository for genetic and species diversity rivalling rainforests. In the face of mounting man-made pressure from pollution, climate change and over-exploitation, these ecosystems increasingly need action to be taken to ensure their conservation and long term sustainable development. International Environmental Law and the Conservation of Coral Reefs breaks new ground by providing the first in-depth account of the ways in which multilateral environmental treaty regimes are seeking to encourage and improve the conservation of tropical coral reef ecosystems. In so doing, the work aims to raise the profile of such activities in order to reinforce their status on the environmental agenda. The book also has wider implications for international environmental law, arguing that sectorial legal action, provided it remains co-ordinated through a global forum that recognises and reflects the inter-connections between all elements of the natural environment, is the most effective way for international law to enhance the conservation of certain habitats. This book will be invaluable to environmental lawyers, legal researchers, marine conservationists and other stakeholders in coral reefs.
Coral Reefs of the Gulf: Adaptation to Climatic Extremes is a complete review and reference for scientists, engineers and students concerned with the geology, biology or engineering aspects of coral reefs in the Middle East. It provides for the first time a complete review of both the geology and biology of all extant coral areas in the Gulf, the water body between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. In summer, this area is the hottest sea with abundant coral growth on earth and already today exhibits a temperature that is predicted to occur across the topical ocean in 2100. Thus, by studying the Gulf today, much can be learned about tomorrow’s world and the capability of coral reefs to adapt to climatic extremes. This volume provides the most authoritative and up-to-date review of the coral reefs in the Gulf. It can be used as a volume of general reference or as a textbook treating recent coral reefs. Written by local and international experts, the text is richly illustrated and will remain a standard reference for the region for decades to come. Contributions stretch from climatology through geology, biology, ecological modelling and fisheries science to practical conservation aspects. The book is useful for the technical expert and casual reader alike.
'New Frontiers in Marine Tourism' is the first book of this kind to address and analyse this burgeoning tourism sector comprehensively. By integrating aspects such as the sustainability, safety, education, experiences and management of diving tourism the text highlights a variety of pressing topics related to the management of diving tourism, including: * different types of diving locations and their particular characteristics and the geographical distribution of dive locations * the growth and economic significance of diving tourism in destinations worldwide * different motivations and typologies of diving tourists, their learning behaviour, knowledge of marine environments, and their interaction with flora and fauna. * diver satisfaction, attitudes and preferences, education and interpretation, and compliance with regulations * environmental impacts, and aspects of risk and health.
Presents profiles of countries from around the world, with information on such topics as historical events, the environment, physical geography, habitats, animal and plant life, agriculture, the economy, culture, governments, and industries.
The tropical UK Territories have extensive coral reefs. Huge parts of these areas are exceptionally rich, productive and diverse. Their marine biodiversity exceeds that of the UK itself, and several are already, or are planned to be, strictly protected. Some of these areas serve as reference sites for many other countries with damaged reefs and they are oases of tropical marine biodiversity in a fast-degrading world. This book reviews all of the UK reefs, from those scarcely known to those where substantial research has already been performed.
Coral reefs are the largest landforms built by plants and animals. Their study therefore incorporates a wide range of disciplines. This encyclopedia approaches coral reefs from an earth science perspective, concentrating especially on modern reefs. Currently coral reefs are under high stress, most prominently from climate change with changes to water temperature, sea level and ocean acidification particularly damaging. Modern reefs have evolved through the massive environmental changes of the Quaternary with long periods of exposure during glacially lowered sea level periods and short periods of interglacial growth. The entries in this encyclopedia condense the large amount of work carried out since Charles Darwin first attempted to understand reef evolution. Leading authorities from many countries have contributed to the entries covering areas of geology, geography and ecology, providing comprehensive access to the most up-to-date research on the structure, form and processes operating on Quaternary coral reefs.
One of the most important questions we can ask about life is "Does ecology matter?" Most biologists and paleontologists are trained to answer "yes," but the exact mechanisms by which ecology matters in the context of patterns that play out over millions of years have never been entirely clear. This book examines these mechanisms and looks at how ancient environments affected evolution, focusing on long-term macroevolutionary changes as seen in the fossil record. Evolutionary paleoecology is not a new discipline. Beginning with Darwin, researchers have attempted to understand how the environment has affected evolutionary history. But as we learn more about these patterns, the search for a new synthetic view of the evolutionary process that integrates species evolution, ecology, and mass extinctions becomes ever more pressing. The present volume is a benchmark sampler of active research in this ever more active field.
Yuri Latypov first observed live corals in Australia about 30 years ago and was struck by the beautiful growth and diversity of these remarkable animals. Since then he has had the opportunity to look and study at corals and coral reefs throughout the world from Australia’s Great Barrier Reef up to Seychelles. He spent more than 3,000 hours underwater. He has conducted fundamental and applied research on coral in many places and has published the results of these studies in different scientific journals, 5 books and conference proceedings. Dr. Latypov gives especial attention to studying of corals and reefs of Vietnam. Last year he investigated opportunities of restoration of reef communities and carried out experiments on artificial cultivation and rehabilitation of corals on the Vietnamese reefs.
A new and updated edition of this popular title. Visitors are astonished at the profusion of marine life that exists in this biodiversity hot-spot, which encompasses Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti and Yemen. This concise, easy-to-follow field guide to 250 species of fish, corals and marine invertebrates is an essential companion for anyone interested in this fascinating underwater world, from the casual snorkeller to the most experienced diver. It includes stunning colour photographs of each species, as well as concise and informative text and at-a-glance symbols summarising habitat, diet and behaviour. A visual key to fish families at the start of the book aids the quick location and identification of species.
Health and sustainability have become ubiquitous topics in all realms of popular discourse. What these discussions often overlook is the fact that the two concepts are interrelated, and that their surrounding policies and practices can often inform and reinforce each other. As sustainability measures are already in place across many levels of government, there is now an opportunity to extend these principles to improve health care and health care policy. Health and Sustainability: An Introduction details how the values of sustainability can be applied to the design of health systems and the delivery of primary care. By providing a practical framework for understanding complicated sustainability problems related to health, the book offers an authoritative resource for understanding: - health and environmental rights - parallels between human toxicology and ecotoxicology - how health promotion strategy can be a template for sustainability - health science and how it can be used to support decisions in health and sustainability - how scientific knowledge is achieved, understood, accepted, and used in health and environmental advocacy, and how this relates to sustainability Students and practitioners in health will benefit from this introduction to sustainability, and those in sustainability and environmental studies will benefit from this application to human health. Health and Sustainability offers a roadmap for successfully integrating these approaches for healthier people and environment.
Discusses the formation, structure, and ecology of coral reefs and atolls, describes various species of coral, and explains how these ecosystems are being destroyed by man.