This book explains the laws of thermodynamics for science buffs and neophytes alike. The authors begin with a lively presentation of the historical development of thermodynamics and then show how the laws follow from the atomic theory of matter. The authors then give examples of the laws applicability to such diverse phenomena as the radiation of light from hot bodies, the formation of diamonds from graphite, how the blood carries oxygen, and the history of the earth.
"What happens when new scientific research meets traditional Christian doctrines? How does the big bang theory fit with Genesis 1:1? What does quantum mechanics have to do with the doctrines of predestination and the omniscience of God? How does the anthropic principle square with a biblical notion of a designed and purposeful universe? What are the implications of the doctrine of redemption in Jesus Christ for the search for extraterrestrial intelligence?" "Addressing these and other questions, John Jefferson Davis brings together a well-informed understanding of current scientific issues with Christian teaching. He demonstrates that the meeting of the frontiers of science with the frontiers of faith calls for a proper relationship with the God of the universe and a humility that acknowledges the fundamental limits of human knowledge."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Für die Realisierung von energietechnischen Prozessen ist der Zweite Hauptsatz der Thermodynamik entscheidend. Er macht Aussagen über die Wertigkeit von Energie bzw. über die Energieentwertung in energietechnischen Prozessen. Je mehr man darauf angewiesen ist, Energie effektiv zu nutzen, umso mehr müssen solche Überlegungen in den Entwurf, die Planung und die Optimierung energietechnischer Anlagen einbezogen werden. Genau hier setzt das vorliegende Fachbuch an, das anhand von vielen Beispielen den physikalischen Hintergrund erklärt, den Ursachen von Verlusten auf den Grund geht und Möglichkeiten zur Bewertung und zur Verbesserung von Prozessen aufzeigt.
Ellis and Murphy show how contemporary sciences actually support a religiously based ethic of nonviolence, not by appealing to the Enlightment's mechanismic Creator God or revelation's Father God but by discerning the transcendent ground in the laws of nature, the emergence of intelligent freedom, and the echoes of "knoetic" self-giving in cosmology and biology.
Presents nearly one thousand entries and 750 illustrations on science and technology, with bibliographies after each entry and sidebars containing relevant facts.
Introduces thermodynamics, covering such topics as the first and second law of thermodynamics, the Carnot, Brayton, and Diesel cycles, and the behavior of gases.
The laws of thermodynamics drive everything that happens in the universe. From the sudden expansion of a cloud of gas to the cooling of hot metal, and from the unfurling of a leaf to the course of life itself - everything is directed and constrained by four simple laws. They establish fundamental concepts such as temperature and heat, and reveal the arrow of time and even the nature of energy itself. Peter Atkins' powerful and compelling introduction explains what the laws are and how they work, using accessible language and virtually no mathematics. Guiding the reader from the Zeroth Law to the Third Law, he introduces the fascinating concept of entropy, and how it not only explains why your desk tends to get messier, but also how its unstoppable rise constitutes the engine of the universe.
Contains more than 2,000 entries ranging from short definitions to major overviews of concepts in all areas of science.
Presents practical electro-optical applications in the context of the fundamental principles of communication theory, thermodynamics, information theory and propagation theory. Combining systems issues with fundamentals of communications, this is an essential reference for all practising engineers and academic researchers in optical engineering.
A narrative chronicle of Einstein's theory of general relativity discusses the ideological battles that have surrounded it, exploring how the theory has been denounced, overlooked and embraced by forefront names in 20th-century physics throughout their collective effort to define the history of the universe. 25,000 first printing.
Various experimental techniques have been advanced in recent years to measure non-equilibrium energy transformations on the microscopic scale of single molecules. In general, the systems studied in the corresponding experiments are exposed to strong thermal fluctuations and thus the relevant energetic variables such as work and heat become stochastic. This thesis addresses challenging theoretical problems in this active field of current research: 1) Exact analytical solutions of work and heat distributions for isothermal non-equilibrium processes in suitable models are obtained; 2) Corresponding solutions for cyclic processes involving two different heat reservoirs are found; 3) Optimization of periodic driving protocols for such cyclic processes with respect to maximal output power, efficiency and minimal power fluctuations is studied. The exact solutions for work and heat distributions provide a reference for theoretical investigations of more complicated models, giving insight into the structure of the tail of work distributions and serving as valuable test cases for simulations of the underlying stochastic processes.
Provides information about all aspects of energy, covering a wealth of areas throughout the natural, social and engineering sciences.
An encyclopedia designed especially to meet the needs of elementary, junior high, and senior high school students.
In this translation of the German edition, the authors provide insight into the numerical simulation of fluid flow. Using a simple numerical method as an expository example, the individual steps of scientific computing are presented: the derivation of the mathematical model; the discretization of the model equations; the development of algorithms; parallelization; and visualization of the computed data. In addition to the treatment of the basic equations for modeling laminar, transient flow of viscous, incompressible fluids - the Navier-Stokes equations - the authors look at the simulation of free surface flows; energy and chemical transport; and turbulence. Readers are enabled to write their own flow simulation program from scratch. The variety of applications is shown in several simulation results, including 92 black-and-white and 18 color illustrations. After reading this book, readers should be able to understand more enhanced algorithms of computational fluid dynamics and apply their new knowledge to other scientific fields.
Paul Davies gibt einen genauen und abwägenden Überblick über die vorhandenen Modelle der Entstehung des Lebens und fügt eine weitere, gut belegte Hypothese hinzu, nämlich die der Lebensentstehung fern von der Erde. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)