Drawing upon international expertise, and including some of the most well-known academics and practitioners in the field, The Routledge International Handbook of Human Aggression is the first reference work to fully capture how our understanding of aggression has been refined and reconceptualised in recent years. Divided into five sections, the handbook covers some of the most interesting and timely topics within human aggression research, with analysis of both indirect and direct forms of aggression, and including chapters on sexual aggression, workplace bullying, animal abuse, gang violence and female aggression. It recognises that, in many cases, aggression is an adaptive choice rather than a moral choice. Providing practitioners and academics with an up-to-date resource that covers broad areas of interest and application, the book will be essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners associated with a range of social science disciplines, including psychology, criminology, social work and sociology, particularly those with an interest in developmental, organisational, forensic and criminal justice allied disciplines.
The Routledge International Handbook of Psychobiology provides authoritative, cutting-edge research across the range of areas that fall under the umbrella of psychobiology. The handbook comprises 30 chapters which are organized into seven sections: the physical environment; how psychobiological processes regulate how we respond and cope; stress and anxiety; managing and enhancing mood and cognition; substance use and misuse; sleep; and psychobiology and human development. Each of the chapters is authored by experienced and active researchers in their field who provide authoritative reviews of the latest developments in psychobiology. It is essential reading for both established researchers in the field of psychobiology, as well as advanced students wishing to learn more about both the historical foundations and latest developments in this rapidly growing field.
Biosocial criminology is an interdisciplinary field that aims to explain crime and antisocial behavior by exploring both biological factors and environmental factors. Since the mapping of the human genome, scientists have been able to study the biosocial causes of human behaviour with the greatest specificity. After decades of almost exclusive sociological focus, criminology has undergone a paradigm shift where the field is more interdisciplinary and this book combines perspectives from criminology and sociology with contributions from fields such as genetics, neuropsychology, and evolutionary psychology. The Routledge International Handbook of Biosocial Criminology is the largest and most comprehensive work of its kind, and is organized into five sections that collectively span the terrain of biosocial research on antisocial behavior. Bringing together leading experts from around the world, this book considers the criminological, genetic and neuropsychological foundations of offending, as well as the legal and criminal justice applications of biosocial criminological theory. The handbook is essential reading for students, researchers, and practitioners from across the social, behavioural, and natural sciences who are engaged in the study of antisocial behaviour.
The Routledge International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning is an authoritative reference work providing a balanced overview of current scholarship spanning the full breadth of the rapidly developing and expanding field of thinking and reasoning. It contains 35 chapters written by leading international researchers, covering foundational issues as well as state-of-the-art developments in thinking and reasoning research. Topics covered range across all sub-areas of thinking and reasoning, including deduction, induction, abduction, judgment, decision making, argumentation, problem solving, expertise, creativity and rationality. The contributors engage with cutting-edge debates such as the status of dual-process theories of thinking, the role of unconscious, intuitive, emotional and metacognitive processes in thinking, and the importance of probabilistic conceptualisations of thinking and reasoning. Authors also examine the importance of neuroscientific findings in informing theoretical developments, and explore the situated nature of thinking and reasoning across a range of real-world contexts such as mathematics, medicine and science. The Handbook provides a clear sense of the way in which contemporary ideas are challenging traditional viewpoints as "new paradigm of the psychology of reasoning" emerges. This paradigm-shifting research is paving the way toward a richer and more inclusive understanding of thinking and reasoning, where important new questions drive a forward-looking research agenda. It is essential reading for both established researchers in the field of thinking and reasoning as well as advanced students wishing to learn more about both the historical foundations and latest developments in this rapidly growing field.
The Routledge International Handbook of Social Neuroendocrinology is an authoritative reference work providing a balanced overview of current scholarship spanning the full breadth of the rapidly developing field of social neuroendocrinology. Considering the relationships between hormones, the brain, and social behavior, this collection brings together groundbreaking research in the field for the first time. Featuring 39 chapters written by leading researchers, the handbook offers impressive breadth of coverage. It begins with an overview of the history of social neuroendocrinology before discussing its methodological foundations and challenges. Other topics covered include state-of-the-art research on dominance and aggression; social affiliation; reproduction and pair bonding (e.g., sexual behavior, sexual orientation, romantic relationships); pregnancy and parenting; stress and emotion; cognition and decision making; social development; and mental and physical health. The handbook adopts a lifespan approach to the study of social neuroendocrinology throughout, covering the role that hormones play during gestation, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. It also illustrates the evolutionary forces that have shaped hormone-behavior associations across species, including research on humans, non-human primates, birds, and rodents. The handbook will serve as an authoritative reference work for researchers, students, and others intrigued by this topic, while also inspiring new lines of research on interactions among hormones, brain, and behavior in social contexts.
In den verschiedenen Verhaltenswissenschaften hat sich ein Ansatz etabliert, der als "Neodarwinische Renaissance" angesehen werden kann. Dieser evolutionäre Ansatz breitet sich in jüngster Zeit auch in der Psychologie zunehmend aus. David Buss gilt als einer der Pioniere der evolutionären Psychologie. Die inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte in dem Standardwerk von Buss liegen auf Fragen zu Liebe und Partnerschaft sowie zur Persönlichkeit. Es orientiert sich an den grundlegenden Anpassungsproblemen der Psychologie. Die verschiedenen Teilbereiche der Psychologie werden aus einer evolutionären Perspektive betrachtet.
Was verraten meine Gesten über mich? Wie kann ich die körperlichen Signale anderer deuten? Warum kommunizieren Männer und Frauen auch nonverbal vollkommen verschieden? Diesen Fragen gehen Allan & Barbara Pease auf den Grund. Dabei beobachten sie nicht nur ganz alltägliche Phänomene der Körpersprache, sondern präsentieren auch Beispiele aus ihren Seminaren. Ein Muss für jeden Pease-Fan.
If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defenses may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine. Warfare is often described as ‘senseless’ and as having no place in society. Consequently, its place in social relations and societal change remains obscure. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, however this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.
Was ist Aggression, und wie wird aus Aggression Gewalt? Nimmt Gewalt zu? Welchen Einfluss haben Geschlecht, Familie und Schule? Diese Fragen beschäftigen Wissenschaftler und Praktiker unterschiedlicher Disziplinen, weil Aggression biologische, entwicklungspsychologische, soziologische, pädagogische und sozialpolitische Aspekte berührt, die alle im Alltag erhebliche Tragweite besitzen. Klaus Wahl, einer der führenden Aggressionsforscher in Deutschland, legt in diesem Buch eine Übersicht über den aktuellen Wissensstand zum Thema Aggression vor, der in vielfältigen Studien von der Genetik und Gehirnforschung bis zur Kriminologie und Kriegsforschung zusammengetragen wurde. In neuartiger Weise wird das Zusammenspiel der biotischen, psychischen und sozialen Mechanismen vorgeführt, die zu Aggression führen. Das Buch ist wie ein lesbares Lehrbuch geschrieben und bietet Studierenden und Wissenschaftlern der verschiedenen Disziplinen sowie interessierten Berufspraktikern komplette Informationen zum Nachschlagen, denn auf viele brennende Fragen zu Aggression und Gewalt gibt es neue überraschende Antworten.
Die Forschung zur Gewalt in modernen westlichen Gesellschaften hat in den letzten Jahren zugenommen. Die Erklärungen dafür sind zahlreich: tatsächlicher Anstieg bei bestimmten Gewaltvarianten, neue Sensibilitäten, Rückkehr alter Gewaltformen, Verlagerung von Gewalt in andere gesellschaftliche Bereiche etc. Bisher fehlt jedoch ein systematischer Überblick über die tatsächlichen Entwicklungen. Das vorliegende Handbuch informiert umfassend über Gewalt als soziales Phänomen. Dabei wird fast allen Facetten dieses Themas Rechnung getragen: · Sozialstrukturelle Verhältnisse und Gewalt, · Sozialisation und Lernen von Gewalt, · Gewalterfahrungen und Gewalttätigkeit, · Gewaltopfer, · Gewalt in gesellschaftlichen Institutionen, · Gewalt durch politische Gruppen, · Gewaltdiskurse etc. In 62 Artikeln von Autorinnen und Autoren aus zehn Ländern liefert der Band ein komplexes, transdisziplinäres Bild eines Forschungsfeldes zwischen Ordnung, Zerstörung und Macht.
Taking a global and interdisciplinary approach, Children and Media explores the role of modern media, including the internet, television, mobile media and video games, in the development of children, adolescents, and childhood. Primer to global issues and core research into children and the media integrating work from around the world Comprehensive integration of work that bridges disciplines, theoretical and research traditions and methods Covers both critical/qualitative and quantitative approaches to the topic
Certain types of crime are increasingly being perpetrated across national borders and require a unified regional or global response to combat them. Transnational criminal law covers both the international treaty obligations which require States to introduce specific substantive measures into their domestic criminal law schemes, and an allied procedural dimension concerned with the articulation of inter-state cooperation in pursuit of the alleged transnational criminal. The Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law provides a comprehensive overview of the system which is designed to regulate cross border crime. The book looks at the history and development of the system, asking questions as to the principal purpose and effectiveness of transnational criminal law as it currently stands. The book brings together experts in the field, both scholars and practitioners, in order to offer original and forward-looking analyses of the key elements of the transnational criminal law. The book is split into several parts for ease of reference: Fundamental concepts surrounding the international regulation of transnational crime. Procedures for international cooperation against alleged transnational criminals including jurisdiction, police cooperation, asset recovery and extradition. Substantive crimes covered by transnational criminal law analysing the current legal provisions for each crime. The implementation of transnational criminal law and the effectiveness of the system of transnational criminal law. With chapters from over 25 authorities in the field, this handbook will be an invaluable reference work for student and academics and for policy makers with an interest in transnational criminal law.
The rapid growth of behavior therapy over the past 20 years has been well doc umented. Yet the geometric expansion of the field has been so great that it deserves to be recounted. We all received our graduate training in the mid to late 1960s. Courses in behavior therapy were then a rarity. Behavioral training was based more on informal tutorials than on systematic programs of study. The behavioral literature was so circumscribed that it could be easily mastered in a few months of study. A mere half-dozen books (by Wolpe, Lazarus, Eysenck, Ullmann, and Krasner) more-or-Iess comprised the behavioral library in the mid- 1960s. Semirial works by Ayllon and Azrin, Bandura, Franks, and Kanfer in 1968 and 1969 made it only slightly more difficult to survey the field. Keeping abreast of new developments was not very difficult, as Behaviour Research and Therapy and the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis were the only regular outlets for behavioral articles until the end of the decade, when Behavior Therapy and Be havior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry first appeared. We are too young to be maudlin, but "Oh for the good old days!" One of us did a quick survey of his bookshelves and stopped counting books with behavior or behavioral in the titles when he reached 100. There were at least half again as many behavioral books without those words in the title.
Trotz der Bedeutung der Gruppe der Gleichaltrigen für die Entwicklung von Kindern ist die therapeutische Gruppenarbeit mit Kindern bisher viel zu wenig erforscht und verbreitet. Alfons Aichinger und Walter Holl haben in über 30jähriger Arbeit die Grundideen und Interventionsmöglichkeiten des Psychodramas speziell für die therapeutische Gruppenarbeit mit Kindern weiterentwickelt. Mit vielen Beispielen beschreiben sie die sinnvolle Zusammensetzung der Gruppe, das symbolische Spiel der Kinder, Realitätsbezug und die Leitungstechnik einer solchen Gruppe. Das Buch ist eine Einladung an KollegInnen aller therapeutischer Schulen, eigene Denk- und Handlungsansätze für die therapeutische Arbeit mit Kindern zu entwickeln.
Resilienzförderung im Jugendalter - Praxis und Perspektiven Resilienzförderung will die Widerstandsfähigkeit stärken. Gerade für das Jugendalter ist dies wichtig. In diesem Lebensalter werden besondere Risiken deutlich, sei es bei den jungen Menschen selbst oder in ihrer Umwelt. Es gilt, die Stärken, Kompetenzen und Schutzfaktoren der Jugendlichen oder ihrer Umwelt zu unterstützen. Der nachhaltige Effekt: seelische Gesundheit und optimale Entwicklung im Jugendalter und über das Jugendalter hinaus. Fundiert: Die notwendige Theorie wird mit hohem Praxisbezug vorgestellt Die Leserinnen und Leser erhalten zunächst eine kurze, prägnante Orientierung zum Resilienzkonzept. Im Anschluss werden besondere Wege der psychologischen und pädagogischen Praxis aufgezeigt – zur Sprache kommen verschiedene Lebenslagen und Umwelten. Praxisnah: Praxisbeispiele zeigen Wege der Umsetzung auf In den Beiträgen wird exemplarisch aufgezeigt, wie resilienzorientierte Interventionen zu konzipieren sind. Insgesamt soll den Leserinnen und Lesern Mut gemacht werden, die bislang primär defizitorientierten kurativen oder korrektiven Ansätze in der Arbeit mit Jugendlichen in riskanten Lebenslagen zu überwinden - und stattdessen stärkenorientiert zu arbeiten. Ein solcher Ansatz überwindet die Grenzen fachspezifischer Interventionen. Geschrieben für Psychologen, Pädagogen, Sozialarbeiter, Kinder- und Jugendlichenpsychotherapeuten, Schulpsychologen, Berater, Lehrer, Erzieher

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