This great (how to) book covers the various mechanics of natural gas trading, including the physical (cash) market for natural gas production, transportation, distribution, and consumption. Contents: The physical (cash) market The financial market Structured transactions Hedging and trading instruments Building a risk management model.
Addresses issues of worldwide energy price risk management. This work explains general theories and practices for hedging risk, and specific methods to effectively manage risk in markets such as coal, natural gas, electricity, hydropower and others. It explains hedging tools like futures and options, and also project finance implications.
“The essential training manual for anyone who expects to profi tably engage the energy market while avoiding the devils lurking in the details.” Kurt Yeager, former President and CEO of the Electric Power Research Institute and coauthor of Perfect Power Shrinking fossil fuel supplies, volatile prices, deregulation, and environmental conservation have transformed the energy market into a major arena for making money. In response, an unprecedented amount of capital and investment manpower has fl ooded into the energy market. Older utilities are finding that their quiet, safe business has changed dramatically in a short period of time. Now, Energy Trading and Investing provides a big-picture introduction to the industry along with the trading know-how and fi nancial details that every market participant needs for success. This hands-on guidebook covers all types of energy markets—from the big-three markets of electricity, natural gas, and oil to the growing markets for liquefied natural gas, emissions, and alternative energy. It provides useful information on the interdependence of the different energy markets, who the major players are, and how Wall Street trades energy products. Energy Trading and Investing features: An overview of the entire energy market In-depth descriptions of all of the major energy commodities Financially oriented discussions of how chemistry, physics, accounting, and option pricing affect trading Primers on load forecasting, tolling agreements, natural gas storage, and more A practical introduction to risk management Written by a pioneering quant in the energy market, Energy Trading and Investing provides a highly disciplined and organized approach to profi ting from energy investments. This potent combination of detailed, up-to-date information alongside expert know-how thoroughly prepares you to invest and trade with confi dence in the energy market. If you’re a serious trader, you need to understand the energy markets, and Energy Trading and Investing is the only book you need to trade successfully in this growing sector.
The Latest Methods and Strategies for Successfully Trading and Managing Risk in Today's Volatile Energy Markets The updated Second Edition of Energy Risk presents an authoritative overview of the contemporary energy trading arena, combining the lesson's from the last decade with proven methods and strategies required for valuing energy derivatives and managing risk in these ever volatile markets. Written by renowned energy risk expert Dragana Pilipovic this revised classic examines market behavior, covering both quantitative analysis and trader-oriented insights. The book shows how to establish a modeling process that involves the key players_managers, traders, quantitative analysts, and engineers_and provides practical answers to energy trading and risk management questions. The Second Edition of Energy Risk features: Detailed coverage of the primary factors that influence energy risk Techniques for building marked-to-market forward price curves, creating volatility matrices, and valuing complex options Specific guidelines and tools for achieving risk goals New to this edition: three new chapters on the emerging energy market and marked-to-market issues; new material on energy-specific models, seasonal effects, and the derivation of the mean-reverting price model; and more
This book surveys the mechanics of energy markets and the valuation of structures commonly arising in practice. The presentation balances quantitative issues and practicalities facing portfolio managers, with substantial attention paid to the ways in which common methods fail in practice and to alternative methods when they exist. The book will provide readers with the analytical foundation required to function in modern energy trading and risk management groups.
This new guide to oil and gas trading aims to fill a gap not currently supplied by other reference books on sale-of-goods law and charters by focusing on the day-to-day realities of trading in the sector. It examines the way in which the oil and gas market operates in practice, taking note of real-life situations that can arise.
This book discusses and explains the economics of each stage of the natural gas value chain, including the economic impact of restrictions, rules and decisions that are ostensibly technical in nature, as well as commercially relevant contractual stipulations. Each chapter features several real-world examples illustrating the essential points. Natural gas is broadly considered the (leading) conventional source of primary energy. Complementing renewable energies’ utilization and offering a highly flexible yet relatively clean fuel, the worldwide natural gas markets are expected to grow. Despite the fact that Europe – where a degree of stagnation in natural gas consumption is being observed and is expected to continue – is not following this trend, international natural gas markets are becoming increasingly interdependent. Therefore, any analysis and discussion of natural gas markets at each level has to have an international rather than national focus.
Praise for Energy and Power Risk Management "Energy and Power Risk Management identifies and addresses the key issues in the development of the turbulent energy industry and the challenges it poses to market players. An insightful and far-reaching book written by two renowned professionals." -Helyette Geman, Professor of Finance University Paris Dauphine and ESSEC "The most up-to-date and comprehensive book on managing energy price risk in the natural gas and power markets. An absolute imperative for energy traders and energy risk management professionals." -Vincent Kaminski, Managing Director Citadel Investment Group LLC "Eydeland and Wolyniec's work does an excellent job of outlining the methods needed to measure and manage risk in the volatile energy market." -Gerald G. Fleming, Vice President, Head of East Power Trading, TXU Energy Trading "This book combines academic rigor with real-world practicality. It is a must-read for anyone in energy risk management or asset valuation." -Ron Erd, Senior Vice President American Electric Power
Over the last three decades, the global expectations for abundant,cheap and reliable energy have driven the growth in demand, andthis is challenging the ability to cheaply exploit the accessibleenergy sources, and to minimise environmental pressure. At the sametime, in concert with similar changes in other industries,deregulation and privatisation have continued apace. To enable them to contend with the daily process of generation,dispatch and supply, the electricity markets have risen to newlevels of sophistication and complexity. Continued advances arerequired to effectively contend with issues such as demandmanagement, environmental efficiency and security of supply. Inaddition, policy makers and regulators have a commitment tounderwrite the performance of the industry model, and to interveneas necessary in structures, instruments and conditions. The relationship between policy objectives, free markets, andthe technicalities of electricity production, network flow, supplyand consumption, is not a simple one. In this context thebook relates electricity market structures, economics forelectricity, and derivative pricing of electricity. It is intendedas a companion for all those with an interest in the electricitysupply industry, including participants, traders, students,stakeholders, and policy makers and implementers.
A comprehensive overview of trading and risk management in the energy markets Energy Trading and Risk Management provides a comprehensive overview of global energy markets from one of the foremost authorities on energy derivatives and quantitative finance. With an approachable writing style, Iris Mack breaks down the three primary applications for energy derivatives markets – Risk Management, Speculation, and Investment Portfolio Diversification – in a way that hedge fund traders, consultants, and energy market participants can apply in their day to day trading activities. Moving from the fundamentals of energy markets through simple and complex derivatives trading, hedging strategies, and industry-specific case studies, Dr. Mack walks readers through energy trading and risk management concepts at an instructive pace, supporting her explanations with real-world examples, illustrations, charts, and precise definitions of important and often-misunderstood terms. From stochastic pricing models for exotic derivatives, to modern portfolio theory (MPT), energy portfolio management (EPM), to case studies dealing specifically with risk management challenges unique to wind and hydro-electric power, the bookguides readers through the complex world of energy trading and risk management to help investors, executives, and energy professionals ensure profitability and optimal risk mitigation in every market climate. Energy Trading and Risk Management is a great resource to help grapple with the very interesting but oftentimes complex issues that arise in energy trading and risk management.
OIL 101 is a straightforward guide to oil and an essential read for anyone coming to grips with where oil prices, the economy and society are headed. In OIL 101, Downey provides the facts one needs to understand oil, from its history and chemistry, to refining, finished products, storage, transportation, alternatives, and how prices are determined every day in global wholesale oil markets and how those markets are connected to prices at the pump.
Contents Under Pressure is a comprehensive picture of the business process of Natural Gas Transportation. Beginning with a high-level introductory overview of natural gas and the transportation business, the book then dives deep into the details of daily business and how it is conducted, culminating in a comprehensive glossary. This book covers the transportation business process of contracting, nominations, confirmations, scheduling, measurement, allocations, imbalances and invoicing. Deep dive topics include segmentation, flow day redirects, capacity release, the nomination model types and the lesser of rule.
Almost every organization is exposed to financial risk stemming from commodity price volatility. Risk exposure may be direct, from the prices paid for raw materials transformed into products sold to customers, or indirect, from higher energy, transportation costs, and supplier commodity purchases. Managing Commodity Price Risk: A Supply Chain Perspective provides a range of approaches organizations can implement and adapt for assessing, forecasting, and managing commodity price volatility and reducing financial risk exposure associated with purchased goods and services. Understanding and managing commodity price risk is important for organizations and supply chain professionals due to the significant direct financial effects price volatility has on profitability, organizational cash flow, the ability to competitively price products, new product design, buyer–supplier relationships, and the negotiation process.
The last few years have been a watershed for the commodities, cash and derivatives industry. New regulations and products have led to an explosion in the commodities markets, creating a new asset for investors that includes hedge funds as well as University endowments, and has resulted in a spectacular growth in spot and derivative trading. This book covers hard and soft commodities (energy, agriculture and metals) and analyses: Economic and geopolitical issues in commodities markets Commodity price and volume risk Stochastic modelling of commodity spot prices and forward curves Real options valuation and hedging of physical assets in the energy industry It is required reading for energy companies and utilities practitioners, commodity cash and derivatives traders in investment banks, the Agrifood business, Commodity Trading Advisors (CTAs) and Hedge Funds. In Commodities and Commodity Derivatives, Hélyette Geman shows her powerful command of the subject by combining a rigorous development of its mathematical modelling with a compact institutional presentation of the arcane characteristics of commodities that makes the complex analysis of commodities derivative securities accessible to both the academic and practitioner who wants a deep foundation and a breadth of different market applications. It is destined to be a "must have" on the subject.” —Robert Merton, Professor, Harvard Business School "A marvelously comprehensive book of interest to academics and practitioners alike, by one of the world's foremost experts in the field." —Oldrich Vasicek, founder, KMV
This addition to the ISOR series introduces complementarity models in a straightforward and approachable manner and uses them to carry out an in-depth analysis of energy markets, including formulation issues and solution techniques. In a nutshell, complementarity models generalize: a. optimization problems via their Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions b. on-cooperative games in which each player may be solving a separate but related optimization problem with potentially overall system constraints (e.g., market-clearing conditions) c. conomic and engineering problems that aren’t specifically derived from optimization problems (e.g., spatial price equilibria) d. roblems in which both primal and dual variables (prices) appear in the original formulation (e.g., The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) or its precursor, PIES). As such, complementarity models are a very general and flexible modeling format. A natural question is why concentrate on energy markets for this complementarity approach? s it turns out, energy or other markets that have game theoretic aspects are best modeled by complementarity problems. The reason is that the traditional perfect competition approach no longer applies due to deregulation and restructuring of these markets and thus the corresponding optimization problems may no longer hold. Also, in some instances it is important in the original model formulation to involve both primal variables (e.g., production) as well as dual variables (e.g., market prices) for public and private sector energy planning. Traditional optimization problems can not directly handle this mixing of primal and dual variables but complementarity models can and this makes them all that more effective for decision-makers.
Brings together contributions and insight from some of the world's most respected practitioners, academics and regulators to reflect the current state of price risk management in the energy industry.
This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For courses in business, economics, and financial engineering and mathematics. The definitive guide to derivatives markets, updated with contemporary examples and discussions Known as “the bible” to business and economics professionals and a consistent best-seller, Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives gives readers a modern look at derivatives markets. By incorporating the industry’s hottest topics, such as the securitization and credit crisis, author John C. Hull helps bridge the gap between theory and practice. The 10th Edition covers all of the latest regulations and trends, including the Black-Scholes-Merton formulas, overnight indexed swaps, and the valuation of commodity derivatives.
As a result of the Dodd-Frank Act Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, derivatives regulation has become a hot topic on Wall Street and is, therefore, of much interest to law firms with financial institutions as clients. An increasing number of classes on this subject are being taught at law schools around the country, but, to date, there has been no casebook on the subject. This casebook explores the regulation of swaps, futures and options by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission. It examines the regulatory history of derivative instruments and traces the development of modern market structures while addressing the role of the exchanges, the clearinghouses, and market participants, such as futures commission merchants, swap dealers, and hedge funds that act as commodity pool operators. Structured in a traditional format, this casebook uses cases to teach students important points of law and industry practices needed to understand the role played by derivative instruments in modern finance. The cases are accompanied by commentary from the authors expanding on the points raised in the cases.